Bekasi

Last updated
Bekasi
City of Bekasi
Kota Bekasi
Other transcription(s)
   Sundanese ᮘᮨᮊᮞᮤ
Bekasi Mall Night.jpg
Stadion patriot chandrabhaga.jpg
Bekasi station.jpg
Mal metropolitan bekasi.jpg
Summarecon Icon.jpg
Pekayon City, Bekasi.jpg
Bekasi Mall Night 2.jpg
From top, left to right:
Bekasi Skyline at night, Patriot Candrabhaga Stadium, Bekasi Station during afternoon rain, Inside Metropolitan Mall, Summarecon City Landmark, Pekayon City, and view of Bekasi at night.
Flag of Bekasi City.png
Coat of arms of Bekasi.png
Motto(s): 
Kota Patriot
(City of the patriots) Bekasi Maju, Sejahtera dan Ihsan (Indonesian)
(For the Developed, Prosperous, and Good Bekasi people)
Map of West Java highlighting Bekasi City.svg
Location within West Java
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bekasi City
Location in Java
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bekasi City
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°14′06″S106°59′32″E / 6.2349°S 106.9923°E / -6.2349; 106.9923 Coordinates: 6°14′06″S106°59′32″E / 6.2349°S 106.9923°E / -6.2349; 106.9923
CountryIndonesia
Province West Java
Government
  Acting MayorTri Adhianto Tjahyono
Area
  Total210.49 km2 (81.27 sq mi)
Elevation
11–81 m (36–265 ft)
Population
 (mid 2021 official estimate)
  Total2,564,940
  Density12,186/km2 (31,560/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code (+62) 21
License plateB
HDI Increase2.svg 0.815 (Very High)
Website bekasikota.go.id

Bekasi (Indonesian pronunciation:  [ˈbəkasi] , Sundanese : ᮘᮨᮊᮞᮤ) is a landlocked city in West Java, Indonesia, located on the eastern border of Jakarta. It serves as a commuter city within the Jakarta metropolitan area. According to the 2020 Census by Statistics Indonesia (BPS), Bekasi had 2,543,676 inhabitants. [2] The official estimate for mid 2021 was 2,564,940. [3] It lies within the largest metropolitan area in Indonesia ( Jabodetabek ). The city is bordered by Bekasi Regency to the north and the east, Bogor Regency and Depok to the south, and East Jakarta to the west.

Contents

Bekasi is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia, and has a history of being the capital city of the Kingdom of Tarumanagara. At that time, the name of Bekasi was Dayeuh Sundasembawa or Jayagiri. The earliest evidence of its existence dates from the 5th century according to the Tugu inscription, which describes the name of two rivers that run through the city, i.e. Candrabhaga and Gomati and one of those rivers, i.e. Candrabhaga is the origin of the name Bekasi where the name Candrabhaga evolved into Bhagasasi due to the Sanskrit word candra which means moon evolved into Old Javanese word 'sasi' which also means moon and then the name Bhagasasi was misspelled as Bhagasi and then Dutch colonial government also misspelled the name Bhagasi as Bacassie and finally it became Bekasi. [4] During the Dutch East Indies period, Bekasi was a part of Batavia residency. As a dormitory city, many middle class satellite areas have been developed in Bekasi, [5] complete with their own shopping malls, schools, hospitals, club houses, water park, and shuttle bus services to central Jakarta. The large number of multinational companies has apparently attracted many expatriates (mainly Japanese and Korean) to settle in Bekasi. [6]

Economy

Bekasi has already grown to become one of the centre of growth in Jabodetabek. The city accounts for 2.11% of total national GDP. [7] Recently, many foreigners (mostly Korean, Japanese, and Chinese) have set up their business to take advantage of its dynamism and boost its economy. Bekasi's economy was mainly based on service and manufacturing.

