Bar-sur-Aube

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Bar-sur-Aube
Bar-sur-Aube Mairie R01.jpg
Town hall of Bar-sur-Aube
Blason Bar-sur-Aube.png
Coat of arms
Location of Bar-sur-Aube
Bar-sur-Aube
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Bar-sur-Aube
Grand Est region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bar-sur-Aube
Coordinates: 48°16′N4°43′E / 48.27°N 4.72°E / 48.27; 4.72 Coordinates: 48°16′N4°43′E / 48.27°N 4.72°E / 48.27; 4.72
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Aube
Arrondissement Bar-sur-Aube
Canton Bar-sur-Aube
Intercommunality Région de Bar sur Aube
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Philippe Borde
Area
1
16.27 km2 (6.28 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
4,844
  Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
10033 /10200
Elevation156–348 m (512–1,142 ft)
(avg. 166 m or 545 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Bar-sur-Aube (French:  [baʁ syʁ ob] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a commune and a sub-prefecture in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of France. [2]

Contents

Surrounded by hills and Champagne vineyards, the city is traversed by the river Aube, from which it derives its name.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Baralbins or Baralbines and Barsuraubois or Barsurauboises. [3]

The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. [4]

Geography

Bar-sur-Aube is located some 30 km west by north-west of Chaumont and 25 km south-east of Brienne-le-Château. Access to the commune is by the D619 road from Ailleville in the north-west which passes through the centre of the commune and the town before continuing east to Lignol-le-Château. The D396 branches off the D619 south-east of the town and goes south to Juvancourt. The D4 goes south-west from the town to Couvignon. The D13 comes from Fontaine in the south and passes through the town before continuing north-east to Colombé-la-Fosse. The D384 goes north to Ville-sur-Terre while the D73 branches off it in the town and goes to Arrentières. in the north. The TER Champagne-Ardenne Troyes to Chalindrey railway passes through the commune coming from Vendeuvre-sur-Barse to the west to Bricon in the south-east with a station in the town. With a substantial urban area in the west and some forest in the south the commune is mostly farmland. [5] [6]

The Aube river at Bar-sur-Aube Riviere Aube sortie Bar sur Aube.JPG
The Aube river at Bar-sur-Aube

The Aube river flows through the commune and the town from south-east to north-west continuing to eventually join the Seine at Marcilly-sur-Seine. The Bresse also flows through the commune coming from the north-east and forming a small part of the northern border before joining the Aube at the north-western tip of the commune. [5] [6]

Toponymy

The area was attested in the form castro barro in the 7th century and Barri villa in 932.

Bar comes from a Gallic word meaning "summit" and is perhaps even older (pre-Gallic). [7]

Bar-sur-Aube appears as Bar sur Aube on the 1750 Cassini Map [8] and the same on the 1790 version. [9]

History

Ancient times

Togarix coin - Front Denier Togirix-b.jpg
Togarix coin - Front
A Togarix coin - back Denier Togirix-a.jpg
A Togarix coin - back

The existence of Bar-sur-Aube goes back to ancient times. There are remains of an oppidum from the Iron Age. A coin with the image of a horse in the name of Togirix (Chief of the Lingones) was discovered on the Sainte Germaine hill.

In Roman times the town appeared on the Tabula Peutingeriana under the name of Segessera. Some remains from the 1st to the 4th century including villas have been discovered in the town and surrounding areas. Segessera seemed to have existed from the Roman period to the first Lyonnais in the territory of the Lingones.

The city was devastated by Attila. After the division of the kingdom of Clovis by his son the town became part of Austrasia.

Middle Ages

Under Charles the Bald several varieties of coins were issued with the name of the city on the reverse. During the period of the Counts of Champagne the town was of great importance with the Champagne fairs where merchants from Flanders and Italy traded Oriental spices and silk for textiles and raw materials from the north of Europe in mid-February and mid-April. The town was then joined to the crown of France. In 1318 Philip V the Tall sold the town to Jacques de Croÿ, residents bought it themselves to ensure that the king could no longer sell or alienate the lands.

