Bach family

Last updated
Johann Sebastian Bach and his sons Carl Philipp Emanuel, Johann Christian, Wilhelm Friedemann, and Johann Christoph Friedrich JohannSebastianBach1685-1750UndSoehne.jpg
Johann Sebastian Bach and his sons Carl Philipp Emanuel, Johann Christian, Wilhelm Friedemann, and Johann Christoph Friedrich

The Bach family was of importance in the history of music for nearly two hundred years, with over 50 known musicians and several notable composers, the best-known of whom was Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750). [1] A family genealogy was drawn up by Johann Sebastian Bach himself in 1735, his 50th year, and completed by his son Carl Philipp Emanuel.

Contents

The Bach family never left Thuringia until the sons of Sebastian went into a more modern world. Through all the misery of the peasantry at the period of the Thirty Years' War this clan maintained its position and produced musicians who, however local their fame, were among the greatest in Europe. So numerous and so eminent were they that in Erfurt musicians were known as "Bachs", even when there were no longer any members of the family in the town. Sebastian Bach thus inherited the artistic tradition of a united family whose circumstances had deprived them of the distractions of the century of musical fermentation which in the rest of Europe had destroyed polyphonic music. [1]

Ancestors of Johann Sebastian Bach

Family house, Wechmar Wechmar Bachhaus.JPG
Family house, Wechmar

Four branches of the Bach family were known at the beginning of the 16th century, and a Hans Bach of Wechmar is documented to have been alive in 1561, a village between Gotha and Arnstadt in Thuringia, who is believed to be the father of Veit Bach. [1]

Others born before 1685

Johann Ambrosius' uncle, Heinrich of Arnstadt, had two sons: Johann Michael and Johann Christoph, who are among the greatest of J. S. Bach's forerunners, Johann Christoph being once supposed to be the author of the motet, Ich lasse dich nicht (I will not leave you), formerly ascribed to Sebastian Bach and now confirmed to be his (BWV 159a).[ citation needed ] Another descendant of Veit Bach, Johann Ludwig, was admired more than any other ancestor by Sebastian, who copied twelve of his church cantatas and sometimes added work of his own to them. [1]

Descendants of Johann Sebastian Bach

Partial family tree

Veit Bach
(d. 1619)
Johannes Bach I  [ de ]
(1580–1626)
Philippus Bach (1590–1620)
Heinrich Bach
(1615–1692)
Christoph Bach
(1613–1661)
Wendel Bach (1619–1682)
Johann Christoph Bach
(1642–1703)
Johann Michael Bach
(1648–1694)
Johann Ambrosius Bach
(1645–1695)
Maria Elisabeth Lämmerhirt
(1644–1694)
Johann Christoph Bach
(1645–1693)
Jacob Bach  [ de ]
(1655–1718)
Anna Martha Schneider
Johann Nicolaus Bach
(1669–1753)
Maria Barbara Bach
(1684–1720)
Johann Sebastian Bach
(1685–1750)
Anna Magdalena Wilcke
(1701–1760)
Johann Ludwig Bach
(1677–1731)
Wilhelm Friedemann Bach
(1710–1784)
Johanna Maria Dannemann Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
(1714–1788)
Gottfried Heinrich Bach
(1724–1763)
Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach
(1732–1795)
Lucia Elisabeth Münchhausen
(1728–1803)
Johann Christian Bach
(1735–1782)
Elisabeth Juliane Friederica
(1726–1781)
Johann Christoph Altnickol
(1720–1759)
Johanna Carolina
(1737–1781)
Regina Susanna
(1742–1809)
Johann Sebastian Bach (painter)
(1748–1778)
Wilhelm Ernst ColsonAnna Philippiana Friederica Bach
(1755–1804)
Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst Bach
(1759–1845)
Charlotte Philippina Elerdt
(1780–1801)
Christina Luise Bach
(d. 1852)
Johann Sebastian Altnickol (1749–1749)
Ludwig Albrecht Hermann RitterCarolina Augusta Wilhelmine Bach
(1800–1871)
Juliane Friederica
(b. 1800)

