Barbara Hutton

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Barbara Hutton
Barbara Hutton May 1931.jpg
Barbara Woolworth Hutton

(1912-11-14)November 14, 1912
DiedMay 11, 1979(1979-05-11) (aged 66)
Occupation Philanthropist, heiress
Years active1933–1979
Prince Alexis Mdivani
(m. 1933;div. 1935)

Count Kurt von Haugwitz-Reventlow
(m. 1935;div. 1938)

Cary Grant
(m. 1942;div. 1945)

Prince Igor Troubetzkoy
(m. 1947;div. 1951)

Porfirio Rubirosa
(m. 1953;div. 1954)

Baron Gottfried von Cramm
(m. 1955;div. 1959)

Prince Pierre Doan
(m. 1964;div. 1966)
Children Lance Reventlow
Relatives Frank Winfield Woolworth (maternal grandfather)
Edward Francis Hutton (paternal uncle)
Dina Merrill (paternal first cousin)

Barbara Woolworth Hutton (November 14, 1912 – May 11, 1979) was an American debutante, socialite, heiress and philanthropist. She was dubbed the "Poor Little Rich Girl," first when she was given a lavish and expensive debutante ball in 1930, amid the Great Depression, and later due to a notoriously troubled private life.

Debutante upper class girl introduced to society

A debutante or deb is a young woman of aristocratic or upper-class family background who has reached maturity and, as a new adult, comes out into society at a formal "debut" or possibly debutante ball. Originally, the term meant the woman was old enough to be married, and part of the purpose of her coming out was to display her to eligible bachelors and their families with a view to marriage within a select circle.

A socialite is a person who plays a prominent role in high society. A socialite spends a significant amount of time attending various fashionable social gatherings.

A beneficiary in the broadest sense is a natural person or other legal entity who receives money or other benefits from a benefactor. For example, the beneficiary of a life insurance policy is the person who receives the payment of the amount of insurance after the death of the insured.


Heiress to one-third of the estate of the retail tycoon Frank Winfield Woolworth, Barbara Hutton was one of the wealthiest women in the world. She endured a childhood marked by the early loss of her mother at age four to suicide and the neglect of her father, setting the stage for a life of difficulty forming relationships. Married and divorced seven times, she acquired grand foreign titles but was maliciously treated and often exploited by several of her husbands. While publicly she was much envied for her possessions, her beauty and her apparent life of leisure, privately she remained deeply insecure, often taking refuge in drink, drugs, and playboys.

Frank Winfield Woolworth American businessman

Frank Winfield Woolworth was an American entrepreneur and the founder of F. W. Woolworth Company and the operator of variety stores known as "Five-and-Dimes" or dimestores, which featured a low-priced selection of merchandise. He pioneered the now-common practices of buying merchandise directly from manufacturers and fixing the selling prices on items, rather than haggling. He was also the first to use self-service display cases, so customers could examine what they wanted to buy without the help of a sales clerk.

Hutton had one child, Lance Reventlow, with her second husband, but was an inconsistent and insecure parent and the subsequent divorce ended in a bitter custody battle. She later developed anorexia nervosa and perhaps therefore prevented further childbirth. Her son died in a plane crash in 1972 at the age of 36, leaving her devastated. She died on May 11, 1979, at age 66. At her death, the formerly wealthy Hutton was on the verge of bankruptcy as a result of exploitation, as well as her compulsive generosity and spendthrift ways.[ citation needed ]

Lance Reventlow Racecar driver and entrepreneur (1936–1972)

Lance Graf von Haugwitz-Hardenberg-Reventlow, was a British-born American entrepreneur, racing driver and heir to the Woolworth fortune. Reventlow was the only child of heiress Barbara Hutton and her second husband Count Kurt Haugwitz-Hardenberg-Reventlow. His stepfathers included actor Cary Grant and Prince Igor Troubetzkoy.

Anorexia nervosa eating disorder characterized by refusal to maintain a healthy body weight, and an obsessive fear of gaining weight due to a distorted self image.

Anorexia nervosa, often referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by low weight, fear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin, resulting in food restriction. Many people with anorexia see themselves as overweight even though they are in fact underweight. If asked, they usually deny they have a problem with low weight. They weigh themselves frequently, eat only small amounts, and only eat certain foods. Some will exercise excessively, force themselves to vomit, or use laxatives to produce weight loss. Complications may include osteoporosis, infertility, and heart damage, among others. Women will often stop having menstrual periods.

