Basford, Nottingham

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Basford
Nottingham Road, Basford - geograph.org.uk - 860229.jpg
Nottingham Road, Basford
Nottinghamshire UK location map.svg
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Basford
Location within Nottinghamshire
Population16,207 (ward. 2011)
OS grid reference SK 55791 42652
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NOTTINGHAM
Postcode district NG6 / NG7
Dialling code 0115
Police Nottinghamshire
Fire Nottinghamshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire
52°58′41″N1°10′08″W / 52.978°N 1.169°W / 52.978; -1.169 Coordinates: 52°58′41″N1°10′08″W / 52.978°N 1.169°W / 52.978; -1.169

Basford /ˈbsfərd/ [1] is a northern suburb of Nottingham, England, incorporated into the city in 1877. It gave its name to Basford Rural District, which existed from 1894 to 1974. The population of the ward at the 2011 census was 16,207. [2] Next to Old Basford is New Basford, which is mainly Victorian. Basford lies close to the River Leen, a tributary of the River Trent. It is linked to Nottingham City Centre to the south and Hucknall and Bulwell to the north by the Nottingham Express Transit tram service.

Suburb Human settlement that is part of or near to a larger city

A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become largely synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, India, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and parts of the United States and Canada, new suburbs are routinely annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, France, and much of the United States and Canada, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county. In the United States, beyond the suburbs are exurbs, or "exurban areas", with less density but linked to the metropolitan area economically and by commuters.

Nottingham City and unitary authority area in England

Nottingham is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, 128 miles (206 km) north of London, 45 miles (72 km) northeast of Birmingham and 56 miles (90 km) southeast of Manchester, in the East Midlands.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Contents

Toponomy

The name appears as Baseford in the Domesday survey of 1086; [3] Basford contains the Old English personal name Basa, + ford (Old English), 'a ford', so 'Basa's ford'. [4]

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

Old English, or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages. It was brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers probably in the mid-5th century, and the first Old English literary works date from the mid-7th century. After the Norman conquest of 1066, English was replaced, for a time, as the language of the upper classes by Anglo-Norman, a relative of French. This is regarded as marking the end of the Old English era, as during this period the English language was heavily influenced by Anglo-Norman, developing into a phase known now as Middle English.

History

Close to Basford Register Office is the site of a former workhouse. This was used for Basford and for neighbouring parishes. The workhouse later became a maternity hospital and then a psychiatric hospital.

Workhouse place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment

In England and Wales, a workhouse was a total institution where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment. The earliest known use of the term workhouse is from 1631, in an account by the mayor of Abingdon reporting that "wee haue erected wthn our borough a workehouse to sett poore people to worke".

Psychiatric hospital Hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders

Psychiatric hospitals, also known as mental hospitals, mental health units, mental asylums or simply asylums, are hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders, such as major depressive disorder, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Psychiatric hospitals vary widely in their size and grading. Some hospitals may specialize only in short term or outpatient therapy for low-risk patients. Others may specialize in the temporary or permanent care of residents who, as a result of a psychological disorder, require routine assistance, treatment, or a specialized and controlled environment. Patients are often admitted on a voluntary basis, but people whom psychiatrists believe may pose a significant danger to themselves or others may be subject to involuntary commitment. Psychiatric hospitals may also be referred to as psychiatric wards or units when they are a subunit of a regular hospital.

Near Vernon Park there used to be a complex of high-rise flats which consisted of horizontal and vertical blocks connected by aerial concrete walkways. These were demolished in 1983.

Basford has a range of shops in its extensive area. Home to Vernon Park, Basford also has football teams who play there. There is a Bulwell and Basford Rotary Club. [5]

For many years one of the largest industries in Basford was soap manufacturing – a factory was established in the 1890s by Gerard Bros., which in 1955 was acquired by Cussons Sons & Co, manufacturer of Cussons Imperial Leather soap. In 2005 the factory was closed and production moved to Thailand.

