Baicheng

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Baicheng

白城市
Zhan Qian Yan Chang  - Railway Station Square - 2010.10 - panoramio.jpg
Baicheng Station Square
Location of Baicheng Prefecture within Jilin (China).png
Location of Baicheng City (yellow) in Jilin (light grey)
China Jilin location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Baicheng
Location of the city centre in Jilin
Coordinates(Baicheng municipal government): 45°37′12″N122°50′17″E / 45.620°N 122.838°E / 45.620; 122.838 Coordinates: 45°37′12″N122°50′17″E / 45.620°N 122.838°E / 45.620; 122.838
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jilin
Incorporated (town)1915
Incorporated (city)1958
City seatTaobei District
County-level divisions 5
Government
  Type Prefecture-level city
   CPC Baicheng SecretaryLi Jinxiu (李晋修)
  MayorAn Guiwu (安桂武)
Area
   Prefecture-level city 25,683 km2 (9,916 sq mi)
  Urban
 (2017) [1]
67.50 km2 (26.06 sq mi)
   Districts [1] 2,568.8 km2 (991.8 sq mi)
Elevation
154 m (505 ft)
Population
 (2010) [2]
   Prefecture-level city 2,033,058
  Density79/km2 (210/sq mi)
   Urban
 (2017) [1]
284,500
  Districts [1]
508,000
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
137000
Area code(s) 0436
ISO 3166 code CN-JL-08
Licence plates 吉G
Website www.bc.jl.gov.cn

Baicheng (Chinese :白城; pinyin :Báichéng; lit. 'White City') is a prefecture-level city in the northwestern part of Jilin province, People's Republic of China, bordering Inner Mongolia to the north and west and Heilongjiang to the east and northeast. At the 2010 census, 2,033,058 people lived within its administrative area of 25,683 km2 (9,916 sq mi). [2]

Contents

History

The area around present day Baicheng was a nomadic area which was inhabited by several nomad tribes in Northeast China as early as the Late Neolithic Age, including the Eastern Hu, the Xianbei, the Fuyu, and the Khitans once inhabited the area. During the Liao Dynasty, Baicheng was the political center of four emperors, including Emperor Shengzong, Emperor Xingzong, Emperor Daozong, and Emperor Tianzuo, as the seat of the local government was located at Chengsijiazi Ancient fort in today's Taobei District. As Qing Government forsook the settlement of Han Chinese in the 19th century, no farming was allowed until 1902. In 1904 Baicheng became a county going by the name of Jing'an (靖安). In 1914 Jing'an County was renamed Tao'an (洮南). By 1938 it was finally renamed Baicheng, which in Chinese means white town. The name's origin is the Mongolian name of the city Chaghanhot, which also means "white town". [3] Baicheng used to belong to Nenjiang and Heilongjiang province, under the jurisdiction of the former provincial capital Qiqihar. In 1954, with the Heilongjiang Province merged with Songjiang Province, Baicheng was incorporated into Jilin Province.

Baicheng's importance started to increase after a railway from Qiqihar to Siping through Baicheng was constructed in the 1920s. In the 1930s another railway connecting Baicheng to Ulanhot and the mines at Arxan was opened northwestward. These two lines enabled Baicheng to become a regional transportation hub in western Jilin Province. One more rail line connecting Changchun was opened in the mid-1930s as well. [4]

Geography

Topography

Baicheng is located in the eastern part of the Horqin Grassland, and situated in the northwestern part of Jilin Province. Bordering prefecture cities are:

The city's metro area is located 333 kilometres (207 mi) from the provincial capital of Changchun, 218 kilometres (135 mi) from Qiqihar, 448 kilometres (278 mi) from Siping, and 83 kilometres (52 mi) from Ulanhot. The city is located at latitude 44° 13′—46° 18′ N and longitude 121° 38′—124° 22' E. At its greatest width, the city spans 230 kilometres (142.9 mi) from north to south and 211 kilometres (131 mi) from east to west. The total area of the city is 25,683 square kilometres (9,916 sq mi), occupying a mere 13.7% of the provincial area. The eastern part of the Greater Khingan Mountains lies in the northwest of Baicheng. Grassland and wetlands are prominent throughout the city's southeastern part.