Commerce

Bekasi is one of the most promising property markets in Jabodetabek besides South Tangerang, and several high-value developments have transformed its property market. Many of country's big property developers are building apartments, hotels, and shopping malls in the city. In recent years, some residences have developed along the Jatiwarna/Jatibening — East Bekasi toll highway, further to Cibatu in Bekasi Regency. These include Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City.

Prime business and commercial centres are situated in the western part of city. There are some financial centres, restaurants, and shopping centres along Jalan Ahmad Yani, Jalan Sudirman, Jalan K.H. Noer Alie, and Harapan Indah Boulevard. The largest shopping centre is Grand Metropolitan with over 125,000 m2 (1,350,000 sq ft) of floor space. [8] Other shopping centres include Metropolitan Mall, Summarecon Mal Bekasi, Mal Ciputra Cibubur, Mega Bekasi Hypermall, Grand Galaxy Park, Grand Mall, Blu Plaza, BTC Mall, GP Mall, Bekasi Cyber Park, Plaza Pondok Gede, and Lagoon Avenue. Many hotels developed in Bekasi, such as Santika, Horison, Harris, Aston Imperial, Amaris, Amaroossa and Tune Hotel.

Infrastructure

Bekasi commercial centers Bekasi Mall Night 2.jpg
Bekasi commercial centers

The development of large scale residential areas and industrial parks in Bekasi has been induced by infrastructure development, especially roads, highways and railways.

Road and highway

Bekasi is connected by the Trans-Java Toll Road, the main road across Java. There are three expressways connections from the Jabodetabek urban area: the Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road, which has three exits in Bekasi; the Jakarta Outer Ring Road, which provides access to Tangerang, Jakarta and Bogor; and the new Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road. In 2019, Jakarta-Cikampek elevated toll road will operate to ease traffic on the current toll road between Cikunir and West Karawang with a total length of 36.4 kilometres. [9] Owing to its location as a satellite city of Jakarta, heavy rush hour traffic jams have become common on the roads between East Jakarta and Bekasi.

KMToll RoadToll GateDestination
08 Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road JatibeningJatibening, Jatiwaringin, Cikunir
12Bekasi BaratKayuringin, Pekayon, Summarecon Bekasi, Harapan Baru
16Bekasi TimurMargahayu, Bulak Kapal, Bantar Gebang
37 Jakarta Outer Ring Road JatiwarnaJatiwarna, Kranggan, Pondok Gede
41JatiasihJatiasih, Cikunir, Jatimekar
47KalimalangKranji, Jakasampurna, Bintara Jaya
49BintaraBintara, Bintara Jaya, Harapan Baru (alternative route)
13 Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road JakasampurnaJakasampurna, Jakasetia, Grand Galaxy City

Railway

The government is currently constructing a double track railway connecting Manggarai to Cikarang, which would be finished around 2020. [10] Beside a double track railway, the government also building a 17.9 km light rail transit line connecting East Bekasi-Cawang-Dukuh Atas across Greater Jakarta. [11]

Transport

Tokyo Metro 05 series EMU set 112 at Bekasi Station Tokyo Metro 05-112F Bekasi.jpg
Tokyo Metro 05 series EMU set 112 at Bekasi Station

At present, rapid transit in Bekasi across Greater Jakarta consists of a commuter rail KRL Commuterline and a bus rapid transit TransJakarta.

KRL Commuterline's Blue Line serves from either Bekasi, Bekasi Timur or Kranji to Jakarta Kota (via Pasar Senen/Manggarai) and Cikarang. Bekasi Station also serves intercity trains to cities across Java.

TransJakarta and the Transjabodetabek premium serves commuters from Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Bulak Kapal, and Jatiwarna, as well as the feeder buses from Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City to Jakarta city center. The Trans Patriot operates a route within the city. Damri shuttle bus service is available from the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport to Kayuringin, Harapan Indah and Summarecon Bekasi. Taxis are widely available. The primary means of public transportation is by minibus, called angkot. They serve certain routes throughout the city.

The main bus terminal is Terminal Bekasi, located in East Bekasi. The other terminals are Pondok Gede, Harapan Indah and Kayuringin.

