Bandarawela

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Bandarawela

බණ්ඩාරවෙල
பண்டாரவளை
Sri Lanka location map.svg
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Bandarawela
Map of Badulla district showing the situation of Bandarawela.
Coordinates: 6°50′0″N80°59′0″E / 6.83333°N 80.98333°E / 6.83333; 80.98333 Coordinates: 6°50′0″N80°59′0″E / 6.83333°N 80.98333°E / 6.83333; 80.98333
Country Sri Lanka
Population
  Total7,880
Time zone UTC+5:30 (Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC+6

Bandarawela (Sinhala  : බණ්ඩාරවෙල, pronounced [ˈbandarawela] ; Tamil: பண்டாரவளை) is the second largest town in the Badulla District which is 32 km (20 mi) away from Badulla. Bandarawela is 200 km (120 mi) away from Colombo and about 125 km (78 mi) away from Kandy, the two capital cities of Sri Lanka. Thanks to its higher altitude, compared to surrounding locations, Bandarawela has milder weather conditions throughout the year making it a popular tourist destination for locals. Bandarawela is within hours reach of surrounding towns and cities by both road and rail. The town is influenced by its colonial history and rests among dense, lush forestation occupying a niche among visitors as a base for eco-tourism.

Tamil language language

Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Douglas, and Chindians. Tamil is an official language of two countries: Sri Lanka and Singapore and official language of the Indian state Tamil Nadu. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Indian Union Territory of Puducherry. It is used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

Badulla District Administrative District in Uva Province, Sri Lanka

Badulla is a district in Uva Province, Sri Lanka. The entire land area of the Badulla district is 2,861 km² and total population is 837,000. The district is bounded by the districts of Monaragala and Rathnapura on the East & South, by Ampara and Kandy districts on the North and by Nuwara Eliya and Matale on the West. Mainly the economy of the district is based on agricultural farming and livestock.

Colombo Commercial Capital in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Colombo is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka by population. According to the Brookings Institution, Colombo metropolitan area has a population of 5.6 million, and 752,993 in the city proper. It is the financial centre of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo. It is also the administrative capital of the Western Province and the district capital of Colombo District. Colombo is a busy and vibrant place with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins. It was the legislative capital of Sri Lanka until 1982.

Contents

Politics

The town is governed by a municipal council and headed by a mayor. The council is elected by popular vote and has nine members. There were 16,673 registered voters in the 2011 local authorities elections. [1] Currently the municipal council is controlled by the United National Party which is one of the largest political parties in Sri Lanka.

The area outside the municipality is governed by the "Pradeshiya Saba" which is similar to the urban council. The Pradeshiya Saba is elected by popular vote and has 10 members. In the 2006 local authorities election there were 37,972 registered voters. [2]

Heritage

The ancient Dhowa Buddhist rock temple is one of the well-known heritage sites in this region. Other historic areas of interest include the Roman Catholic St. Anthony's Church and a local Methodist church.

The ancient Dhowa Rock Temple was founded by King Walagamba in the first century B.C.E. (1 B.C.E.) and is located beside Badulla-Bandarawela highway, 6 km (3.7 mi) from Bandarawela. The temple contains a 12 m (39 ft)-high Buddha image sculpted from rock and paintings depicting Jataka stories belonging to the Kandyan era.

Dhowa rock temple

Dhowa Rock Temple is a protected heritage site in Sri Lanka, situated in the central mountains of the Uva province. Dhowa is a small, ancient village situated on the Badulla - Bandarawela main road. This temple is situated 210 km (130 mi) east of Colombo and 120 km (75 mi) south of Kandy.

Geography and climate

During colonial times, the town of Bandarawela was once hailed as possessing one of the healthiest climates in the world. This town is considered to have the most favorable climate on the island. Geographically the Bandarawela area is located at a high altitude and surrounded by a large number of mountains in Uva and the Central Province.

Central Province, Sri Lanka Province in Sri Lanka

The Central Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The Central Province is primarily in the central mountainous terrain of Sri Lanka. It is the 6th largest province by area and is home to 2.5 million people. It is bordered by North Central Province to the north, Uva Province to the east, North Western Province to the west and Sabaragamuwa Province to the south and west. The province's capital is Kandy.

According to the local climatic zone classifications, Bandarawela is classified under Up Country Intermediate Zone (UCIZ) which is spread over the Badulla and Monaragala Districts. The elevation above sea level at Bandarawela is 4,000 ft (1,200 m), the annual average rainfall is between 1,100 mm (43 in) and 1,400 mm (55 in) and the monthly average temperature is between 12 °C (54 °F) (in December) and 27 °C (81 °F) (in May and June). The Bandarawela area consists mainly of red yellow Podzolic soil, which is strongly acidic and favourable for tea plantations.

Demography

Bandarawela is a Sinhala majority town. There are sizable communities belonging to other ethnic groups such as Indian Tamils, Sri Lanka Moors and Sri Lanka Tamils.

Economy

Locals depend primarily upon agriculture to make a living. Most people are directly involved in vegetable cultivation and some are working as laborers in tea estates. There are a large number of tea plantations managed by both private and government run businesses that produce good quality tea for the world market.

Many types of vegetables are grown in this area throughout the year, such as leek, carrot, beet root, cauliflower and cabbage. About one tenth of the population works for the government, private establishments or their own businesses. The majority of the people in this area fall in the low and middle income groups.

Tourism is another source of income in Bandarawela which boasts many holiday resorts, cottages and hotels.

Education

During World War II, many families moved to Bandarawela following leading schools in Colombo such as Royal College, St. Thomas' College and Visakha Vidyalaya. These schools relocated to Bandarawela due to the fear caused by the Japanese bombs. This caused an improvement in the education of the people in Bandarawela.[ citation needed ] Some schools in the area include Bandarawela Central college, Dharmapala Vidyalaya, Visakha Vidyalaya, Tamil Central College, Little Flower Convent and St. Joseph's College. These schools are governed by the central government of Sri Lanka. There are also two private schools which are popular island wide. They include S. Thomas' College, Bandarawela.

Picturesque places

Porawagala, Bandarawela Bandarawela, Porawagala.jpg
Porawagala, Bandarawela
Front view of the Adisham Bangalow Adisham banglow haputhale.jpg
Front view of the Adisham Bangalow

The best views of Bandarawela can be seen from Porawagala. Rawana Ella Falls (40 m (130 ft) in height) and Diyaluma Falls (191 m (627 ft) in height) are the most beautiful waterfalls in this region. Rawana Ella is situated on the Ella near the Wellawaya main road and Diyaluma is situated near the village of Koslanda. Adisham Bungalow, Bandarawela Hotel and Lipton's Seats are other historic places in the Bandarawela area. Poonagala, Ampittiakande and Leangawela are three visually stunning tea estates in the area. From Bandarawela to Poonagala it's nearly 21 km.

Climate

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References

  1. "Department of election". slelections.gov.lk. 2006. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
  2. "Department of election". slelections.gov.lk. 2006. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
  3. "World Weather – AccuWeather.com". accuweather.com.