Baishan Railway Station
Location of Baishan City (yellow) in Jilin (light grey) and China
|Coordinates(Baishan municipal government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Incorporated (city)||8 September 1986|
|Renamed||31 January 1994|
|Municipal seat||Hunjiang District|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• CPC Baishan Secretary||Li Wei (李伟)|
|• Mayor||Peng Yonglin (彭永林)|
|• Prefecture-level city||17,485 km2 (6,751 sq mi)|
|• Urban||388.11 km2 (149.85 sq mi)|
|Elevation||471 m (1,545 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,296,575|
|• Density||74/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-JL-06|
Baishan (Chinese :白山; pinyin :Báishān, Korean : 백산시) is a prefecture-level city in Jilin province of the People's Republic of China. "白山" literally means "White Mountain", and is named after Changbai Mountain (Chinese :长白山; pinyin :Chángbái Shān, also known as Paektu Mountain (Korean: 백두산)).
Baishan is to be granted the title of China International Mineral Water City. In Baishan is the Baishan Dam.
In 1902, Qing imperial government set up the Linjiang County in today's Baishan region. During the Manchukuo period, Linjiang county was under the jurisdiction of Tonghua. In March 1959, Jilin provincial government promoted Linjiang County to a county-level city and renamed it as Hunjiang City, which is still under the administration of Tonghua Prefecture. In 1985, Hunjiang City developed into a prefecture-level city, administerring three districts and three counties including Fusong, Jingyu and Changbai. The city was renamed to Baishan in April, 1994 with the approval of the State Council.
|#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2003 est.)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Hunjiang District||浑江区||Húnjiāng Qū||330,000||1,388||238|
|2||Jiangyuan District||江源区||Jiāngyuán Qū||260,000||1,348||193|
|3||Linjiang City||临江市||Línjiāng Shì||180,000||3,009||60|
|4||Fusong County||抚松县||Fǔsōng Xiàn||300,000||6,150||49|
|5||Jingyu County||靖宇县||Jìngyǔ Xiàn||140,000||3,094||45|
|6||Changbai Korean Autonomous County||长白朝鲜族自治县||Chángbái Cháoxiǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn||80,000||2,496||32|
|Climate data for Baishan (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−7.7|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−15.2|
|Average low °C (°F)||−21.2|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||12.0|
|Average relative humidity (%)||71||66||60||58||63||73||82||82||78||68||70||71||70|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
Jilin is one of the three provinces of Northeast China. Its capital and largest city is Changchun. Jilin borders North Korea and Russia to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west. The name "Jilin" originates from ᡤᡳᡵᡳᠨ a Manchu phrase meaning "along the river".
The Songhua River is one of the primary rivers of China, and the longest tributary of the Amur. It flows about 1,434 kilometres (891 mi) from the Changbai Mountains on the China–North Korea border through China's northeastern Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces.
Yanbian is an autonomous prefecture in the east of Jilin Province, China. Yanbian is bordered to the north by Heilongjiang, on the west by Baishan and Jilin City, on the south by North Korea's North Hamgyong Province, and on the east by Primorsky Krai in Russia. Yanbian is designated as a Korean autonomous prefecture due to the large number of ethnic Koreans living in the region. The prefectural capital is Yanji, and the total area is 42,700 square kilometres (16,500 sq mi).
Jilin City Is the second-largest city and former capital of Jilin province in northeast China. As of the 2010 census, 4,413,517 people resided within its administrative area of 27,166.37 square kilometres (10,488.99 sq mi) and 1,975,121 in its built-up area consisting of four urban districts. A prefecture-level city, it is the only major city nationally that shares its name with its province.
Liaoyuan is a prefecture-level city in Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is bounded on the west and south by Tieling of Liaoning province, west and north by Siping, and east by Tonghua and Jilin City. Liaoyuan lies some 100 km (62 mi) south of Changchun, the provincial capital. Covering an area of 5,125 km2 (1,979 sq mi), Liaoyuan is the smallest among the prefecture-level divisions of Jilin. Liaoyuan has a total population of 1,176,645 in the prefecture, while the urban area has a population of 462,233.
Meihekou is a city of 600,000 in Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is a regional transport hub, connecting three railway lines, all of which are single track, and 2 national highways. The city is also a major lorry transshipment point in the region as it is also the junction of two trunk roads, connected to Liaoyuan in the northwest. The city is administratively a county-level city of the prefecture-level city of Tonghua, and is its northernmost county-level division.
Huadian is a city in south-central Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Jilin City.
Tonghua is an industrial city in the south of Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It borders North Korea's Chagang Province to the south and southeast, Baishan to the east, Jilin City to the north, Liaoyuan to the northwest, and Liaoning province to the west and southwest. Administratively, it is a prefecture-level city with a total population of 2,325,242 living in an area of 15,195 square kilometres (5,867 sq mi). Urban population is 506,877. It is known as one of the five medicine production centres in China.
Linjiang is a county-level city in southern Jilin province, People's Republic of China, located to the east of Tonghua, and not far from the border with North Korea. It is a county-level city under the administration of Baishan.
Ji'an is a county-level city in the southwestern part of Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is administered by the prefecture-level city of Tonghua and is the southernmost county-level division in the province. Ji'an has an area of 3,408 km2 (1,316 sq mi) and a population of approximately 230,000. The city was given its current status in 1988. Ji'an is separated from Manpo, Chagang Province, North Korea by the Yalu River; it has an international border running 203.5 km (126.4 mi).
Mashan County is a county of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Nanning, the capital of Guangxi. The northernmost county-level division of Nanning City, it borders the prefecture-level cities of Hechi to the north and Laibin to the northeast.
Lishu County is a county of western Jilin province, China, bordering Liaoning to the southwest. It is under the administration of Siping City, with a population of 800,000 residing in an area of 3,900 km2 (1,500 sq mi).
Jingyu County, formerly Méngjiāng County until February 1946, is a county in southern Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Baishan City. It is named after General Yang Jingyu, who was killed here during World War II.
Changbai Korean Autonomous County, or simply Changbai County, is a county in southern Jilin province, China, facing Hyesan, North Korea. It is under the administration of the city of Baishan, 160 kilometres (99 mi) to the west-northwest, with a population of 85,000, 14,000 of which are ethnic Koreans, and an area of 2,497.6 km2 (964.3 sq mi). Apart from Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture nearby, it is the only Korean autonomous area of the People's Republic of China.
白山 may refer to the following locations in East Asia:
Baishan may refer to:
Changbaishan Airport is an airport serving the city of Baishan and the tourist destination of Changbai Mountain in Jilin Province, China. It was opened on August 3, 2008.
The Linjiang Yalu River Bridge is a bridge over the Yalu River, connecting Linjiang City, Jilin Province, China, with Chunggang County, Chagang Province, North Korea. It was built by the Japanese in 1938 and Linjiang Border Post is located there. A little downstream from the bridge is Yunfeng Dam.
The Hun River in Northeast China, is the largest tributary on the right (Chinese) side of the Yalu River. It starts in the Longgang mountains of northwest Jiangyuan District, Baishan, Jilin Province, runs 446.5 kilometres through Tonghua and Huanren Manchu Autonomous County of Liaoning Province, and empties into the Yalu River at Hunjiang Village of Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Baishan .|