Baoji

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Baoji

宝鸡市

Pao-chi, Paoki
View from Zhonghua Shigu Park (Zhong Hua Shi Gu Yuan ) on Baoji.jpg
Baoji
Location of Baoji Prefecture within Shaanxi (China).png
Location of Baoji Prefecture within Shaanxi
Coordinates(Baoji government): 34°21′47″N107°14′17″E / 34.363°N 107.238°E / 34.363; 107.238 Coordinates: 34°21′47″N107°14′17″E / 34.363°N 107.238°E / 34.363; 107.238
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Shaanxi
Founded2000 BC
Municipal seat Jintai District
Area
   Prefecture-level city 18,712 km2 (7,225 sq mi)
  Urban
 (2018) [1]
3,577 km2 (1,381 sq mi)
  Metro
3,577 km2 (1,381 sq mi)
Elevation
570 m (1,870 ft)
Population
 (2010) [2]
   Prefecture-level city 3,716,731
  Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
   Urban
 (2018) [1]
1,437,802
  Urban density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
   Metro
1,437,802
  Metro density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
721000
Area code(s) 0917
ISO 3166 code CN-SN-03
License Plate Prefix陕C
Website www.baoji.gov.cn

Loudspeaker.svg Baoji   (simplified Chinese : 宝鸡 ; traditional Chinese : 寶雞 ; pinyin : Bǎojī ) is a prefecture-level city in western Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China. Since the early 1990s, Baoji has been the second largest city in Shaanxi. [3]

Contents

Geography

The prefecture-level city of Baoji has a population of 3,716,731 according to the 2010 Chinese census, inhabiting an area of 18,172 km2 (7,016 sq mi). The built-up area made of 3 urban districts had a population of approximately 1,437,802 inhabitants as of the 2010 census. Surrounded on three sides by hills, Baoji is in a valley opening out to the east. Its location is strategic, controlling a pass on the Qin Mountains between the Wei River valley and the Jialing River.

History

Thriving early in the Tang dynasty, it has roots to 2000 BC. [4] Today it is a large industrial center. Railways first reached Baoji in 1937 and have been key to its modern growth.

The Silk Road in its entirety. SeidenstrasseGMT.JPG
The Silk Road in its entirety.

Passing through Baoji is the ancient Northern Silk Road, the northernmost route of about 2,600 kilometres (1,616 miles) in length, which connected the ancient Chinese capital of Chang'an to the West over the Wushao Ling Mountain to Wuwei and emerging in Kashgar before linking to ancient Parthia. [5]

Baoji is considered the gateway between western and eastern China since most trains from Beijing, Shanghai and Xi'an pass through here on their way to Gansu, Sichuan, Xinjiang and Tibet (Lhasa). Fa Men Si (Famen temple), home to one of Buddha's finger bones, is in Baoji County. The Baoji area was home to the legendary Yandi, one of the Han Chinese forefathers. His tomb is in the southern part of the city and his temple is in the north.

People who are interested in the Three Kingdoms of ancient China can visit Zhuge Liang's Memorial Temple, about 20 km (12 mi) from Baoji.

Ancient trackways

Mount Taibai still has some remaining traces of roadways built during the Three Kingdoms Period (220−280 CE) which are all generally unusable due to decay. They remain a popular attraction because they were built by making wood plank bridges along the side of the mountain.

To the South of Baoji lies the beginning of the plank road into the Qin Mountains. There are also several natural sites such as the Jialing Jiang Fountainhead with its small waterfalls and forests. To the north is Bei Puo, a giant hill made of loess with a panoramic view of the city and a landscape dotted with small farming villages that offer local cuisine.

A number of Longshan archaeological sites have been found north of the Wei River near the North Silk Road. [6]

Baoji Bronze Museum

Baoji is home to the Baoji Bronze Museum which holds more than 120,000 pieces of cultural relics, primarily of Zhou dynasty descent. [7]

Administrative divisions

Map including Baoji (labeled as PAO-CHI (PAOKI) (walled) Bao Ji 
) (AMS, 1955) Txu-oclc-10552568-ni48-8.jpg
Map including Baoji (labeled as PAO-CHI (PAOKI) (walled) 寳雞) (AMS, 1955)
Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
Weibin District 渭滨区Wèibīn Qū448,189728616
Jintai District 金台区Jīntái Qū394,5383321,188
Chencang District 陈仓区Chéncāng Qū595,0752,517236
Fengxiang County 凤翔县Fèngxiáng Xiàn483,4711,179410
Qishan County 岐山县Qíshān Xiàn459,064855537
Fufeng County 扶风县Fúfēng Xiàn416,398751554
Mei County 眉县Méi Xiàn299,988863348
Long County 陇县Lǒng Xiàn248,9012,418103
Qianyang County 千阳县Qiānyáng Xiàn123,959959129
Linyou County 麟游县Línyóu Xiàn90,7281,80650
Feng County 凤县Fèng Xiàn105,4923,18733
Taibai County 太白县Tàibái Xiàn50,9282,78018

