Beaujeu, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence

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Beaujeu
Village de Beaujeu.JPG
The church in Beaujeu
Blason Beaujeu.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Beaujeu
Beaujeu, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Beaujeu
Provence-Alpes-Cote d'azur region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Beaujeu
Coordinates: 44°12′15″N6°22′20″E / 44.2042°N 6.3722°E / 44.2042; 6.3722 Coordinates: 44°12′15″N6°22′20″E / 44.2042°N 6.3722°E / 44.2042; 6.3722
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Arrondissement Digne-les-Bains
Canton Seyne
Intercommunality Provence-Alpes-Agglomération
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Patrick Bernardini
Area
1
45.68 km2 (17.64 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
128
  Density2.8/km2 (7.3/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
04024 /04420
Elevation821–2,153 m (2,694–7,064 ft)
(avg. 880 m or 2,890 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Beaujeu (French pronunciation:  [boʒø] ; Occitan : Bèujuec) is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France. [2]

Contents

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Beaujolais or Beaujolaises. [3]

Geography

Beaujeu is located some 30 km east of Sisteron and 20 km north-east of Digne-les-Bains at an altitude of 880 m. Access to the commune is by the D900 road from Le Vernet in the north which passes through the length of the commune and continues south to Digne. The commune is rugged and mountainous. [4] [5]

An enormous number of streams rise all over the commune which mostly converge on the Arigéol which flows south to join the Bléone at La Javie. [4] [5]

Geology

The mountains around Beaujeu are composed of black shale.

Relief

Environment

The commune has 2793 hectares of woods and forests - 61% of its area. [6]

Hamlets

  • Boullard
  • le Clucheret
  • l'Escale
  • Fonfrède
  • le Labouret
  • Saint-Pierre
  • les Traverses-Hautes
  • le Villard

Natural and technological risks

None of the 200 communes in the department is in a no seismic risk zone. The Canton of La Javie to which Beaujeu belongs is in zone 1b (low risk) according to the deterministic classification of 1991 and based on its seismic history and in zone 4 (medium risk) according to the probabilistic classification EC8 of 2011. Beaujeu also faces four other natural hazards: [7]

Beaujeu is also exposed to a risk of technological origin, namely the carriage of dangerous goods on the highway. [7]

There is no plan for prevention of foreseeable natural risks (PPR) for the commune and there is no DICRIM. [7]

The town has been subject to several natural disasters for flooding, mudslides, and landslides in 1986, 1994, and 1996. [8] The landslide on 18 May 1996 carried away two 20,000 volt power pylons. [9]

Toponymy

The term for the locality in 1147 comes from the Latin bellom jugum, meaning "beautiful mountain". [10] [11] It then became Bèl jog, a confusion with the Occitan bèl joc which means beau jeu in French. [10]

The name of the hamlet Clucheret seems to come from its status as a parish which would have earned it the name of Clocher (Bell tower). [12]

The name of the Chappe summit (1667 m) which borders Prads-Haute-Bléone is in memory of the existence of a semaphore visual telegraph relay station called telegraph Chappe after Claude Chappe who designed it in 1794.

Beaujeu appears as Beaujou on the 1750 Cassini Map [13] and as Beaujun on the 1790 version. [14]

History

In Ancient times the Bodiontici populated the Bléone valley as well as the Gauls who lived in the current commune of Beaujeu. The Bodiontici were defeated by Augustus at the same time as the other people present on the Tropaeum Alpium before 14 BC. The commune was attached to the province of Alpes-Maritimes at the time of its creation. [15]

According to an inventory of the property of the Abbey of St. Victor, Marseille, the abbey are owned several tenures and bergeries among which la Bouisse, Champ Premier, la Sébière, and Auche can be identified. Later there were three distinct communities, each with its church at Beaujeu, Le Clucheret, and Saint-Pierre-des-Auches. The Church of Saint Peter was originally built higher and the priory depended on the Augustinian Abbey of Valence. [12] [16]

The locality appears for the first time in charters of 1147 (Beljog), [17] and a Motte-and-bailey castle was built in the 11th century at a place called La Tour. [18]

The barony of Beaujeu extended over the communities of Mariaud and Clucheiret. [19] A toll was established on the Col de Labouret road at the end of the Middle Ages. [20]