Demographics

The 2020 Census of Bekasi's population was 2,543,676. Bekasi is inhabited by many different ethnic groups, mostly Sundanese, Betawi and Javanese descent. Sundanese are the largest minority as well as other minorities include Minangkabau, Bataks, and Chinese.

Most citizens in Bekasi adhere to Islam. Other religions include Christianity (Roman Catholicism and Protestantism), Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

Sport

Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium Patriot Chandrabhaga 02.jpg
Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium

Bekasi was the home base of the football team PCB Persipasi ., [12] with Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium as the home stadium of the club. [13]

Administrative Districts

The city's People's Representative Council building Dprd bekasi.jpg
The city's People's Representative Council building

Bekasi City is divided into twelve districts ('kecamatan'), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census [14] and the 2020 Census, [15] together with the official estimates for mid 2021. [16] The table also includes the number of urban villages (kelurahan) within the district, and its postal codes.

DistrictArea
in km2
Population
2010
Census
Population
2020
Census
Population
mid 2021
Estimate
No. of
kelurahan
Post codes
Pondokgede15.92246,503251,195253,300517411-17413
Jatisampurna19.54103,715123,924124,960517432-17435
Pondokmelati11.80128,934131,122132,220417414, 17415, 17431
Jatiasih24.27198,444247,362249,430617421-17426
Bantargebang18.4495,845107,216108,110417151-17154
Mustikajaya26.42159,773213,515215,300417155-17158
Bekasi Timur
(East Bekasi)
14.63247,357257,025259,170417111-17113
Rawalumbu16.85208,334220,699222,540417114-17117
Bekasi Selatan
(South Bekasi)
16.06203,654210,805212,570517141-17148
Bekasi Barat
(West Bekasi)
14.93272,557281,681284,040517133-17145
Medan Satria11.88161,162162,119163,470417131-17133, 17143
Bekasi Utara
(North Bekasi)
19.75308,593337,013339,830617121-17125, 17142
Totals210.492,334,8712,543,6762,564,94056

Climate

Bekasi has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate rainfall from May to October and heavy rainfall from November to April.

Climate data for Bekasi
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)29.8
(85.6)
30.1
(86.2)
30.9
(87.6)
31.7
(89.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
32.5
(90.5)
32.9
(91.2)
33.0
(91.4)
32.1
(89.8)
31.0
(87.8)
31.7
(89.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.8
(80.2)
27.3
(81.1)
27.4
(81.3)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.2)
27.1
(80.8)
27.5
(81.5)
27.8
(82.0)
27.5
(81.5)
26.9
(80.4)
27.1
(80.7)
Average low °C (°F)22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
22.1
(71.8)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
22.1
(71.8)
22.6
(72.7)
22.9
(73.2)
22.8
(73.0)
22.5
(72.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches)374
(14.7)
282
(11.1)
219
(8.6)
152
(6.0)
129
(5.1)
88
(3.5)
65
(2.6)
55
(2.2)
65
(2.6)
115
(4.5)
155
(6.1)
216
(8.5)
1,915
(75.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org [17]

People from Bekasi

Notable people from Bekasi include:

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Java</span> Province of Indonesia

West Java is a province of Indonesia on the western part of the island of Java, with its provincial capital in Bandung. West Java is bordered by the province of Banten and the country's capital region of Jakarta to the west, the Java Sea to the north, the province of Central Java to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. With Banten, this province is the native homeland of the Sundanese people, the second-largest ethnic group in Indonesia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Serang Regency</span> Regency in Banten, Indonesia

Serang Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia. It is located in the northwest corner of the island of Java. The administrative center of the regency is at Baros, while the capital of the province is the independent municipality of Serang which was split off the regency in 2007.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jakarta metropolitan area</span> Metropolitan area of Jakarta and surrounded city, Indonesia