Early life

Born in New York City, Barbara Hutton was the only child of Edna Woolworth (1883–1917), a daughter of Frank W. Woolworth, the founder of the successful Woolworth five-and-dime stores. Barbara's father was Franklyn Laws Hutton (1877–1940), a wealthy co-founder of E. F. Hutton & Company (owned by Franklyn's brother Edward Francis Hutton), a respected New York investment banking and stock brokerage firm. She was a niece by marriage of cereal heiress Marjorie Merriweather Post, who was for a time (1920–1935) married to E.F. Hutton; thus their daughter, actress-heiress Dina Merrill (born Nedenia Hutton), was a first cousin to Barbara Hutton. Dina Merrill related on A&E's Biography of the Woolworths, that for a time Barbara lived with them following the death of her mother and abandonment by her father. [1]

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States and thus also in the state of New York. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Edward Francis Hutton American financier

Edward Francis Hutton was an American financier and co-founder of E. F. Hutton & Co., one of the largest financial firms in the United States.

Marjorie Merriweather Post American philanthropist

Marjorie Merriweather Post was an American socialite and the owner of General Foods, Inc. She used much of her fortune to collect art, particularly pre-revolutionary Russian art, much of which is now on display at Hillwood, the museum that was her estate. She is also known for building Mar-a-Lago.

Edna Hutton reportedly died on May 2, 1917, age 33, from suffocation due to mastoiditis, [2] but rumor persists that she committed suicide by poison in despair over her husband's philandering, [3] especially as the coroner decided that no autopsy was necessary. [4] Four year old Barbara discovered her mother's body. [5] After her mother's death, she lived with various relatives, and was raised by a governess. Hutton attended Miss Hewitt's Classes, now The Hewitt School in New York's Lenox Hill neighborhood and Miss Porter's School for Girls in Farmington, Connecticut. She became an introverted child who had limited interaction with other children of her own age. Her closest friend and only confidante was her cousin Jimmy Donahue, the son of her mother's sister. [6] Jimmy Donahue inherited a portion of the Woolworth estate with Barbara and also grew up to have notorious, and public, drug, alcohol and relationship problems.

Mastoiditis middle ear disease characterized by an inflammation of the mucosal lining of the mastoid antrum and the mastoid air cell system inside the mastoid process

Mastoiditis is the result of an infection that extends to the air cells of the skull behind the ear. Specifically, it is an inflammation of the mucosal lining of the mastoid antrum and mastoid air cell system inside the mastoid process. The mastoid process is the portion of the temporal bone of the skull that is behind the ear which contains open, air-containing spaces. Mastoiditis is usually caused by untreated acute otitis media and used to be a leading cause of child mortality. With the development of antibiotics, however, mastoiditis has become quite rare in developed countries where surgical treatment is now much less frequent and more conservative, unlike former times. Additionally, there is no evidence that the drop in antibiotic prescribing for otitis media has increased the incidence of mastoiditis, raising the possibility that the drop in reported cases is due to a confounding factor such as childhood immunizations against Haemophilus and Streptococcus. Untreated, the infection can spread to surrounding structures, including the brain, causing serious complications.

Governess woman employed to teach and train children in a private household

A governess is a woman employed to teach and train children in a private household. In contrast to a nanny, she concentrates on teaching children instead of meeting their physical needs. Her charges are of school age rather than babies.

Lenox Hill neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

Lenox Hill is a neighborhood on Manhattan's Upper East Side. It forms the lower section of the Upper East Side—east of Park Avenue in the 60s and 70s.

In 1924, Barbara Hutton's grandmother Jennie (Creighton) Woolworth died and bequeathed to her $26.1 million. Another $2.1 million in stock from Edna's inheritance was placed in a separate trust - both trusts were administered by Franklyn Hutton. By the time of her 21st birthday in 1933, her father had increased her inheritance to $42 million (Over $1 billion in 2018), not including the additional $8 million from her mother's estate, making her one of the wealthiest women in the world. [7]

In accordance with New York's high society traditions, Barbara Hutton was given a lavish débutante ball in 1930 on her 18th birthday, where guests from the Astor and Rockefeller families, amongst other elites, were entertained by stars such as Rudy Vallee and Maurice Chevalier. The ball cost $60,000, a veritable fortune in the days of the Depression. Public criticism was so severe that she was sent on a tour of Europe to escape the onslaught of the press. [8]

She lived in the family home at 4 East 80th Street [9] on the Upper East Side.


