Balaji Sadasivan

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Dr.

Balaji Sadasivan
Balaji Sadasivan at the World Economic Forum on East Asia, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam - 20100606.jpg
At the World Economic Forum on East Asia in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 6 June 2010
Senior Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
30 May 2006 27 September 2010
Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
Preceded byPosition established
Senior Minister of State for Information, Communications and the Arts
In office
12 August 2004 31 March 2008
Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
Preceded byUnknown
Succeeded by Lui Tuck Yew
Member of the Singapore Parliament
for Ang Mo Kio GRC
In office
25 October 2001 27 September 2010
Personal details
Born11 July 1955
Singapore
Died27 September 2010(2010-09-27) (aged 55)
Singapore
NationalitySingaporean
Political party People's Action Party
Spouse(s)Ma Swan Hoo
ChildrenDharma Yongwen Sadasivan, Anita Jiawen Sadasivan
Alma mater University of Singapore
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow
Henry Ford Hospital/Harvard University
University of London
Profession Neurosurgeon
CommitteesMember, Committee of Selection (10th Parliament)

Dr. Balaji Sadasivan ( /ˈbɑːləsɑːdəˈsvən/ or /ˈbæ- sæ-/ ; 11 July 1955 – 27 September 2010) was a Singaporean politician and neurosurgeon of Indian ancestry. He attended Raffles Institution, Siglap Secondary School and National Junior College, and studied medicine at the University of Singapore. After graduating in 1979, he continued his education at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, becoming a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (F.R.C.S.) in 1984. He also trained at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, Michigan, from 1985 to 1989, and became a Fellow of Harvard University in 1990. He worked as a neurosurgeon until 2001, publishing over 50 book chapters and journal articles.

Neurosurgery medical specialty of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system

Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.

Indian people Ethnic group

Indians are the nationals or citizens of India, the second most populous nation in the world, containing 17.50% of the world's population. "Indian" refers to nationality, rather than a particular ethnicity or language; the Indian nationality consists of dozens of regional ethno-linguistic groups, reflecting the rich and complex history of the country. Due to emigration, the Indian diaspora is present throughout the world, notably in other parts of Asia, North America, the Caribbean, Oceania, and Africa.

National Junior College Junior College in Singapore

National Junior College (NJC) is the first junior college to be established in Singapore. Founded in 1969, National Junior College offers a two-year course for pre-university students and a six-year Integrated Programme, both leading up to the Singapore-Cambridge GCE Advanced Level qualification.

Contents

In 2001 Sadasivan was elected to the Parliament of Singapore for the Cheng SanSeletar division of the Ang Mo Kio Group Representation Constituency. From then until his death he served as Minister of State for the Ministry of the Environment (2001–2003), Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Transport (2001–2004); and subsequently Senior Minister of State for the Ministry of Health (2004–2006), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2006–2010) and Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts (2004–2008). In 2007, he was appointed Chairman of the Executive Board of the World Health Organization. In March 2008, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong reshuffled his Cabinet, from which time Sadasivan retained only his portfolio at the Foreign Affairs Ministry until his death in 2010.

Parliament of Singapore the legislature of Singapore

The Parliament of the Republic of Singapore and the President jointly make up the legislature of Singapore, which is based on the Westminster system. Parliament is unicameral and is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs) who are elected, as well as Non-constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs) and Nominated Members of Parliament (NMPs) who are appointed. Following the 2015 general election, 89 MPs and three NCMPs were elected to the 13th Parliament. Nine NMPs were appointed during the first session of this Parliament. The first sitting of the 13th Parliament took place on 15 January 2016.

Cheng San Group Representation Constituency is a now defunct Group Representation Constituency in the North-eastern region in Singapore. The GRC consisted of the eastern part of Ang Mo Kio, Jalan Kayu, Seletar Hills, part of Serangoon North, a large part of Hougang, Buangkok, and the whole of Sengkang New Town and Punggol New Town.

Seletar Planning Area and Regional Centre in North-East Region ----, Singapore

Seletar is an area located in the north-east of Singapore. Its name can also refer to the Seletar Planning Area, situated in the North-East Region of Singapore. The place name was derived from the Malay subgroup who were indigenous to the area, the Orang Seletar. It shares boundaries with the planning areas of Sengkang to the south, Punggol to the east, Yishun and Simpang to the west, as well as the Straits of Johor to the north.