Modern and contemporary eras

When Charles V besieged Saint-Dizier the inhabitants of nearby villages came under his protection. The town suffered a long plague in 1636 which led to the end of the fair. In 1862 the fortifications were demolished and the boulevard du tour put in their place.

The French Revolution was well received in the commune and the convents disappeared. It became the chief town of the district from 1790 to 1800.

The city and surrounding area was the scene of the Battle of Bar-sur-Aube towards the end of the Napoleonic era on 27 February 1814.

In 1911 the Champagne riots of the Aube winegrowers and the Marnais traders to keep the vineyards in the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of "Champagne".

Heraldry

Arms of Bar-sur-Aube Blason Bar-sur-Aube.png
Arms of Bar-sur-Aube
Blazon:

Parti per pale, at 1 Gules, a barbel Argent; at 2 Azure, a bend argent potent counter potent Or; in chief Azure chrged with 3 bees flying of Or.

Administration

The Aube river bank Bar-sur-Aube - 09.jpg
The Aube river bank

List of Successive Mayors [10] [11]

FromToNamePartyPosition
1789 Claude-Laurent Bourgeois de Jessaint
1857Vernand
1943Arthur Bureau
19431947Léon Chevillotte
19471959Maurice Véchin
19591964Henry SupperPrinter
19641965Roger Rubaud (interim)Retired
19651971Claude PertatCommercial agent
19712001Jean-Pierre DavotTrader
20012008Jean-François Leroux
20082014René GaudotPRG
20142026Philippe BordeUMP

Twinning

Bar-sur-Aube has twinning associations with: [12]

Demography

In 2017 the commune had 4,902 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 3,652    
1800 3,665+0.05%
1806 3,707+0.19%
1821 3,503−0.38%
1831 3,890+1.05%
1836 3,940+0.26%
1841 4,169+1.14%
1846 4,163−0.03%
1851 4,442+1.31%
1856 4,781+1.48%
1861 4,727−0.23%
1866 4,809+0.34%
1872 4,453−1.27%
1876 4,521+0.38%
1881 4,579+0.26%
1886 4,636+0.25%
1891 4,342−1.30%
1896 4,548+0.93%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 4,587+0.17%
1906 4,507−0.35%
1911 4,533+0.12%
1921 4,074−1.06%
1926 4,313+1.15%
1931 4,264−0.23%
1936 4,002−1.26%
1946 3,921−0.20%
1954 4,387+1.41%
1962 4,801+1.13%
1968 6,008+3.81%
1975 7,265+2.75%
1982 6,943−0.65%
1990 6,707−0.43%
1999 6,261−0.76%
2007 5,461−1.69%
2012 5,145−1.19%
2017 4,902−0.96%
Source: EHESS [13] and INSEE [14]

Education

View from Lycee Gaston Bachelard. Lycee Gaston Bachelard 10200.jpg
View from Lycée Gaston Bachelard.

The commune has several schools and colleges: [15]

Sports

There are numerous sports clubs in Bar-sur-Aube: [18]

Sports Clubs in 2014
ActivityClub
BilliardsBilliard Club Baralbin
DivingClub Nautique Baralbin
CyclingCyclo Club Baralbin, Étoile Cycliste Baralbine
FootballBFC vétéran, OS Luisadas, Bar Football Club
GymGymnastic Volontaire Bar. Gym des Nin's, Jeune Garde de Bar-sur-Aube, La Concorde
Hang-gliding / Para-glidingLes Ailes de Sainte-Germaine
Table tennis, roller blades, canoe, kayakingMaison pour Tous
PétanquePétanque baralbine
BasketballPL Basket
Multi-sportsPatronage laïque
Rhythmic GymG.I.R.L.S.
BadmintonBadminton Club Baralbin
AikidoBar-sur-Aube Aïkido
AthleticsCercle Athlétique Bar-Bayel
FencingCercle d'Escrime Baralbin
Archery and ShootingDiana Sport
JudoJudo Club Baralbin
Thai BoxingMuay thai pahuyouth
HandballPL Handball
Mountain ClimbingRoc Altitude
KarateShotokan Karaté Do
SwimmingStade Nautique Baralbin
TennisTennis Club Baralbin

Economy

The Covered Market Bar-sur-Aube - Halles 5.jpg
The Covered Market

The commune has a branch of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Troyes and Aube.

