Beaufort-en-Argonne

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Beaufort-en-Argonne
Location of Beaufort-en-Argonne
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Beaufort-en-Argonne
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Beaufort-en-Argonne
Coordinates: 49°28′22″N5°06′51″E / 49.4728°N 5.1142°E / 49.4728; 5.1142 Coordinates: 49°28′22″N5°06′51″E / 49.4728°N 5.1142°E / 49.4728; 5.1142
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Meuse
Arrondissement Verdun
Canton Stenay
Intercommunality Pays de Stenay
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Guy Santoire
Area
1
11.09 km2 (4.28 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01) [1]
145
  Density13/km2 (34/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
55037 /55700
Elevation175–245 m (574–804 ft)
(avg. 190 m or 620 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Beaufort-en-Argonne is a commune in the Meuse department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Meuse (department) Department of France

Meuse is a department in northeast France, named after the River Meuse. Meuse is part of the current region of Grand Est and is surrounded by the French departments of Ardennes, Marne, Haute-Marne, Vosges, Meurthe-et-Moselle, and has a short border with Belgium on the north. Parts of Meuse belong to Parc naturel régional de Lorraine. Front lines in trench warfare during World War I ran varying courses through the department and it hosted an important battle/offensive in 1916 in and around Verdun.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Contents

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1962163    
1968181+11.0%
1975178−1.7%
1982186+4.5%
1990174−6.5%
1999170−2.3%
2007161−5.3%
2009156−3.1%

History

Beaufort was the site of the final shot of World War I: a 95-pound shell fired at 10:59:59 AM [2] on 11 November 1918 from a 155mm howitzer nicknamed Calamity Jane, belonging to Battery E of the U.S. 11th Field Artillery, which was entrenched east of the town. [3] The target is uncertain, but was probably the railway between Metz and Sedan. [4]

World War I 1914–1918 global war originating in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Armistice of 11 November 1918 armistice during First World War between Allies and Germany

The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice signed at Le Francport near Compiègne that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their opponent, Germany. Previous armistices had been agreed with Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Also known as the Armistice of Compiègne from the place where it was signed at 5:45 a.m. by the French Marshal Foch, it came into force at 11:00 a.m. Paris time on 11 November 1918 and marked a victory for the Allies and a defeat for Germany, although not formally a surrender.

Canon de 155 C modèle 1917 Schneider

The Canon de 155 C modèle 1917 Schneider, often abbreviated as the C17S, was a French howitzer designed by Schneider. It was essentially the Canon de 155 C modèle 1915 Schneider fitted with a different breech to use bagged propellant rather than the cartridge cases used by the older howitzer. It was used by France, Italy, Russian Empire, Belgium and the United States from 1917 during World War I and was widely exported after the war. Surviving weapons were in service with France, Poland, Greece, Italy, Belgium, the United States and Finland during World War II. Captured weapons were used by the Germans for their 2nd-line artillery and coast defense units.

Government

The communities representative for the National Assembly of France is Jean-Louis Dumont.

Jean-Louis Dumont is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the Meuse department, and is a member of the Socialiste, radical, citoyen et divers gauche.

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE . Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. "11th FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT". 25thIDA.org. 25th Infantry Division Association. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  3. Hymel, Kevin (20 January 2015). "The Last Ones to Fire: The 11th Field Artillery in World War I". ArmyHistory.org. Campaign for the National Museum of the United States Army. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  4. "11th FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT". 25thIDA.org. 25th Infantry Division Association. Retrieved 11 November 2018.