Bartın

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For the medieval Pomeranian emporium Bartin or Bartin-Zwillipp, see Bardy-Świelubie
Bartın
Bartin District Location in Bartin Province.png
Location of Bartın District in Bartın Province
Turkey adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bartın
Coordinates: 41°38′04″N32°20′15″E / 41.63444°N 32.33750°E / 41.63444; 32.33750 Coordinates: 41°38′04″N32°20′15″E / 41.63444°N 32.33750°E / 41.63444; 32.33750
Country Turkey
Province Bartın
Government
  MayorCemal Akın (MHP)
Area
[1]
  District1,027.76 km2 (396.82 sq mi)
Population
 (2012) [2]
   Urban
56,557
  District
143,262
  District density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Climate Cfb
Website www.bartin.bel.tr

Bartın is a city in northern Turkey and the central district of the province of Bartın.

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Contents

Formerly a district of Zonguldak Province, Bartın has been made into a province seat in 1991 with the constitution of its province, including four districts: Central Bartın, Amasra, Kurucaşile, and Ulus). The city, with a population of c. 48,000, [3] is situated 14 kilometers inland on the Bartın River (Bartın Çayı) that is navigable for vessels between the city and the Black Sea coast. Bartın River is the only navigable river for vessels in Turkey.

Zonguldak Province Municipality in Turkey

Zonguldak Province is a province along the western Black Sea coast region of Turkey. The province is 3.481 km2 in size and has a population of 619,703. Its adjacent provinces are Düzce to the southwest, Bolu to the south, Karabük to the southeast, and Bartın to the east. The capital is Zonguldak.

Bartın River river in Turkey

Bartın River, anciently known as Parthenius or Parthenios, is a small river in the east of the Black Sea Region of Turkey. Its source is in the Ilgaz Mountains, in Kastamonu Province and Karabük Province. The river flows to the north, passes through Bartın, and empties into the Black Sea near Boğaz village in a delta.

Black Sea Marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Europe and Asia

The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between the Balkans, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia. It is supplied by a number of major rivers, such as the Danube, Dnieper, Southern Bug, Dniester, Don, and the Rioni. Many countries drain into the Black Sea, including Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine.

History

The history of the antique Parthenios city (Παρθένιος in Greek), or Parthenia, [4] dates back to 1200 BC, when its area was inhabited by the Gasgas tribe. In the following centuries, the region had entered under the dominance of Hittites, Phrygians, Cimmerians, Lydians, Greeks, Persians and Macedonians. Later, it was part of the Roman Empire and then of the Byzantine Empire, until it fell to the Seljuk Turks and the Candaroğulları State between the 11th and the 13th centuries AD. Bartın was conquered by the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I in 1392. [5] [6] In the late 19th and early 20th century, Bartın was part of the Kastamonu Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.

Greek language Language spoken in Greece, Cyprus and Southern Albania

Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning more than 3000 years of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic, and many other writing systems.

Hittites ancient Anatolian people who established an empire

The Hittites were an Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Suppiluliuma I, when it encompassed an area that included most of Anatolia as well as parts of the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia.

Phrygians

The Phrygians were an ancient Indo-European people, initially dwelling in the southern Balkans – according to Herodotus – under the name of Bryges (Briges), changing it to Phryges after their final migration to Anatolia, via the Hellespont.

Main sights

Bartın is a member of the Norwich-based European Association of Historic Towns and Regions (EAHTR). [7]

Norwich City and non-metropolitan district in England

Norwich is a historic city in Norfolk, England. Situated on the River Wensum in East Anglia, it lies approximately 100 miles (160 km) north-east of London. It is the county town of Norfolk and is considered the capital of East Anglia, with a population of 141,300. From the Middle Ages until the Industrial Revolution, Norwich was the largest city in England after London, and one of the most important.

The European Association of Historic Towns and Regions (EAHTR), founded by the Congress of the Council of Europe in October 1999, is a self-governing organisation which groups together twelve associations, such as the Historic Towns Forum of Great Britain, from eleven states, namely the Czech Republic, Finland, Ireland, Malta, The Netherlands, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey and the United Kingdom, which claims to represent over 1,000 of Europe's historic towns.

