Baracara

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Baracara

New Ground Village or Wel te Vreeden
village
Guyana location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Baracara
Location in Guyana
Coordinates: 5°50′42″N57°27′54″W / 5.845°N 57.465°W / 5.845; -57.465 Coordinates: 5°50′42″N57°27′54″W / 5.845°N 57.465°W / 5.845; -57.465
Country Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana
Region East Berbice-Corentyne
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Totalc.350
Time zone UTC-4
Climate Af

Baracara was founded as a maroon community in the East Berbice-Corentyne Region of Guyana, located on the Canje River. The community has also been called New Ground Village [2] or Wel te Vreeden. Baracara is 20 miles west of Corriverton and just north of the Torani Canal's connection to the Canje River.

Contents

Overview

Baracara is the only maroon village in Guyana. [3] [4] A group of escaped slaves settled in Baracara in the early 19th century, [3] and occupied both the east and west banks of the river. The demographics are mostly Afro-Guyanese. [5]

The economy of the village is based on subsistence farming and logging. The village has a health centre, and a primary school, but no secondary school. [2] Baracara can be only accessed by boat from the river. [2] As of 2015, the village has no local government. [6] In 2018, the village received access to the telephone network and Internet. [1]

The village has Scottish Presbyterian, Adventist and Pentecostal churches. [5]

Maroonage in Guyana

Unlike neighbouring Suriname where tribes like the Ndyuka and Saramaka established autonomous territories, escaped slaves in Guyana were hunted by the local Amerindian tribes for reward. [7] The incentive was very successful: on 5 May 1764, after the Berbice slave uprising, the post holder at Courantyne, near present-day Orealla, reported that he had paid out ƒ 1,074 for captured slaves, and ƒ 1,080 for 180 cut-off hands of killed slaves. [8]

In 1740, Thomas Hildebrand was given permission to look for silver in the Blue Mountains using slaves. The hard work and rough treatment resulted in six deaths among the slaves. [9] The next year, a group of mining slaves escaped to Creole Island on the Cuyuni River. The location was too difficult to conquer, therefore a deal was negotiated [10] and concluded on 8 February 1742. [11] The slaves would be freed, and never had to work in the mines, if they promised to perform a fixed amount of work on the plantations. [10] Three slaves who did not accept the offer were hunted and killed by the local Amerindians. [11]

Related Research Articles

Demerara

Demerara is a historical region in the Guianas on the north coast of South America which is now part of the country of Guyana. It was a Dutch colony until 1815 and a county of British Guiana from 1838 to 1966. It was located about the lower courses of the Demerara River, and its main town was Georgetown.

New Amsterdam, Guyana Town and regional capital in East Berbice-Corentyne, Guyana

New Amsterdam is the regional capital of East Berbice-Corentyne, Guyana and one of the country's largest towns. It is 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the capital, Georgetown and located on the eastern bank of the Berbice River, 6 km (4 mi) upriver from its mouth at the Atlantic Ocean, and immediately south of the Canje River. New Amsterdam's population is 17,329 inhabitants as of 2012.

Coffy (person)

Cuffy, also spelled as Kofi or Koffi, was an Akan man who was captured in his native West Africa and stolen for slavery to work on the plantations of the Dutch colony of Berbice in present-day Guyana. He became famous because in 1763 he led a revolt of more than 2,500 slaves against the colony regime. Today, he is a national hero in Guyana.

Berbice River

The Berbice River, located in eastern Guyana, is one of the country's major rivers. It rises in the highlands of the Rupununi region and flows northward for 595 kilometres (370 mi) through dense forests to the coastal plain. The river's tidal limit is between 160 and 320 km (99–199 mi) from the sea.

Berbice

Berbice is a region along the Berbice River in Guyana, which was between 1627 and 1815 a colony of the Dutch Republic. After having been ceded to the Kingdom of Great Britain in the latter year, it was merged with Essequibo and Demerara to form the colony of British Guiana in 1831. In 1966, British Guiana gained independence as Guyana.

East Berbice-Corentyne Region of Guyana

East Berbice-Corentyne is one of ten regions in Guyana covering the whole of the east of the country. It borders the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Suriname to the east, Brazil to the south and the regions of Mahaica-Berbice, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Potaro-Siparuni and Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo to the west.

Afro-Guyanese people are generally descended from the enslaved people brought to Guyana from the coast of West Africa to work on sugar plantations during the era of the Atlantic slave trade. Coming from a wide array of backgrounds and enduring conditions that severely constrained their ability to preserve their respective cultural traditions contributed to the adoption of Christianity and the values of British colonists.

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Canje River

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Campbelltown, Guyana Village in Potaro-Siparuni, Guyana

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Berbice slave uprising

The Berbice slave uprising was a slave revolt in Guyana that began on 23 February 1763 and lasted to December, with leaders including Coffy. It is seen as a major event in Guyana's anti-colonial struggles, and when Guyana became a republic in 1970 the state declared 23 February as a day to commemorate the start of the Berbice slave revolt.

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Pomeroon (colony)

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Indigenous peoples in Guyana

Indigenous peoples in Guyana, or Native Guyanese, are Guyanese people who are of indigenous ancestry. They comprise approximately 9.16% of Guyana's population.

Kasuela village in East Berbice-Corentyne, Guyana

Kasuela is an indigenous village of the Tiriyó tribe in the East Berbice-Corentyne region of Guyana. The village has a population of about 80 people. The inhabitants are of the subgroup Mawayana or the Frog people. There are a little over 100 Mawayana Tiriyó in the world.

Borsselen former capital and island in Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Guyana

Borsselen is an island in the Demerara River of Guyana, and was the capital of Demerara between 1755 and 1782.

Wolfert Simon van Hoogenheim was a Dutch governor of the colony of Berbice. During his rule, the Berbice Slave Uprising took place.

References

  1. 1 2 "'We finally feel like Guyanese' – Baracara connected to the NDMA eGovernment Network". National Data Management Authority. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  2. 1 2 3 "Baracara: Hungry for development". Guyana Chronicle. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  3. 1 2 "MOH/PAHO team vaccinates 150 in Baracara, Canje". Kaieteur News Online. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  4. "PRESERVING OUR AFRICAN GUYANESE HERITAGE IS CRITICAL TO FORMULATING A GENUINE NATIONAL IDENTITY". Guyana Chronicle. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  5. 1 2 "Baracara". Stabroek News. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  6. "Baracara Village to be incorporated into local governance system - President Granger tells residents during commissioning of Rubis donated school boat". Office of the President. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  7. Netscher 1888, p. 187.
  8. Netscher 1888, p. 241.
  9. Netscher 1888, p. 111.
  10. 1 2 Netscher 1888, p. 112.
  11. 1 2 Netscher 1888, p. 381.

Bibliography