Bedonia

Last updated
Bedonia
Comune
Comune di Bedonia
Bedonia-Panorama-Wide.jpg
Italy provincial location map 2015.svg
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Bedonia
Location of Bedonia in Italy
Coordinates: 44°30′N09°38′E / 44.500°N 9.633°E / 44.500; 9.633
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Parma
Frazioni Alpe, Anzola, Bruschi di Sopra, Bruschi di Sotto, Calice, Caneso, Carniglia, Casaleto, Casalporino, Casalmurata, Castagna, Castagnola, Cavignaca, Ceio, Chiesiola, Cornolo, Drusco, Fontanachiosa, Foppiano, Illica, Lagasi, Le Coste, Libbia, Liveglia, Masanti di Sopra, Masanti di Sotto, Momarola, Montarsiccio, Monti, Nociveglia, Piane di Carniglia, Pilati, Ponteceno, Prato, Revoleto, Rio Merlino, Romezzano, Roncole, Salarolo, Scopolo, Selvola, Setterone, Spora, Strepeto, Tasola, Tomba, Travaglini, Volpara
Government
  Mayor Carlo Berni
Area
  Total 167 km2 (64 sq mi)
Elevation 500 m (1,600 ft)
Population (31 December 2014)
  Total 3,526
  Density 21/km2 (55/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bedoniesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code43041
Dialing code 0525
Patron saint Saint Anthony
Website Official website

Bedonia (Parmigiano: Bedònja; Ligurian :Bedònja; locally Pieve) is a comune within the Province of Parma, in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy.

The Parmigiano dialect, sometimes the Parmesan dialect, is a dialect of the Emilian language spoken in the Province of Parma, the western-central portion of the Emilia-Romagna administrative region.

Ligurian (Romance language) Gallo-Romance language

Ligurian is a Gallo-Italic language spoken in Liguria in Northern Italy, parts of the Mediterranean coastal zone of France, Monaco and in the villages of Carloforte and Calasetta in Sardinia. It is part of the Gallo-Italic and Western Romance dialect continuum. The Genoese (Zeneize), spoken in Genoa, the capital of Liguria, is the language's prestige dialect on which the standard is based.

<i>Comune</i> third-level administrative divisions of the Italian Republic

The comune is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.

Contents

History

The communal territory was already settled during the Neolithic age, and later was a Roman colony, under the name of Bitunia. From the 11th century it was a fief of the bishops of Piacenza, and later of the Malaspina. In 1257 it was included in the State of the Landi, to which it belonged until 1682, when it was confiscated by the Duchy of Parma. During the Unification of Italy, the population was protagonist of an insurrectionary movement for the annexation of the country to Piedmont. In recent times Bedonia has been given an important role as a remembrance community that contributed to the Partisan fights (during World War II). In the life of Bedonia an important role of cultural promotion has been carried out from the Seminary, instituted in 1846 from Mons. Giovanni Agazzi and Stefano Grapnels.

The Neolithic, the final division of the Stone Age, began about 12,000 years ago when the first development of farming appeared in the Epipalaeolithic Near East, and later in other parts of the world. The division lasted until the transitional period of the Chalcolithic from about 6,500 years ago, marked by the development of metallurgy, leading up to the Bronze Age and Iron Age. In Northern Europe, the Neolithic lasted until about 1700 BC, while in China it extended until 1200 BC. Other parts of the world remained broadly in the Neolithic stage of development, although this term may not be used, until European contact.

Ancient Rome History of Rome from the 8th-century BC to the 5th-century

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire. The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian peninsula, dating from the 8th century BC, that grew into the city of Rome and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed. The Roman empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world, though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117.

Piacenza Comune in Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Piacenza is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy, the capital of the eponymous province. The etymology is long-standing, tracing an origin from the Latin verb placēre, "to please." In French, and occasionally in English, it is called Plaisance. The name means a "pleasant abode", or as James Boswell reported some of the etymologists of his time to have translated it, "comely". This was a name "of good omen."