Sadasivan also served as President of the Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA) and the Singapore Indian Education Trust, Chairman of the Indian Heritage Centre Steering Committee and a member of the National Art Gallery Implementation Steering Committee, Chairman of the National HIV/AIDS Policy Committee, a member of the National Steering Committee on Racial and Religious Harmony, an advisor to the Tamil Language Council and the People's Association Indian Activity Executive Committee Co-ordinating Council, a member of the Singapore Industrial and Services Employees' Union Council of Advisors, and Honorary Advisor to the Singapore Furniture Industries Council. In addition, he was an honorary member of the Singapore Medical Association.

Singapore Indian Development Association

The Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA) is self-help group (SHG), that was established in August 1991 to address the pressing educational and socio-economic issues facing Indians in Singapore. The group's mission is to build a strong and vibrant Indian Singaporean Community.

Early years and education

Balaji Sadasivan was born on 11 July 1955 [1] in Singapore, the son of Indian immigrants. [2] A student at Raffles Institution, [3] Siglap Secondary School (1969–1971) and National Junior College (1972–1973), he subsequently studied medicine at the University of Singapore. [1] In his second year, he won an essay competition organised by the World Health Organization (WHO) and received the opportunity to attend a healthcare workshop in Minamata, Japan, where he learned about the devastating effects of Minamata disease, a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning. This led him to specialise in neurosurgery later on, which was not a popular discipline at the time. [2] In 1979, Sadasivan graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.), and two years later embarked on further studies at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, [4] becoming a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (F.R.C.S.) in 1984. He trained at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, Michigan, between 1985 and 1990, obtaining a diploma from the American Board of Neurology Surgery and becoming a fellow at Harvard University in 1990. [3] He also worked at Brigham and Women's Hospital, a teaching affiliate of Harvard, and at the Children's Hospital Boston in Boston, Massachusetts. [5] In 1997, he obtained a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B. (Hons.)) from the University of London. [1]

Minamata, Kumamoto City in Kyushu, Japan

Minamata is a city located in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. It is on the west coast of Kyūshū and faces Amakusa islands. Minamata was established as a village in 1889, re-designated as a town in 1912 and grew into a city in 1949.

Minamata disease neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning

Minamata disease, sometimes referred to as Chisso-Minamata disease, is a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning. Signs and symptoms include ataxia, numbness in the hands and feet, general muscle weakness, loss of peripheral vision, and damage to hearing and speech. In extreme cases, insanity, paralysis, coma, and death follow within weeks of the onset of symptoms. A congenital form of the disease can also affect fetuses in the womb.

Mercury poisoning Poisoning caused by mercury chemicals

Mercury poisoning is a type of metal poisoning due to exposure to mercury. Symptoms depend upon the type, dose, method, and duration of exposure. They may include muscle weakness, poor coordination, numbness in the hands and feet, skin rashes, anxiety, memory problems, trouble speaking, trouble hearing, or trouble seeing. High-level exposure to methylmercury is known as Minamata disease. Methylmercury exposure in children may result in acrodynia in which the skin becomes pink and peels. Long-term complications may include kidney problems and decreased intelligence. The effects of long-term low-dose exposure to methylmercury are unclear.

Career

Gleneagles Hospital, photographed in July 2006 Gleneagles Hospital and Medical Centre 2, Jul 06.JPG
Gleneagles Hospital, photographed in July 2006

Sadasivan joined Tan Tock Seng Hospital as a consultant neurosurgeon in 1991, where he reorganised the way stroke patients were treated, arranged for the neurosurgical intensive care unit to be computerised, introduced stereotactic brachytherapy for dealing with brain tumours, and chaired the National Neuroscience Institute's planning committee. In 1994, he moved into private practice at Gleneagles Hospital, establishing the first stereotactic radiosurgical treatment system driven by a linear particle accelerator in Singapore. He also worked with medical device manufacturer Siemens to develop image-guided surgical systems. He published more than 50 scientific papers and chapters in neurology books. [5]

Tan Tock Seng Hospital Hospital in Novena, Singapore

Tan Tock Seng Hospital is one of Singapore’s largest multi-disciplinary hospitals. The hospital has 45 clinical and allied health departments, 16 specialist centres and is powered by more than 8,000 healthcare staff. TTSH sees over 2,000 patients at its specialist clinics and some 460 patients at its emergency department every day. TTSH is part of the National Healthcare Group.

Intensive care unit hospital ward that provides intensive care medicine

An intensive care unit (ICU), also known as an intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU) or critical care unit (CCU), is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive treatment medicine.

