Banners of Inner Mongolia

Last updated
Banner
Manchu: Gusa.png
Gūsa (romanized)
Classical Mongolian: ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ ᠪᠣᠱᠤᠬᠤqosiγu bošuγu hôxûû bôxig(romanized)
Chinese:(character)
(Pinyin romanization)
Cyrillic Mongolian:Хошуу (cyrillized)
khoshuu (romanized)
Mongolian script:ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤHôxûû or Hûxûû

A banner (Chinese :; pinyin :) is an administrative division of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China, corresponding to the county level.

Contents

Banners were first used during the Qing Dynasty, which organized the Mongols into banners except those who belonged to the Eight Banners. Each banner had sumu as nominal subdivisions. In Inner Mongolia, several banners made up a league. In the rest, including Outer Mongolia, northern Xinjiang and Qinghai, Aimag (Аймаг) was the largest administrative division. While it restricted the Mongols from crossing banner borders, the dynasty protected Mongolia from population pressure from China proper.

There were 49 banners and 24 tribes during the Republic of China. [1]

Today, banners are a county level division in the Chinese administrative hierarchy. There are 49 banners in total.

Banners

The following list of 49 individual Banners is sorted alphabetically according to the banner's specific title (i.e. ignoring adjectives such as New, Old, Left, Right, and so on).

Autonomous banner

An autonomous banner (Chinese :自治旗; pinyin :zìzhìqí) is a special type of banner set up by the People's Republic of China. There are 3 autonomous banners, all of which are found in northeastern Inner Mongolia, each with a designated ethnic majority other than Han or Mongol and which is a national ethnic minority:

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Inner Mongolia Autonomous region of China

Inner Mongolia or Nei Mongol, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, is a landlocked and Mongolic autonomous region of the People's Republic of China. Its border includes most of the length of China's border with the country of Mongolia. The rest of the Sino–Mongolian border coincides with part of the international border of the Xinjiang autonomous region and the entirety of the international border of Gansu province. Inner Mongolia also accounts for a small section of China's border with Russia. Its capital is Hohhot; other major cities include Baotou, Chifeng, Tongliao and Ordos.

Demchugdongrub

Demchugdongrub, also known as Prince De, courtesy name Xixian (希賢), was a Qing dynasty Mongol prince descended from the Borjigin imperial clan who lived during the 20th century and became the leader of an independence movement in Inner Mongolia. He was most notable for being the chairman of the pro-Japanese Mongol Military Government (1938–39) and later of the puppet state of Mengjiang (1939–45), during the Second Sino-Japanese War. In modern day, some see Demchugdongrub as a Mongol nationalist promoting Pan-Mongolism while others view him as a traitor and as the pawn of the Japanese during World War II.

Leagues of China

A league is an administrative unit of the autonomous region of Inner Mongolia in the People's Republic of China.

Ewenki Autonomous Banner Autonomous banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Ewenki Autonomous Banner is an autonomous banner that lies on the border between northwestern Greater Khingan and Hulun Buir grasslands and directly south of the urban district of Hailar in the prefecture-level city of Hulunbuir, People's Republic of China. It has an area of 19,111 km2 (7,379 sq mi). As of 2013, the banner has a population of 143,415, with a population density of 7.5 inhabitants per km². The banner's seat of government is the town of Bayan Tohoi. The most populous town in the banner is Dayan, which was once Dayan Mining Area as an administrative division and is now the main part of an industrial district also named Dayan Mining Area, has an area of 443 square kilometres and a population of about 73,000.

Oroqen Autonomous Banner Autonomous banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Oroqen Autonomous Banner is an autonomous banner that lies directly south of the urban district of Hailar in the prefecture-level city of Hulunbuir. It covers an area of 60,378 square kilometres (23,312 sq mi). As of the 2010 census, there were 223,752 inhabitants with a population density of 4.84 inhabitants per km². Its capital is the town of Alihe (阿里河镇). It includes Ganhe (甘河), Dayangshu (大杨树), Jiwen (吉文) but excludes the Jiagedaqi and Songling Districts.