Climate

Climate data for Baoji (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.7
(69.3)
25.5
(77.9)
28.0
(82.4)
36.2
(97.2)
37.8
(100.0)
40.2
(104.4)
40.9
(105.6)
41.6
(106.9)
40.0
(104.0)
33.0
(91.4)
25.8
(78.4)
23.2
(73.8)
41.6
(106.9)
Average high °C (°F)5.1
(41.2)
7.8
(46.0)
12.8
(55.0)
20.1
(68.2)
25.2
(77.4)
29.7
(85.5)
30.9
(87.6)
29.4
(84.9)
23.7
(74.7)
18.4
(65.1)
12.0
(53.6)
6.7
(44.1)
18.5
(65.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)0.1
(32.2)
2.7
(36.9)
7.7
(45.9)
14.2
(57.6)
19.2
(66.6)
23.6
(74.5)
25.4
(77.7)
24.3
(75.7)
18.9
(66.0)
13.3
(55.9)
6.8
(44.2)
1.5
(34.7)
13.1
(55.6)
Average low °C (°F)−3.5
(25.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.5
(38.3)
9.3
(48.7)
13.9
(57.0)
18.2
(64.8)
21.1
(70.0)
20.2
(68.4)
15.3
(59.5)
9.6
(49.3)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.2
(28.0)
9.0
(48.1)
Record low °C (°F)−13.9
(7.0)
−11.4
(11.5)
−5.3
(22.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
4.8
(40.6)
10.0
(50.0)
12.9
(55.2)
13.2
(55.8)
6.0
(42.8)
−2
(28)
−8
(18)
−16.1
(3.0)
−16.1
(3.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)6.4
(0.25)
10.6
(0.42)
24.6
(0.97)
52.4
(2.06)
62.8
(2.47)
76.2
(3.00)
111.1
(4.37)
114.6
(4.51)
109.6
(4.31)
63.7
(2.51)
19.6
(0.77)
4.7
(0.19)
656.3
(25.83)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)4.15.48.08.79.910.811.411.012.610.35.43.4101
Source: Weather China

Economy

Baoji-Jintai-across-Weihe.jpg
Panoramic view the Jintai district of Baoji viewed from the top of the Stone Drum Museum, across the Weihe river, in winter.

Industrial Zone

Established in 1992, Baoji Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone was approved as a national hi-tech zone by State Council. It has a long-term planned area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi). The transportation system around the zone includes Xi'an-Xianyang International Airport and National Highway 310. Its encouraged industries are auto parts, electronics, IT, pharmaceutical and bioengineering industry and new materials. [8]

Military

Baoji is the headquarters of the 21st Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the two group armies that comprise the Lanzhou Military Region responsible for defending China's northwest borders.

Transportation

The G85 Yinchuan-Kunming Expressway, China National Highway 310, and G30 Lianyungang-Khorgas Expressway are major highways that run through Baoji.

The city is serviced by the Baoji South on the Xi'an-Baoji and Baoji-Lanzhou sections of the Xuzhou-Xinjiang high speed railway. The Longhai, Baocheng and Baozhong railways also call at Baoji railway station. [9]

A metro system is in the planning stages.

See also

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Jialing River

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Longhai railway

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Chencang District District in Shaanxi, Peoples Republic of China

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Baoji–Chengdu railway

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Xian–Chengdu high-speed railway

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The Baoji–Lanzhou high-speed railway is a high-speed railway operated by China Railway High-speed between Baoji in western Shaanxi province and Lanzhou, the capital of Gansu province. The railway cuts the rail travel between Baoji and Lanzhou from current five hours to one hour and a half. It connects with the Xi'an–Baoji high-speed railway to the east and the Lanzhou–Urumqi high-speed railway to the west. The feasibility study report has been approved by the National Development and Reform Commission. The construction work was expected to start in the first half of 2011, but it actually started in October 2012. The line started operations on July 9, 2017.

G30 Lianyungang–Khorgas Expressway

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Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Changan-Tianshan Corridor

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The Eurasia Continental Bridge corridor is a high-speed rail corridor connecting Lianyungang, a port in northern Jiangsu province, to Ürümqi, the regional capital of Xinjiang. The corridor passes through the cities of Xuzhou (Jiangsu), Zhengzhou (Henan), Xi'an (Shaanxi), Lanzhou (Gansu), and Xining (Qinghai) en route. Announced in 2016 as part of the "eight verticals and eight horizontals" railway network plan, the rail corridor is an extension of the existing Xuzhou–Lanzhou high-speed railway.

Baoji Bronzeware Museum Archaeology museum in Shaanxi, China

The Baoji Bronzeware Museum is an archaeology museum in Baoji, Shaanxi, China. It has a collection of more than 120,000 pieces of cultural relics through the ages, most of them are Zhou dynasty bronze wares. Baoji Bronze Ware Museum's present building, which opened in 2010, occupies an area of more than 50,800 square metres (547,000 sq ft), with a total floor space of 34,788 square metres (374,450 sq ft).

References

  1. 1 2 Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. According to 2010 China National Census Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Wang, Ya Ping; Hague, Cliff (1995-10-01). "Baoji". Cities. 12 (5): 361–368. doi:10.1016/0264-2751(95)00052-N. ISSN   0264-2751.
  4. Baoji on line profile, retrieved Dec 9, 2007 Archived January 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. Hogan, C. M. "Silk Road, North China". the Megalithic Portal. ed. A. Burnham.
  6. Li Liu (2004). The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States. Cambridge University Press. ISBN   0-521-81184-8.
  7. "Baoji Bronze Ware Museum - 2018 What to Know Before You Go (with Photos)". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  8. RightSite.asia | Baoji Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone
  9. 西安铁路局宝鸡火车站 (in Chinese). 2008-06-05. Archived from the original on 2014-04-27.