Bassano del Grappa

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Bassano del Grappa
Città di Bassano del Grappa
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Ponte degli Alpini and Upper Castle.
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Coat of arms
Location of Bassano del Grappa
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Bassano del Grappa
Location of Bassano del Grappa in Italy
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Bassano del Grappa
Bassano del Grappa (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°46′N11°44′E / 45.767°N 11.733°E / 45.767; 11.733 Coordinates: 45°46′N11°44′E / 45.767°N 11.733°E / 45.767; 11.733
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Vicenza (VI)
Frazioni Rubbio. Contrade: Campese, Marchesane, San Michele, Sant'Eusebio, Valrovina
Government
  MayorElena Pavan (Lega Nord)
Area
[1]
  Total46 km2 (18 sq mi)
Elevation
129 m (423 ft)
Population
 (30 April 2017) [2]
  Total43,479
  Density950/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bassanesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
36061
Dialing code 0424
ISTAT code 024012
Patron saintSt. Bassianus
Saint day19 January
Website Official website

Bassano del Grappa (Venetian: Basan [3] /baˈsaŋ/ (plain form) or Bassan/Bassàn (italianized form)) is a city and comune , in the Vicenza province, in the region of Veneto, in northern Italy. It bounds the communes of Cassola, Marostica, Solagna, Pove del Grappa, Romano d'Ezzelino, Campolongo sul Brenta, Conco, Rosà, Cartigliano and Nove. Some neighbourhoods of these communes have become in practice a part of the urban area of Bassano, so that the population of the whole conurbation totals around 70,000 people.

Contents

The artist Jacopo Bassano was born, worked, and died in Bassano, and took the town name as his own surname.

History

Prehistoric and Roman periods

The city was founded in the 2nd century BC by a Roman called Bassianus, whence the name, as an agricultural estate. However, an ancient bronze sword (called "spada di Riccardo"), found in 2009 [4] and dating back to the 7th century BC, possibly between the 18th and 15th century BC, suggests that the area of Bassano was already inhabited not just in the pre-Roman period, but possibly even in the pre-Venetic period, as confirmed by some artifacts found in a necropolis located in the neighbourhood of San Giorgio di Angarano. [5]

From the Middle Ages to Venice

The square, with the Lion of Saint Mark Bassano1.JPG
The square, with the Lion of Saint Mark

The first news of the existence of the medieval city dates from 998, while the castle is mentioned first in 1150. In 1175 Bassano was conquered by Vicenza, but the city maintained a semi-autonomous status as a free comune in the 13th century also, when it was home to the family of the Ezzelini, who first unified the various territories of Veneto.

In 1368 Bassano was acquired by the Visconti of Milan and was given the status of separated land («terra separata [6] [7] »).

In 1404, Bassano became a part of the Stato da Tera 'Mainland State' of the Venetian Republic, which granted the Bassanese district the status of autonomous podestaria (it. podesteria) free and separated from whatever city and from the jurisdiction of whatever city («sit ipsa terra exempta et separata a quacumque civitate et iurisdictione cuiuscumque civitatis [8] ») and subordinate only to Venice. The autonomous district included Bassano properly and the villas of Cartigliano, Cismon and Primolano, Rossano, San Nazario, Pove, Solagna plus Cassola (on lands previously belonging to Pove and Solagna) and Tezze and Rosà (on lands previously part of Bassano). In addition to this, Valstagna and Campese (then belonging to Vicenza and the Seven Communes) and Romano and Mussolente (then belonging to Treviso) had strong commercial and political ties with the district as they were located very close to Bassano and its port on the river Brenta connected with Venice. In 1760 Doge Francesco Loredan granted Bassano the title of City, subsequently retained under the Austrian and the Italian States. The Serenissima did not alter the town's magistratures, limiting itself to impose a Captain chosen by the Venetian Senate. The city became home to a flourishing industry producing wool, silk, iron and copper, and mainly for ceramics; in the 18th became especially famous in all Europe for the presence of the Remondini printer companyit:Remondini.

From the fall of Venice to modern times

Bassano del Grappa Abendstimmung.jpg

During the French Revolutionary Wars the city was the site of the Battle of Bassano. In 1815 it was included in the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia, and became part of the unified Kingdom of Italy in 1866. Napoleon Bonaparte remained in Bassano del Grappa for many months.

The original name of the town was Bassano Veneto. After the terrible battles on Mount Grappa in World War I, where thousands of soldiers lost their lives, a decision was made to change the name of the town. In 1928, the name was changed to Bassano del Grappa, meaning Bassano of Mount Grappa, as a memorial to the soldiers killed. Ernest Hemingway during his days as an ambulance driver in the war spent many days in Bassano and eventually settled there as part of A Farewell to Arms. Also other American writers spent some days in Bassano during World War I such as Scott Fitzgerald and Dos Passos.