The Jakarta metropolitan area or Greater Jakarta, known locally as Jabodetabek, and sometimes extended to Jabodetabekjur, or Jabodetabekpunjur, is the most populous metropolitan area in Indonesia. It includes the national capital as well as five satellite cities and three complete regencies. The original term "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1970s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" in 1999 when "De" was inserted into the name following its formation. The term "Jabodetabekjur" or "Jabodetabekpunjur" was legalised on the Presidential Regulation Number 54 of 2008, although the name Jabodetabek is more commonly used.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tangerang</span> City in Banten, Indonesia

Tangerang is a city in the province of Banten, Indonesia. Located on the western border of Jakarta, it is the third largest urban centre in the Greater Jakarta metropolitan area after Jakarta and Bekasi; the sixth largest city proper in the nation; and the largest city in Banten province. It has an area of 164.55 square kilometres and an official 2010 Census population of 1,798,601, which had risen to 1,895,486 at the 2020 Census. – making it the eighth most populated suburb in the world at the latter date; the official estimate as at mid 2021 was 1,911,914. It has not only functioned as a dormitory city, as there are many industrial areas such as Jatake, and several business districts, including CBD Alam Sutera in the area. Located just next to Jakarta on the west with many road access and improved infrastructure, such as new toll road, it is one of the favorite location for property seekers and investors in the Bodetabek area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Jakarta</span> Administrative city in Jakarta, Indonesia

West Jakarta is one of the five administrative cities of the Special Capital Region of Jakarta, Indonesia. West Jakarta is not self-governed and does not have a city council, hence it is not classified as a proper municipality. It had a population of 2,281,945 at the 2010 Census and 2,434,511 at the 2020 Census. The administrative center of West Jakarta is at Puri Kembangan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Jakarta</span> Administrative city in Jakarta, Indonesia

North Jakarta is one of the five administrative cities which form Special Capital Region of Jakarta, Indonesia. North Jakarta is not self-governed and does not have a city council, hence it is not classified as a proper municipality. It contains the entire coastal area within the Jakarta Special District. In North Jakarta, an area at the estuary of Ciliwung river was the main port for the kingdom of Tarumanegara, which later grew to become Jakarta. Many historic sites and artefacts of Jakarta can be found in North Jakarta. Both ports of Tanjung Priok and historic Sunda Kelapa are located in the city. The city, which covers an area of 139.99 km2, had 1,645,659 inhabitants at the 2010 census and 1,778,981 at the 2020 census. It has its administrative centre in Tanjung Priok.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Surabaya metropolitan area</span> Metropolitan area in East Java, Indonesia

The Surabaya metropolitan area, or known locally as Gerbangkertosusila, is a metropolitan area in East Java, Indonesia. It is the country's second-largest metropolitan area, after Jakarta metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tangerang Regency</span> Regency in Banten, Indonesia

Tangerang Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia. It is located on the island of Java. The current regent is Ahmed Zaki Iskandar. Though commonly misunderstood as being a part of Jakarta, Tangerang is actually outside Jakarta City but is part of Greater Jakarta. Since 1993, the regency has lost territory as first Tangerang city was split off on 27 February 1993 and subsequently South Tangerang city was split off on 29 October 2008. The residual Regency now has an area of 959.61 km2 and a population of 2,834,376 at the 2010 census, growing to 3,245,619 at the 2020 census; the latest official estimate is 3,293,533 Tigaraksa is the regency seat.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Karawang Regency</span> Regency in West Java, Indonesia

Karawang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. The town of Karawang is its administrative centre. The regency covers an area of 1,753.27 km2 and had a population of 2,127,791 people at the 2010 Census, which grew to 2,361,019 at the 2020 Census. The official estimate for mid 2021 was 2,406,900 for a density of 1,372.8 people per km2. The regency borders Bekasi and Bogor regencies in the west, the Java Sea in the north, Subang Regency in the east, Purwakarta Regency in the southeast, and Cianjur Regency in the south. The regency lies on the eastern outskirts of Metropolitan Jakarta, just outside the Jabodetabek region, and is the site of industrial activity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bekasi Regency</span> Regency in West Java, Indonesia

