|Botataung 6 High School |
အ.ထ.က. (၆) ဗိုလ်တထောင်
|Principal||Dr. Kyaw Soe Naing|
|Number of students||~5,000|
Basic Education High School (BEHS) No. 6 Botataung (Burmese : အခြေခံ ပညာ အထက်တန်း ကျောင်း အမှတ် (၆) ဗိုလ်တထောင်; abbreviated to အ.ထ.က. (၆) ဗိုလ်တထောင်; commonly known as Botataung 6 High School or St. Paul's High School), located a few miles east of downtown Yangon in Botataung township, is a public high school, and one of the oldest high schools in Myanmar. The school initially offered three kindergarten classes - Lower, Middle, Higher known as LKG, MKG, HKG and First through Tenth Standard. It now offers classes from kindergarten to Tenth Standard (or Grade 1 through Grade 11 in the new nomenclature).
Known during the British colonial days as St. Paul's English High School, the Roman Catholic parochial school was the top school of choice for the children of the elite. Many of the country's who's who in those days were alumni of St. Paul's. The school was nationalized in 1965. While it is no longer the leading high school it once was, the school continues to be among the better (certainly among the better known) high schools in Yangon, serving mostly the children of middle-class families from downtown Yangon and vicinity.
The school's main three-story red brick colonial era building is a landmark protected by the city, and is listed on the Yangon City Heritage List.
The school was founded as St. Paul's English High School by the De La Salle Brothers, a Roman Catholic order in August 1860,eight years after the British had annexed Yangon and all of Lower Myanmar. It was the second La Sallian high school in the country. (St. Patrick's High School in Mawlamyine was the first La Sallian high school and founded in April 1860.) The initial school was a wooden building on Barr Street (now Maha Bandula Park Street) and moved to its present site in 1886. Between 1900 and 1908, two new Thomas Swales-designed wings were added. Later in the 1930s, a study hall and refectory were extended.
The all-boys school was among the few early schools that educated the children of the country's British officers, the Anglo-Burmese, the Anglo-Indians and the wealthy Burmese. Naturally, many of the notable colonial era names were St. Paul's alumni. The language of instruction was mainly English in the early days, and bi-lingual for some classes in the later days. Latin, science and higher mathematics were taught in the senior classes. Special interest classes such as Painting, and Carpentry and Woodcarving were also offered. The highlights of the school year were the annual sports and school concerts.
In April 1965, when Gen. Ne Win's military government nationalized private schools, the school was renamed to "Basic Education High School (BEHS) No. 6 Botataung". The primary language of instruction became Burmese. The school, which used to have a "Roll of Honor" for its outstanding students, steadily lost significance partly due to the new requirement to attend nearby schools as much as possible. Nevertheless, the school is still considered among the top high schools in Myanmar. Many well-to-do and wealthy families prefer to send their children to TTC and Dagon 1 High School. The elite do not hesitate to send their kids to English language private schools that cost US$8000 or more annually.Today, Botataung 6 attracts mostly the children of middle-class families from downtown Yangon.
The school has produced two top-ranked students, who finished first in the country's highly competitive University Entrance Examinations, one in 1974 and another in 1984.
Botataung 6 is one of the few high schools in Myanmar with a sizable campus, covering perhaps 75% of the entire city square block. The compound of St. Mary's Cathedral, north of the school, takes up the other 25% of the block. The school is bounded by Theinbyu Road to the east, Anawrahta Road to the south and Aung Kyaw Road to the west. The former Secretariat Compound, where Gen. Aung San was assassinated, is located across Anawrahta Road. The all-girls Botataung 4 High School (formerly, St. Mary's Convent School) and co-ed Botataung 5 High School are located in the vicinity of the school.
The gated campus consists of some of the best facilities available in Myanmar:
The school offers classes from K through 10 in two daily shifts. (The Burmese education system is based on the colonial 11-year secondary school curriculum although most other countries are on a 13-year curriculum.) The early shift handles K through 4 and the second shift does 5 through 10. Due to the use of two shifts and the availability of a large number of classrooms, the class size at Botataung 6 is around 40 to 50, much lower than 70-80 students in a typical Burmese classroom.
The school which produced notable scholars in the past has succumbed to the provant teaching style based mainly on memorization and rote learning. Due to severe lack of funding, the school's library and labs are rarely used. Teachers teach for and students study for the exams. Most students attend specialized private classes (locally called tuition classes) on specific subject matters. In a world where teachers must supplement their abysmally low salaries, many of the private classes are given by the teachers (ignoring the conflict of interest) with the primary focus on exam-specific topics.
