|City of Badulla|
Badulla clock tower
|• Type||Municipal Council|
|• Total||10 km2 (4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||680 m (2,230 ft)|
|• Density||4,387/km2 (11,360/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30)|
Badulla (Sinhalese : බදුල්ල, Tamil : பதுளை) is the main city of Uva Province situated in the lower central hills of Sri Lanka. It is the capital city of Uva Province and the Badulla District.
Badulla is located in the southeast of Kandy, almost encircled by the Badulu Oya River, about 680 m (2,230 ft) above sea level and is surrounded by tea plantations. The city is overshadowed by the Namunukula range of mountains (highest peak 2,016 m (6,614 ft) above sea level). It was a base of a pre-colonial Sinhalese local prince (regional king) who ruled the area under the main King in Kandy before it became part of the British Empire. Later, it became one of the provincial administrative hubs of the British rulers. The city was the end point of upcountry railway line built by the British in order to take mainly tea plantation products to Colombo.
Badulla is about 230 km (140 mi) away from Colombo towards the eastern slopes of the central hills of Sri Lanka. There are multiple routes to Badulla from Colombo, Kandy and Galle. From Colombo, one can travel via Ratnapura, Balangoda, Haputale, Bandarawela and Hali Ela along A4 and A16 to Badulla, which may take 5–6 hours. From Kandy there are two routes: either via "Victoria-Randenigala Raja Mawatha" or via Nuwara Eliya (route A5). From Galle, the best route is via Matara, Hambantota, Wellawaya, Ella, Demodara and Hali Ela (route A2). All routes are scenic and one can see splendid views of the geography, which changes while travelling. Badulla and its surroundings are highly recommended for eco-tourists as Horton Plains National Park and the Knuckles mountains are a few hours away.
Badulla was an isolated village until the British built roads from Kandy and Nuwara Eliya in the mid 19th century, as part of the growing plantation economy.
By the 20th century Badulla had become a regional hub, with the British establishing it as the capital of Uva Wellassa, now known as the Uva Province. Badulla still has a number of British colonial buildings existing, including the Badulla railway station, which opened in 1924. The station is the last train station on the Main Line, which served as the rail line by the British to transport tea collected from the Badulla district to Colombo. Badulla district is one of the leading tea producing districts, second only behind the Nuwara-Eliya District.
The town has grown steadily since the country's independence from approximately 13,000 in 1946, to 38,000 in 1977 and 47,587 in 2011.
Badulla is a multi-national city with the ancient Muthiyangana Temple situated in its heart. The Catholic Church has a diocese headquartered here. It is emerging as a well developed city in Sri Lanka with a state of the art provincial hospital and many more developments.
|Ethnicity||Population||% of total|
|Sri Lankan Moors||5,519||13.49|
|Sri Lankan Tamils||2,717||6.64|
|Other (including Burgher, Malay)||735||1.80|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Badulla .|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Badulla .|