|Battle of Changsha (1942)|
|Part of the Second Sino-Japanese War of World War II|
A Chinese soldier mounts his ZB vz. 26 light machine gun at Changsha, January 1942.
|Commanders and leaders|
|300,000 soldiers|| 120,000 soldiers |
600 pieces of artillery
|Casualties and losses|
| Japanese claim:|
American and Chinese claim:
The third Battle of Changsha (24 December 1941 – 15 January 1942) was the first major offensive in China by Imperial Japanese forces following the Japanese attack on the Western Allies.
The offensive was originally intended to prevent Chinese forces from reinforcing the British Commonwealth forces engaged in Hong Kong. With the capture of Hong Kong on 25 December, however, it was decided to continue the offensive against Changsha in order to maximize the blow against the Chinese government.
The offensive resulted in failure for the Japanese, as Chinese forces were able to lure them into a trap and encircle them. After suffering heavy casualties, Japanese forces were forced to carry out a general retreat.
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