Balangoda

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Balangoda

බළන්ගොඩ
பலாங்கொடை
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Balangoda
Location in Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 6°39′N80°41′E / 6.650°N 80.683°E / 6.650; 80.683 Coordinates: 6°39′N80°41′E / 6.650°N 80.683°E / 6.650; 80.683
CountrySri Lanka
Province Sabaragamuwa Province
District Ratnapura District
Time zone +5.30
Mountains Balangoda Balangoda Nature .jpg
Mountains Balangoda

Balangoda is a large town in Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an urban council located 143 kilometres (89 mi) away from Colombo and 43 kilometres (27 mi) from Ratnapura on Colombo - Batticaloa Highway(A4). It is one of the largest towns of the Sabaragamuwa Province. According to the 2001 census, Balangoda has a population of 16,875 and area of 16.2 km2 (4,000 acres).

Ratnapura District Administrative District in Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka

Ratnapura is a district of Sri Lanka in the Sabaragamuwa Province.

Colombo Commercial Capital in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Colombo is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka by population. According to the Brookings Institution, Colombo metropolitan area has a population of 5.6 million, and 752,993 in the city proper. It is the financial centre of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo. It is also the administrative capital of the Western Province and the district capital of Colombo District. Colombo is a busy and vibrant place with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins. It was the legislative capital of Sri Lanka until 1982.

Sabaragamuwa Province Province in Sri Lanka

The Sabaragamuwa Province, is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. The Sabaragamuwa Province contains two districts: Ratnapura and Kegalle. It is named after its former indigenous inhabitants, namely the Sabara, an indic term for hunter-gatherer tribes, a term seldom used in ancient Sri Lanka. Sabaragamuwa University is in Belihuloya.

Contents

Balangoda is notable due to the discovery of skeletal Hominini remains from the late Quaternary period (the earliest reliably dated record of anatomically modern humans in South Asia). [1] [2] The town is also the birthplace of Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Thero [3] and Sirimavo Bandaranaike (the world's first female head of government) the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1960–65, 1970–77 and 1994–2000). [4] [5]

Hominini Tribe of mammals

The Hominini, or hominins, form a taxonomic tribe of the subfamily Homininae ("hominines"). Hominini includes the genus Homo (humans), but excludes the genus Gorilla (gorillas). As of 2019, there is no consensus on whether it should include the genus Pan, the question being closely tied to the complex speciation process connecting humans and chimpanzees and the development of bipedalism in proto-humans.

Quaternary is the current and most recent of the three periods of the Cenozoic Era in the geologic time scale of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS). It follows the Neogene Period and spans from 2.588 ± 0.005 million years ago to the present. The Quaternary Period is divided into two epochs: the Pleistocene and the Holocene. The informal term "Late Quaternary" refers to the past 0.5–1.0 million years.

South Asia Southern region of Asia

South Asia or Southern Asia, is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east. Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush. South Asia is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on land by West Asia, Central Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia.

Balangoda is situated in the hilly central region of central Sri Lanka on Sabaragamuwa Mountain Range. The main livelihoods of this region are farming (vegetables, fruits, and spices), rice cultivation for mainly local consumption, tea cultivation for international markets as a commercial crop and gem mining.

Education

Universities

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka

Schools

The main schools in the area are:

Sri Shariputhra Maha Vidyalaya is a secondary school in Imbulpe, Balangoda, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka. It was established in the 19th century. At present, more than 800 students are studying at the college.According to ancient documents, it was the first school in balangoda education zone. Many politicians, lawyers, scholars, physicians,engineers,and other government officers studied at this college. Government graduated teachers and other education college's teachers conduct the class for student up to G.C.E.(A/L). Normally,1st or 2nd level government education service officer is appointed as the principal of the college. there are Buddhist and Roman Catholic educational backgrounds .Also according to the department of education, students of the college follow the local syllabus and face to a/l and o/l examinations which are conducted by government of Sri Lanka. According to the history of the college, it was established as boy's college however after 1950's it was converted into the mixed school by the government .Also according to the official document and students roll of the college founded principal of the college was Mr. Silva and the first student was Mr. Appusincho. Also, the college has more than 15 acres premise in Madagedaragoda, Imbulpe .college conduct their science and computer laboratory class in the full facilitated laboratory .one of the laboratories was a present of Hon. Srimao Bandaranayake in 1975.

See also

Related Research Articles

Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Thero Sri Lankan Buddhist monk (1896-1998)

Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Thero was a Sri Lankan scholar Buddhist monk and a personality of Theravada Buddhism in the twentieth century. He was highly respected by Sri Lankan Buddhists, who believe that he achieved a higher level of spiritual development through meditation. Sri Lankan Buddhists also considered Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Thero as a Bodhisattva, who will attain Buddhahood in a future life.

Kegalle Town in Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka

Kegalle is a large town in Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. It is located on the Colombo–Kandy road, approximately 78 km (48 mi) from Colombo and 40 km (25 mi) from Kandy. It is the main town in the Kegalle District, which is one of two districts which comprise Sabaragamuwa Province. The town is governed by an Urban Council.

Talduwe Ratugama Rallage Weris Singho, better known as Talduwe Somarama Thero, shot and killed S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, the fourth Prime Minister of Ceylon, who served from 1956 until his assassination by Somarama in 1959.

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka university

The Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka is a public university in Belihuloya, Balangoda, Sri Lanka. It was founded on 20 November 1991 and consists of six faculties.

Maharagama Suburb in Colombo District, Western Province, Sri Lanka

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Embilipitiya Town in Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka

Embilipitiya is a town, governed by an urban council, in Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka.

Pavithra Wanniarachchi is a politician and lawyer by profession. In 1990 Hon. Pavithra Wanniarachchi entered politics on the invitation of the then Prime Minister Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranayake who was the world’s first woman Prime Minister. In 1991 she was appointed as the chief organizer for Kalawana. She then became a member of the Sabaragamuwa Provincial Council in 1993 and in 1994 she entered Parliament as an MP representing the Ratnapura District.

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Barnes Ratwatte was a Ceylonese colonial-era legislator and a headman. He was a member of the State Council and the Senate of Ceylon. He was appointed to the posts of Rate Mahatmaya of Balangoda and Dissawa by the British. He was the father of Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the first female Prime Minister in the world.

Clifford Ratwatte Sri Lankan politician

Clifford Senaka Ratwatte was a Sri Lankan politician. He was a former Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Agriculture, Food, Co-operatives and Fisheries in 1964 Member of Parliament for Balangoda, Chairman of the State Plantations Corporation and the Sri Lanka Tea Board.

William Ellawala

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Horagolla Walauwa

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Assassination of S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike

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Eheliyagoda Town in Sabaragamuwa, Sri Lanka

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References

  1. Deraniyagala, Siran U. (1996). "Pre- and Protohistoric settlement in Sri Lanka". Congress of the International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences . 5 (16): 277–285.
  2. Kenndy, Kenneth A. R. (2000). "God-apes and Fossil Men: Paleoanthropology of South Asia". University of Michigan Press. pp. 180–181.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  3. Fernando, Thilak (24 September 1994). "Face to face with late Ven. Aggamaha Panditha Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Thero". The Island - Saturday Magazine. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  4. "Sirimavo R.D. Bandaranaike (prime minister of Sri Lanka)". BRITANNICA-Online.
  5. "Sirimavo Bandaranaike: First woman premier". BBC News. 10 October 2000.