Bavarian State Opera

Last updated
National Theatre Munich exterior Bayerische Staatsoper - Munchen - 2013.jpg
National Theatre Munich exterior

The Bavarian State Opera (German: Bayerische Staatsoper) is an opera company based in Munich, Germany. Its orchestra is the Bavarian State Orchestra. The company's home base is the National Theatre Munich.

Contents

History

National Theatre Munich interior Munchen Nationaltheater Interior.jpg
National Theatre Munich interior

The parent ensemble of the company was founded in 1653, under Electress consort Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, when Giovanni Battista Maccioni's L'arpa festante was performed in the court theatre. [1] In 1753, the Residence Theatre (Cuvilliés Theatre) was opened as a major stage. [2] While opera performances were also held in the Prinzregententheater (completed in 1901), [3] the company's home base is the National Theatre Munich on Max-Joseph-Platz. [4]

In 1875, the Munich Opera Festival took place for the first time. Sir Peter Jonas became the general manager in 1993, [5] the first British general manager of any major German-speaking opera house. In 2008, Nikolaus Bachler became general manager of the opera company. The current general music direktor of the company is Kirill Petrenko, since 2013. In 2014, the Bavarian State Opera received the Opernhaus des Jahres (opera house of the year) award from Opernwelt magazine. [6] In October 2015, the company announced the extensions of the current respective contracts of Bachler and of Petrenko through August 2021. Petrenko is scheduled to work as a guest conductor with the company in the final year of his current contract, the 2020–2021 season. [7] [8] Both Bachler and Petrenko are scheduled to stand down from their respective posts at the close of the 2020–2021 season. In March 2018, the company announced the appointments of Serge Dorny as its next general manager, and of Vladimir Jurowski as its next Generalmusikdirektor, both effective with the 2021–2022 season. [9]

General managers

General music directors

World premieres

DateOperaComposerLibrettoLocation
2 October 1753 Catone in Utica Ferrandini Metastasio Residence Theatre
13 January 1775 La finta giardiniera Mozart Giuseppe Petrosellini (?)Salvator Theatre
29 January 1781 Idomeneo Mozart Giambattista Varesco Residence Theatre
1 February 1782Semiramide Salieri MetastasioResidence Theatre
27 January 1807Iphigenie in Aulis Franz Danzi Karl RegerResidence Theatre
4 June 1811 Abu Hassan Weber Franz Carl HiemerResidence Theatre
23 December 1812 Jephtas Gelübde Meyerbeer Aloys SchreiberResidence Theatre
10 June 1865 Tristan und Isolde Wagner Wagner National Theatre
21 June 1868 Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg WagnerWagnerNational Theatre
22 September 1869 Das Rheingold WagnerWagnerNational Theatre
26 June 1870 Die Walküre WagnerWagnerNational Theatre
29 June 1888 Die Feen WagnerWagnerNational Theatre
23 January 1897 Königskinder (Melodrama) Humperdinck Elsa Bernstein National Theatre
10 October 1897Sarema Alexander von Zemlinsky Alexander and Adolf von Zemlinsky, Arnold Schönberg National Theatre
22 January 1899 Der Bärenhäuter Siegfried Wagner Siegfried WagnerNational Theatre
27 November 1903 Le donne curiose Wolf-Ferrari Luigi Sugana (German by Hermann Teibler)Residence Theatre
19 March 1906 I quatro rusteghi Wolf-FerrariGiuseppe Pizzolato (German by Hermann Teibler)National Theatre
11 December 1906 Das Christ-Elflein Hans Pfitzner Pfitzner and Ilse von Stach National Theatre
4 December 1909 Il segreto di Susanna Wolf-FerrariEnrico Golisciani (German by Max Kalbeck)National Theatre
28 March 1916 Der Ring des Polykrates / Violanta Korngold Leo Feld and Julius Korngold / Hans Müller-Einigen National Theatre
12 June 1917 Palestrina Hans PfitznerPfitzner Prinzregententheater
30 November 1920 Die Vögel Walter Braunfels Braunfels (play by Aristophanes)National Theatre
24 July 1938 Friedenstag Richard Strauss Joseph Gregor and Stefan Zweig National Theatre
5 February 1939 Der Mond Carl Orff OrffNational Theatre
28 October 1942 Capriccio Richard Strauss Strauss and Clemens Krauss National Theatre
11 August 1957 Die Harmonie der Welt Paul Hindemith HindemithPrinzregententheater
9 July 1978 Lear Aribert Reimann Claus H. Henneberg National Theatre
6 July 1991 Ubu Rex Penderecki Penderecki and Jerzy Jarocki (play by Alfred Jarry)National Theatre
17 July 2003 Das Gesicht im Spiegel Jörg Widmann Roland Schimmelpfennig Cuvilliés Theatre
30 June 2007 Alice in Wonderland Unsuk Chin David Henry Hwang National Theatre
22 February 2010Die Tragödie des Teufels Peter Eötvös Albert OstermaierNational Theatre
27 October 2012 Babylon Jörg Widmann Peter Sloterdijk National Theatre