During World War I Bassano was in the front area, and all industrial activities were halted.

In World War II, after the Armistice with Italy, the city was invaded by German troops, who killed or deported numerous inhabitants.

The symbol of the town is the covered wooden pontoon bridge, which was designed by the architect Andrea Palladio in 1569. The bridge was destroyed many times, the last time during World War II. The Alpine soldiers, or Alpini have always revered the wooden bridge and Bassano del Grappa. After the destruction of the bridge, they took up a private collection and had the bridge completely rebuilt. Often soldiers flock to the bridge to remember and sing songs from their days as alpine soldiers. The grappa shop of Nardini Distillery is located on the bridge, known as Ponte degli Alpini.

Bassano del Grappa is also the long residence town of Renzo Rosso, the founder and President of Diesel. Since Diesel began to expand in the mid-1980s, the company has become an important source of business for the city and its surrounding region. As thanks for the support that Rosso has received locally, he has invested personally in the city's professional soccer team, Bassano Virtus 55 S.T..

Geography

Bassano is located at 129 metres (423 feet) above sea level and has an area of 46.79 square kilometres (18.07 square miles). Its highest point is at 1,276 m (4,186 ft), whereas the lowest point is at 84 m (276 ft). The city lies at the foothills of the Venetian Prealps, where river Brenta comes out the southern end of Canal di Brenta (also called Valbrenta 'Brenta valley') and flows in the lowlands at the borders of Vicenza, Treviso and Padua provinces.

Main sights

In the neighbourhood are the Villa Rezzonico , designed by Baldassarre Longhena, Art Nouveau's Villa Agnesina , designed by Francesco Bonfanti in 1923, and the 17th century Villa Bianchi-Michiel , with a garden decorated by statues.

Administrative subdivisions

The municipal statute (art.6, par.2) of Bassano, recognizes only Rubbio as frazione and defines Campese, Marchesane, San Michele, Sant'Eusebio and Valrovina as contrade. The other existing neighbourhoods of Bassano are not mentioned in the statute. However, in practice, all the administrative subdivisions have the same prerogatives and are named quartieri.

Frazioni

Rubbio is a frazione and quartiere located at an altitude of 1,057 metres (3,468 feet ) on the Asiago plateau. This hamlet is contiguous with another hamlet, also named Rubbio, which is part of the commune of Conco. Thus, in practice, the two hamlets form one village (named Rubbio), even though they belong to two different communes from the administrative point of view.

Contrade

Officially, the contrade (in ven. contrae) are Campese, Marchesane, San Michele, Sant'Eusebio and Valrovina. From an administrative point of view these are also quartieri. However, in practice, some of these neighbourhoods themselves contain smaller inhabited areas (as streets, groups of houses) also called contrade: there are thus contrade within contrade. Besides, some places known as contrade exist also within other neighbourhoods which are officially simply defined as quartieri, but not contrade.

Quartieri

All the administrative subdivision (quartieri) of Bassano are: Centro Storico, Margnan-Conca d'oro, San Marco, San Vito, Ca'Baroncello, Quartiere Firenze, Nuovo Ospedale, San Lazzaro, San Fortunato, Borgo Zucco, Marchesane, Rondò Brenta, Angarano, Quartiere XXV Aprile, Sant'Eusebio, San Michele, Valrovina, Rubbio, Campese, Merlo, Quartiere Pré, Santa Croce.

Rubbio, with an area of 6.835 km2, is the largest quartiere of Bassano, but also the least populated (86 inhabitants in 2009).

Quartiere Prè (an old venetian plural meaning meadows, the modern ven. plural is prai), located in the southern lowland of Bassano, is the second least populated quartiere (299 inhabitants in 2009). Part of it hosts an industrial zone that also falls in the nearby San Lazzaro, but it also contains a considerable rural area which falls within the Parco rurale sovracomunale Civiltà delle Rogge regional park.

San Vito, in the north-eastern part of Bassano, is the most inhabited quartiere (5841 inhabitants in year 2009). It merges with the built-up areas of the bordering comunes Romano d'Ezzelino, San Giuseppe di Cassola and Pove del Grappa.

Territorial variations

Until 1928, the official name of Bassano del Grappa was simply Bassano (as it is still informally called today). In 1878, the neighbourhood of Campese, previously belonging to the commune of Campolongo sul Brenta is detached from Campolongo and aggregated to Bassano. In 1938, the commune of Valrovina, which also comprised Rubbio, is suppressed and aggregated to Bassano.

Notable people

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Bassano del Grappa is twinned with:

Bassano del Grappa, Piazza della Liberta Bassano del Grappa Piazza della Liberta.jpg
Bassano del Grappa, Piazza della Libertà

Main Industries in the Bassano del Grappa area

Related Research Articles

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References

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  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
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