Bakhsh

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A bakhsh (Persian : بخش, also Romanized as "baxš") is a type of administrative division of Iran. While sometimes translated as county, it should be more accurately translated as district, similar to a township in the United States or a district of England.

In Iran, each ostan or province consists of several shahrestan or counties (Persian : شهرستانšahrestân), and each shahrestan has one or more bakhsh or districts. [1] A bakhsh usually consists of dozens of villages with a central town or city. The official governor of a bakhsh is called a bakhshdar, which is the head of bakhshdari office.

There are usually a few cities (Persian : شهر, šahr) and dehestans (municipalities or rural agglomerations; Persian : دهستان, dehestân) in each county. Dehestans are a collection of a number of villages and their surrounding lands. One of the cities of the county is named the capital of each county.

To better understand such subdivisions, the following table may be helpful: Assume that province P is divided into two counties: A and B. County A has 3 districts: Central, X, and Y. The Central district is the district that contains City M, the capital of the county. Each district might contain one or more cities or one or more Rural Agglomerations (RA). In this example, the Central district contains City M, City N, and RA T composed of the villages V1, V2, V3, and V4, in turn; district X contains City O and RA U; and district Y has no cities and one RA V. The minimal county consists of only one city as the only district, named Central. The county B in the following table is of such type, containing only one city Q.

ProvinceCountyDistrictCity / RA*Villages
PACentralCity M (c)
City N
RA TV1, V2, V3, V4
XCity O
RA UV5, V6
YRA VV7, V8, V9
BCentralCity Q

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Silvaneh District

Silvaneh District is one of the five districts (bakhsh) in Urmia County, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. It is west of Lake Urmia, and lies between the city of Urmia and the Turkish border. Its administrative center is the city of Silvaneh. At the 2006 census, its population was 52,752, in 9,140 families. The District has one city: Silvaneh. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Dasht Rural District, Margavar Rural District, and Targavar Rural District.

Dabudasht District is a district (bakhsh) in Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. Its administrative center is Dabudasht. At the 2006 census, its population was 74,687, in 19,356 families. The District has one city: Dabudasht. The District has two rural districts (dehestan): Dabuy-ye Jonubi Rural District and Dasht-e Sar Rural District.

The Central District of Nehbandan County is a district (bakhsh) in Nehbandan County, South Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 41,906, in 9,772 families. The District has one city: Nehbandan. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Bandan Rural District, Meyghan Rural District, and Neh Rural District.

Alamut-e Gharbi District, formerly Rudbar-e Shahrestan District, is a district (bakhsh) in Qazvin County, Qazvin Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 16,255, in 4,667 families. The District has one city: Razmian. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Rudbar-e Mohammad-e Zamani Rural District, Rudbar-e Shahrestan Rural District, and Dastjerd Rural District. People of Alamut-e Gharbi District belong to the Tat ethnic group and they speak Tati language.

The Central District of Bastak County is a district (bakhsh) in Bastak County, Hormozgan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 30,399, in 6,281 families. The District has one city: Bastak. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Deh Tall Rural District, Fatuyeh Rural District, and Godeh Rural District.

Jenah District is a district (bakhsh) in Bastak County, Hormozgan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 22,116, in 4,607 families. The District has one city: Jenah. The District has two rural districts (dehestan): Faramarzan Rural District and Jenah Rural District.

The Central District of Chabahar County is a district (bakhsh) in Chabahar County, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 113,154, in 21,920 families. The District has one city: Chabahar. The District has two rural districts (dehestan): Kambel-e Soleyman Rural District and Pir Sohrab Rural District.

The Central District of Khash County is a district (bakhsh) in Khash County, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 111,114, in 21,170 families. The District has one city: Khash. The District has five rural districts (dehestan): Esmailabad Rural District, Karvandar Rural District, Kuh Sefid Rural District, Poshtkuh Rural District, and Sangan Rural District.

The Central District of Jiroft County is a district (bakhsh) in Jiroft County, Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 143,590, in 30,350 families. The District has one city: Jiroft. The District has five rural districts (dehestan): Dowlatabad Rural District, Esfandaqeh Rural District, Eslamabad Rural District, Halil Rural District, and Khatunabad Rural District.

The Central District of Fasa County is a district (bakhsh) in Fasa County, Fars Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 116,416, in 28,582 families. The District has one city: Fasa. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Jangal Rural District, Kushk-e Qazi Rural District, and Sahrarud Rural District.

The Central District of Kermanshah County is a district (bakhsh) in Kermanshah County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 888,990 in 222,022 families. The district has one city: Kermanshah. The district has six rural districts (dehestan): Baladarband Rural District, Dorudfaraman Rural District, Miyan Darband Rural District, Poshtdarband Rural District, Qarah Su Rural District, and Razavar Rural District.

The Central District of Ahar County is a district (bakhsh) in Ahar County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 125,253, in 29,323 families. The District has one city: Ahar. The District has six rural districts (dehestan): Azghan Rural District, Bozkosh Rural District, Goyjah Bel Rural District, Owch Hacha Rural District, Qeshlaq Rural District, and Vargahan Rural District.

The Central District of Rey County is a district (bakhsh) in Ray County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 133,066, in 33,091 families. The District's capital, Rey, is located outside the District, in Tehran County; hence, the District has no cities. The District has two rural districts (dehestan): Azimiyeh Rural District and Ghaniabad Rural District.

The Central District of Hirmand County is a district (bakhsh) in Hirmand County, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 58,082, in 11,603 families. The District has one city: Dust Mohammad. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Dust Mohammad Rural District, Jahanabad Rural District, and Margan Rural District.

The Central District of Mehrestan County ; formerly known as the Central District of Zaboli County) is a district (bakhsh) in Mehrestan County, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 31,679, in 6,872 families. The District has one city: Zaboli. In 2011, the name of the county changed to Mehrestan. The District has two rural districts (dehestan): Birk Rural District and Zaboli Rural District.

References

  1. Gwillim Law (1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co. p. 183. ISBN   978-1-4766-0447-3. OCLC   910103003.