Related Research Articles

Wolfgang Sawallisch German conductor and pianist

Wolfgang Sawallisch was a German conductor and pianist.

Hamburg State Opera opera building in Hamburg, Germany

The Hamburg State Opera is a German opera company based in Hamburg. Its theatre is located near the square of Gänsemarkt. Since 2015, the current Intendant of the company is Georges Delnon, and the current Generalmusikdirektor of the company is Kent Nagano.

Helen Donath American soprano

Helen Jeanette Donath is an American soprano with a career spanning fifty years.

Cheryl Studer is an American dramatic soprano who has sung at many of the world's foremost opera houses. Studer has performed more than eighty roles ranging from the dramatic repertoire to roles more commonly associated with lyric sopranos and coloratura sopranos, and, in her late stage, mezzo-sopranos. She is particularly known for her interpretations of the works of Richard Strauss and Richard Wagner.

Harry Alfred Robert Kupfer was a German opera director and academic. A long-time director at the Komische Oper Berlin, he worked at major opera houses and at festivals internationally. Trained by Walter Felsenstein, he worked in the tradition of realistic directing. At the Bayreuth Festival, he staged Wagner's Der fliegende Holländer in 1978 and Der Ring des Nibelungen in 1988. At the Salzburg Festival, he directed the premiere of Penderecki's Die schwarze Maske in 1986 and Der Rosenkavalier by Richard Strauss in 2014.

National Theatre Munich opera house in Max-Joseph-Platz in Munich, Germany, home to the Bavarian State Opera and Ballet

The National Theatre on Max-Joseph-Platz in Munich, Germany, is a historic opera house, home of the Bavarian State Opera, Bavarian State Orchestra and the Bavarian State Ballet.

Bavarian State Orchestra orchestra

The Bavarian State Orchestra is the orchestra of the Bavarian State Opera in Munich, Germany. It has given its own series of concerts, the Akademiekonzerte, since 1811.

Gustav Neidlinger was a German bass-baritone most famous as the pre-eminent leading performer of Wagner's "howling-and-spitting" villains, especially Alberich and Klingsor, from the early 1950s to the early 1970s. Born in Mainz, Neidlinger studied at the Frankfurt conservatory, where he was trained by Otto Rottsieper. He debuted in 1931 at the Stadttheater in Mainz, where he sang until 1934. In 1934 and 1935, he performed at the Stadttheater in Plauen, Sachsen. From 1935 to 1950, he was a member of the Hamburg opera, where In 1937 he took part in the world premiere of the opera Schwarzer Peter by Norbert Schultze. In 1950, he joined the Stuttgart Staatsoper, where he became very popular and was, in 1977, named an honorary member. In Stuttgart, he sang in Igor Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress. In 1956 he moved to the Vienna Staatsoper, where he had sung as early as 1941. He also sang at the Paris Opéra (1953–67) and at Covent Garden in London in tandem with the Stuttgart ensemble. He was honored with the title German Kammersänger in 1952.

Bernd Aldenhoff Wagnerian opera singer

Bernd Aldenhoff was a German Heldentenor.

Clemens Erwein Heinrich Karl Bonaventura Freiherr von und zu Franckenstein was a German opera composer, studying in Vienna, Austria, and later in Munich, Germany, with Ludwig Thuille and at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt with Iwan Knorr. After a visit to the USA he conducted the Moody-Manners Opera Company in England from 1902–1907, then worked at the court theatres of Wiesbaden and Berlin, until the court theaters were abolished after the First World War. He was general director of the Bayerische Staatsoper in Munich. He produced the Munich Opera Festival through 1934 when he was forced out by Nazi prohibitions.