Gerard Bros. Ltd. was a manufacturer of personal healthcare products. The company was founded in 1897, and Mr Thomas B. Gerard was voted its first chairman. The company established a factory in Wilkinson Street, New Basford, Nottingham. The factory was built on a 14-acre (57,000 m2) site and pumped water from the River Leen. In 1921 the factory was severely damaged by fire, but the subsequent rebuild afforded the opportunity to expand the factory.

Imperial Leather is a brand of soaps, toiletries and healthcare products manufactured by PZ Cussons. The brand originates in Britain and is now available in a number of other countries including Australia, Denmark, Uganda, Germany, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Pakistan, South Africa, New Zealand and the United Arab Emirates. The brand is not widely available in the United States but can be obtained via online sales and in some speciality shops.

Thailand Constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) and over 68 million people, Thailand is the world's 50th-largest country by total area and the 21st-most-populous country. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. It is a unitary state. Although nominally the country is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup, in 2014, established a de facto military dictatorship under a junta.

Basford was well served by railways, with three stations bearing its name in one form or another. Basford Vernon was the earliest, on the Midland Railway's Nottingham to Mansfield Line. The next to be built was Basford North on the Great Northern Railway, which was originally called Dob Park from the land it was built on, then later Basford & Bulwell. Finally came New Basford on the Great Central Main Line. Basford North and New Basford closed along with the lines on which they were situated. Basford Vernon closed in 1964 but the line on which it stood remained open for freight and was subsequently reopened to passengers as the Robin Hood Line. The station itself did not reopen, but it is now the site of Basford tram stop on the Nottingham Express Transit.

Basford Vernon railway station

Basford Vernon railway station is a now disused railway station that was located on the Robin Hood Line between Nottingham and Mansfield. In its place now stands the Nottingham Express Transit (NET) Basford tram stop which opened on 9 March 2004, along with the rest of NET's initial system. The tram stop is located on the site of the sidings and goods shed of the former Basford Vernon railway station.

Midland Railway British pre-grouping railway company (1844–1922)

The Midland Railway (MR) was a railway company in the United Kingdom from 1844 to 1922, when it became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. It had a large network of lines managed from its headquarters in Derby. It became the third-largest railway undertaking in the British Isles.

Basford North railway station

Basford North railway station was a former railway station to serve Basford and Bulwell in Nottinghamshire, England. It was close to the River Leen which it crossed with a nine-arch brick viaduct.

The headquarters of the Nottinghamshire Miners' Association were in Basford for many years. [6]

Basford had three breweries, of which Shipstones is most widely known. The other two were Basford Brewery (taken over via Shipstones) and the Prince of Wales Brewery in Old Basford, which is long closed, although its buildings remain much as built, now serving as Murphy's Chemical Works in Alpine Street.

Demography

According to the 2011 census, Basford has a population of 17,277. The average household size is 2.20 people and the population density 42.80 people per hectare.

Basford is a multi-cultural area. Old Basford is predominantly white but New Basford is more diverse. Overall, according to the 2011 census, it has 70.1 per cent of White British and 29.9 per cent of other ethnicities, including 11.5 per cent Caribbean, 3.3 per cent Indian, 2.7 per cent Pakistani and 3.3 per cent other European. According to the survey, Basford includes people from 51 countries outside the UK.

The suburb includes a number of Sikh gurdwaras, Muslim mosques, Hindu, Taoist, Confucianist and Buddhist temples, Jewish synagogues, and churches of Asian, African, Arab, European, Caribbean and South American origin. [7] The main Christian denominations have St Aidan's Church (Church of England), St Leodegarius Church (Church of England) and Basford Road Baptist Church. The nearest Roman Catholic church is Our Lady Of Perpetual Succour in Brooklyn Road, Bulwell. [8] The Nottingham Basford congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses also has a hall.

