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Location of Baoji Prefecture within Shaanxi
|Coordinates(Baoji government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Jintai District|
|• Prefecture-level city||18,712 km2 (7,225 sq mi)|
|• Urban||3,577 km2 (1,381 sq mi)|
|• Metro||3,577 km2 (1,381 sq mi)|
|Elevation||570 m (1,870 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||3,716,731|
|• Density||200/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-SN-03|
|License Plate Prefix||陕C|
Baoji (help·info) (simplified Chinese : 宝鸡 ; traditional Chinese : 寶雞 ; pinyin : Bǎojī ) is a prefecture-level city in western Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China. Since the early 1990s, Baoji has been the second largest city in Shaanxi.
The prefecture-level city of Baoji has a population of 3,716,731 according to the 2010 Chinese census, inhabiting an area of 18,172 km2 (7,016 sq mi). The built-up area made of 3 urban districts had a population of approximately 1,437,802 inhabitants as of the 2010 census. Surrounded on three sides by hills, Baoji is in a valley opening out to the east. Its location is strategic, controlling a pass on the Qin Mountains between the Wei River valley and the Jialing River.
Thriving early in the Tang dynasty, it has roots to 2000 BC.Today it is a large industrial center. Railways first reached Baoji in 1937 and have been key to its modern growth.
Passing through Baoji is the ancient Northern Silk Road, the northernmost route of about 2,600 kilometres (1,616 miles) in length, which connected the ancient Chinese capital of Chang'an to the West over the Wushao Ling Mountain to Wuwei and emerging in Kashgar before linking to ancient Parthia.
Baoji is considered the gateway between western and eastern China since most trains from Beijing, Shanghai and Xi'an pass through here on their way to Gansu, Sichuan, Xinjiang and Tibet (Lhasa). Fa Men Si (Famen temple), home to one of Buddha's finger bones, is in Baoji County. The Baoji area was home to the legendary Yandi, one of the Han Chinese forefathers. His tomb is in the southern part of the city and his temple is in the north.
People who are interested in the Three Kingdoms of ancient China can visit Zhuge Liang's Memorial Temple, about 20 km (12 mi) from Baoji.
Mount Taibai still has some remaining traces of roadways built during the Three Kingdoms Period (220−280 CE) which are all generally unusable due to decay. They remain a popular attraction because they were built by making wood plank bridges along the side of the mountain.
To the South of Baoji lies the beginning of the plank road into the Qin Mountains. There are also several natural sites such as the Jialing Jiang Fountainhead with its small waterfalls and forests. To the north is Bei Puo, a giant hill made of loess with a panoramic view of the city and a landscape dotted with small farming villages that offer local cuisine.
A number of Longshan archaeological sites have been found north of the Wei River near the North Silk Road.
Baoji is home to the Baoji Bronze Museum which holds more than 120,000 pieces of cultural relics, primarily of Zhou dynasty descent.
|Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|Weibin District||渭滨区||Wèibīn Qū||448,189||728||616|
|Jintai District||金台区||Jīntái Qū||394,538||332||1,188|
|Chencang District||陈仓区||Chéncāng Qū||595,075||2,517||236|
|Fengxiang County||凤翔县||Fèngxiáng Xiàn||483,471||1,179||410|
|Qishan County||岐山县||Qíshān Xiàn||459,064||855||537|
|Fufeng County||扶风县||Fúfēng Xiàn||416,398||751||554|
|Mei County||眉县||Méi Xiàn||299,988||863||348|
|Long County||陇县||Lǒng Xiàn||248,901||2,418||103|
|Qianyang County||千阳县||Qiānyáng Xiàn||123,959||959||129|
|Linyou County||麟游县||Línyóu Xiàn||90,728||1,806||50|
|Feng County||凤县||Fèng Xiàn||105,492||3,187||33|
|Taibai County||太白县||Tàibái Xiàn||50,928||2,780||18|
|Climate data for Baoji (1971−2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||20.7|
|Average high °C (°F)||5.1|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||0.1|
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.5|
|Record low °C (°F)||−13.9|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||6.4|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||4.1||5.4||8.0||8.7||9.9||10.8||11.4||11.0||12.6||10.3||5.4||3.4||101|
|Source: Weather China|
Established in 1992, Baoji Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone was approved as a national hi-tech zone by State Council. It has a long-term planned area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi). The transportation system around the zone includes Xi'an-Xianyang International Airport and National Highway 310. Its encouraged industries are auto parts, electronics, IT, pharmaceutical and bioengineering industry and new materials.
