Battle of Kilrush

Last updated
Battle of Kilrush
Part of the Irish Confederate Wars
Date15 April 1642
Location
Kilrush, County Kildare
Result Royalist victory
Belligerents
Royal Standard of England (1603-1689).svg Royalists Green harp flag of Ireland 17th century.svg Irish Rebels
Commanders and leaders
Royal Standard of England (1603-1689).svg Duke of Ormonde Green harp flag of Ireland 17th century.svg Viscount Mountgarret
Strength
2,500 infantry
500 cavalry
8,000 infantry
400 cavalry
Casualties and losses
20 killed
40 wounded
700 killed [1]

The Battle of Kilrush was a battle at the start of the Eleven years war in Ireland, soon after the Irish Rebellion of 1641. It was fought on 15 April 1642 between a Royalist army under the Earl of Ormonde, and Richard Butler, 3rd Viscount Mountgarret, who led Confederate Irish troops raised during the Irish Rebellion of 1641. Ormonde and Mountgarret were cousins, both being members of the Butler dynasty.

Ireland Island in north-west Europe, 20th largest in world, politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (a part of the UK)

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

The Irish Rebellion of 1641 began as an attempted coup d'état by Irish Catholic gentry, who tried to seize control of the English administration in Ireland to force concessions for Catholics. The coup failed and the rebellion developed into an ethnic conflict between the Gaelic Irish and old English Catholics on one side, and both ethnically English Protestants and Scottish/Presbyterian planters on the other. This began a conflict known as the Irish Confederate Wars.

Cavalier royalist supporter during and following the English Civil War

The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration. It was later adopted by the Royalists themselves. Although it referred originally to political and social attitudes and behaviour, of which clothing was a very small part, it has subsequently become strongly identified with the fashionable clothing of the court at the time. Prince Rupert, commander of much of Charles I's cavalry, is often considered to be an archetypal Cavalier.

The Battle

Ormonde's troops left Dublin on 2 April and marched on unopposed from Naas to Athy (5 April) and on to Maryborough (now Portlaoise; 8 April), re-supplying the royalist garrisons and sending cavalry forces to support those at Carlow and Birr, before returning to Athy on 13 April. [2] Setting out at 6am on the 15th, and having decided to avoid a battle on their return march to Dublin, the government troops were blocked by Mountgarret’s rebel militias at Kilrush, 2 miles south of Suncroft, between Kilcullen and Moone in south-eastern County Kildare. Though outnumbered, Ormonde managed to defeat the rebels and marched on to Dublin by 17 April.

Dublin capital and largest city in Ireland

Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland. It is on the east coast of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, at the mouth of the River Liffey, and is bordered on the south by the Wicklow mountains. It has an urban area population of 1,173,179, while the population of the Dublin Region, as of 2016, was 1,347,359, and the population of the Greater Dublin area was 1,904,806.

Naas Town in Leinster, Ireland

Naas is the county town of County Kildare in Ireland. In 2016, it had a population of 21,393, making it the second largest town in County Kildare after Newbridge.

Athy Town in Leinster, Ireland

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The Dublin Penny Journal of the 1800s said that:

“The land in the neighbourhood of Inch Castle lies remarkably flat, with the exception of two ridges that run nearly parallel northward from the castle, with a marsh lying between. It was in these heights the armies of Ormond and Mountgarrett, in 1642, marched in sight of each other, the evening previous to the battle of Kilrush; that of Ormond on the high grounds of Ardscull, Fontstown, and Kilrush, whilst the rebel army under Mountgarrett, and attended by the Lords Dunboyne and Ikerrin, Roger O’More, Hugh O’Byrne, and other leaders of Leinster, proceeded in the same direction along the heights of Birtown, Ballyndrum, Glasshealy, and Narraghmore. Mountgarrett, having the advantage in numbers, and anxious for battle, out-marched Ormond’s forces, and posted himself on Bull Hill and Kilrush, completely intercepting Ormond’s further progress to Dublin; a general engagement became unavoidable. The left wing of the Irish was broken by the first charge; the right, animated by their leaders, maintained the contest for some time, but eventually fell back on a neighbouring eminence, since called Battlemount; here they broke, fled, and were pursued with great slaughter, across the grounds they had marched over the day before. This victory was considered of such consequence that Ormond was presented by the Irish Government with a jewel, value £50.” [3]

Baron Dunboyne was a title first held by the Petit family some time after the Norman invasion of Ireland.

Earl of Carrick (Ireland)

Earl of Carrick, in the barony of Iffa and Offa East, County Tipperary, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland.

Narraghmore Town in Leinster, Ireland

Narraghmore is a parish in County Kildare, Ireland. The Parish covers the villages of Ballytore, Calverstown, Crookstown, Kilmead and Narraghmore.

A contemporary account of the battle was given in the pamphlet:

"Captaine Yarner's Relation of the Battaile fought at Kilrush upon the 15th day of Aprill, by my Lord of Ormond, who with 2,500 Foot and 500 Horse, overthrew the Lord Mountgarret's Army, consisting of 8,000 Foot and 400 Horse, all well armed, and the choyce of eight Counties. Together with a Relation of the proceedings of our Army, from the second to the later end of Aprill, 1642." [4]

The Jacobite historian Thomas Carte's life of Ormonde (1736) describes the campaign and the battle casualties:

Jacobitism political ideology

Jacobitism was the name of the political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the House of Stuart to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The movement was named after Jacobus, the Latin form of James.

Thomas or John Carte was an English historian.

"In this battle there were twenty English slain, and about forty wounded ... the rebels lost above seven hundred killed outright, among which were several colonels.." [5]

Notes

  1. Carte, Life of Ormonde, p.252
  2. Carte, op cit., p.250 ff.
  3. http://www.kildare.ie/ehistory/2007/02/suncroft_parish_of_comerfords.asp
  4. "THE PICTORIAL PRESS ITS ORIGIN AND PROGRESS" BY MASON JACKSON, LONDON: HURST AND BLACKETT 1885
  5. Carte T., Life of Ormonde, 3 vols., 1735–1736; republished in 6 vols., Oxford, 1851, p.252

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