Town hall of Bar-sur-Aube
|Intercommunality||Région de Bar sur Aube|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Philippe Borde|
|16.27 km2 (6.28 sq mi)|
|• Density||300/km2 (770/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||156–348 m (512–1,142 ft) |
(avg. 166 m or 545 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Bar-sur-Aube (French: [baʁ syʁ ob] ( listen )) is a commune and a sub-prefecture in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of France.
Surrounded by hills and Champagne vineyards, the city is traversed by the river Aube, from which it derives its name.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Baralbins or Baralbines and Barsuraubois or Barsurauboises.
The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.
Bar-sur-Aube is located some 30 km west by north-west of Chaumont and 25 km south-east of Brienne-le-Château. Access to the commune is by the D619 road from Ailleville in the north-west which passes through the centre of the commune and the town before continuing east to Lignol-le-Château. The D396 branches off the D619 south-east of the town and goes south to Juvancourt. The D4 goes south-west from the town to Couvignon. The D13 comes from Fontaine in the south and passes through the town before continuing north-east to Colombé-la-Fosse. The D384 goes north to Ville-sur-Terre while the D73 branches off it in the town and goes to Arrentières. in the north. The TER Champagne-Ardenne Troyes to Chalindrey railway passes through the commune coming from Vendeuvre-sur-Barse to the west to Bricon in the south-east with a station in the town. With a substantial urban area in the west and some forest in the south the commune is mostly farmland.
The Aube river flows through the commune and the town from south-east to north-west continuing to eventually join the Seine at Marcilly-sur-Seine. The Bresse also flows through the commune coming from the north-east and forming a small part of the northern border before joining the Aube at the north-western tip of the commune.
The area was attested in the form castro barro in the 7th century and Barri villa in 932.
Bar comes from a Gallic word meaning "summit" and is perhaps even older (pre-Gallic).
Bar-sur-Aube appears as Bar sur Aube on the 1750 Cassini Mapand the same on the 1790 version.
The existence of Bar-sur-Aube goes back to ancient times. There are remains of an oppidum from the Iron Age. A coin with the image of a horse in the name of Togirix (Chief of the Lingones) was discovered on the Sainte Germaine hill.
In Roman times the town appeared on the Tabula Peutingeriana under the name of Segessera. Some remains from the 1st to the 4th century including villas have been discovered in the town and surrounding areas. Segessera seemed to have existed from the Roman period to the first Lyonnais in the territory of the Lingones.
The city was devastated by Attila. After the division of the kingdom of Clovis by his son the town became part of Austrasia.
Under Charles the Bald several varieties of coins were issued with the name of the city on the reverse. During the period of the Counts of Champagne the town was of great importance with the Champagne fairs where merchants from Flanders and Italy traded Oriental spices and silk for textiles and raw materials from the north of Europe in mid-February and mid-April. The town was then joined to the crown of France. In 1318 Philip V the Tall sold the town to Jacques de Croÿ, residents bought it themselves to ensure that the king could no longer sell or alienate the lands.
When Charles V besieged Saint-Dizier the inhabitants of nearby villages came under his protection. The town suffered a long plague in 1636 which led to the end of the fair. In 1862 the fortifications were demolished and the boulevard du tour put in their place.
The French Revolution was well received in the commune and the convents disappeared. It became the chief town of the district from 1790 to 1800.
The city and surrounding area was the scene of the Battle of Bar-sur-Aube towards the end of the Napoleonic era on 27 February 1814.
In 1911 the Champagne riots of the Aube winegrowers and the Marnais traders to keep the vineyards in the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of "Champagne".
Parti per pale, at 1 Gules, a barbel Argent; at 2 Azure, a bend argent potent counter potent Or; in chief Azure chrged with 3 bees flying of Or.
List of Successive Mayors
|1789||Claude-Laurent Bourgeois de Jessaint|
|1964||1965||Roger Rubaud (interim)||Retired|
|1965||1971||Claude Pertat||Commercial agent|
Bar-sur-Aube has twinning associations with:
In 2017 the commune had 4,902 inhabitants.
|Source: EHESS and INSEE|
The commune has several schools and colleges:
There are numerous sports clubs in Bar-sur-Aube:
The commune has a branch of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Troyes and Aube.
Bar-sur-Aube, is the largest French producer of straw hemp (125 tons per day) and many hemp products are manufactured in the commune. Around the town there are many vineyards specializing in champagne.
Guided tours of the town are organised on request by the Office of Tourism.
The commune contains over 200 objects that are registered as historical objects - mainly in the Church of Saint Peter but many others in different locations.
The commune has many buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:
The commune has three religious buildings that are registered as historical monuments:
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bar-sur-Aube .|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bar-sur-Aube .|