Though Barbara Hutton was portrayed in the press as the "lucky" young woman who had it all, the public had no idea of the psychological problems she lived with that led to a life of victimization and abuse.

Popular poet Ogden Nash then took note of Hutton's public private life in the following light verse:

Said Aimee McPherson to Barbara Hutton,

"How do you get a marriage to button?"
"You'll have to ask some other person."

Said Barbara Hutton to Aimee McPherson [10]

Barbara Hutton habitually married:

  1. 1933: Alexis Mdivani, a self-styled Georgian prince, divorced 1935
  2. 1935: Count Kurt Heinrich Eberhard Erdmann Georg von Haugwitz-Hardenberg-Reventlow, divorced 1938
  3. 1942: Cary Grant, divorced 1945
  4. 1947: Prince Igor Troubetzkoy, divorced 1951
  5. 1953: Porfirio Rubirosa, divorced 1954
  6. 1955: Baron Gottfried Alexander Maximilian Walter Kurt von Cramm, divorced 1959
  7. 1964: Pierre Raymond Doan, divorced 1966

Alexis Mdivani

Hutton and her first husband Alexis Mdivani in 1934. Barbara Hutton and Prince Alexis Mdivani.jpg
Hutton and her first husband Alexis Mdivani in 1934.

Her first husband, Alexis Mdivani, used her great wealth to his advantage. As a social climber, he and his siblings were part of the "Marrying Mdivinis" from Georgia who claimed to be "princes" after they fled Tbilisi in 1921 due to the Soviet Invasion of Georgia [11] Alexis was already married to Louise Van Alen, a friend Barbara met at Bailey's Beach in Rhode Island and a member of the Astor family, when he met Barbara in Biarritz, France. Their meeting was engineered by Alexis' manipulative sister Roussie who was always propelling her family into wealthy marriages even if a divorce was required. Roussie and Alexis devised a plan that would enable Alexis to divorce Louise, seduce Barbara, and force her into marriage all at once when Alexis, Louise, Barbara, Roussie, and others were visiting San Sebastien, Spain. Roussie timed Louise and other witnesses to a visit a guest cottage while Alexis seduced Barbara. The group caught the couple, prompting Barbara to flee to Paris to avoid facing the scandal, [12] but Roussie threatened Barbara with negative publicity if she did not marry her brother. [13] Alexis and Barbara were married on June 22, 1933, in the Russian Orthodox Church in Paris, France. Barbara's father provided a $1 million dowry. After spending millions of Barbara's inheritance on a home, polo ponies, clothes and men's jewelry, Alexis and Barbara divorced in March, 1935.

Kurt Haugwitz-Reventlow

Count Kurt Haugwitz-Reventlow, with whom she had her only child, a son named Lance, was her second husband. [14] Reventlow dominated her through verbal and physical abuse, which escalated to a savage beating that left her hospitalized and put him in jail. He also persuaded her to give up her American citizenship, and to take his native Danish citizenship for tax purposes, which she did in December 1937 in a New York federal court. At this point she lapsed into drug abuse. Hutton then developed anorexia, which would plague her for the rest of her life and would leave her unable to have further children. Lance Reventlow, the son, became a race car driver and builder of his own well respected sports car, the Scarab, in the golden age of American sports car racing.

Hutton's divorce from Reventlow gave her custody of their son after a bitter court dispute. As her father had done, she left the raising of her child to a governess and private boarding schools.

In 1938, Hutton had a brief affair with Howard Hughes in London at the Savoy Hotel, where Hughes spent several afternoons in Hutton's round satin bed. Hughes, at the time, was engaged to Katharine Hepburn and had come to London to meet with government officials and arrange permission to overfly Europe as part of a plan to circumnavigate the globe by air. Hutton later recalled that "he saw I had difficulty reaching orgasm and tried desperately to make me do so the first time . . . thereafter pleasing himself and saying that I would not have one anyway. If I touched myself, he angrily brushed my hand away. He could not take it when a woman lost herself in pleasure because he felt he must absolutely be in control of a situation." [15]

