Baviácora

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Baviácora is a small town and the municipal seat of the surrounding municipality of the Mexican state of Sonora. The geographical coordinates are 29°42′N110°09′W / 29.700°N 110.150°W / 29.700; -110.150 .

Baviácora Municipality Municipality in Sonora, Mexico

Municipality of Baviácora is a municipality ('county') in Sonora in northwestern Mexico.

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

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Location and Boundaries

The municipality is located almost in the center of the state at a distance of 125 kilometers from the state capital, Hermosillo, in the valley of the Río Sonora. In the north is the municipality of Aconchi, in the south the municipalities of Ures and Villa Pesqueira, in the east the municipality of Cumpas and in the west the municipalities of Ures and Rayón. See map at . The town is situated at an elevation of 620 meters above sea level.

Area and Population

The area of the municipality is 858.96 km². The population in 2005 was 3,404 with (3,724 in 2000) with 1,974 residing in the municipal seat (2000 INEGI).

Climate

The climate is hot and dry. From June to September the average high is 30.1° while from December to January the average minimum is 13.5°C. The annual average temperature is 22.7°C.

Education and Health Care

There are only primary and middle schools. Students need to travel to Hermosillo or Ures for a secondary- school education. There is no hospital. Healthcare is provided by public clinics, which provide only non-specialized care.

Economic Activity

The economy is highly dependent on agriculture and cattle raising. The main crops are corn and beans. Grasses are grown for cattle fodder. The cattle herd numbered over 17,000 head in 2000.

There are micro-industries and one assembly plant (maquiladora), which manufactures clothing.

Tourist attractions

The main tourist attraction is the mission church of Nuestra Señora de la Concepción de Banácora.

History

In 1639 the Portuguese Jesuit missionary Bartolomé Castaños established the mission of Nuestra Señora de la Concepción de Baviácora. The name Baviácora is a transliteration of the Opata word "babícori," the mint that grows along the Río Sonora. Before this, in 1639, the Opata had been conquered by the Spanish general Pedro de Perea. Baviácora became a municipality in 1931.

Ópata is either of two closely related Uto-Aztecan languages, Teguima and Eudeve, spoken by the Opata people of northern central Sonora in Mexico. It was believed to be dead already in 1930, and Carl Sofus Lumholtz reported the Opata to have become "Mexicanized" and lost their language and customs already when traveling through Sonora in the 1890s. In a 1993 survey by the Instituto Nacional Indigenista fifteen people in the Mexican Federal District self-identified as speakers of Ópata. This may not mean however that the language was actually living, since linguistic nomenclature in Mexico is notoriously fuzzy. Sometimes Eudeve is called Opata, a term which should be restricted to Teguima. Eudeve and Teguima are distinct languages, but sometimes have been considered merely dialects of one single language. The INALI does not count Opata among the currently extant indigenous languages of Mexico.

Sources consulted

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