Battle of the Mona Passage

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Battle of the Mona Passage
Part of American Revolutionary War [1]
Mona Passage 19 april 1782.jpg
The capture of the French 64-gun ships Caton and Jason by the Valiant in the Mona Passage, 19 April 1782
Date19 April 1782
Location 18°30′N68°0′W / 18.500°N 68.000°W / 18.500; -68.000 Coordinates: 18°30′N68°0′W / 18.500°N 68.000°W / 18.500; -68.000
Result British victory
Belligerents
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg  Great Britain Royal Standard of the King of France.svg  France
Commanders and leaders
Naval Ensign of Great Britain (1707-1800).svg Samuel Hood Flag of the Kingdom of France (1814-1830).svg Georges-François de Framond
Strength
10 ships of the line
1 frigate
1 fire ship
2 ships of the line
2 frigates
1 corvette
Casualties and losses
10 killed
14 wounded [2]
2 ships of the line captured
1 frigate captured
1 corvette captured
1,300 captured [3]

The Battle of the Mona Passage was a naval engagement on 19 April 1782 taking place in the aftermath of the Battle of the Saintes between Britain and France during the American Revolutionary War. [4] [5] A British fleet under Rear-Admiral Sir Samuel Hood, pursued a small French fleet under Georges-François de Framond which had managed to escape the victorious British fleet a week earlier. The two fleets met and engaged at the Mona Passage where the British overtook and captured four French ships, two of which were 64-gun ships of the line. [6]

Contents

Events

Background

Between 9 April 1782 and 12 April 1782 a British fleet under Admiral George Brydges Rodney engaged and defeated a French fleet under the Comte de Grasse at the battle of the Saintes, thus frustrating French plans for an invasion of Jamaica. [7] The British fleet made its way to Jamaica, from where Rodney ordered Rear-Admiral Sir Samuel Hood's division to seek out any disabled or damaged French ships that had escaped the battle. On 17 April Hood's division of ten ships set out toward Saint-Domingue. [8]

Battle

Both of these ships were in the Mona Passage, the strait separating Hispaniola and Puerto Rico and were making sail for Cap-Français along with several smaller ships, when Hood's squadron spotted the French. [5] These were under the command of Georges-François de Framond and the ships were in a poor state; the French 64-gun ship of the line Caton under Georges-François de Framond [9] had been damaged in the initial encounter at the battle of the Saintes on 9 April, and the Jason, also 64 guns, had been damaged the following day when it collided with the heavily-damaged Zélé. Hood chased down the French ships, the faster copper-sheathed British ships outpacing the damaged French ships. HMS Valiant captured both Jason and Caton at the cost of four men killed and six wounded, whilst HMS Magnificent captured the frigate Aimable [Note 1] [10] at the cost of four killed and eight wounded. [11] Champion captured the frigate Astrée, but the latter managed to escape with minimal damage. [6]

Aftermath

Following this victory Hood rendezvoused with Rodney at Port Royal on 29 April. As a result of the damage the fleet had sustained in both battles, repairs took nine weeks. [12]

The captured French ships were taken back to England for further use. Jason was renamed HMS Argonaut, while Caton was used as a prisoner of war hospital ship and moored off Saltash in Cornwall. She continued in this role well into the Napoleonic Wars. [13] Aimable was renamed HMS Aimable and served in the Royal Navy until 1811. [14] Cérès, a former British sloop by the same name, became HMS Raven; the French recaptured her in January 1783 and sold her in 1791. Framond was court-martialed on 27 February 1783 and found guilty and was expelled from the Navy. [15]

Order of battle

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References

Notes
  1. Aimable had been launched on 20 July 1776
Citations
  1. Tucker 2013, pp. 373–75.
  2. Allen, Joseph (1852). Battles of the British Navy'. London: Henry Bohn. p. 343.
  3. Southey, Thomas (1827). Chronological History of the West Indies by Captain Thomas Southey. In Three Volumes: 2. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green. p. 533.
  4. Winfield 2007, p. 111.
  5. 1 2 Harvey 2004, p. 530.
  6. 1 2 Allen 1852, p. 343.
  7. Eggenberger 1985, p. 376.
  8. Mahan 2013, p. 224.
  9. Contenson, Ludovic (1934). La Société des Cincinnati de France et la guerre d'Amérique (1778-1783). Paris: éditions Auguste Picard. p. 180. OCLC   7842336.
  10. Demerliac 1996, p. 68.
  11. Southey 1827, p. 533.
  12. Fraser, Edward (1904). Famous Fighters of the Fleet: Glimpses Through the Cannon Smoke in the Days of the Old Navy. Kessinger Publishing.
  13. Moseley, Brian (May 2011). "Prison Ships". The Encyclopaedia of Plymouth History. Plymouth Data. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  14. Ships of the Old Navy: HMS Aimable
  15. Contenson 1934, p. 180.

Bibliography