Administrative divisions of Mongolia during Qing

During the Qing rule, Inner Mongolia and Outer Mongolia were separately administered; other Mongol-inhabited regions were directly administered by the Qing dynasty.

Jalaid Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Jalaid Banner, officially Jalaid Qi Zhalaite Banner, Hinggan League is a banner under the jurisdiction of Hinggan League in the northeast of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. Jalaid Mongols live here.

Harqin Zuoyi Mongol Autonomous County Autonomous county in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Harqin Zuoyi Mongol Autonomous County, commonly abbreviated as Kazuo County (喀左县), is a Mongolian autonomous county in the west of Liaoning province, China. It is under the administration of Chaoyang City, 77 km (48 mi) to the northeast, and has a population of 420,000 residing in an area of 2,240 km2 (860 sq mi). Formerly known as Harqin Left Banner.

Uxin Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Uxin Banner is a banner in the southwest of Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China, bounded to the south by Shaanxi province. It borders the banners of Ejin Horo to the northeast, Hanggin to the north, Otog to the northwest, and Otog Front to the southwest. It is under the administration of Ordos City.

Horqin Right Front Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Horqin Right Front Banner is a banner in the east of Inner Mongolia, China, bordering Jilin province to the southeast. It is under the administration of Hinggan League. The local Mongolian dialect is Khorchin Mongolian.

Horqin Right Middle Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Horqin Right Middle Banner is a banner in the east of Inner Mongolia, China, bordering Jilin province to the east. It is under the administration of Hinggan League. The local Mongolian dialect is Khorchin Mongolian. The banner spans an area of 15,613 square kilometers in area, and has a population of 255,494 as of 2010.

Alxa Left Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Alxa Left Banner is a banner in the southwest of Inner Mongolia, China. It borders the Republic of Mongolia's Ömnögovi Province to the north, the autonomous region of Ningxia to the southeast, and Gansu province to the southwest. The town of Bayanhot/Bayenhot (Tingyuanying) (巴彦浩特镇), situated in the banner, is the seat of government of the greater Alxa League, of which Alxa Left Banner is a part.

Ejin Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Ejin or Ejina is a banner in the far west of Inner Mongolia, China. It is under the administration of Alxa League and is the westernmost county-level division of Inner Mongolia, bordering Gansu province to the west and the Republic of Mongolia's Bayankhongor and Govi-Altai Provinces. Its seat is located at Dalaihob Town (达来呼布镇). To the west, it shares a border with Subei Mongol Autonomous County of Jiuquan, Gansu.

Wu Heling

Wu Heling (1896–1980) was a politician in the Republic of China. He was born in Hortin Right Banner, Zhelimu League, Inner Mongolia. His Mongolian name was Ünenbayan. He was ethnic Mongol, and participated in the Mongolian Autonomous Movement. Heling became an important politician in the Mongolian United Autonomous Government and the Mongolian Autonomous Federation (蒙古自治邦).

The Mongol Local Autonomy Political Affairs Committee (蒙古地方自治政務委員會), also referred to as the Pailingmiao Council or Peilingmiao Council, was a political body of ethnic Mongols in the Chinese Republic. The Nationalist government authorised its establishment in March 1934.

Inner Mongolian Peoples Republic

The Inner Mongolian People's Republic was a state in Inner Mongolia founded shortly after the Second World War. It existed from September 9, 1945 until November 6, 1945.

Alxa Left Banner Bayanhot Airport

Alxa Left Banner Bayanhot Airport is a regional airport serving Bayanhot, the main urban center of Alxa Left Banner in Inner Mongolia, China.

This article documents the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic in Inner Mongolia, the People's Republic of China.

References

  1. Yin-tʻang Chang (1933). The Economic Development and Prospects of Inner Mongolia (Chahar, Suiyuan, and Ningsia). Commercial Press, Limited. p. 62.

See also