In 1309, William of Roumoules was reported as lord of Roumoules, Beaujeu, Bédéjun, Bras-d'Asse, Entrages, Majastres, Vergons, and Estoublon. [21] The death of Queen Joanna I of Naples reopened a crisis of succession to head the county of Provence and the cities of the Union of Aix (1382-1387) supported Charles, Duke of Durazzo, against Louis I of Anjou. The lord of Beaujeu and Mariaud, Gui Saint-Marcial, supported the Duke of Anjou in spring 1382, this support being conditional on the participation of the Duke in the relief expedition for the Queen. [22]

During the French Revolution the commune had a patriotic society, founded after the end of 1792. [23]

The French coup d'état of 1851 committed by Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte against the French Second Republic provoked an armed uprising in the Lower Alps in defence of the Constitution. After the failure of the uprising there was a severe crackdown on those who stood up to defend the Republic which included one inhabitant of Beaujeu. [24]

As with many communes in the department Beaujeu had a school well before the Jules Ferry laws. In 1775 it already has a school that opened in winter. [12] In 1863 there were four: in the main village and in remote villages (Saint-Pierre, Boulard, and Fontfrède), which provided primary education for boys. No instruction was given to girls: neither the Falloux Laws (1851), which required the opening of a girls' school in communes of over 800 inhabitants nor the first Duruy Law (1867), which lowers the threshold to 500 inhabitants, concerned Beaujeu. The subsidies from the second Duruy Act (1877) were used to build a new school and remodel another. It was only with the Ferry laws that the girls of Beaujeu were regularly educated. [25]

Heraldry

Arms of Beaujeu Blason Beaujeu.svg
Arms of Beaujeu
Blazon:

Chequy, Or and Azure.

Administration

List of Successive Mayors [26]

FromToName
20012008Jean-Pierre Brovelli
20082020Brigitte Bonnet
20202026Patrick Bernardini

Demography

In 2017 the commune had 130 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 372    
1800 265−4.73%
1806 334+3.93%
1821 418+1.51%
1831 450+0.74%
1836 408−1.94%
1841 444+1.71%
1846 440−0.18%
1851 415−1.16%
1856 349−3.40%
1861 360+0.62%
1866 340−1.14%
1872 329−0.55%
1876 321−0.61%
1881 302−1.21%
1886 303+0.07%
1891 265−2.64%
1896 261−0.30%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 271+0.75%
1906 233−2.98%
1911 252+1.58%
1921 190−2.78%
1926 165−2.78%
1931 143−2.82%
1936 136−1.00%
1946 145+0.64%
1954 131−1.26%
1962 121−0.99%
1968 92−4.46%
1975 110+2.59%
1982 109−0.13%
1990 129+2.13%
1999 152+1.84%
2007 155+0.24%
2012 150−0.65%
2017 130−2.82%
Source: EHESS [27] and INSEE [28]

Economy

In 2017 the workforce was 71 people, including 9 unemployed. These people were mostly employees (82%) and most worked outside the commune (78%). [29] At the end of 2015 there were a total of 12 business enterprises in the commune: 6 in agriculture, 1 in construction, 2 in trade, transport, and services, and 3 in Administration, education, health, or social services. 3 Agricultural enterprises and one administrative establishment employed staff. [29]

According to the Departmental Observatory of Tourism, tourism is important for the commune with between one and five tourists accommodated per capita. In the total absence of any housing facilities these are second homes that can accommodate tourists. (the 42 second homes account for over a third of the communal housing and have 208 beds). [30]

Culture and heritage

Chapel of Saint Anne Labouret on the pass road. In the background is the Blayeul (2189 m) Beaujeu, chapelle Sainte-Anne du Labouret, 6.jpg
Chapel of Saint Anne Labouret on the pass road. In the background is the Blayeul (2189 m)
The old coaching inn Relais de poste (Beaujeu).JPG
The old coaching inn

There were two coaching inns on the Labouret road, one in the village and one at the foot of the pass whose slope was very difficult. [31]