Main sights

The city, just a few miles away from Liguria, is characterized by colorful buildings of obvious Ligurian influence. The city has two important churches: Sant'Antonino, a Baroque church in the historical center, and the Basilica della Madonna di San Marco, which is next to the Seminario Vescovile (built in 1846). In it there is a Planetarium, a Museum of Natural History, a Xylographic Exposition of the works of Romeo Musa, an Art Gallery and a gigantic National Library. A third church, the Oratorio dei Disciplinati, added its bell tower to the skyline of the town up until 1950. Due to issues related to the structures alleged instability, the tower was demolished and the church was desecrated. The Sanctuary of the Madonna di S. Marco (Madonna of S. Mark), built in 1939, houses one wooden statue created in 1531 representing the Madonna with Child on throne. The ancient Arc of Entrance to the old town is now being included in the breathtaking system of the "Peschiera Park". Also, in Via Trieste (Trieste street) there is an important historical building that shows the Landi family symbol. It's among the most important noble constructions in the whole valley of river Taro.

Baroque architecture building style of the Baroque era

Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church. It was characterized ..by new explorations of form, light and shadow, and dramatic intensity. Common features of Baroque architecture included gigantism of proportions; a large open central space where everyone could see the altar; twisting columns, theatrical effects, including light coming from a cupola above; dramatic interior effects created with bronze and gilding; clusters of sculpted angels and other figures high overhead; and an extensive use of trompe-l'oeil, also called "quadratura," with painted architectural details and figures on the walls and ceiling, to increase the dramatic and theatrical effect.

Church (building) building constructed for Christian worship

A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for Christian worship services. The term is often used by Christians to refer to the physical buildings where they worship, but it is sometimes used to refer to buildings of other religions. In traditional Christian architecture, the church is often arranged in the shape of a Christian cross. When viewed from plan view the longest part of a cross is represented by the aisle and the junction of the cross is located at the altar area.

Natural history study of organisms including plants or animals in their environment

Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study. A person who studies natural history is called a naturalist or natural historian.

Of value are the natural resources and landscapes. North of the town, the Mountain Pelpi reaches 1,410 metres (4,630 ft), on top of which there is a huge cross. It is a pilgrimage site after a miracle of the Virgin Mary occurred over a century ago. In the center of the village a river runs (Pelpirana) which converges a few miles after into the Taro River.

Monte Pelpi (Emilia Romagna) mountain in Italy

Monte Pelpi is a mountain 1,495 metres (4,905 ft) high located in the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines in northern Italy. The mountain overlooks the towns of Bedonia to the south and Bardi to the north, and rises like a cone between the Taro, Toncina and Ceno valleys. The vegetation is very diverse with forests consisting of beech, oak, hazel, hornbeam and black aspen and includes rare species of arnicas, orchid, daffodils, gentian, daphne and anemones. The forest gives way to a 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) stretch of grassland at the summit on which stands a large steel cross. It is said that the mountain protects the towns of Bedonia and Compiano from the cold northern winds during winter. The view from this peak exceeds that of the taller Monte Penna nearby and it offers an extraordinary panorama of both valleys and the other peaks of the Liguran-Emilian Apennines, ranging from Monte Penna, Monte Tomarlo, Monte Maggiorasca, Monte Ragola. On clear days it is possible to observe the Mediterranean Sea.

A few kilometers west, the tallest mountain (Monte Penna) reaches about 1,745 metres (5,725 ft). It is also a pilgrimage place and a suggestive rocky peak surrounded by green forests. However the province lies between 468 and 1,745 metres (1,535 and 5,725 ft) above sea level.

During recent years, many sporting structures have been built (swimming pool, camping, tennis fields, etc.).

Economy

Tourism is important to the local economy. The area is dependent on summer tourists drawn by the natural environment of the surrounding countryside.

Amenities which support the local tourist economy include modern sports complexes (swimming-pools, tennis courts, volleyball and basketball courts, skating and football) and an equipped camping complex, which is situated on one of the hills in the area. The swimming pool is a major tourist attraction in the town.

Also available are mushroom picking opportunities which includes the world famous Porcino Valtarese.

People


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