Bar-sur-Seine

Last updated
Bar-sur-Seine
Bar-s-s st etienne.jpg
St Stephen's Church
Blason Bar-sur-Seine.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Bar-sur-Seine
Bar-sur-Seine
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Bar-sur-Seine
Grand Est region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bar-sur-Seine
Coordinates: 48°06′53″N4°22′36″E / 48.1147°N 4.3767°E / 48.1147; 4.3767 Coordinates: 48°06′53″N4°22′36″E / 48.1147°N 4.3767°E / 48.1147; 4.3767
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Aube
Arrondissement Troyes
Canton Bar-sur-Seine
Intercommunality Barséquanais en Champagne
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Dominique Baroni
Area
1
27.53 km2 (10.63 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
2,990
  Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
10034 /10110
Elevation147–293 m (482–961 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Bar-sur-Seine (French pronunciation:  [baʁ syʁ sɛn] , literally Bar on Seine ) is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France. [2]

Contents

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barrois or Barroises and Barséquanais or Barséquanaises. [3]

The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. [4]

Geography

Bar-sur-Seine is located some 20 km south-east of Troyes and 25 km north-west of Montliot-et-Courcelles. Access to the commune is by the D671 road from Virey-sous-Bar in the north-west which passes through the town and continues south-east to Celles-sur-Ource. The D443 comes from Magnant in the north-east also passing through the village and continuing south-west to Villemorien. The D63 also goes to Magnant by a slightly longer route. The D4 goes from the town to Ville-sur-Arce in the south-east. The D49 branches from the D443 on the right bank of the Seine and goes north-west to Courtenot. There is also the railway passing through the commune from Saint-Parres-lès-Vaudes in the north-east and continuing to the next station at Polisot in the south-east. Apart from the town there are the hamlets of Avaleur and La Bordé. There are large forests to the north-east and south-west of the town with the rest of the commune farmland. [5] [6]

The Seine river flows through the commune and the town from south-east to north-west and continues north-west to Troyes and beyond. The Ource river flows from the south-east and forms part of the south-eastern border before joining the Seine at the border of the commune. The Arce river joins the Seine on the right bank on the south-eastern border of the commune. [5] [6]

Toponymy

Bar is a Gallic word and perhaps even pre-Gallic which means "summit" or "height". [7]

History

The town was devastated in 1359 by the English, when, according to Froissart, no fewer than 900 mansions were burnt. Afterwards it suffered greatly in the religious wars of the 16th century. [8]

Bar-sur-Seine was the chief town of the district in 1790 and then sub-prefecture from 1800 until 1926.

Bar-sur-Seine minted deniers under Charles the Bald.

Under the Ancien Regime Bar-sur-Seine was located in the province of Burgundy.

Bar-sur-Seine appears as Bar ſur Seine, with a long s, on the 1750 Cassini Map [9] and the same on the 1790 version. [10]

Heraldry

Arms of Bar-sur-Seine Blason Bar-sur-Seine.svg
Arms of Bar-sur-Seine
The official status of the blazon remains to be determined.

Blazon:
Party per pale, at 1 Gules two barbels addors Or; at 2 Azure, a bend Argent potent counter potent.

Administration

List of Successive Mayors [11]

FromToName
1857Charles François Bourbonne
20012008Jean Weinling
20082020Marcel Hurillon
20202026Dominique Baroni

Education

The commune has seven educational establishments: [12]

Demography

In 2017 the commune had 3,018 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 2,270    
1800 2,339+0.43%
1806 2,200−1.02%
1821 2,112−0.27%
1831 2,269+0.72%
1836 2,350+0.70%
1841 2,496+1.21%
1846 2,745+1.92%
1851 2,469−2.10%
1856 2,609+1.11%
1861 2,770+1.20%
1866 2,920+1.06%
1872 2,798−0.71%
1876 2,803+0.04%
1881 3,092+1.98%
1886 3,182+0.58%
1891 3,237+0.34%
1896 3,157−0.50%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,121−0.23%
1906 3,187+0.42%
1911 3,107−0.51%
1921 2,710−1.36%
1926 2,742+0.24%
1931 2,651−0.67%
1936 2,571−0.61%
1946 2,105−1.98%
1954 2,422+1.77%
1962 2,559+0.69%
1968 2,786+1.43%
1975 3,155+1.79%
1982 3,572+1.79%
1990 3,630+0.20%
1999 3,510−0.37%
2007 3,415−0.34%
2012 3,193−1.34%
2017 3,018−1.12%
Source: EHESS [13] and INSEE [14]

Economy

Champagne festival in 1922 Fetes du Champagne - Reine des Reines de Bar-sur-Seine, 4 9 1922, Ch. Grandidier, Troyes.jpg
Champagne festival in 1922

Most Champagne vines are grown in the Marne department (on Cretaceous land) in the Marne valley (to the west of Château-Thierry) and on a series of lands straddling the Tertiary and Cretaceous (Avize, Vertus, Sézanne etc.)

