|Opera by Jules Massenet|
|Based on||Bacchus and Ariadne|
5 May 1909
Palais Garnier, Paris
Bacchus is an opera in four acts by Jules Massenet to a French libretto by Catulle Mendès after Greek mythology. It was first performed at the Palais Garnier in Paris on 5 May 1909.
The story is based on the mythology surrounding Bacchus and Ariadne (Ariane). The Gods, among them the demi-god Bacchus, appear in human form in ancient India to attempt to persuade the people away from the pervading Buddhist influence. Ariane has followed them, convinced that Bacchus is in fact Theseus, her unrequited love. In the end, Ariane sacrifices herself to save humanity and in doing so, Bacchus becomes a God.
Although not a proper sequel, as Ariane dies in both pieces, Bacchus is a companion to Massenet's earlier opera, Ariane. Of Massenet's twenty-five operas, Bacchus is probably the least known, without a modern performance history or single modern recording of even an excerpt.
The story of this opera is also related to that of Ariadne auf Naxos from Richard Strauss.
|Role||Voice type||Première Cast |
Conductor: Henri Rabaud
|Queen Amahelli||mezzo-soprano||Lucy Arbell|
|Révérend Ramavaçou||bass||André Gresse|
|Manthra, a mime||mute||Blanche Kerval|
|Perséphone||spoken role||Renée Parny|
|Antéros||spoken role||de Max|
|Chorus: Followers of Perséphone, Nuns, Monks, Warriors, Priests, Bassarides, Fauns, Bacchantes, Heavenly voices.|
There are also a number of dance roles in the various ballets.
Scene 1, in Nepal
Interlude: The Battle of the Monkeys"
Scene 2: After the Battle
Scene 1: A Terrace of the Palace of the Sakias
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