Bến Tre Province

Last updated
Bến Tre Province

Tỉnh Bến Tre
CaiMonVillage.jpg
Bến Tre countryside around Cái Mơn
Emblem of Bentre Province.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Bamboo Landing
Ben Tre in Vietnam.svg
Location of Bến Tre within Vietnam
Coordinates: 10°10′N106°30′E / 10.167°N 106.500°E / 10.167; 106.500 Coordinates: 10°10′N106°30′E / 10.167°N 106.500°E / 10.167; 106.500
CountryFlag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam
Region Mekong Delta
Capital Bến Tre
Government
   People's Council ChairNguyễn Hữu Phước
   People's Committee ChairNguyễn Thị Thanh Hà
Area
  Total2,321.6 km2 (896.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total1,624,471
  Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Demographics
   Ethnicities Vietnamese, Khmer, Hòa, Tày
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes 75 (until 16 July 2017)
275 (from 17 June 2017)
ISO 3166 code VN-50
Website www.bentre.gov.vn

Bến Tre ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) is a province of Vietnam. It is one of the country's southern provinces, being situated in the Mekong Delta.

Contents

Administrative divisions

Bến Tre is subdivided into 9 district-level sub-divisions:

They are further subdivided into 7 commune-level towns (or townlets), 147 communes, and 10 wards. See also List of communes in Bến Tre Province.

Geography

MapVietnamBenTre.png

Geographically, Bến Tre is wedged between the two main branches of the Tiền Giang River, which is itself one of the two main branches of the Mekong. The province's northern boundary is formed by the Tiền Giang's main course, while the province's southern boundary is formed by the Tiền Giang's largest branch (which breaks away from the Tiền Giang just upriver from Bến Tre province). Between the Tiền Giang and its main branch are two smaller branches, passing through the middle of Bến Tre.

The entire province is criss-crossed with a network of smaller rivers and canals. The extensive irrigation that this provides makes Bến Tre a major producer of rice, but also means that the area is prone to flooding. The Climate Change Research Institute at Cần Thơ University, in studying the possible consequences of climate change, has predicted that 51% of Bến Tre province can be expected to be flooded if sea levels rise by 1 meter. [1] Bến Tre Province is, on average, only 1.25 metres above sea level.

Transportation

Construction on the Rạch Miễu Bridge, which links Bến Tre to its northern neighbour, Tiền Giang Province, was started in 2002. The bridge was finished and opened for traffic on 19 January 2009. Before that time, Bến Tre was only accessible to automobiles via ferry.

Start of the Vietnam War

In what has been called "the start of the Vietnam War", in January and February 1960 the Việt Cộng attacked and took temporary control of several districts in Kiến Hòa Province (now Bến Tre Province). [2] The Việt Cộng set up "people's committees", and confiscated land from landlords and redistributed it to poor farmers. One of the leaders of the uprising was Madame Nguyễn Thị Định who led the all-female "Long Hair Army". Định was the Secretary of State of Vietnam also President of the Bến Tre Communist Party and later a Việt Cộng General (Five Stars General) and later the highest command in all of Vietnam, General of the Army of Vietnam helped bring electric power to rural area in Vietnam and plant trees in Vietnam and reserve natural forests and release water from hydro electric dams to Ben Tre and all of province using water in the Mekong and help Cambodia in the hard time of drought and famine, a true hero of the Cambodian and Vietnamese people. Helped established a strong national standing army with pride and willing to fight for protection against invader. Also, contribute to the peace and harmony of various Buddhist temples in Vietnam and was a vegan at one point. A good person that everyone praise in Ben Tre deserve the respect of President Ho Chi Minh and all her followers. Fought the French against colonization and defended Vietnam against invasion of Cambodia and defeated the American Army in Vietnam. Also, known to help restore peace in Vietnam by establishing the first national transportation police and established the first police station in Ben Tre to help fight crime. President of National Liberation Front of Vietnam also called Mặt Trận Dân Tộc Giải Phóng Miền Nam Việt Nam. Help defend the weak in Vietnam and vulnerable, cut taxes for the poor and middle classes and established peace with the United States for long term stability. The first diplomat of Vietnam to go to Cuba and established tie with Cuba President Fidel Castro and established tie with Russia Mr.Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev a general secretary of Soviet Union now Russia also connect tie with Laos and Cambodia also connect with Queen Elizabeth and King of Japan Akihito making the first tie with Japan, a good person that want peace between Cuba and Vietnam. Establish good relation with China President Jiang Zemin and Chinese communist party members. Help build various bridges across Ben Tre. The first person to help build the first national road for local people in Ben Tre. Established good relation with Palestine President and Israel to build peace in Israel and Paslestine, meeting president Yasser Arafat and established good relation with Palestine and Vietnam. Also, various other diplomat was first made by Vietnam to other countries in the region. Nguyen Thi Dinh was a good person for the people of Ben Tre that hundred of thousands took to the street in the memory of her love the people of Vietnam and especially Ben Tre [3]