Hughes had met Hepburn on the set of one of Cary Grant's movies, while visiting with Grant. Howard Hughes and Cary Grant were close, long-time friends. [15]

Cary Grant

As World War II threatened in 1939, Hutton moved to California. She was active during the war, giving money to assist the Free French Forces and donating her yacht to the Royal Navy. Using her high-profile image to sell war bonds, she received positive publicity after being derided by the press as a result of her marriage scandals. In Hollywood, she met Cary Grant, one of the biggest movie stars of the day, and later married him on July 8, 1942. The press dubbed the married couple "Cash and Cary", though Grant did not need her money nor did he need to benefit from her name, and he appeared to genuinely care for Hutton. Nevertheless, this marriage also failed. Grant did not seek or receive any money from Hutton in their divorce settlement. [16]

Igor Troubetzkoy

Hutton left California and moved to Paris, France, before acquiring a palace in Tangier. Hutton then began dating Igor Troubetzkoy, an expatriate Russian prince of very limited means but world renown. In the spring of 1948 in Zurich, Switzerland, she married him. That year, he was the driver of the first Ferrari to ever compete in Grand Prix motor racing when he raced in the Monaco Grand Prix, and later won the Targa Florio. He ultimately filed for divorce. Hutton's subsequent attempted suicide made headlines around the world. Labeled by the press as the "Poor Little Rich Girl", her life made great copy and the media exploited her for consumption by a fascinated public. [17]

Porfirio Rubirosa

Her next marriage, lasting 53 days (December 30, 1953 – February 20, 1954), was to Dominican diplomat Porfirio Rubirosa, a notorious international playboy who meanwhile continued his affair with actress Zsa Zsa Gabor. [18] [19] She was granted the Dominican citizenship in 1953. [20]

In a scathing review of the marriage ceremony in the Milwaukee Sentinel , Phyllis Battelle coined the oft-quoted phrase: "The bride, for her fifth wedding, wore black and carried a scotch-and-soda." [21]

Hutton then spent time with Americans James Douglas and Philip Van Rensselaer. Her lavish spending continued; already the owner of several mansions around the world, in 1959 she built a luxurious Japanese-style palace on a 30-acre (120,000 m2) estate in Cuernavaca, Mexico. [22]

Gottfried von Cramm

Her next husband was an old friend, German tennis star Baron Gottfried von Cramm. This marriage also ended in divorce. He died in an automobile crash near Cairo, Egypt, in 1976. [23]

Raymond Doan

In Tangier, Hutton met her seventh husband, Prince Pierre Raymond Doan Vinh na Champassak. This marriage, too, was short-lived. [24] Raymond Doan was an adopted member of the former royal family of the Kingdom of Champasak. [25]

Other relationships

Hutton lived with Frederick McEvoy, purchasing a chalet at a ski resort in Franconia, New Hampshire, after her marriage to actor Cary Grant. The couple never married and remained friends until McEvoy's death in 1951. [26] [27] Hutton frequently appeared intoxicated in public and was notorious throughout her life for lavish spending. [28] As she aged, the men she spent time with did not. She was known to make gifts to total strangers. [29] [30]

Titles and styles

Art and jewelry

Over the years, apart from an important inheritance which included Old Master paintings and important sculptures, [31] she also personally acquired a magnificent collection of her own which included the spectrum of arts, porcelain, [31] valuable jewelry, including elaborate historic pieces that had once belonged to Marie Antoinette and Empress Eugénie of France, and important pieces by Fabergé and Cartier. [32] [33] [34] Among her pieces of jewelry was the 40-carat (8.0 g) Pasha Diamond, which she purchased as an unusual octagonal brilliant-cut but had recut into a round brilliant, bringing it down to 36 carats (7.2 g). [35]

Final years and death

Woolworth family mausoleum F W Woolworth Woodlawn jeh.JPG
Woolworth family mausoleum

The death of her only son Lance Reventlow in an air crash in 1972 sent Hutton into a state of despair. By this time, her fortune had diminished, due to her extreme generosity, including donating Winfield House to the United States government as a residence for its UK ambassador. [36] Alleged questionable deals by her longtime lawyer, Graham Mattison, also ate away at her fortune. Eventually she began liquidating assets in order to raise funds to live, yet continued to spend money on strangers willing to pay a little attention to her. She spent her final years in Los Angeles, living at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel, where she died from a heart attack in May 1979, aged 66. One biographer wrote that, at her death, $3,500 was all that remained of her fortune, but some who actually knew her said that was not the case. She was interred in the Woolworth family mausoleum at Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York.