Education

Children in the Basford area usually attend Southwark Primary and Infants School, Heathfield Primary School, or Old Basford School. The only senior school in the area is the Ellis Guilford School and Sports College, located in Bar Lane. This has been refurbished with a new school building, new changing rooms, new sports hall, tennis courts, and football pitches.

Transport

Trams

Basford is served by several stops of the Nottingham Express Transit system: [9] [10]

Buses

Basford is served by Bus Nos 68, 69, 70 and 71 on the NCT Yellow Line. [11]

Business parks

Basford has three business parks: Rani Drive, Bar Lane and Park Lane.

Related Research Articles

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Nottingham Express Transit light-rail tramway in England

Nottingham Express Transit (NET) is a 32-kilometre-long (20 mi) tram system in Nottingham, England. The system opened to the public on 9 March 2004 and a second phase, that more than doubled the size of the total system, opened on 25 August 2015, having been initially planned to open two years prior.

Hyson Green suburb of the City of Nottingham, UK

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Bulwell station Railway station and tram stop in the city of Nottingham, UK

Bulwell station, previously known as Bulwell Market station, is a railway station and tram stop in Bulwell, Nottingham, England. It is located on the Robin Hood Line and the Hucknall branch of the Nottingham Express Transit (NET).

Bulwell English town northwest of Nottingham centre

Bulwell is an English market town about 4.5 miles (7 km) north-west of Nottingham city centre, on the northern edge of the city. The United Kingdom Census 2001 showed there were almost 30,000 people living in the Bulwell area, accounting for over 10 per cent of the population of the city of Nottingham. The 2011 census showed a population of 16,157 in the Bulwell ward of Nottingham City Council. There is also an adjacent ward called Bulwell Forest. The population of this ward at the same census was 13,614.

Aspley, Nottingham area of Nottingham, England

Aspley is a council estate and a ward of the city of Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England. It is located within the boundaries of Nottingham City Council. The ward is located 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Nottingham City Centre and is located only 1.6 miles west of Junction 26 of the M1. It lies south of Bulwell, west of Basford and is north of Bilborough. The principal road in the ward is the A610. At the 2001 Census the ward had a population of 15,689, increasing to 17,622 at the 2011 census.

Nottingham and District Tramways Company Limited

Nottingham and District Tramways Company Limited was a tramway operator from 1875 to 1897 based in Nottingham in the United Kingdom.

Nottingham Corporation Tramways

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Highbury Vale tram stop

Highbury Vale is a stop on the Nottingham Express Transit tram system in the city of Nottingham near the boundary between the suburbs of Basford and Bulwell. It serves as the main interchange between the Hucknall and Phoenix Park branches of the initial system - however, NET recommends that people alight at the previous stop rather than change at Highbury Vale, due to the lines splitting at Babbington junction, just before the trams reach the stop. This essentially makes Highbury Vale two separate stops connected by a walkway.

David Lane tram stop

David Lane is a tram station on Nottingham Express Transit, in the city of Nottingham suburb of Basford. The tram lines here run parallel to the Robin Hood railway line that links Nottingham with Worksop, but there is no corresponding railway station. Both tram and railway lines have two tracks, and the resulting four tracks cross David Lane on a pair of parallel level crossings. The tram stop comprises a pair of side platforms on both sides of the tramway.

Phoenix Park tram stop

Phoenix Park is a tram stop on the Nottingham Express Transit (NET) light rail system, in the city of Nottingham suburb of Bulwell. It serves as one of the two northern termini of the NET's initial system, and is at the end of the short single line branch from Highbury Vale. The stop has a single island platform, flanked by two stub tracks which are segregated from the adjacent road. Phoenix Park serves as one of several park and ride stops on the NET network, with more than 600 car parking spaces located next to the stop.