Main sights include the castle, two churches, bedesten, the Kuşkayası Road Monument and İnziva (seclusion) Cave in the city center. Sections of the ancient city like the forum, the council palace, the road of honor, the theatre, the acropolis, and a necropolis are now below the ground.

A bedestan is a covered market usually for haberdashery and craftsmanship. Bezistans were built in Ottoman Empire and their design is based on the design of the mosques.

The wooden Bartın houses display the architectural characteristics of the art movements after the Tanzimat Fermanı (Reforms Decree).

Climate

Bartın has an oceanic/humid subtropical transitional climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa/Cfb); and a cool summer oceanic climate (Dob) under the Trewartha classification; with high and evenly distributed rainfall the year round. Summers are very warm and humid, and the average temperature is around 22 °C in July and August. Winters are cool and damp, and the average temperature is around 4 or 5 °C in January and February.

Oceanic climate a type of climate characterised by cool summers and cool winters

An oceanic climate, also known as a marine climate or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features mild summers and mild winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates. Oceanic climates are defined as having a monthly mean temperature below 22 °C (72 °F) in the warmest month, and above 0 °C (32 °F) in the coldest month.

Humid subtropical climate category in the Köppen climate classification system

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 40° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates. While many subtropical climates tend to be located at or near coastal locations, in some cases they extend inland, most notably in China and the United States, where they exhibit more pronounced seasonal variations and sharper contrasts between summer and winter, as part of a gradient between the more tropical climates of the southern coasts of these countries and the more continental climates of China and the United States’ northern and central regions.

Köppen climate classification climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Precipitation is heaviest in autumn and early winter and lightest in spring. Snowfall is quite common between the months of December and March, snowing for a week or two, and it can be heavy once it snows.

Climate data for Bartın (1950 - 2014)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)23.2
(73.8)
27.2
(81.0)
31.6
(88.9)
34.1
(93.4)
39.1
(102.4)
38.0
(100.4)
42.8
(109.0)
41.3
(106.3)
36.0
(96.8)
37.1
(98.8)
29.0
(84.2)
27.7
(81.9)
42.8
(109.0)
Average high °C (°F)9.2
(48.6)
10.3
(50.5)
13.1
(55.6)
17.9
(64.2)
22.3
(72.1)
26.0
(78.8)
28.1
(82.6)
28.1
(82.6)
24.8
(76.6)
20.5
(68.9)
15.8
(60.4)
11.2
(52.2)
18.9
(66.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)4.2
(39.6)
4.7
(40.5)
7.1
(44.8)
11.3
(52.3)
15.7
(60.3)
19.8
(67.6)
22.1
(71.8)
21.7
(71.1)
17.7
(63.9)
13.6
(56.5)
9.2
(48.6)
5.9
(42.6)
12.8
(55.0)
Average low °C (°F)0.4
(32.7)
0.5
(32.9)
2.4
(36.3)
6.1
(43.0)
9.9
(49.8)
13.4
(56.1)
15.6
(60.1)
15.5
(59.9)
12.0
(53.6)
8.7
(47.7)
4.6
(40.3)
2.1
(35.8)
7.6
(45.7)
Record low °C (°F)−15.4
(4.3)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−13.1
(8.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
5.3
(41.5)
8.0
(46.4)
6.7
(44.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−3.2
(26.2)
−5.6
(21.9)
−10.6
(12.9)
−18.6
(−1.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)113.2
(4.46)
84.2
(3.31)
76.0
(2.99)
56.8
(2.24)
50.0
(1.97)
71.7
(2.82)
63.7
(2.51)
80.7
(3.18)
87.4
(3.44)
107.4
(4.23)
114.0
(4.49)
130.7
(5.15)
1,035.8
(40.79)
Average precipitation days16.214.613.912.010.28.76.96.78.711.812.917.2139.8
Mean daily sunshine hours 2.13.14.15.47.29.69.59.27.35.13.32.25.7
Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service [8]

Culture

The city hosts strawberry festivals in spring. The city also has beaches of good quality.

Notes

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. tuikapp.tuik.gov.tr Archived 2015-09-20 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World . Princeton University Press. p. 86, and directory notes accompanying.
  5. Bartın Archived May 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  6. Bartın history(tr)
  7. See historic-towns.org Archived 2008-09-10 at the Wayback Machine .
  8. "Meteoroloji" (in Turkish). Retrieved 8 January 2016.

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