Expanded genealogy

See also

Related Research Articles

Arnstadt Place in Thuringia, Germany

Arnstadt is a town in Ilm-Kreis, Thuringia, Germany, on the river Gera about 20 kilometres south of Erfurt, the capital of Thuringia. Arnstadt is one of the oldest towns in Thuringia, and has a well-preserved historic centre with a partially preserved town wall. The town is nicknamed Das Tor zum Thüringer Wald because of its location on the northern edge of that forest. Arnstadt has a population of some 27,000. The city centre is on the west side of Gera. The municipality has absorbed several neighbouring municipalities: Angelhausen–Oberndorf (1922), Siegelbach (1994), Rudisleben (1999) and Wipfratal (2019). The neighbouring municipalities are Amt Wachsenburg, Alkersleben, Dornheim, Bösleben-Wüllersleben, Stadtilm, Ilmenau, Plaue and Geratal.

Maria Barbara Bach First wife of composer Johann Sebastian Bach

Maria Barbara Bach was the first wife of composer Johann Sebastian Bach. She was also the daughter of his father's cousin Johann Michael Bach.

Johann Christoph Bach German composer and organist

Johann Christoph Bach was a German composer and organist of the Baroque period. He was born at Arnstadt, the son of Heinrich Bach, Johann Sebastian Bach's first cousin once removed and the first cousin of J.S. Bach's father, Johann Ambrosius Bach. He was also the uncle of Maria Barbara Bach, J. S. Bach's first wife and second cousin. Johann Christoph married Maria Elisabeth Wiedemann in 1667. They had seven children, including four sons who became musicians: Johann Nicolaus, Johann Christoph Jr., Johann Friedrich (1682–1730), and Johann Michael (1685–unknown). Two of their grandsons later sailed to America and founded the Bach family there: Johann Heinrich Bach (1709–1789) and Johann Wilhelm Bach (1722–1794). He is not to be confused with Johann Sebastian Bach's son, Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach.

Vitus "Veit" Bach was a baker and miller who, according to Johann Sebastian Bach, founded the Bach family, which became one of the most important families in Western musical history. Veit's son, Johannes Bach, was the grandfather of Johann Ambrosius Bach, J.S. Bach's father, which makes Veit Johann Sebastian's great-great-grandfather. There are other theories that call a different Veit Bach, who died before 1578 in Erfurt, was the father of Johann(es)/Hans, and thus Johann Sebastian's great-great-grandfather.

Embassy of Germany, London German diplomatic mission

The Embassy of Germany in London is the diplomatic mission of Germany in the United Kingdom.

Johann Christoph Altnickol, or Altnikol, was a German organist, bass singer, and composer. He was a son-in-law and copyist of Johann Sebastian Bach.

Johann Christoph Bach was a musician of the Bach family. He was the eldest of the brothers of Johann Sebastian Bach who survived childhood.

Christoph Bach was a German musician of the Baroque period. He was the grandfather of Johann Sebastian Bach.

The following is a chronological list of classical music composers who lived in, worked in, were German citizens, or who grew up and made their careers in Germany.

A church cantata or sacred cantata is a cantata intended to be performed during a liturgical service. The liturgical calendar of the German Reformation era had, without counting Reformation Day and days between Palm Sunday and Easter, 72 occasions for which a cantata could be presented. Composers such as Georg Philipp Telemann composed cycles of church cantatas comprising all 72 of these occasions. Such a cycle is called an "ideal" cycle, while in any given liturgical year feast days could coincide with Sundays, and the maximum amount of Sundays after Epiphany and the maximum amount of Sundays after Trinity could not all occur.

Johann Christian von Hellbach 15 July 1757 – 18 October 1828) was a German lawyer and writer. He wrote extensively but not exclusively on history.

Ein Lämmlein geht und trägt die Schuld sacred Song with lyrics by Paul Gerhardt

"Ein Lämmlein geht und trägt die Schuld" is a Lutheran hymn for Passiontide by Paul Gerhardt. The hymn text was first published in Johann Crüger's Praxis Pietatis Melica, starting from the lost 1647 edition. Wolfgang Dachstein's 16th-century "An Wasserflüssen Babylon" melody is commonly indicated as its hymn tune, although other settings exist.

Johann Ernst Bach was a German organist in the Bach family, and son of Johann Christoph Bach senior – twin brother of Johann Sebastian Bach's father, Johann Ambrosius Bach.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bach, Johann Sebastian"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 124–130.
  2. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians , "Bach Family", pp. 98, 111