Climate

Dust storm came to Baicheng in 2001 Baicheng sandstorm (cropped).jpg
Dust storm came to Baicheng in 2001

Baicheng has a rather dry, monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long (lasting from November to March), very cold, windy, but dry winters due to the influence of the Siberian high, and hot, humid summers, due to the East Asian monsoon. The coldest month, January, averages −16.4 °C (2.5 °F), while the warmest month, July, averages 23.4 °C (74.1 °F); the annual mean is 5.04 °C (41.1 °F). More than 70% of the annual precipitation falls from June to August alone. Drought conditions are common in spring and autumn; from 1961 to 2009, there were 31 years with spring drought and 28 with autumn drought. [5]

Climate data for Baicheng (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)5.9
(42.6)
12.8
(55.0)
24.3
(75.7)
31.2
(88.2)
38.1
(100.6)
38.6
(101.5)
37.3
(99.1)
37.7
(99.9)
31.7
(89.1)
29.8
(85.6)
17.5
(63.5)
7.2
(45.0)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F)−9.1
(15.6)
−4.1
(24.6)
4.3
(39.7)
14.9
(58.8)
22.5
(72.5)
26.9
(80.4)
28.5
(83.3)
27.2
(81.0)
21.7
(71.1)
13.0
(55.4)
1.3
(34.3)
−6.9
(19.6)
11.7
(53.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)−16.4
(2.5)
−11.7
(10.9)
−2.7
(27.1)
7.6
(45.7)
15.7
(60.3)
20.9
(69.6)
23.4
(74.1)
21.5
(70.7)
14.9
(58.8)
6.0
(42.8)
−5.1
(22.8)
−13.6
(7.5)
5.0
(41.1)
Average low °C (°F)−22.4
(−8.3)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−10.1
(13.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
8.2
(46.8)
14.8
(58.6)
18.3
(64.9)
16.0
(60.8)
8.4
(47.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
−10.6
(12.9)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
Record low °C (°F)−38.1
(−36.6)
−30.3
(−22.5)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−13.6
(7.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
3.7
(38.7)
8.7
(47.7)
7.1
(44.8)
−2.9
(26.8)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−38.1
(−36.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)0.5
(0.02)
1.2
(0.05)
4.5
(0.18)
13.7
(0.54)
27.6
(1.09)
80.8
(3.18)
130.6
(5.14)
82.0
(3.23)
37.3
(1.47)
15.4
(0.61)
3.2
(0.13)
1.6
(0.06)
398.4
(15.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)1.42.02.93.96.811.312.510.57.44.02.62.567.8
Source: [5]

Administrative divisions

Map
#Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
1 Taobei District 洮北区Táoběi Qū490,0002,525194
2 Da'an City 大安市Dà'ān Shì420,0004,87986
3 Taonan City 洮南市Táonán Shì440,0005,10886
4 Zhenlai County 镇赉县Zhènlài Xiàn310,0004,69566
5 Tongyu County 通榆县Tōngyú Xiàn350,0008,47641

Economy

Textile industry is one of the main pillars of the economy. Agriculture of the area is centred on plantation of soy beans and oil plants. It is home to the Baicheng Weapons Test Centre. [6]

Transportation

Railway

Baicheng Railway Station Bai Cheng Zhan .JPG
Baicheng Railway Station

Baicheng railway station is a railway hub in western Jilin Province. It is the terminus of the Changchun–Baicheng railway. There are multiple daily departures to other cities including Beijing, Harbin, Changchun, Shenyang, Dalian, Qiqihar, Ulanhot and several other cities in northern provinces of China.

Road

Expressways:

National Highway (GXXX):

Air

Baicheng Chang'an Airport is located in the town of Taohe (洮河) in Taobei District, 16.5 kilometres (10.3 mi) from the city center. It has been under construction since October 26, 2012. [7] The total investment is 480 million yuan. [8] The airport was opened on 31 March 2017, the fifth civil airport in Jilin province. [9] The airport has a runway that is 2,500 meters long and 45 meters wide (class 4C), and a 4,471 square-meter terminal building. It is designed to handle 200,000 passengers and 700 tons of cargo annually by 2020. [9]

Sister cities

Related Research Articles

Jilin Province of China

Jilin is one of the three provinces of Northeast China. Its capital and largest city is Changchun. Jilin borders North Korea and Russia to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west.