Although the South Vietnamese army (ARVN) recaptured the villages, uprisings spread to many other areas of South Vietnam. The uprisings were spontaneous rather than planned, as the official policy of the Communist government in Hanoi was that the Việt Cộng's stance should be restrained and defensive, not offensive. However, in 1975 the massive army of Việt Cộng make the final offensive to take what was her and make the last opportunity to recapture Saigon and all of South Vietnam and was unified on 30 of April 1975. Vietnam is now an independent country and is a peaceful country that want peace for her and the world and always promote world peace. However, her army is always ready to protect the people interest in Vietnam [4]

Related Research Articles

Provinces of Vietnam type of administrative division in Vietnam

On the First Tier, Vietnam is divided into fifty-eight provinces and five municipalities under the command of the central government. Municipalities are the highest-ranked cities in Vietnam. Municipality are centrally-controlled cities and have special status equal to the provinces.

Articles related to Vietnam and Vietnamese culture include:

Flag of Vietnam National flag

The flag of Vietnam, or cờ đỏ sao vàng also cờ tổ quốc, was designed in 1940 and used during an uprising against French rule in southern Vietnam that year. Red symbolizes the bloodshed, revolution and struggle. The star represents the five main classes in Vietnamese society — workers, peasants, soldiers, intellectuals, and businessmen.

Mekong Delta Delta of the Mekong River at its mouth in Southern Vietnam

The Mekong Delta, also known as the Western Region or the South-western region is the region in southwestern Vietnam where the Mekong River approaches and empties into the sea through a network of distributaries. The Mekong delta region encompasses a large portion of southwestern Vietnam of over 40,500 square kilometres (15,600 sq mi). The size of the area covered by water depends on the season. Before 1975, Mekong Delta was part of Republic of Vietnam.

An Giang Province Province of Vietnam

An Giang is a province of Vietnam. It is located in the Mekong Delta, in the southwestern part of the country.

Tiền Giang Province Province of Vietnam

Tiền Giang is a province in the Mekong Delta region of southern Vietnam.

Mỹ Tho City in Tiền Giang, Vietnam

Mỹ Tho is the center of economics, education and technology of Tiền Giang Province, located in the Mekong Delta region of South Vietnam. It has a population of approximately 169,000 in 2006 and 220,000 in 2012. The majority ethnic group is the Kinh; minority groups include the Hoa, the Cham and the Khmer. Boat rides on the Mỹ Tho River are popular with tourists, and the city is known for hủ tiếu Mỹ Tho, a type of rice noodle soup.

Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút battle

The Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút was fought between the Vietnamese Tây Sơn forces and an army of Siam in present-day Tiền Giang Province on January 20, 1785. It is considered one of the greatest victories in Vietnamese history.

Tân An City in Long An, Vietnam

Tân An is the capital city of Long An Province in Mekong Delta region of Vietnam. It was upgraded from town status to city status on 26 August 2009. The population of Tân An is 165,214 as of 2009, with an area of 81.79 km². It comprises nine wards, and five communes.

