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Grand Duchy of Baden with the Margraviate (red) and gains after 1803
Hohenbaden Castle  [ de ] on the Battert above Baden-Baden
Monument to Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden in front of Karlsruhe Palace

Baden ( /ˈbɑːdən/ ; German: [ˈbaːdn̩] ) is a historical German territory. Together with Württemberg and the former Prussian Province of Hohenzollern, two other historical territories, it forms the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg.


The margraves of Baden originated from the house of Zähringen. [1] Baden is named after the margraves’ residence, Hohenbaden Castle  [ de ] in Baden-Baden. The capital of the Grand Duchy of Baden was Karlsruhe.


Following the dissolution of the old Duchy of Swabia, Baden underwent a history which can be summarized as follows:

After World War II, this territory was subdivided between Württemberg-Baden and South Baden. Finally, the state of Baden-Württemberg was formed in 1952.

See also


  1. 1 2 "Baden, historical state, Germany". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-05-09.