Jörn Arnecke is a German composer.

Wolfgang Ablinger-Sperrhacke

Wolfgang Ablinger-Sperrhacke is an Austrian operatic tenor.

Nikolaus Bachler Austrian actor

Nikolaus Bachler, is an Austrian theater and opera director and actor.

Cornelia Wulkopf is a German operatic mezzo-soprano and contralto. A long-time member of the Bavarian State Opera, she has performed leading parts at international opera houses and festivals. She made her debut at the Bayreuth Festival in the Jahrhundertring and sang in Franz Schmidt's Das Buch mit sieben Siegeln at the Salzburg Festival.

Rosl Schwaiger was an Austrian operatic coloratura soprano. She was a member of the Vienna State Opera and the Bayerische Staatsoper, known for singing Mozart roles such as Blonde, Susanna and Zerlina. She appeared at European opera houses and festivals and was especially popular at the Salzburg Festival, where she appeared for decades in opera and sacred concerts.

Kieth Engen singer

Kieth Engen was an American operatic bass who was a member of Munich's Bavarian State Opera for decades. Although his career was based in Munich, he appeared internationally as a guest singer at major opera houses and festivals and performed and recorded many of Bach's Passion oratorios and cantatas, primarily with the conductor Karl Richter. He was born Keith Sheldon Engen in Frazee, Minnesota, and died in Murnau am Staffelsee, Germany at the age of 79. He was given the title of Kammersänger in 1962 and was a recipient of the Bavarian Order of Merit. In the mid-1950s he also had a brief parallel career as a pop singer under the pseudonym Stan Oliver.

Waltraud Isoldé Elchlepp is a German protest song singer under the pseudonym Dominique, and an operatic mezzo-soprano and soprano who appeared at major German opera houses and festivals including the Bayreuth Festival. She took part in world premieres such as Reimann's Das Schloß and Bernarda Albas Haus at the Bavarian State Opera. Besides the standard repertoire, she appeared in roles such as Othmar Schoeck's Penthesilea at the Staatsoper Hannover.

Franz Klarwein was a German operatic lyric tenor and later character tenor. He was a member of the Bavarian State Opera from 1942 to 1977, and also appeared at international opera houses and festivals, especially in roles by Richard Strauss. Scheduled to sing in the 1944 world premiere of Die Liebe der Danae at the Salzburg Festival, which did not take place, he performed in both the English premiere at the Royal Opera House in London and the Swiss premiere at the Opernhaus Zürich. He sang in world premieres such as Capriccio in 1942, Hindemith's Die Harmonie der Welt in 1957, and Ján Cikker's Das Spiel von Liebe und Tod in 1969.

Ina Gerhein is the stage name of Sabine Heinzinger, a German operatic mezzo-soprano and contralto who was a long-term member of the Bavarian State Opera.

Adele Kern real name Adele Kern-Klein was a German operatic and operetta coloratura soprano. She was known for her technical perfection and joy of playing. From 1927 to 1935, she sang at the Salzburg Festival as well as at the state operas of Vienna, Berlin and Munich.

References

  1. Warrack, John (2001). German Opera: From the Beginnings to Wagner, pp. 27–28. Cambridge University Press. ISBN   0521235324
  2. Brug, Manuel (16 June 2008). "München hat ein neues Rokoko-Prachtstück". Die Welt (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  3. Frank, Werner (10 March 2001). "Klein-Bayreuth an der Isar". Die Welt (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  4. Schönbauer, Sina (15 June 2016). "Die Bayerische Staatsoper ist die drittgrößte Bühne Europas". Focus (in German). Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  5. Spahn, Claus (19 November 1993). "Die Droge Oper". Die Zeit (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  6. "Bayerische Staatsoper ist Opernhaus des Jahres". Die Welt (Press release). Munich. dpa. 30 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  7. "Kirill Petrenko und Nikolaus Bachler verlängern ihre Verträge" (Press release). Bavarian State Opera. 13 October 2015. Archived from the original on 2017-12-13. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
  8. Matthias Wulff (13 October 2015). "Kirill Petrenko kommt später als erwartet nach Berlin". Berliner Morgenpost. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  9. Michael Cooper (2018-03-06). "An Opera Powerhouse, Munich, Picks Its Next Leaders". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-03-07.