Battle of Sumy

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Battle of Sumy
Part of the northern Ukraine offensive of the Russian invasion of Ukraine
Storage building in Sumy after shelling during Russian invasion, 18 March 2022 (01).jpg
Storage building in Sumy after shelling during Russian invasion, 18 March 2022
Date24 February – 4 April 2022
(1 month, 1 week and 4 days)
Location
Sumy, Sumy Oblast, Ukraine
Result Ukrainian victory
Belligerents
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Units involved

Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg  Russian Armed Forces

Ensign of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg  Ukrainian Armed Forces

Casualties and losses
Per Ukraine:
104 soldiers captured [1]
96-100 tanks destroyed
20 BM-21 Grad vehicles destroyed
8 fuel carriers destroyed [2]
Per Ukraine:
81+ killed [3] [4] [5]
12+ wounded [6]
Per Ukraine: At least 100 civilians killed [7] [8] [9] [10]

The battle of Sumy was a military engagement which began on 24 February 2022, during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, as part of the northern Ukraine offensive, and ended on 4 April 2022 when Russia withdrew all of its forces from Sumy Oblast. [11]

Contents

On 24 February 2022, the Russian army attempted to capture Sumy, located near the Russia–Ukraine border. Ukrainian paratroopers and territorial defense forces began engaging Russian forces within the city, resulting in heavy urban fighting and the destruction of a Russian tank column. [12] [13] [14] [15] That evening, Ukraine's paratroopers were ordered to withdraw from the city, leaving the city's defense to the a few thousand local volunteers armed with rifles, limited anti-tank weapons and no armed vehicles or heavy weaponry. After four days of failing to capture the city, Russia shifted to encircle and bypass the city, where they were then subject to guerrilla ambushes. [16]

On 4 April 2022, Governor of Sumy Oblast Dmytro Zhyvytskyi stated that Russian troops no longer occupied any towns or villages in Sumy Oblast and had mostly withdrawn, while Ukrainian troops were working to push out the remaining units. [11]

Battle

A damaged building in Sumy on 27 February 2022 Boyi za Sumi - 2.jpg
A damaged building in Sumy on 27 February 2022

Russian tanks and units began to move into Sumy on 24 February 2022, and fighting began on the outskirts at 03:00. [17] There was an extensive amount of urban warfare between the Ukrainian defenders and Russian forces. A church in Sumy was burned down as a result of the battle. [18]

The fighting between the two forces continued at about 22:30 on 24 February near the Sumy State University, where the Ukrainian 27th Artillery Brigade was stationed. At 01:39 on 25 February, reports said that the Russian forces had retreated from the city. [19] [20]

On 26 February, fighting again broke out on the streets of Sumy. [21] Russian forces were able to capture half of the city. By the end of the day, Ukrainian forces had recaptured the entire city. [20] Ukrainian forces also allegedly destroyed a convoy of Russian fuel trucks. [22] Mayor Oleksandr Lysenko reported three civilian deaths on 26 February, including one killed when Russian BM-21 Grad vehicles fired missiles into Veretenivka, a residential area in the eastern part of Sumy. [23] [9]

Evacuation attempts at the destroyed building in Veretenivka Boyi za Sumi - 3.jpg
Evacuation attempts at the destroyed building in Veretenivka

On the morning of 27 February, a column of Russian vehicles advanced into Sumy from the east. [24] A civilian car was shot at, resulting in civilian casualties. [7] [25] Russian forces reportedly ran out of supplies and began attempting to loot markets. [26]

On 28 February, Ukrainian forces claimed that Ukrainian Baykar Bayraktar TB2 unmanned combat aerial vehicles destroyed many Russian vehicles, including 96-100 tanks, 20 BM-21 Grad vehicles, and 8 fuel carriers near Lebedyn. [2]

On 1 March, over 70 Ukrainian troops were killed during an attack on a military barracks in Okhtyrka. [27]

Evacuation attempts by bus via "green corridors" Evakuatsiia liudei iz Sum 2022 03 08.jpg
Evacuation attempts by bus via "green corridors"

On 3 March, Dmytro Zhyvytskyi, governor of Sumy Oblast, stated that five people were injured from shelling on buildings of the 27th Artillery Brigade and the military department at Sumy State University. [28] More than 500 international students were trapped since roads and bridges out of the city had been destroyed and fighting was reported in the streets of Sumy. [29]

Zhyvytskyi stated on 8 March that 22 civilians and four soldiers were killed overnight due to a Russian airstrike hitting a residential area. [30] An evacuation of civilians from the city began during the day under an agreement for a humanitarian corridor reached with Russia. Zhyvytskyi later stated that about 5,000 people were evacuated during the day. [31] [32]

Russian prisoners of war captured during the battle. Military of the Russian Federation captured during the Battle of Sumy.jpg
Russian prisoners of war captured during the battle.

On 21 March, an airstrike damaged a fertilizer factory in Sumy, leaking out ammonia and contaminating the surrounding ground. [33] Russia denied that it was responsible and instead suggested the incident was a false flag operation by Ukraine. [34]

On 4 April 2022, Governor Zhyvytskyi declared that Russian troops no longer occupied any towns or villages in Sumy Oblast and had mostly withdrawn. [11] According to Zhyvytskyi, Ukrainian troops were working to push out the remaining units. [11] On 8 April 2022, he stated that all Russians troops had left Sumy Oblast, but it was still unsafe due to rigged explosives and other ammunition Russian troops had left behind. [35]

Renewed skirmishes

Despite Russian forces withdrawing fully from Sumy Oblast by early April, airstrikes continued throughout April and May.[ citation needed ]

In mid-May, Russian troops made numerous attempted border crossings in the Sumy area. [36] On 17 May, 5 civilians were wounded by Russian shelling in Sumy Oblast. [37] Shelling of the region from Russia continued for the remainder of the year.[ citation needed ]

See also

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References

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