Hà Tiên City in Kiên Giang Province, Vietnam

Hà Tiên is a Provincial city in Kiên Giang Province, Mekong Delta in Vietnam. Its area is 10,049 ha and the population as of 2018 is 81,576. The city borders Cambodia to the west. Hà Tiên is a tourist site of the region thanks to its beaches and landscapes.

Nguyễn Trung Trực Led military against the French

Nguyễn Trung Trực was a Vietnamese fisherman who organized and led village militia forces which fought against French colonial forces in the Mekong Delta in southern Vietnam in the 1860s. He was active in Tân An and Rạch Giá from the initial French invasion until he was captured and executed.

Siamese–Vietnamese War (1841–1845) Mid 19th-century conflict between Siam and Vietnam

The 1841–1845 Siamese-Vietnamese War in Cambodia was a military conflict between Đại Nam (Vietnam), ruled by the Nguyen emperor Thiệu Trị and the Kingdom of Siam under the rule of Chakkri king Nangklao. The rivalry between Vietnam and Siam over the control of the Cambodian heartlands in the Lower Mekong basin had intensified after Siam's failed attempt to conquer Cambodia during the previous war from 1831 until 1834. Nguyen Emperor Minh Mạng installed Princess Ang Mey to rule Cambodia as puppet queen regnant of his choice in 1834, declaring full suzerainty over Cambodia, which he thereby demoted to become Vietnam's thirty-second province, the Western Commandery. In 1841 Siam seized the opportunity of discontent and a Khmer revolt against Vietnamese rule and King Rama III sent an army to enforce Prince Ang Duong's installation as King of Cambodia. After four years of attritional struggle, both parties agreed to a compromise peace and placed Cambodia under joint rule.

An Phú District District in An Giang, Vietnam

An Phú is a district of An Giang Province in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam and shares the international border with Cambodia. An Phú juts out at the western edge of Vietnam into Cambodia. As of 2003 the district had a population of 178,613. The district covers an area of 226 km². The district capital lies at An Phú town.

The 9th Military Region of Vietnam People's Army, is directly under the Ministry of Defence of Vietnam, tasked to organise, build, manage and command armed forces defending the Mekong Delta.

Nguyễn Thị Thập was a Vietnamese revolutionary and politician. She was a deputy to the National Assembly and President of the Vietnam Women's Union, the oldest (1956–1974). She is also the first woman State Vietnam awarded the Gold Star Medal in 1985.

Six Provinces of Southern Vietnam

The Six Provinces of Southern Vietnam is a historical name for the region of Southern Vietnam, which is referred to in French as Basse-Cochinchine. The region was politically defined and established after the inauguration of the Nguyễn dynasty, and called by this name from 1832, when Emperor Minh Mạng introduced administrative reforms, to 1867, which culminated in the eight-year French campaign to conquer the Six Provinces.

Principality of Hà Tiên A former de facto principality in Southeastern Asia

The Principality of Hà Tiên or Hà Tiên Protectorate, was a de facto independent principality in the mouth of Mekong Delta, later a vassal principality of the Siamese Rattanakosin Kingdom and Vietnamese Nguyễn dynasty in the 18th and 19th century before being annexed by Vietnam in 1832.

The Easter Offensive in southern Cambodia and the Mekong Delta was part of the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN)’s Easter Offensive of 1972 and saw PAVN and Viet Cong (VC) engage the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) and Khmer National Armed Forces (FANK) supported by the United States along the southern Cambodian border with South Vietnam and in the Mekong Delta of South Vietnam. The offensive failed to seriously disrupt the vital South Vietnamese supply routes in the Delta or the pacification efforts there.

References

  1. "Mekong Delta: more flood and drought" Archived May 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine . VietnamNet Bridge. 19 March 2009.
  2. Pringle, James, "Meanwhile: The quiet town where the Vietnam War began", The New York Times, 223 March 2004
  3. "Ben Tre Province" [ permanent dead link ], accessed 2 Dec 1963
  4. Asselin, Pierre (2013). Hanoi's Road to the Vietnam War, 1954–1965. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 73.