Battle of Raj Mahal

Last updated
Battle of Rajmahal
Part of Mughal invasion of Bengal
Date12 July 1576 [1]
Location
Result Decisive Mughal victory
Belligerents
Bengal Sultanate Flag.gif Bengal Sultanate Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Mughal Empire
Commanders and leaders
Bengal Sultanate Flag.gif Daud Khan Karrani
Bengal Sultanate Flag.gif Junaid Karrani 
Bengal Sultanate Flag.gif Kala Pahar 
Bengal Sultanate Flag.gif Khan Jahan  [2]
Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Akbar
Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Muzaffar Khan Turbati
Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Khan Jahan [1]
Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Raja Todar Mal [3]
Strength
Bengal Sultanate Flag.gif 50,000 [2] Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg unknown but larger than Bengal (during the first assault)
5000 cavalry reinforcement [4]
Casualties and losses
Bengal Sultanate Flag.gif HeavyAlam of the Mughal Empire.svg unknown

The Battle of Rajmahal was a battle that took place between the Mughal Empire and the Karrani Dynasty that ruled the Sultanate of Bengal in 16th century. The battle resulted in a decisive victory for the Mughals. During the battle, the last Sultan of Bengal, Daud Khan Karrani, was captured and later executed by the Mughals.

Mughal Empire dynastic empire extending over large parts of the Indian subcontinent

The Mughal Empire or Mogul Empire, was a large empire in South Asia. It was founded in 1526 and was formally dissolved in 1857.

Bengal Sultanate The sovereign power of Bengal for much of the 14th to 16th centuries

The Sultanate of Bengal (also known as the Bengal Sultanate; Bangalah and Shahi Bangalah was the sovereign power of Bengal for much of the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. It emerged after more than a century of rule by the Delhi Sultanate. The Bengal Sultanate was a cosmopolitan and important Muslim state in Asia. Described by the Europeans as the richest country to trade with, it was the first independent unified Bengali kingdom under Muslim rule. The region became widely known as Bangalah and Bengala under this kingdom. The two terms are precursors to the modern terms Bangla and Bengal. In European and Chinese accounts, the Bengal Sultanate was described as a major trading nation in the medieval period.

Daud Khan Karrani was the youngest son of the Bengali ruler Sulaiman Khan Karrani. During his father's reign, he commanded a massive army of 40,000 cavalry, 3,600 elephants, 140,000 infantry and 200 cannons. He invaded the southwestern regions of present-day India.

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References

  1. 1 2 Richards, John F. (1996). The Mughal Empire. Cambridge University Press. p. 33. ISBN   978-0-521-56603-2.
  2. 1 2 Bengal District Gazetteers Santal Parganas. Concept Publishing Company. 1914. pp. 26–.
  3. Ahmed, Salahuddin (2004). Bangladesh: Past and Present. APH Publishing. p. 63. ISBN   978-81-7648-469-5.
  4. "Rajmahal, The battle of". banglapedia.org.