Battle of Jemmingen

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Battle of Jemmingen
Part of the Eighty Years' War
Battle of Jemmingen by Frans Hogenberg.jpg
The Battle of Jemmingen by Frans Hogenberg.
Date21 July 1568
Location
Jemmingen, East Frisia
(present-day Germany)
Result Spanish victory [1]
Belligerents
Dutch Rebels Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spain
Commanders and leaders
Louis of Nassau Duke of Alba
Strength
10,000 infantry
2,000 cavalry
16 guns
12,000 infantry
3,000 cavalry
Casualties and losses
7,000 dead or wounded 80 dead
220 wounded

After the Battle of Heiligerlee, the Dutch rebel leader Louis of Nassau (brother of William the Silent) failed to capture the city Groningen. Louis was driven away by Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba and defeated at the Battle of Jemmingen (also known as Battle of Jemgum, at Jemgum in East Frisia - now part of Germany) on 21 July 1568.

Contents

Forces

The Spanish army consisted of 12,000 infantry (4 tercios), 3,000 cavalry, and some cannons. Louis of Nassau opposed them with 10,000 infantry (2 groups), some cavalry, and 16 cannons.

Battle

After three hours of skirmishes, Louis' army left its trenches and advanced. Pounded by effective musket fire and intimidated by the Spanish cavalry, the advance turned into a general retreat towards the river Ems.

Aftermath

On 19 May 1571 a statue of the Duke, cast from one of the captured bronze cannons, was placed in Antwerp citadel. After the Sack of Antwerp in 1576, the city joined the Dutch Revolt and in 1577 the statue was destroyed by an angry crowd.

Notes

  1. Laffin, John, Brassey's Dictionary of Battles, (Barnes & Noble, 1995), 212-213.

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References

Coordinates: 53°15′N7°23′E / 53.250°N 7.383°E / 53.250; 7.383