Industry

Agriculture

Bar-sur-Aube, is the largest French producer of straw hemp (125 tons per day) and many hemp products are manufactured in the commune. Around the town there are many vineyards specializing in champagne.

Culture and heritage

Marcasselles Mill and the bell towers of the Church of Saint-Maclou Bar-sur-Aube Marcasselles.jpg
Marcasselles Mill and the bell towers of the Church of Saint-Maclou

Guided tours of the town are organised on request by the Office of Tourism.

The commune contains over 200 objects that are registered as historical objects - mainly in the Church of Saint Peter but many others in different locations. [19]

Civil heritage

Old map of places in the town Bar-sur-Aube Carte.jpg
Old map of places in the town
the Library Bar-sur-Aube - Bibliotheque.jpg
the Library
The sub-prefecture Bar-sur-Aube - Prefecture.jpg
The sub-prefecture

The commune has many buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

Religious heritage

The Church of Saint Peter Bar-sur-Aube - Eglise Saint-Pierre 05.jpg
The Church of Saint Peter
The Church of Saint Maclou Bar sur Aube Saint Maclou.JPG
The Church of Saint Maclou
The Templar Chapel Bar-sur-Aube - Chapelle templiere Saint-Jean.jpg
The Templar Chapel

The commune has three religious buildings that are registered as historical monuments:

Festivals

Notable people linked to the commune

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Bar-sur-Aube on Lion1906
  3. Inhabitants of Aube (in French)
  4. Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom website Archived December 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  5. 1 2 3 Bar-sur-Aube on Google Maps
  6. 1 2 Bar-sur-Aube on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
  7. Pierre Gastal, Our Celtic roots, éd. Désiris, 2013, p. 120-121. (in French)
  8. Bar sur Aube on the 1750 Cassini Map
  9. Bar sur Aube on the 1790 Cassini Map
  10. List of Mayors of France (in French)
  11. Seven Mayors since 1947 (in French)
  12. National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (in French)
  13. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Bar-sur-Aube, EHESS. (in French)
  14. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  15. Schools in Bar-sur-Aube (in French)
  16. College Gaston Bachelard (in French)
  17. Lycée Gaston Bachelard Courses (in French)
  18. List of Sports Clubs in Bar-sur-Aube Archived 2015-11-21 at the Wayback Machine 2014 (in French)
  19. Base Palissy : Search for heritage in the commune , Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  20. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078038 House at 33 Rue d'Aube (in French)
  21. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078039 House at 44 Rue d'Aube (in French)
  22. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078033 Petit Clairvaux Storehouse (in French)
  23. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078029 Ursuline Convent at Place Carnot (in French)
  24. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000081 Doré and son factory (in French)
  25. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000059 René Thiéblemont Carpentry factory (in French)
  26. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000001 Thuillier Stamping Plant Camera aabb.svg (in French)
  27. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000002 Perfor metalwork factory (in French)
  28. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000056 Chevallier Foundry (in French)
  29. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000058 Henry Comte Sawmill (in French)
  30. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078034 Building at 79 Rue Nationale Camera aabb.svg (in French)
  31. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000062 Flourmill (in French)
  32. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000061 Small Flourmill (in French)
  33. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078035 Building at 1 petite rue Saint-Pierre (in French)
  34. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078032 Hotel at 15, 17 rue Saint-Pierre; 4 rue Delaunay (in French)
  35. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078036 Building at 4 rue Saint-Pierre (in French)
  36. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000057 Joseph de Bucy Diesel motor works (in French)
  37. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000060 Breton-Cordier Tannery (in French)
  38. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078037 Three Towers House (in French)
  39. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078042 Sub-prefecture (in French)
  40. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078040 Oppidum (in French)
  41. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078041 Priory (in French)
  42. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078031 Church of Saint Peter Camera aabb.svg (in French)
  43. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078030 Church of Saint Maclou Camera aabb.svg (in French)
  44. Armand (Jean-Francois) in Robert and Cougny, Dictionary of French parliamentarians, 1889 (in French)