Baarle-Nassau

Last updated
Baarle-Nassau
P1070673Gemeentehuis.JPG
Baarle-Nassau town hall
Baarle-Nassau flag.svg
Flag
Baarle-Nassau wapen.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0744 (2009).svg
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°27′N4°56′E / 51.450°N 4.933°E / 51.450; 4.933 Coordinates: 51°27′N4°56′E / 51.450°N 4.933°E / 51.450; 4.933
Country Netherlands Belgium
Province North Brabant
Government
[1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Marjon de Hoon-Veelenturf (CDA)
Area
[2]
  Total76.21 km2 (29.42 sq mi)
  Land76.16 km2 (29.41 sq mi)
  Water0.05 km2 (0.02 sq mi)
Elevation
[3]
28 m (92 ft)
Population
(August 2017) [4]
  Total6,803
  Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
5110–5114
Area code 013
Website www.baarle-nassau.nl
Border between Netherlands and Belgium in Baarle-Nassau. Baarle-Nassau frontiere cafe.jpg
Border between Netherlands and Belgium in Baarle-Nassau.

Baarle-Nassau ( Loudspeaker.svg pronunciation  ) is a municipality and town in the southern Netherlands, located in province of North Brabant. It had a population of 6,803 in 2017. The town is the site of a complicated borderline between Belgium and Netherlands, with numerous small exclaves of Belgium, some of which contain counter-exclaves of the Netherlands.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

North Brabant Province of the Netherlands

North Brabant, also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands. It borders the provinces of South Holland and Gelderland to the north, Limburg to the east, Zeeland to the west, and Belgium to the south. The northern border follows the Meuse westward to its mouth in the Hollands Diep strait, part of the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta.

Belgium Federal constitutional monarchy in Western Europe

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest. It covers an area of 30,688 square kilometres (11,849 sq mi) and has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi and Liège.

Contents

Geography

Topography

Gem-Baarle-Nassau-OpenTopo.jpg

Topographic map of the municipality of Baarle-Nassau, June 2015.

The border with Baarle-Hertog, Belgium

Baarle-Nassau is closely linked, with complicated borders, to the Belgian exclaves of Baarle-Hertog. Baarle-Hertog consists of 26 separate pieces of land. Apart from the main piece (called Zondereigen) located north of the Belgian town of Merksplas, there are 22 Belgian exclaves in the Netherlands and three other pieces on the Dutch-Belgian border. There are also six Dutch exclaves located within the largest Belgian exclave, one within the second-largest, and an eighth within Zondereigen. The smallest Belgian parcel, H7, locally named De Loversche Akkers, measures 2,469 square metres (26,580 sq ft).

Baarle-Hertog Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Baarle-Hertog, known as Baerle-Duc in French, is a Flemish municipality of Belgium, much of which consists of a number of small Belgian exclaves in the Netherlands.

Merksplas Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Merksplas is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. The municipality comprises only the town of Merksplas proper. On January 1, 2016, Merksplas had a total population of 8,642. The total area is 44.56 km² which gives a population density of 194 inhabitants per km².

The border's complexity results from numerous medieval treaties, agreements, land-swaps and sales between the Lords of Breda and the Dukes of Brabant. Generally speaking, predominantly agricultural or built environments became constituents of Brabant, while other parts devolved to Breda. These distributions were ratified and clarified as a part of the borderline settlements arrived at during the Treaty of Maastricht in 1843.

Breda City and municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Breda is a city and municipality in the southern part of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Brabant. The name derived from brede Aa and refers to the confluence of the rivers Mark and Aa.

Duchy of Brabant State of the Holy Roman Empire

The Duchy of Brabant was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183. It developed from the Landgraviate of Brabant and formed the heart of the historic Low Countries, part of the Burgundian Netherlands from 1430 and of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1482, until it was partitioned after the Dutch revolt.

The Treaty of Maastricht, signed in 1843 by Belgium and the Netherlands, established the border between the two countries. It resulted in a very complicated frontier in parts that passes through houses and has tiny enclaves due to land ownership dating back to the 12th century.

For clarification and the interest of tourists, the border is made visible on all streets with iron pins. This way it is always clear whether one is in Belgium (Baarle-Hertog) or in The Netherlands (Baarle-Nassau). This is also visible on the house numbers: the style of house numbers is different in both countries and often one will find the Dutch or Belgian flag next to the number.

The border between Belgium and the Netherlands at Baarle-Nassau Baarle-Nassau - Baarle-Hertog-en.svg
The border between Belgium and the Netherlands at Baarle-Nassau

Outside of Belgium and the Netherlands, there is at least one other national counter-exclave (enclave enclosed within an enclave) at Nahwa, an enclave of the United Arab Emirates within an enclave of the Sultanate of Oman within the United Arab Emirates.

Nahwa village in United Arab Emirates

Nahwa is a territory that forms part of the Emirate of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates. It is a counter-enclave within the Omani territory of Madha, which is itself an exclave of Oman and an enclave within the United Arab Emirates.

