|• Land||4,491 km2 (1,734 sq mi)|
| • Estimate |
Bala murghab (Pashto/Persian : Bala Murġāb) is a district situated in the northeast of Badghis Province, Afghanistan. The district capital is Bala Murghab city which is located along the Murghab River. Bala Murghab is surrounded by some other important districts such as Ab Kamari, Muqur, Jawand, and Qadis.
The estimated population of Murghab District in 2003 was roughly 109,381.Based upon the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) report, Pashtuns make up 95.0% of the total population, followed by Aimaqs, Turkmen and Uzbeks.
Murghab is a hilly district located in the northeast of Badghis Province. Most of the population live in the valley of the Murghab River.
The district has 133 villages which covers an area of 4,491 km2. Murghab is surrounded by Turkmenistan, Muqur, Qadis, Jawand, Ghormach and Qaysar district of neighbouring Faryab Province.
There are around 2 high schools, 3 secondary schools and 24 primary schools in the district.
During the Afghan Civil War the district was first besiegedand then captured by the Taliban in May 2019 after the Afghan National Security Forces retreated from most strategic sites in the district center with the exception of a military base nearby, a base that they still hold today despite Taliban pressure. Nonetheless, Afghan Security Forces are still able to launch raids on the area via Helicopter with United States military support; in January 2020, both US and Afghan forces conducted a special operation in the district center liberating more than 60 prisoners from a Taliban prison.
Baghlan is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the north of the country. As of 2020, the province has a population of about 1,014,634.
Kabul, situated in the east of the country, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. The capital of the province is Kabul city, which is also Afghanistan's capital and largest city. The population of the Kabul Province is over 5 million people as of 2020, of which over 85 percent live in urban areas. The current governor of the province is Mullah Shirin Akhund.
Samangan is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located north of the Hindu Kush mountains in the central part of the country. The province covers 11,218 square kilometres (4,331 sq mi) and is surrounded by Sar-e Pol Province in the west, Balkh in the north, Baghlan in the east, and Bamyan in the south.
Anar Dara is a district in Farah Province, Afghanistan. Its population, which is approximately 90% Tajik with a Pashtun minority, was estimated at 30,000 in January 2005. Its capital, Anar Dara, is situated at 801 m altitude, with a population of about 13,300 people.
Ghormach is a district situated in the northwest of Faryab Province of Afghanistan. The district centre is Ghormach.
Fazlullah Mujadedi also known as Abdul Hameed Mujadedi or Abdul Hameed Fazlullah Mujadedi was an ethnic Arab politician in Afghanistan, previously serving as Governor of Logar, Laghman and Takhar provinces. He was one of the prominent commanders of Jamiat-e Islami during the 1980s Soviet–Afghan War. He was amongst the earliest generation of anti-Soviet fighters from Kabul University, which included Amin Wardak, Zabihullah of Marmul in Balkh and Ahmad Shah Massoud.
Muqur District is a district located within Badghis Province in the western part of Afghanistan. It is located between the districts of Ab Kamari to the east, Qala i Naw to the south, Qadis to the southeast and Bala Murghab to the northeast. To the north is the national border with Turkmenistan. The district is in a long river valley. The estimated population in 2019 was 26,375.
The Qadis District is located in the southern part of Badghis province, Afghanistan, between the districts Jawand in the East, Qala i Naw in the west, Muqur and Bala Murghab in the North. In the South is the Herat province. The capital is Qadis.
Mihtarlam, also spelled Mehtar Lam, is the sixteenth-largest city of Afghanistan. It is the capital of Laghman Province and center of Mihtarlam District. It is the only large urban settlement in the province. The town is situated in the valley formed by the Alishang and Alingar rivers, 47 km northwest of the city of Jalalabad. There is a paved road between the cities that takes approximately one hour to travel by car.
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Bala Murghab is a city in the Badghis Province of northwestern Afghanistan, located on the Murghab River. It is the district center for the Bala Murghab District. Bala Murghab is the largest city of Badghis Province, while Bala Murghab District, with a population of 109,381, is also the most populous district of the province. Close to Bala Murghab lie the ruins of the medieval city Marw al-Rudh, the historical capital of the medieval region of Gharjistan. As of January 2020, it is heavily contested by Taliban and Afghan National Security Forces.
The War in Afghanistan was a conflict that took place from 2001 to 2021 in Afghanistan. It started when the United States and its allies invaded Afghanistan and toppled the Taliban-ruled Islamic Emirate. The war ended with the Taliban regaining power after a 19 years and 8 months insurgency against allied NATO and Afghan Armed Forces. It was the longest war in United States history, surpassing the Vietnam War (1955–1975) by roughly five months.
Bādghīs is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northwest of the country, on the border with Turkmenistan. It is considered to be one of the country's most underdeveloped provinces, with the highest poverty rate. The capital is Qala i Naw, while the most populous city and district is Bala Murghab. The ruins of the medieval city of Marw al-Rudh, the historical capital of the medieval region of Gharjistan, are located in the province near the modern city of Bala Murghab.
The Afghan Border Force (ABF) was responsible for security of Afghanistan's border area with neighboring countries extending up to 30 miles (48 km) into the interior and formed part of the Afghan National Army. In December 2017, most of the Afghan Border Police (ABP) personnel of the Afghan National Police were transferred to the Afghan National Army to form the Afghan Border Force. The ABP retained 4,000 personnel for customs operations at border crossings and international airports such as checking documents of foreigners entering the country or deporting them.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province is an affiliate of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) active in South Asia and Central Asia. Some media sources also use the terms ISK, ISISK, IS–KP or Daesh–Khorasan in referring to the group. ISIL–KP has been active in Afghanistan and its area of operations includes Pakistan, Tajikistan and India where they claimed attacks, as well as Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Bangladesh where individuals have pledged allegiance to it. ISIL-KP and the Taliban consider each other enemies.
Events from the year 2020 in Afghanistan.
In a continuation of previous attacks by the Taliban in May and June, multiple clashes between Afghan security forces and the Taliban were reported. They carried out several attacks throughout Afghanistan, resulting in multiple fatalities on both sides. Both the Taliban and government forces have accused each other responsibility over the recent surge in violence across Afghanistan. The attacks come despite the signing of a peace deal with the U.S. in February that was intended to put an end to the war.
The August 2020 Afghanistan attacks were multiple attacks that occurred in August 2020. The attacks left at least 165 people dead, and another 177 were injured.
War crimes by the Taliban since the Taliban's emergence in the 1990s include extrajudicial killings of civilians during its period running the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, systematic killings of civilians and wartime sexual violence during the 2010s, and executions of civilians during the 2021 Taliban offensive.
The Fall of Herat was a battle and subsequent capture of Herat by Taliban fighters. The attack on the city started around 28 July 2021, and ended in Taliban victory by 13 August of the same year. Several of the surrounding districts fell to the Taliban from June to mid July, leaving only the city and two other districts in government hands by 10 July. The border crossings in Herat Province were captured by the Taliban on 9 July, raising prices of goods inside the city. Ismail Khan, former governor and warlord, led a public uprising force to assist the Afghan National Security Forces in defending the city.
In all, 62 prisoners were freed from the compound in Bala Murghab, a district of Badghis province heavily contested by Taliban forces.