Bad Ischl

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Bad Ischl
Bad Ischl and Traun River.jpg
AUT Bad Ischl COA.jpg
Austria adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bad Ischl
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°43′13″N13°38′0″E / 47.72028°N 13.63333°E / 47.72028; 13.63333 Coordinates: 47°43′13″N13°38′0″E / 47.72028°N 13.63333°E / 47.72028; 13.63333
Country Austria
State Upper Austria
District Gmunden
Government
   Mayor Ines Schiller (SPÖ)
Area
[1]
  Total162.8 km2 (62.9 sq mi)
Elevation
468 m (1,535 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [2]
  Total14,133
  Density87/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
4820
Area code 06132
Vehicle registration GM
Website www.bad-ischl.ooe.gv.at

Bad Ischl (Austrian German [baːt ˈɪʃl̩] ) is a spa town in Austria. It lies in the southern part of Upper Austria, at the Traun River in the centre of the Salzkammergut region. The town consists of the Katastralgemeinden Ahorn, Bad Ischl, Haiden, Jainzen, Kaltenbach, Lauffen, Lindau, Pfandl, Perneck, Reiterndorf and Rettenbach. It is connected to the village of Strobl by the river Ischl, which drains from the Wolfgangsee, and to the Traunsee, into which the stream empties. It is home to the Kaiservilla, summer residence of Austro-Hungarian monarchs Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth. In 2024, Bad Ischl will be one of the European Capitals of Culture – the third city in Austria after Graz (2003) and Linz (2009).

Contents

History

Kaiservilla Kaiservilla.jpg
Kaiservilla

Bad Ischl was a settlement area since the Hallstatt culture, first mentioned in a 1262 deed as Iselen. In 1419 Archduke Albert V of Austria established the local seat of the Salt Chamber (Salzkammer) at Wildenstein Castle, and Ischl was granted the privileges of a market town in 1466 by Emperor Frederick III. A first salt mine was opened in 1563, a salt evaporation pond (Saline) followed in 1571.

When in the early 19th century brine came into use for medical purposes, Ischl soon became a fashionable spa resort with notable guests like Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and Archduke Franz Karl of Austria. The Hotel Post opened in 1828 was the first one in the whole Salzkammergut area. In 1849 Franz Karl's son, Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria chose the town for his summer residence.

On 19 August 1853 the engagement between Franz Joseph and Elisabeth of Bavaria (Sisi) took place at the Seeauerhaus, Esplanade No. 10, which since 1989 has been the location of the Museum der Stadt Bad Ischl.

In 1854, the Emperor's mother, Archduchess Sophie, gave him the Kaiservilla (Imperial Villa) as a wedding present. The villa became the imperial family's summer residence; Franz Joseph described it as "Heaven on Earth". [3] He also granted a nearby mansion to mistress Katharina Schratt, that could be easily reached via a hidden footpath. In the Kaiservilla on 28 July 1914 Franz Joseph signed the declaration of war against the Kingdom of Serbia, signalling the start of World War I. He left Bad Ischl on the following day and never returned. The villa is still owned by the Habsburg-Lorraine family, although the grounds and parts of the residence are now open to the public.

In the aftermath of the defeat of Germany in World War II, Bad Ischl was the location of a displaced persons (DP) camp for survivors of the Holocaust and Nazi concentration camps in Eastern Europe. The resident displaced persons were primarily Jews from Poland and other neighboring countries. They were provided with lodging, food, medical care and administrative assistance until they were able to make other, more permanent arrangements. Many left for the United States, Israel and Canada. The Bad Ischl DP camp remained active from 1945 through 1952.


Population

Bad Ischl, church in the street Schropferplatz 5, Bad Ischl.jpg
Bad Ischl, church in the street
Historical population
YearPop.±%
18696,827    
18807,678+12.5%
18908,473+10.4%
19009,655+14.0%
191010,188+5.5%
192310,224+0.4%
193410,354+1.3%
193910,396+0.4%
195113,422+29.1%
196112,703−5.4%
197112,812+0.9%
198112,970+1.2%
199113,887+7.1%
200114,081+1.4%
201113,939−1.0%
201513,813−0.9%

Approximately 15% of the city's population was foreign born in 2019.

Sights

Kongress- und Theaterhaus Kongress und Theaterhaus Bad Ischl DSC 3295w.jpg
Kongress- und Theaterhaus
Lehar-Filmtheater Kazaliste Lehar, Bad Ischl.JPG
Lehar-Filmtheater

Besides the Kaiservilla , the city offers several health spas and tourist attractions, like the historic Kongresshaus opened in 1875, the new Kurhaus built by Clemens Holzmeister in 1932, as well as the Lehár Villa, the former residence of Franz Lehár, that he acquired in 1912 and today serves as a museum. The Saint Nicholas parish church was first mentioned in a 1344 deed.

Bad Ischl is also known for the Konditorei Zauner pastry shop, former k.u.k. purveyor established in 1832, and the small Lehártheater built in 1827.

A gondola lift runs from the town up to the Katrin alpine pasture at 1415 m (4643 ft), which offers a panoramic view of the Salzkammergut mountains. The ruins of Wildenstein Castle, which burnt down in 1715, are nearby.

The Bad Ischl Cemetery is listed by the State of Upper Austria as a protected historical site. Amongst those buried there are the composers Franz Lehár, Rudi Gfaller, and Oscar Straus. [4] [5]

Notable people

English copper engraving Ischl, Sunday Cloathes, buying fruit, dated 1822 Ischl, Sunday Cloathes.jpg
English copper engraving Ischl, Sunday Cloathes, buying fruit, dated 1822
Franz Lehar, 1906 Lehar Ferenc.jpg
Franz Lehár, 1906

Twin towns

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. "Official Kaiservilla Homepage". Archived from the original on 13 June 2006. Retrieved 3 June 2006.
  4. s.n. (2019). "Friedhof Bad Ischl". Friedhofsführer. Ischler Heimatverein. Retrieved 22 July 2019 (in German).
  5. State of Upper Austria (21 June 2016). Unbewegliche und archäologische Denkmale unter Denkmalschutz, pp. 16–17. Retrieved 22 July 2019 (in German).