Champagnes of Aube are very eccentric and very southern compared to other Champagnes and are grown on Jurassic lands which makes them distinctive. This area of Aube Champagnes includes other neighbouring communes such as Les Riceys and Bar-sur-Aube.

Culture and heritage

The Timbered House Maison a pans de bois Bar-sur-Seine 03.JPG
The Timbered House
The Portal of Chatillon Porte de Chatillon 01.JPG
The Portal of Châtillon
The Chateau of Villeneuve Chateau de Villeneuve 03.JPG
The Chateau of Villeneuve

Civil heritage

The commune has a number of buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

Religious heritage

The Chapel of Our Lady of Oak Eglise Notre-Dame du Chene 1.jpg
The Chapel of Our Lady of Oak

The commune has two religious buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

The commune contains over 200 objects that are registered as historical objects. Most of these items are in the Church of Saint Stephen but there are many items in other locations. [24]

See also

Related Research Articles

Barbery, Calvados Commune in Normandy, France

Barbery is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.

Barou-en-Auge Commune in Normandy, France

Barou en Auge is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.

Arcis-sur-Aube Commune in Grand Est, France

Arcis-sur-Aube is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Bar-sur-Aube Subprefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Bar-sur-Aube is a commune and a sub-prefecture in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of France.

Ars-sur-Formans Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Ars-sur-Formans is a commune in the Ain department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of eastern France.

Ablon-sur-Seine Commune in Île-de-France, France

Ablon-sur-Seine is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 15.3 km (9.5 mi) from the centre of Paris.

Autricourt Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Autricourt is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of eastern France.

Aisey-sur-Seine Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Aisey-sur-Seine is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of eastern France.

Azy-sur-Marne Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Azy-sur-Marne is a commune in the department of Aisne in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.

Autry-Issards Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Autry-Issards is a commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France.

Ailleville Commune in Grand Est, France

Ailleville is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of northern-central France.

Arrentières Commune in Grand Est, France

Arrentières is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Bagneux-la-Fosse Commune in Grand Est, France

Bagneux-la-Fosse is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Barberey-Saint-Sulpice Commune in Grand Est, France

Barberey-Saint-Sulpice is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Barbuise Commune in Grand Est, France

Barbuise is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Bayel Commune in Grand Est, France

Bayel is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Essoyes Commune in Grand Est, France

Essoyes is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

Ally, Cantal Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Ally is a commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region of south-central France.

Balot, Côte-dOr Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Balot is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.

Barbirey-sur-Ouche Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Barbirey-sur-Ouche is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of eastern France.

References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Bar-sur-Seine on Lion1906
  3. Inhabitants of Aube (in French)
  4. Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom website Archived December 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  5. 1 2 3 Bar-sur-Seine on Google Maps
  6. 1 2 Bar-sur-Seine on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
  7. Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Larousse, Paris, 1963 (in French)
  8. Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bar-sur-Seine". Encyclopædia Britannica . 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 446.
  9. Bar fur Seine on the 1750 Cassini Map
  10. Bar fur Seine on the 1790 Cassini Map
  11. List of Mayors of France (in French)
  12. Schools in Bar-sur-Seine (in French)
  13. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Bar-sur-Seine, EHESS. (in French)
  14. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  15. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000004 Boulard Stationery factory (in French)
  16. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000049 Boulard Charrier Mill (in French)
  17. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000003 Bar-sur-Seine Glass and Crystal Works (in French)
  18. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078046 Timbered House Camera aabb.svg (in French)
  19. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00132583 Domain of Villeneuve (in French)
  20. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078047 Portal of Châtillon (in French)
  21. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078044 Chateau of the Counts of Bar (in French)
  22. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078045 Church of Saint Stephen Camera aabb.svg (in French)
  23. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078043 Chapel of Avalleur Camera aabb.svg (in French)
  24. Base Palissy : Search for heritage in the commune , Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)