Changchun Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, People's Republic of China. Lying in the center of the Songliao Plain, Changchun is administered as a sub-provincial city, comprising 7 districts, 1 county and 2 county-level cities. According to the 2010 census of China, Changchun had a total population of 7,674,439 under its jurisdiction. The city's metro area, comprising 5 districts and 4 development areas, had a population of 3,815,270 in 2010, as the Shuangyang and Jiutai districts are not urbanized yet. It is one of the biggest cities in Northeast China, along with Shenyang, Dalian and Harbin.

Qiqihar Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Qiqihar is the second-largest city in the Heilongjiang province of China, in the west central part of the province. The built-up area made up of Longsha, Tiefeng and Jianhua districts had 979,517 inhabitants, while the total population of the prefecture-level city was 5,367,003 at the 2010 census. These are mainly Han Chinese, though the city is also home to thirty-four minorities including Manchus, Daur, and Mongols.

Jilin City Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Jilin City Is the second-largest city and former capital of Jilin province in northeast China. As of the 2010 census, 4,413,517 people resided within its administrative area of 27,166.37 square kilometres (10,488.99 sq mi) and 1,975,121 in its built-up area consisting of four urban districts. A prefecture-level city, it is the only major city nationally that shares its name with its province.

Siping, Jilin Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Siping, formerly Ssupingkai, is a prefecture-level city in the west of Jilin province, People's Republic of China. Located in the middle of the Songliao Plain and at the intersection of Jilin, Liaoning and Inner Mongolia, Siping covers an area of 14,323 km2 (5,530 sq mi). At the 2015 census, Siping has a total population of 3.36 million while the urban population is 625,000.

Yushu, Jilin County-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Yushu is a county-level city of Jilin Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Changchun. It is more than 140 kilometres (87 mi) to the northeast of central Changchun, and around 100 kilometres (62 mi) south of Harbin. The name of the place means "Elm Tree". The northernmost county-level division of Changchun, it borders Dehui to the southwest as well as the prefecture-level division of Harbin (Heilongjiang) to the northeast.

Nen River

The Nen River or Nenjiang, or Nonni is a river in Northeast China. The Nen River flows through the northern part of Heilongjiang Province and the northeastern section of Inner Mongolia, some parts of the river forming the border between the two regions. At 1370 kilometres (850 mi) in length, the Nen River is the longest tributary of the Songhua River.

Taonan County-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Taonan, formerly Tao'an County (洮安县), is a county-level city of 100,000 in the northwest of Jilin province in Northeast China. It is under the administration of Baicheng prefecture-level city.

Ulanhot County-level city in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Ulanhot, formerly known as Wangin Süm, alternatively Wang-un Süme, Ulaγanqota in Classical Mongolian, is a county-level city and the administrative center of Hinggan League in the east of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region. Formerly known as Wangyehmiao or Wangyemiao (王爺廟), the city became the first capital of Inner Mongolia, the first autonomous region in China, on 1 May 1947, until the regional capital moved to Zhangjiakou in late December 1949; the regional capital moved again in June 1952 to Hohhot, which remains the capital to this day.

Changchun Longjia International Airport

Changchun Longjia International Airport is an international airport in Jilin Province, China, for which it is an aviation hub in China's Civil Airport System. The airport is 31.2 kilometres (19.4 mi) north-east of provincial capital Changchun and 76 km (47 mi) north-west of Jilin City: responsibility for the operation of the airport is shared by both cities. Changchun Airport is a regional hub for China Southern Airlines.

Taobei District District in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Taobei District is the main urban district of the prefecture-level city of Baicheng in China's northeastern Jilin province. It was formerly the county-level city of Baicheng until 1993, when the former Baicheng Prefecture became Baicheng prefecture-level city, while the prefectural capital Baicheng county-level city was renamed Taobei District.

Daan, Jilin County-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Da'an is a city of northwestern Jilin province in Northeast China, on the southern bank of the Songhua River and the border with Heilongjiang province. It is under the administration of Baicheng City, 115 kilometres (71 mi) to the west, and lies 57 kilometres (35 mi) northwest of Songyuan.