Basford tram stop

Basford is a tram station on Nottingham Express Transit (NET), in the city of Nottingham suburb of Basford. The tram lines here run parallel to the Robin Hood railway line that links Nottingham with Worksop, but there is no corresponding railway station. Both tram and railway lines have two tracks, and the resulting four tracks are crossed by a pedestrian bridge. The tram stop comprises a pair of side platforms on both sides of the tramway.

Cinderhill tram stop

Cinderhill is a tram stop on the Nottingham Express Transit (NET) light rail system in the city of Nottingham on the boundary between the suburbs of Basford and Bulwell. It was part of the NET's initial system, and is situated in the middle of the short single line branch between Highbury Vale and Phoenix Park tram stops. The stop comprises a single platform and track, situated in a cutting between two bridges and served by trams running in both directions.

Wilkinson Street tram stop

Wilkinson Street is a tram stop on Nottingham Express Transit (NET), in the city of Nottingham suburb of Basford. The tram stop opened on 9 March 2004, along with NET's initial system. It is one of several park and ride stops on the NET network, with more than 600 car parking spaces located next to the stop. NET's Wilkinson Street depot is also adjacent to the stop, and provides storage and maintenance facilities for all the system's trams, having been expanded to cope with the additional trams ordered for phase two. The depot also contains NET's offices, staff facilities and control room.

Bulwell Forest tram stop Tram stop on the Nottingham Express Transit tram system in Nottingham, England

Bulwell Forest is a tram stop on the Nottingham Express Transit (NET) light rail system in the city of Nottingham in the suburb of Bulwell. It is part of the NET's initial system, and is situated on the long single line section between Bulwell and Hucknall tram stops that runs alongside the Robin Hood railway line. Like all the other intermediate stops on this section, the stop has a passing loop with an island platform situated between the two tracks of the loop.

Shipstone Street tram stop

Shipstone Street is a tram stop on Nottingham Express Transit (NET), in the city of Nottingham suburb of Hyson Green. The tram stop opened on 9 March 2004, along with NET's initial system. It is located on a one way section of the tramway, and is served only by northbound trams; the nearest southbound stop is the Radford Road tram stop. The tram stop is located on street track in Shipstone Street and adjacent to Shipstone Street play area. The stop has a single side platform flanking the single track.

Highbury Vale area of Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England

Highbury Vale is an area located in the city of Nottingham, and is located in the Bulwell Forest ward. The area is located roughly 5.4 miles (8.7 km) from the City Centre, and about 1 mile (2 km) from Bulwell. Surrounding areas include Bulwell towards the North, Bestwood to the east, Hempshill Vale to the west and Cinderhill and Basford towards the south. Highbury Vale and Hempshill Vale are classed as a part of Bulwell. At the 2001 census, the area had a population of 4,530.

Cinderhill

Cinderhill is an area in the City of Nottingham. It is located roughly 3.1 miles (5.0 km) from the City Centre, and surrounding areas include Bulwell to the north, Aspley and Broxtowe to the south, Basford to the east and Nuthall to the west.

References

  1. G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 11.
  2. "City of Nottingham Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
  3. J. Morris, (ed.) Domesday Book: Nottinghamshire (Chichester, 1977), 10:22 inter alia
  4. J. Gover, A. Mawer and F. M. Stenton (eds.), Place Names of Nottinghamshire (Cambridge, 1940), p. 138; A. D. Mills, Dictionary of English Place-Names (Oxford, 2002), p. 27; E. Ekwall, Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names (Oxford, 1960), p. 29
  5. "Club Homepage". Rotary1220.org. 8 March 2015. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  6. Alan R. Griffin, The Miners of Nottinghamshire, vol. I, p. 180.
  7. "Basford – UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  8. Catholic churches. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  9. "Extending your Tram Service" (PDF). Nottingham Express Transit. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  10. Election Maps (Map). Ordnance Survey . Retrieved 11 August 2015. Viewed for appropriate area with unitary authority ward boundaries and names selected.
  11. 69 bus service. Retrieved 17 September 2019.