Baoji is the headquarters of the 21st Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the two group armies that comprise the Lanzhou Military Region responsible for defending China's northwest borders.
The G85 Yinchuan-Kunming Expressway, China National Highway 310, and G30 Lianyungang-Khorgas Expressway are major highways that run through Baoji.
The city is serviced by the Baoji South on the Xi'an-Baoji and Baoji-Lanzhou sections of the Xuzhou-Xinjiang high speed railway. The Longhai, Baocheng and Baozhong railways also call at Baoji railway station.
A metro system is in the planning stages.
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Chencang District simplified Chinese: 陈仓区; traditional Chinese: 陳倉區; pinyin: Chéncāng Qū, is a district of the city of Baoji, Shaanxi province, China.
The Baoji–Chengdu railway or Baocheng railway, is a mixed single- and double-track, electrified, railroad in China between Baoji in Shaanxi province and Chengdu in Sichuan province. The Baocheng Line is the main railway connection between the northern/northwestern and southwestern China. The line has a total length of 668.2 km and passes through mostly mountainous terrain in southern Shaanxi, eastern Gansu and northern Sichuan. It opened in 1961 as the first rail outlet from Sichuan, and in 1975 became the first railway in China to be electrified. Other cities along route include Mianyang, Guangyuan, Guanghan and Lueyang.
Xi'an–Chengdu high-speed railway or Xi'an-Chengdu Passenger Dedicated Line, is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line in Western China between Xi'an and Chengdu, respectively the provincial capitals of Shaanxi and Sichuan. This line, which commenced operations on 6 December 2017, runs 510 km (320 mi) through Shaanxi and Sichuan provinces and accommodates trains traveling at speeds up to 250 km/h (160 mph). Travel time between the two provincial capitals was reduced from 16 to less than three hours.
The Baoji–Lanzhou high-speed railway is a high-speed railway operated by China Railway High-speed between Baoji in western Shaanxi province and Lanzhou, the capital of Gansu province. The railway cuts the rail travel between Baoji and Lanzhou from current five hours to one hour and a half. It connects with the Xi'an–Baoji high-speed railway to the east and the Lanzhou–Urumqi high-speed railway to the west. The feasibility study report has been approved by the National Development and Reform Commission. The construction work was expected to start in the first half of 2011, but it actually started in October 2012. The line started operations on July 9, 2017.
The Lianyungang–Khorgas Expressway, commonly referred to as the Lianhuo Expressway, is 4,243-kilometre-long expressway (2,636 mi) in the People's Republic of China that connects the cities of Lianyungang, in the province of Jiangsu, and Khorgas, in the autonomous region of Xinjiang, on the border with Kazakhstan. At Khorgas, there is a border crossing into Kazakhstan. The expressway is the longest contiguous expressway in China with a single numeric designation, stretching across the country from the Yellow Sea on the east coast to the Kazakhstan border in the west. It passes through the provinces of Jiangsu, Anhui, Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu, and Xinjiang.
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The Baoji Bronzeware Museum is an archaeology museum in Baoji, Shaanxi, China. It has a collection of more than 120,000 pieces of cultural relics through the ages, most of them are Zhou dynasty bronze wares. Baoji Bronze Ware Museum's present building, which opened in 2010, occupies an area of more than 50,800 square metres (547,000 sq ft), with a total floor space of 34,788 square metres (374,450 sq ft).