United Arab Emirates Country in Western Asia

The United Arab Emirates, sometimes simply called the Emirates, is a country in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north. The sovereign constitutional monarchy is a federation of seven emirates consisting of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. Their boundaries are complex, with numerous enclaves within the various emirates. Each emirate is governed by a ruler; together, they jointly form the Federal Supreme Council. One of the rulers serves as the President of the United Arab Emirates. In 2013, the UAE's population was 9.2 million, of which 1.4 million are Emirati citizens and 7.8 million are expatriates.

Localities

Ulicoten Village in North Brabant, Netherlands

Ulicoten is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is a part of the municipality of Baarle-Nassau and is situated about 16 km south of Breda.

Castelré Place in North Brabant, Netherlands

Castelré is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is a part of the municipality of Baarle-Nassau, and lies some 20 km south of Breda.

List of enclaves

Netherlands enclaves

These are all part of Baarle-Nassau Commune.

Serial no. and local name [5] Area (ha)Notes
Flag of the Netherlands.svg N1, De Loversche Akkers – De Tommelsche Akkers5.3667Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; contains a mix of dwellings and farmland; boundary of N1 and H1 runs through one building.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg N2, De Tommelsche Akkers1.3751Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; contains 8 dwellings.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg N3, De Tommelsche Akkers0.2863Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; boundary of N3 and H1 bisects the loading dock of a liquor store.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg N4, De Rethsche Akkers1.2324Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; boundary of N4 and H1 runs through a warehouse, with vacant Dutch land to the rear of the warehouse.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg N5, De Rethsche Akkers1.9212Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; boundary of N5 and H1 runs through a furniture showroom, a shed and a barn.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg N6, Gierle Straat1.4527Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; consists of farmland with two buildings.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg N7, De Kastelein0.5812Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian Oordeel exclave H8, in Baarle-Hertog; occupies part of a field.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg N8, Vossenberg2.8528Farmland enclave situated within Zondereigen, Belgium, less than 50 meters south of the Dutch border.

Belgian enclaves

These are all part of Baarle-Hertog Commune, and are surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune (Netherlands).

Serial no. and local name [5] Area (ha)Notes
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H1, Aen het Klooster Straetje - Hoofdbraek - Loveren - De Boschcovensche Akkers - De Loversche Akkers - De Tommelsche Akkers - De Tommel - De Gierle Straat - De Reth - De Rethsche Akkers - Het Dorp - De Kapel Akkers - De Kastelein153.6448Forms a quadripoint with enclave H2; largest Belgian exclave; encompasses six Dutch enclaves; consists of dwellings for the most part, with outlying farmland and an industrial area; boundary runs through numerous buildings; contains a portion of the former Turnhout-Tilburg rail line, now a cycle path.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H2, De Rethsche Akkers2.4116Consists of farmland with a single point of connection (quadripoint) between enclaves H1 and H2 in the middle of a corn field.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H3, De Rethsche Akkers0.3428Occupies part of a field; boundary runs through a shed in one instance.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H4, De Rethsche Akkers1.476Consists of farmland; boundary runs through a house and three sheds.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H5, De Kapel Akkers0.9245Consists of farmland with a dwelling.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H6, Hoofdbraek1.7461Mixed land usage; boundary runs through a warehouse/factory.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H7, De Loversche Akkers0.2469Boundary runs through two dwellings, including the middle of one front door (giving it two house numbers: Loveren 2, Baarle-Hertog / Loveren 19, Baarle-Nassau).
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H8, Boschcoven - De Kastelein - De Oordelsche Straat41.8781Second-largest Belgian exclave, contains a mix of dwellings and farmland; boundary runs through a barn, a dwelling and two businesses.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H9, De Kapel Akkers0.4005Boundary runs through a printing factory/warehouse in an industrial area.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H10, De Oordelsche Straat0.65Consists of farmland.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H11, De Oordelsche Straat0.93Consists of farmland.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H12, Boschcoven0.2822Consists of farmland.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H13, Boschcoven1.5346Boundary runs through about 20 dwellings.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H14, Boschcoven0.7193Boundary runs through about 13 dwellings.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H15, Boschcoven1.7211Boundary runs through about 16 dwellings.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H16, Keizershoek - Oordelsche Straat4.4252Boundary runs through a house and three sheds, with the linear boundary changing direction three times inside just one shed.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H17, Moleriet Heide14.9248Rural area containing a portion of the former Turnhout-Tilburg rail line, now a cycle path.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H18, De Manke Gooren2.9247Consists of farmland.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H19, De Peruiters0.6851Consists of several ponds and a field.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H20, Wurstenbosch - Vossenberg1.1681Consists of farmland.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H21, Baelbrugsche Beemden1.1845Consists of farmland.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg H22, De Wit Hagen0.2632South of the village of Ulicoten; occupies part of a field; nationality was contested from the 1830s until 1995 (remained unallocated to either country in boundary treaty of 26 April 1974)

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References

  1. "Braam V.T.M." (in Dutch). Gemeente Baarle-Nassau. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 5111CC". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. 1 2 Whyte, Brendan (2004). "En Territoire Belge et à Quarante Centimètres de la Frontière" An historical and documentary study of the Belgian and Dutch enclaves of Baarle-Hertog and Baarle-Nassau. The University of Melbourne, School of Anthropology, Geography and Environmental Studies. ISBN   0-7340-3032-0.