Stereotactic radiation therapy, also called stereotactic external-beam radiation therapy and stereotaxic radiation therapy, is a type of external radiation therapy that uses special equipment to position the patient and precisely deliver radiation to a tumor. The total dose of radiation is divided into several smaller doses given over several days. Stereotactic radiation therapy is used to treat brain tumors and other brain disorders. It is also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer, such as lung cancer. What differentiates Stereotactic from conventional radiotherapy is the precision with which it is delivered. There are multiple systems available, some of which use specially designed frames which physically attach to the patient's skull while newer more advanced techniques use thermoplastic masks and highly accurate imaging systems to locate the patient. The end result is the delivery of high doses of radiation with sub-millimetre accuracy.

Sadasivan left the medical profession to stand as a People's Action Party (PAP) candidate in the 2001 general election for the Cheng SanSeletar division of the Ang Mo Kio Group Representation Constituency (GRC). The electoral division, helmed by the Lee Hsien Loong (who became Prime Minister on 12 August 2004), was not contested, [6] and Sadasivan was declared elected to Parliament on 25 October 2001. [1] He was regarded as one of the "Super Seven" Members of Parliament who were made officeholders upon election, [2] and served as Minister of State for the Ministry of the Environment (23 November 2001 – 11 May 2003), Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Transport (both 23 November 2001 – 11 August 2004). He was Senior Minister of State for the Ministry of Health from 12 August 2004 to 29 May 2006, [1] handling matters such as the extension of the Human Organ Transplant Act [7] to Muslims and the 2003–2004 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak. [2] [8] He also worked to combat the spread of HIV, advocating education about the disease in schools and workplaces, and early and regular HIV testing. He brought in universal antenatal testing for HIV, and spoke out against discrimination on the ground of HIV status. [5] [9] For his constituents, he set up the Cheng San–Seletar Neighbourhood Club, and petitioned the Housing and Development Board for the lease of the Seletar Hills market, due to be torn down, to be extended. He also conceived an active ageing centre in Ang Mo Kio Town Garden East, which was slated to open in 2010. [2]

Peoples Action Party ruling political party in Singapore

The People's Action Party is a major centre-right political party in Singapore.

2001 Singaporean general election

General elections were held in Singapore on 3 November 2001. The ruling People's Action Party (PAP) won 82 of the 84 elected seats in Parliament. Due to the large number (51) of uncontested seats, only 675,306 of the 2,036,923 eligible voters (33.2%) had an opportunity to vote. As of the recent election in 2015, this was the third consecutive and fourth overall election PAP returned to power on nomination day with a majority of uncontested walkovers.

Ang Mo Kio Group Representation Constituency

Ang Mo Kio Group Representation Constituency is a six-member Group Representation Constituency (GRC) in the north eastern region of Singapore. The constituency encompasses the majority of Ang Mo Kio, Jalan Kayu, the northern half of Serangoon North, a small portion of the western half of Sengkang (Fernvale), a portion of northern Hougang, and a small portion of Yishun.

Ang Mo Kio GRC was contested by the Workers' Party of Singapore in the general election of 2006, and Sadasivan retained his seat, the PAP winning with 66.14% of the votes polled in the constituency. [10] Sadasivan acted as Senior Minister of State for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts from 30 May 2006 to 31 March 2008. [1] In May 2007, [3] he was appointed Chairman of the WHO Executive Board, [2] the first time a Singaporean had been so elected since the nation became a member of WHO. During his term, he dealt with issues such as global health development, pandemic preparedness (including the 2009 H1N1 flu pandemic), [11] non-communicable diseases and climate change. [5]

Later years

Sadasivan was diagnosed with colorectal cancer and underwent surgical removal of a malignant tumour in 2008. [12] He relinquished his Information, Communications and the Arts portfolio with effect from 1 April 2008, remaining as Senior Minister of State for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. [1]

Sadasivan also served as President of the Singapore Indian Development Association (from March 2009) [2] [4] and the Singapore Indian Education Trust, [13] Chairman of the Indian Heritage Centre Steering Committee and a member of the National Art Gallery Implementation Steering Committee, [14] Chairman of the National HIV/AIDS Policy Committee, [15] a member of the National Steering Committee on Racial and Religious Harmony, [3] an advisor to the Tamil Language Council [16] and the People's Association Indian Activity Executive Committee Co-ordinating Council, a member of the Singapore Industrial and Services Employees' Union Council of Advisors, and Honorary Advisor to the Singapore Furniture Industries Council. [3] On 8 May 2010, he was made an honorary member of the Singapore Medical Association. [17]