Changchun–Jilin intercity railway

Changchun–Jilin intercity railway is a high-speed rail line operated by China Railway High-speed in Jilin Province, which opened for service on January 11, 2011. It is the first intercity high-speed rail to be operational in Northeast China. Like the Shanghai–Nanjing intercity high-speed railway, which services Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, the Changchun–Jilin intercity railway serves as an airport rail link for the cities of Changchun and Jilin.

Lingxia, Jilin Town in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Lingxia is a township of Taobei District, Baicheng, in northwestern Jilin province, People's Republic of China, located less than 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) southeast of the border with Inner Mongolia. It is served by China National Highway 302 and G12 Hunchun–Ulanhot Expressway, and as the crow flies, is more than 40 km (25 mi) northwest of downtown Baicheng and 37 km (23 mi) southeast of Ulan Hot, Inner Mongolia. As of 2011, it has 5 residential communities (社区) and 11 villages under its administration.

Baicheng Changan Airport

Baicheng Chang'an Airport is an airport serving the city of Baicheng in China's northeastern Jilin Province. It is located in the town of Taohe (洮河) in Taobei District, 16.5 kilometres (10.3 mi) from the city center. The airport received approval from the central government on October 14, 2012, and construction began on October 26, 2012. The total investment is 480 million yuan. The airport was opened on 31 March 2017, the fifth civil airport in Jilin province.

Songshan, Jilin Town in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Songshan is a town under the administration of Panshi City in southern Jilin province, China, situated 46 kilometres (29 mi) from downtown Panshi as the crow flies. In 2011, it had one residential community and ten villages under its administration.

Sanhe Township, Baicheng Township in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Sanhe is a township of Taobei District, Baicheng, Jilin, People's Republic of China, located in the western suburbs about 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from downtown and south of the border with Inner Mongolia. As of 2018, it has 9 villages under its administration.

Changchun Dafangshen Airport

Changchun Dafangshen Airport, or Dafangshen Air Base, is a military air base in Changchun, the capital of Jilin Province in Northeast China. Originally constructed in 1941 by the Empire of Japan for the capital of its puppet state Manchukuo, Dafangshen Airport saw fierce fighting and was severely damaged during the Siege of Changchun in the Chinese Civil War. It served as Changchun's public international airport from October 1960 until August 2005, when all civil flights were transferred to the new Changchun Longjia International Airport.

Airport intercity railway (Xian)

The Airport Intercity Railway, also known as Xi'an North – Airport Intercity Railway is a rapid transit line in Xi'an and Xianyang. The line uses 6-car Type B rolling stock. It is operated by Shaanxi Intercity Railway Co., Ltd. which is a subsidiary of Shaanxi Province Railway Group Co., Ltd.

The Changchun–Baicheng railway is a double-track electrified railway in China. The railway is 325.7 kilometres (202.4 mi) and has a design speed of 160 kilometres per hour (99 mph).

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 50. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Archived copy" 2010年吉林省第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in Chinese). Jilin Province People's Government. May 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-11-05. Retrieved 2012-01-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. 白城市地方志编纂委员会编 (1993). 白城市志[History of Baicheng]. 中国广播电视出版社. ISBN   7-5043-2568-6.
  4. "Baicheng - China". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  5. 1 2 Weather.com.cn. Accessed 2011-05-28.
  6. Fisher, Richard D., Jr. (February 5, 2019). "Images emerge of new Chinese 8×8 assault gun". Jane's Information Group. Images have emerged showing what appears to be a new Chinese 8×8 assault gun equipped with a 105 mm main armament and a remote-controlled weapon station reportedly being trialled at what local media identified as the Baicheng Weapons Test Centre in northeastern China.
  7. 白城新空港:长安机场 [A Baicheng Airport: Changan airport]. Government of Jilin Province. 2012-10-30. Archived from the original on 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2013-01-22.
  8. 白城新空港:长安机场. Government of Jilin Province. 2012-10-30. Archived from the original on 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2013-01-22.
  9. 1 2 吉林白城长安机场正式通航. Xinhua. 1 April 2017.