Although the schools are nominally free in Myanmar, in reality, parents still have to pay for school maintenance, donations and registration fees as well as books and uniforms.The overall costs quickly become considerable, even for middle-class parents when the cost for evening tuition classes are factored in.
|Ba Han||Preeminent lexicographer and lawyer |
Author of the University English–Burmese Dictionary
Professor of Law at Rangoon University (1935– 1945)
Attorney-General of Burma in 1957
|Ba Than||First Burmese police surgeon in British Burma |
Founder of wartime hospital and medical school during the Japanese occupation
First rector of the Institute of Medicine 1, Rangoon (1964–1971)
|Norman Hla||First surgeon to perform a liver transplant in Myanmar|
|Htin Aung||Scholar of Burmese culture and history |
Rector, Rangoon University (1946–1958)
Burmese Ambassador to Sri Lanka (1959–1962)
|Sithu U Kaung||First chairman of Myanmar Historical Commission |
Director of Education (1951–1957)
Member of Currency Board of Burma
|Min Latt||Linguist of Burmese language, and writer|
|Nay Oke||Well known private tutor of High School English in Yangon|
|San Baw||Pioneer of use of ivory prosthesis in hip replacements |
Chief of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mandalay General Hospital (1957–1975)
Chief of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rangoon General Hospital (1975–1980)
|Tha Hla Shwe||7th Rector of the University of Medicine 2, Yangon |
President of the Myanmar Red Cross Society
|Than Nyun||Rector, Yangon Institute of Economics (1993) |
Deputy Minister of Education (1994–1999)
Member, ASEAN Eminent Persons Group
|Chan Chor Khine||Burmese-Chinese businessman and philanthropist|
Honorary magistrate of the Corporation of Rangoon
|Lim Chin Tsong||A tycoon in the early 20th century and a member of the Legislative Council of Burma|
|Serge Pun||Chairman, Serge Pun & Associates|
|Dhammika Ba Than||Writer and member of History Commission|
|Richard Bartholomew||Burmese born Indian photographer, art critic, writer|
|Htin Aung||Scholar of Burmese culture and history |
Rector, University of Yangon (1946–1958)
Burmese Ambassador to Sri Lanka (1959–1962)
|Maung Maung Gyi||Famous pre-war watercolorist |
First Burmese to travel abroad for studies in Western painting
|Colin McPhedran||Author of White Butterflies, a memoir of the author's escape from Burma in the face of the Japanese occupation in 1942.|
|Min Lu||Writer, screenwriter, poet|
|Min Theinkha||Bestselling author of Sarpalin (Surveillant) Hnin Maung detective series|
|Maung Thit Min||Songwriter, poet, writer|
|Myat Htan||National Literary Award-winning writer (1969)|
Author of Hnaung Ta Mye Mye (နှောင်းတမြေ့မြေ့)
Honoured with Independence Mawgunwin (First Class) for military service with BIA during the struggles of Burma's independence
Honoured with Sithu Title for outstanding service to Myanmar
|Spike Milligan||Comedian, Novelist, Goon|
|Bo Bo Han||Popular singer in the 1970s|
|Khine Htoo||Popular singer in the 1980s|
|Ki Ki Kyaw Zaw||Hip-hop singer|
|Zinyaw Maung Maung||Two-time Myanmar Academy Award winning director|
|Maung Myo Min (Yin-dwin-phyit)||Myanmar Academy Award-winning director|
|Nine One||Hip-hop singer|
|Zin Linn Phyo Wai||singer and video creator|
|Bunny Phyoe||Hip-hop singer|
|D Phyo||Hip-hop singer|
|Soe Paing||Popular singer in the 1970s|
|Tha Htwe||Hip-hop singer|
|Than Naing||Popular singer in the 1970s; of band Playboy|
|Tin Aung Moe||Singer|
|Thu Maung||Myanmar Academy Award winning actor, singer and writer|
|Maung Wunna||Two-time Myanmar Academy Award winning director|
|Yan Yan Chan||Hip-hop singer; of band ACID|
|Ye Lay||Popular Burmese hip hop artist|
|Zaw Gyi||Hip-hop singer|
|Zaw Min Lay||Singer|
|Zayar Thaw||Hip-hop singer with band ACID; MP, Pyithu Hluttaw (2012–present)|
|Aung Zan Wai||Minister of Social Services, former cabinet secretary in the government of Burma (Myanmar).|
|Ba Cho||Minister of Information (1946–1947), one of the senior government officials assassinated on 19 July 1947 |
Publisher of Deedok newspaper
|Ba Khin||First Accountant General of the Union of Burma |
Leading Theravada Buddhist philosopher and propagator of Vipassanā meditation in the Ledi tradition
|Ba Maw||Prime Minister of Burma during the British and Japanese colonial administrations (1937–1940; 1942–1945)|