Following a relapse of his cancer, [18] Sadasivan died in his sleep on 27 September 2010 at 1:50 a.m. at the age of 55 years, having suffered internal bleeding the previous night. He is survived by his wife, Dr. Ma Swan Hoo, his son Dharma Yongwen and daughter Anita Jiawen, and five siblings. [19] On 18 October 2010 during a sitting of Parliament, Abdullah Tarmugi, Speaker of the Parliament of Singapore, and Mah Bow Tan, Leader of the House, paid tribute to Sadasivan in the presence of his widow and children, Mah saying "We have lost a dear friend and colleague and an outstanding Singaporean." Parliament then observed a minute's silence. Sadasivan's medical school classmates set up the Balaji Sadasivan Fund for Medical Undergraduates in his honour. [20]

Selected works

Book

Medical articles

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Dr Balaji Sadasivan: Curriculum Vitae, Parliament of Singapore, 14 April 2008, archived from the original on 8 May 2008, retrieved 28 September 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Li Xueying (28 September 2010), "Winning people over with his big heart: Dr Balaji's thoughts were of his constituents until the very end", The Straits Times , p. A8.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Biographical summaries: Dr Balaji SADASIVAN, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, February 2009, archived from the original on 30 September 2010, retrieved 28 September 2010.
  4. 1 2 Ho Yeen Nie (28 September 2010), "He was one of the 'Super Seven'", Today , p. 3, archived from the original on 29 September 2010.
  5. 1 2 3 4 K. Saktu (May 2010), "Citation for Dr Balaji Sadasivan" (PDF), SMA News, vol. 42 no. 5, pp. 7–8, archived (PDF) from the original on 24 July 2011.
  6. 2001 Parliamentary general election results, Elections Department, 7 November 2008, archived from the original on 17 November 2010, retrieved 28 September 2010.
  7. Human Organ Transplant Act( Cap. 131A,2005 Rev. Ed. ).
  8. Transcript of Dr Balaji Sadasivan's interview with Channel Newsasia – Singapore's seriousness in preventing cross-border transmission of Sars, Ministry of Health, 15 May 2003, archived from the original on 11 June 2011, retrieved 30 September 2010.
  9. Balaji Sadasivan (8 November 2008), Speech by Dr Balaji Sadasivan, Senior Minister of State, Ministry of Foreign Affairs at the 6th Singapore AIDS Conference, Health Promotion Board, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 30 September 2010.
  10. 2006 Parliamentary general election results, Elections Department, 7 November 2008, archived from the original on 28 July 2009, retrieved 28 September 2010.
  11. George Yeo (28 September 2010), "'I had an uneasy feeling earlier this week he might not be well': Letter from George Yeo, Foreign Affairs Minister", Today, p. 12, archived from the original on 29 September 2010.
  12. Kor Kian Beng (30 September 2008), "Balaji has op to remove colon tumour", The Straits Times; Rachel Lin (28 September 2010), "Balaji Sadasivan 1955–2010: 'A sad loss to all'", The Straits Times, pp. A1 & A8.
  13. "Dr. Balaji Sadasivan [condolence notice from the Singapore Indian Education Trust]", The Straits Times, p. B12, 28 September 2010.
  14. "National Heritage Board", The Straits Times, p. B12, 28 September 2010.
  15. Singapore Business Review (26 October 2011). "Dr Amy Khor appointed as Chairman of the National HIV/AIDS Policy Committee". Charlton Media Group. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  16. "Dr. Balaji Sadasivan [condolence notice from the Tamil Language Council]", The Straits Times, p. B14, 28 September 2010.
  17. "SMA Annual Dinner 2010" (PDF), SMA News, vol. 42 no. 5, pp. 1–4, May 2010, archived (PDF) from the original on 24 July 2011.
  18. Derrick A. Paulo (28 September 2010), "Balaji Sadasivan 1955–2010", Today, pp. 1 & 3, archived from the original on 30 September 2010.
  19. "Dr Balaji Sadasivan [obituary notice]", The Straits Times, p. B12, 28 September 2010.
  20. Rachel Lin (19 October 2010), "House pays tribute to late MP", The Straits Times (Home), p. B6; "House pays tribute to Dr Balaji", Today, p. 8, archived from the original on 19 October 2010.
Parliament of Singapore
Preceded by
Constituency established
Member of Parliament for Ang Mo Ko GRC (Cheng San)
2001–2010
Succeeded by
Ang Hin Kee
Political offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Minister of State for Health
2001–2004
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Himself (as Minister of State)
Senior Minister of State for Health
2004–2006
Succeeded by
Heng Chee How
Preceded by
Unknown
Senior Minister of State for Information, Communications and the Arts
2004–2008
Succeeded by
Lui Tuck Yew
Preceded by
Position established
Senior Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
2006–2010
Succeeded by
None