Bajura District

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Bajura District

बाजुरा
Bajura Sudurpashchim locator.png
Location of Bajura District
Coordinates: 29°26′49″N81°29′12″E / 29.44694°N 81.48667°E / 29.44694; 81.48667 Coordinates: 29°26′49″N81°29′12″E / 29.44694°N 81.48667°E / 29.44694; 81.48667
CountryFlag of Nepal.svg    Nepal
Province Sudurpashchim Province
Admin HQ. Martadi (today part of Badimalika municipality)
Government
  Type Coordination committee
  Body DCC, Bajura
Area
  Total2,188 km2 (845 sq mi)
Elevation
6,400 m (21,000 ft)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total134,912
  Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+05:45 (NPT)
Postal Codes
10600
Telephone Code097
Main Language(s) Nepali
Website www.ddcbajura.gov.np

Bajura District (Nepali : बाजुरा जिल्ला Loudspeaker.svg Listen  ), a part of Sudurpashchim Province, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Martadi (today part of Badimalika municipality) as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,188 km2 (845 sq mi) and had a population of 108,781 in 2001 [2] and 134,912 in 2011. [1] The district has nine municipalities, 9 Ilakas[ further explanation needed ] and 1 constituency areas. The district is situated in Longitude between 81° 10′ 20″ to 81° 48′ 27″ East and Latitude 29° 16′ 21″ to 29° 56′ 56″ North. Geographically the district is divided in three distinct regions from north to south viz. Higher Himalayan Region, Higher Mountain and mid – Mountains. The Higher Himalayan region comprises Saipal Himalayan range; High Mountain region comprises Doha Lekh and Ghori Lekh. Similarly, Mid-Mountain range comprises different ranges of mountains e.g. Badimalika Temple. The District has started from 300m to 6400m in height. The annual rainfall is about 13,433 mm and temperatures vary from 0 °C to 40 °C. The livelihood of more than 80% of the district population depends on agriculture farming, mainly small scale livestock. Due to low level of agricultural production, the majority of the households face acute food shortages for a large part of the year. According to the National Census 2011, the total population of the district is 134,912 comprising 69,106 female (51%) and 65,806 male (49%) residing in 24,908 households. Bajura district has an average population density of around 62 people per square km. The average family size is 5.4. Life expectancy of the people is 58 years. The average literacy rate is about 32%. Bajura district has a multi ethnic composition with Chhetri, Kami, Thakuri, Brahman, Damai, SarkI and Sanyashi (Giri and Puri). The common language is Nepali (96%) followed by Bhote Sherpa (0.46%) and Tamang (0.42%).[ citation needed ] Although accessibility to Bajura is very poor, this is improving rapidly. The Government strategy is mainly focused on the connection of VDC headquarters with all-weather motor able roads to SRN or District headquarters. Moreover, the DDC body of Bajura district has given higher priority on rural roads.[ citation needed ]

Contents

Geography and Climate

Climate Zone [3] Elevation Range% of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
0.6%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
19.7%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
36.4%
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
25.2%
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
11.2%
Nival above 5,000 meters6.4%
Trans-Himalayan3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.
0.5%

Demographics

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Bajura District had a population of 134,912. Of these, 99.0% spoke Nepali and 0.5% Sherpa as their first language. [4] The largest ethnic group is Khas/Chhetri make 53% of total dist population. Khas Thakuris is second largest group make 19% of population. Bahun and sanyasi/giri make 18% of population. Khas dalits make 9% and Tibetan/Tamang/Sherpa Bhote is less then 1%.

Administration

The district consists of nine municipalities, out of which four are urban municipalities and five are rural municipalities. These are as follows: [5]

Former Village Development Committees

Prior to the restructuring of the district, Bajura District consisted of the following Village development committees:

Map of the VDC/s in Bajura District NepalBajuraDistrictmap.png
Map of the VDC/s in Bajura District

Health care

The small health centers in many VDCs are without Auxiliary Health Workers (AHWs), Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Community Health Workers (CHWs). Primary or normal treatment can be done in the district headquarters and also in Bayalpata Hospital of neighbouring district Accham while people seeking severe case have to travel a long distance to Kathmandu or other major cities or end up dying because of lack of treatment. Many people still believe in Dhami and Jhakri and do not always seek medicine or go to the hospital for the treatment. An NGO, PHASE Nepal provides many health care facilities and training programs to six VDCs: Kolti, Wai, Kotila, Pandusain, Rugin and Baddhu. Many people residing in these VDCs have benefited from the program. [6]

Currently PHASE Nepal is working on several projects in this district including community health and education, livelihood, hygiene, sanitation and diarrhoea mitigation programmes.

Colleges and School in Bajura

Martadi, Bajura

It has been conditioning the bachelor level programs with affiliation to Tribhuwan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Kolti, Bajura

Naubis, Bajura

It is conducting the Bachelor's level program BBS, BEd & B.A. with affiliation to Tribhuwan University

Triveni, Bajura

It was established in 2022 BS, it recently started offering +2 level program in Humanities and Education stream.

The school is providing plus two level program in Humanities and Education stream.

The school is providing plus two level program in Humanities and Education stream.

Tolidewal School Tolidewal School.jpg
Tolidewal School

The school is providing plus two level program in Management and Education stream.

It is an English Medium School providing primary level education.

Bajura Model Academy Bajura Model Academy.jpg
Bajura Model Academy

Photos of Bajura

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References

  1. 1 2 "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 April 2013. Retrieved November 2012.Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. "Nepal Census 2001". Nepal's Village Development Committees. Digital Himalaya. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 12 December 2008.
  3. The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal – a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN   87-7903-210-9 , retrieved 22 November 2013
  4. 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  5. "स्थानिय तह" (in Nepali). Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  6. "Project Area: Bajura". PHASE Nepal.

See also