|Ba Pe||One of the four Burmese signatories to the Aung San–Attlee Agreement |
Founder of Thuriya (The Sun) newspaper
|Chan Tun Aung||Attorney General of Burma (1953, 1954–1955)|
|Maung Khin||First Burmese Chief Justice of the High Court (1921–1924) during the British rule |
First Burmese to be knighted
|Kyaw Myint||Justice of the High Court of the Union of Burma|
|Myint Thein||Third Chief Justice of the High Court of the Union of Burma (1957–1962)|
|Bo Setkya||Member of the Thirty Comrades|
|Taw Phaya||Burmese Prince and Pretender to the Throne of Burma (abolished in 1885)|
|Tin Tut||First Burmese ICS officer |
One of the four Burmese signatories to the Aung San–Attlee Agreement
Finance Minister, (1946–1947)
First Foreign Minister, Union of Burma (1948)
|Nay Phone Latt||Blogger; Writer; Former political prisoner; Secretary for PEN Myanmar; Executive Director of MIDO (2007–present)|
|Zeyar Thaw||Former political prisoner; MP, Pyithu Hluttaw (2012–present)|
|Walter Chit Tun||Myanmar's first bodybuilder|
Nanda Kyaw Swa Swimming
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Kyaw Nyein, called honorifically U Kyaw Nyein (Burmese: ဦးကျော်ငြိမ်း;pronounced [ʔú t͡ɕɔ̀ ɲeɪɴ], was a Burmese lawyer and anti-colonial revolutionary, a leader in Burma’s struggle for independence and prominent politician in the first decade after the country gained sovereignty from Britain. He held multiple minister portfolios in the government of Prime Minister U Nu, served as General Secretary of the ruling political alliance, Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League, and was joint General Secretary of the Burma Socialist Party BSP.
Myint Swe was a Burmese physician and writer. He is known for his first book and memoir, The Japanese Era Rangoon General Hospital, which chronicles the events at the only hospital in Yangon (Rangoon) open to non-Japanese during the Japanese occupation of Burma. It was a bestseller, and won the Burma National Literature Award, 2nd Prize for 1967. He published three more books though none achieved the first book's success.
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Myint Myint Khin was a Burmese medical professor and writer. An English major at the University of Rangoon, she was the chair of the Department of Medicine of the Institute of Medicine, Mandalay from 1965 to 1984, and served as a consultant at the World Health Organization from 1985 to 1991. Her literary career began in 1996, spurred on by the HIV/AIDS crisis in the country. She published 11 books in Burmese and two in English. At the time of her death, the former professor was collaborating on an English language book on the history of medical education in the country.
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Thiri Pyanchi Ba ThanFRCS FACS FICS was a Burmese medical surgeon, educator and administrator. The first Burmese police surgeon in British Burma, Ba Than founded and ran the main hospital in Rangoon (Yangon) as well as the wartime medical and nursing schools during the Japanese occupation of the country (1942–1945). After the country's independence in 1948, Ba Than served several terms as dean and rector of the main medical universities in Rangoon and Mandalay until two months before his death in 1971.
Thiri Pyanchi Yin MayFRCS FRCP FRCOG was a Burmese physician and educator. She was the first Burmese obstetrician and gynecologist, and the first person to perform the Caesarian section in British Burma. She is also known for her research on amoebic vaginitis, known as May's disease.
Thiri Pyanchi Min Sein was a Burmese physician, educator and administrator. The first Burmese dean of the Faculty of Medicine of Rangoon University in British Burma, Min Sein was one of the small group of senior physicians that rebuilt and expanded the country's medical education system from the ground up after the country's independence in 1948. He served as the dean of the medical school four times between 1947 and 1959, and led the Burma Medical Research Institute, the Burma Medical Association and the Burma Olympic Committee.
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The Hon'ble U Aung Zan Wai was born 55 years ago at Kyauktaw in the Akyab District. Educated al St. Paul's High School, Rangoon