Baroville

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Baroville
Mairie Baroville.JPG
The town hall in Baroville
Blason Baroville.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Baroville
Baroville
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Baroville
Grand Est region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Baroville
Coordinates: 48°11′35″N4°43′19″E / 48.1931°N 4.7219°E / 48.1931; 4.7219 Coordinates: 48°11′35″N4°43′19″E / 48.1931°N 4.7219°E / 48.1931; 4.7219
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Aube
Arrondissement Bar-sur-Aube
Canton Bar-sur-Aube
Intercommunality Région de Bar sur Aube
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Marie-Noëlle Rigollot
Area
1
17.32 km2 (6.69 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
305
  Density18/km2 (46/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
10032 /10200
Elevation200–260 m (660–850 ft)
(avg. 219 m or 719 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Baroville is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France. [2]

Contents

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barovillois or Barovilloises. [3]

Geography

Baroville is located some 25 km west by north-west of Chaumont and 5 km south-east of Bar-sur-Aube. Access to the commune is by the D70 road from Saint-Usage in the south-west which passes through the commune and the village and continues north to join the D396 north of the commune. The D170 goes east from the village to join the D396 on the eastern border of the commune where the D396 goes south forming part of this border. The commune is farmland in the west centre and forested in the east with the edge of a large forest on the western side. [4] [5]

The river Aube passes close to the eastern border of the commune but does not touch the commune. [4] [5]

Toponymy

The village is mentioned in 1095 under the name Basnoville or Barosvilla. [6]

The names in all Merovingian and Carolingian areas that end in -ville are derived from the Low Latin villa meaning "farm" or "domain" preceded by a Germanic personal name is most often the case. This is the case for Baro according to and Ernest Nègre and Albert Dauzat. [6] [7]

The name is homonymous with Barville, Normandy. The person's name is also found in Baromesnil, a commune of Upper Normandy.

History

Baroville appears as Baroville on the 1750 Cassini Map [8] and the same on the 1790 version. [9]

In 1789 Baroville came under the stewardship of the Généralité de Châlons, the Electoral district of Bar-sur-Aube, the bailiwick of Chaumont and the Chatellerie of Jaucourt. During the intermediate period in the French Revolution the commune was part of the canton of Couvignon until Year IX. It was part of the Diocese of Langres and the Deanery of Bar-sur-Aube.

Heraldry

Arms of Baroville Blason Baroville.svg
Arms of Baroville
Blazon:

Sable, a bend chequy Argent and Gules of 2 tiers; in chief Vert debruised by a crozier Or itself debruised by the bend, between in chief two bunches of grapes the same stalked and leaved Argent.

Administration

List of Successive Mayors [10]

FromToName
1857Boucard
20012026Marie-Noëlle Rigollot

Demography

In 2017 the commune had 306 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 439    
1800 492+1.64%
1806 474−0.62%
1821 566+1.19%
1831 684+1.91%
1836 650−1.01%
1841 670+0.61%
1846 640−0.91%
1851 692+1.57%
1856 664−0.82%
1861 671+0.21%
1866 670−0.03%
1872 675+0.12%
1876 663−0.45%
1881 650−0.40%
1886 617−1.04%
1891 560−1.92%
1896 568+0.28%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 497−2.64%
1906 476−0.86%
1911 415−2.71%
1921 382−0.83%
1926 370−0.64%
1931 334−2.03%
1936 309−1.54%
1946 316+0.22%
1954 325+0.35%
1962 358+1.22%
1968 367+0.41%
1975 333−1.38%
1982 350+0.71%
1990 333−0.62%
1999 329−0.13%
2007 347+0.67%
2012 329−1.06%
2017 306−1.44%
Source: EHESS [11] and INSEE [12]

Economy

Viticulture is the main activity of the village. Baroville is one of 320 municipalities eligible for the Appellation d'origine contrôlée "Champagne". With its 217 hectares (Source: CIVC 2006) Baroville has the largest vineyards in the Bar-sur-Aube area and has over fifty vineyards. The vines are planted on a series of six valleys and include the traditional grape varieties (90% Pinot Noir, 2% Pinot Meunier and 8% Chardonnay).

Culture and heritage

Civil heritage

The commune is the location of a fortified house in the valley of Morvaux which was the summer residence of the Abbots of Clairvaux in the 18th century. It was destroyed during the French Revolution.

Religious heritage

The Parish Church of Saint Stephen (18th century) has been rebuilt and has preserved the apse of the old church from the end of the 12th century. It contains a very large number of objects that are registered as historical objects. [13]

Notable people linked to the commune

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Baroville on Lion1906
  3. Inhabitants of Aube (in French)
  4. 1 2 3 Baroville on Google Maps
  5. 1 2 Baroville on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
  6. 1 2 Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France, Librairie Droz, 1990, Vol II, 676 pages, p. 926, ISBN   9782600001335 (in French).
  7. Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Larousse, Paris, 1963 (in French)
  8. Baroville on the 1750 Cassini Map
  9. Baroville on the 1790 Cassini Map
  10. List of Mayors of France (in French)
  11. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Baroville, EHESS. (in French)
  12. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  13. Base Palissy : Search for heritage in the commune , Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)