Battle of Annan

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Coordinates: 54°59′24″N3°14′31″W / 54.990°N 3.242°W / 54.990; -3.242

Battle of Annan
Part of the Wars of Scottish Independence
Date16 December 1332
Location
Result Bruce loyalist victory
Belligerents
Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg Kingdom of Scotland Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg Disinherited Scots
Commanders and leaders
Sir Archibald Douglas
Moray Coat of Arms.svg John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray
Arms of Stewart.svg Robert Stewart
Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg Edward Balliol
Casualties and losses
Minimal About 100

The Battle of Annan, also known in the sources as the Camisade of Annan, took place on 16 December 1332 at Annan, Dumfries and Galloway in Scotland.

Edward Balliol had seized the Scottish crown three months earlier after the Battle of Dupplin Moor (10–11 August 1332). In October 1332, Sir Archibald Douglas, Guardian of Scotland made a truce with Balliol, supposedly to let the Scottish Parliament assemble and decide who their true king was. Emboldened by the truce, Balliol dismissed most of his English troops and moved to Annan on the north shore of the Solway Firth. He issued two public letters saying that with the help of England he had reclaimed his kingdom and acknowledged that Scotland had always been a fief of England. He also promised land for Edward III on the border, including Berwick-on-Tweed, and that he would serve Edward for the rest of his life.

In the early morning hours of 16 December 1332 Bruce loyalists led by Sir Archibald Douglas, John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray, Robert Stewart, and Simon Fraser made a surprise attacked on Balliol. Most of Balliol's men were killed, though he himself managed to escape through a hole in the wall and fled naked on horse to Carlisle, England. Edward's brother Henry Balliol died as a result of injuries sustained at the battle of Annan. The death of Henry ended the Balliol Scot dynasty as King Edward died childless in 1364.

Robert Stewart, the future King Robert II of Scotland, was sixteen years old at the Battle of Annan. The Bruce loyalists were supporters of eight year old King David II of Scotland, son of Robert the Bruce who had died on 7 June 1329.

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