Religious heritage

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Beaujeu on Lion1906
  3. Inhabitants of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (in French)
  4. 1 2 3 Beaujeu on Google Maps
  5. 1 2 Beaujeu on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
  6. Roger Brunet, Canton of La Javie, Le Trésor des régions, consulted on 9 June 2013 (in French)
  7. 1 2 3 Ministry of Ecology, sustainable development, transport, and lodgings, Communal Notice Beaujeu Archived 2015-12-23 at the Wayback Machine on the Gaspar database (in French)
  8. Ministry of Ecology, sustainable development, transport and lodgings, Communal Notice Archived 2015-12-23 at the Wayback Machine on the Gaspar database, online 27 May 2011, consulted on 2 July 2012
  9. Philippe Dubernard, "Rain, power outages, emergencies, and morale", La Provence, 19 May 2013, p. 5 (in French)
  10. 1 2 Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France, Librairie Droz, 1990, Vol I, 708 pages, p. 318 corrected by errata p. 1857, ISBN   2-60002-883-8 (in French).
  11. Bénédicte Fénié, Jean-Jacques Fénié, Provençal Toponymy, Éditions Sud-Ouest, 2002 (reprint), ISBN   978-2-87901-442-5, p. 84 (in French)
  12. 1 2 3 Daniel Thiery, «  Beaujeu  », On the origins of rural churches and chapels of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, published 13 December 2010, online 19 December 2010, consulted on 2 July 2012 (in French)
  13. Beaujou on the 1750 Cassini Map
  14. Beaujun on the 1790 Cassini Map
  15. Brigitte Beaujard, The cities of southern Gaul from the 3rd to the 7th century, Gallia, 63, 2006, CNRS éditions, p. 22 (in French)
  16. Nouveau dictionnaire historique-geographique universel (in French). Basle: Jean Rodolphe Imhof & Fils. 1766. p. 236. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  17. Michel de La Torre, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence: the complete guide to 200 communes, Paris, Deslogis-Lacoste, coll. "Towns and villages of France", 1989, Relié, 72 p. (non-paginated) ( ISBN   2-7399-5004-7)
  18. Natural Park of Luberon, Around the First millenium in Forcalquier Country, exposition catalogue, 2007, p. 31. (in French)
  19. Under the direction of Édouard Baratier, Georges Duby, and Ernest Hildesheime, Historical Atlas. Provence, Venaissin County, Principality of Orange, County of Nice, Principality of Monaco, Paris, Librairie Armand Colin, 1969 (BNF FRBNF35450017h), p. 164 (in French)
  20. Louis Stouff, "Map 86: Port, routes and fairs of the 13th to 15th century", in Baratier, Duby & Hildesheimer, Historical Atlas. Provence, Venaissin County, Principality of Orange, County of Nice, Principality of Monaco, Paris, Librairie Armand Colin, 1969 (BNF FRBNF35450017h).
  21. Isnard, State documentary, p. 446 (in French)
  22. Geneviève Xhayet, Partisans and Adversaries of Louis of Anjou during the war of the Union of Aix Archived July 23, 2015, at the Wayback Machine , Provence historique, Fédération historique de Provence, volume 40, No. 162, Author of the war of the Union of Aix, 1990, p. 409-410 (note 42). (in French)
  23. Patrice Alphand, "The Patriotic Societies", The Revolution in the Lower Alps, Annals of Haute-Provence, bulletin de la société scientifique et littéraire des Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, No. 307, 1st Trimester 1989, 108th year, p. 296-298. (in French)
  24. Henri Joannet, Jean-Pierre Pinatel, "Arrests-Condemnations", 1851 - For the record, Les Mées: Les Amis des Mées, 2001, p. 72. (in French)
  25. Jean-Christophe Labadie (director), The Schoolhouses, Digne-les-Bains, Departmental Archives of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, 2013, ISBN   978-2-86-004-015-0, p. 9-18.
  26. List of Mayors of France (in French)
  27. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Beaujeu, EHESS. (in French)
  28. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  29. 1 2 Dossier complet: Commune de Beaujeu (04024), INSEE, retrieved 14 September 2020
  30. Departmental Observatory of Tourism, Atlas of Tourist Accommodation , 2015 p. 40 (in French)
  31. Raymond Collier, Haute-Provence, Monumental and artistic, Digne, Louis Jean Printing, 1986, 559 pages, P. 424 (in French)
  32. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001888 Paten (in French)
  33. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001887 Painting: Saint Blaise (in French)
  34. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04000589 Processional cross (in French)
  35. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04000760 Chalice with Paten (in French)
  36. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001886 Statue: Saint Eloi (in French)
  37. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001885 Painting: Sainte Famille (in French)
  38. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001884 Statue: Virgin and child (in French)
  39. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001883 Painting: Donation of the Rosary (in French)
  40. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001882 Tabernacle (in French)
  41. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001881 Pulpit (in French)
  42. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001880 Painting: Donation of the Rosary (in French)
  43. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001879 Statue: Saint Joseph (in French)
  44. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001878 Statue: Virgin and child (in French)
  45. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001877 Processional cross (in French)
  46. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001876 Painting: Christ on the Cross (in French)
  47. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04001875 Statue: Saint Peter (in French)
  48. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04000038 Painting: Saints Roch and Sebastian (in French)
  49. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM04000037 Chest Camera aabb.svg (in French)