Findagrave [37]

See also


  1. Barbara Hutton; a candid biography - Page 17
  2. "Mrs. Hutton Found Dead. Daughter of F.W. Woolworth Suffocated in Her Room at the Plaza". The New York Times . May 3, 1917. Retrieved 2011-12-03. Mrs. Franklyn Laws Hutton, who was Edna Woolworth, daughter of F. W. Woolworth, was found dead in her apartment at the hotel Plaza on May 2, 1917. ...
  3. Plunkett-Powell, Karen; Remembering Woolworth's: A Nostalgic History of the World's Most Famous Five-and-Dime, MacMillan, p. 131.
  4. Pitrone, Jean Maddern; F.W. Woolworth and the American Five and Dime: A Social History, McFarland, p.59
  5. Gressor, Megan & Cook, Kerry (2005). An Affair to Remember: The Greatest Love Stories of All Time, p. 260. Fair Winds Press.
  6. "Jane Bowles, Libby Holman Reynolds and Barbara Hutton". The Authorized Paul Bowles Web Site.
  7. Poor Little Rich Girl: The Barbara Hutton Story
  8. New York Social Diary, 1933
  9. Tuman, Diane (March 20, 2011). "New York's Woolworth Mansion Listed for $90 Million". Zillow Porchlight. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  10. "Le collier de jade du prince Mdivani - Noblesse & Royautés". Noblesse & Royautés (in French). 2014-03-10. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
  11. Heyman, David C. (1983). Poor Little Rich Girl: The Life and Legend of Barbara Hutton. New York, NY: Random House. pp. 34–38.|access-date= requires |url= (help)
  12. Heyman, David C. (1983). Poor Little Rich Girl: The Life and Legend of Barbara Hutton. New York, NY: Random House. p. 63.|access-date= requires |url= (help)
  13. Moats, Alice-Leone (1977). The Million Dollar Studs. New York, NY: Delacorte Press. pp. 105–120.|access-date= requires |url= (help)
  14. This fabulous century - Page 156
  15. 1 2 "Howard Hughes - The Untold Story" by Peter Brown and Pat Broeske
  16. Cary Grant: A Class Apart, Graham McCann, Pg. 159
  17. Barbara Hutton; a candid biography - Page 160
  18. "Barbara Hutton biography at". Archived from the original on 2011-05-15.
  19. The very rich: a history of wealth - Page 135
  20. "Barbara Hutton, Playboy Will Wed Wednesday". Ellensburg Daily Record. 1953-12-30. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
  21. Battelle, Phyllis (31 December 2014). "Dazed Bride Wears Black, Carries Soda and Scotch at Spanish Ceremony". The Milwaukee Sentinel . Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  22. Frommer's Portable Acapulco, Ixtapa & Zihuatanejo - Page 156
  23. Barbara Hutton; a candid biography - Page 214
  24. F.W. Woolworth and the American five and dime: a social history
  25. champasakti
  26. "Woolworth Heiress May Marry Austn". The Courier-Mail . Brisbane. 13 April 1946. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  27. Freddie McEvoy Biography and Olympic Results. Sports Reference LLC. Accessed 26 October 2011.
  28. Co-starring famous women and alcohol - Page 26
  29. The dilemmas of family wealth: insights on succession, cohesion, and legacy - Page 150
  30. Million dollar baby: an intimate portrait of Barbara Hutton, Philip Van Rensselaer
  31. 1 2 F.W. Woolworth and the American five and dime: a social history - Page 203
  32. Cartier, by Hans Nadelhoffer, pg 124
  33. Barbara Hutton; a candid biography - Page 166
  34. F.W. Woolworth and the American five and dime: a social history - Page 166
  35. Cartier By Hans Nadelhoffer Pg 325
  36. "Ambassador's Residence: Winfield House". Embassy of The United States in London, U.K. Archived from the original on 2014-08-25. Retrieved 2014-08-27.

Further reading

Several books have been written about Barbara Hutton, the best known of which are:

A bibliography:

In 1987, a television motion picture titled Poor Little Rich Girl: The Barbara Hutton Story starred Farrah Fawcett in the role of Barbara Hutton.

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