Bekasi Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java Province, Indonesia. Its regency seat is in the district of Central Cikarang. It is bordered by Jakarta and by Bekasi City to the west, by Bogor Regency to the south, and by Karawang Regency to the east.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pandeglang Regency</span> Regency in Banten

Pandeglang Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia. It is mainly located on the west and south coasts of the island of Java, and is the most westerly regency on Java Island, but it also includes a number of offshore islands such as Panaitan, Deli and Tinjil. The regency has an area of 2,746.81 km2, and an population at the 2010 Census of 1,149,610, rising to 1,272,687 at the 2020 Census; the official estimate as at mid 2021 was 1,288,314. The regency seat is the town of Pandeglang.

Cikampek is a subdistrict of Karawang Regency, West Java, Indonesia and is divided into 10 administrative villages (kelurahan). The distance from Cikampek to Karawang city is 21 miles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Serang</span> City and capital of Banten, Indonesia

Serang is a city and the capital of Banten province and was formerly also the administrative center of Serang Regency in Indonesia. The city is located towards the north of Banten province, on the island of Java. Before Banten province was formed in 2000 Serang was part of West Java province.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Tangerang</span> City in Banten, Indonesia

South Tangerang is a city in the province of Banten, Indonesia. Located 30 km (19 mi) on the southwestern border of Jakarta, the city forms part of the Greater Jakarta metropolitan area. It was administratively separated from Tangerang Regency on November 26, 2008. According to the 2020 Census, the city population was 1,354,350 inhabitants, while the official estimarte as at mid 2021 was 1,365,688. The total area is 147.19 km2 (56.83 sq mi). It's the second-largest city in Banten in terms of population, and has grown rapidly, not only as Jakarta's satellite city, but also the development of business districts and commerce due to presence of large-scale planned town by private developers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Coast Road (Java)</span> Road in Indonesia

The North Coast Road is a road 1,430 km in length, that connects Merak and Banyuwangi along the northern coast of Java, particularly between Jakarta and Surabaya.

South Bekasi is one of the twelve districts (kecamatan) within the municipality of Bekasi, in Jabodetabek on the island of Java, Indonesia. The district covers an area of 1,605.40 hectares, and had a population of 203,654 at the 2010 Census and 210,805 at the 2020 Census. Administratively it is divided into five administrative villages (kelurahan): Jaka Mulya (Jakamulya) with 37,410 inhabitants in 2020, Jaka Setia (Jakasetia) with 42,2700 inhabitants in 2020, Kayuringin Jaya with 56,519 inhabitants in 2020, Marga Jaya (Margajaya) with 16,337 inhabitants in 2020, and Pekayon Jaya with 58,269 inhabitants in 2020. Public schools were started in the district in 1994. As of 2013 all of the villages had health centres except for Jaka Setia.

Summarecon Bekasi is a township at Bekasi, Indonesia. The area is located within Greater Jakarta metropolitan area. The development has a land area of about 240 hectares. The township is divided into commercial and a residential zone.

References

  1. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  4. http://www.bekasikota.go.id Sejarah Kota Bekasi
  5. http://properti.kompas.com Pasar "Middle-up" Bekasi Menggiurkan, Rumah Harga Rp 800 Juta Paling Dicari!
  6. Peter J. Katzenstein, Takashi Shiraishi; Beyond Japan: The Dynamics of East Asian Regionalism; 2006
  7. Jefriando, Maikel. "Ekonomi Jakarta Digabung Bekasi, Bogor, dan Tangerang Capai Rp 2.490 T".
  8. http://www.rumah.com Mal Grand Metropolitan Bekasi Resmi Dibuka
  9. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/en/national-politics/18/09/12/pewnut414-50-percent-of-jakartacikampek-elevated-toll-road-completed 50 percent of Jakarta-Cikampek elevated toll road completed
  10. Economy in brief: Construction of DDT to finish by 2020
  11. http://www.cnnindonesia.com Bos Adhi Karya yakin Proyek LRT Bantu Kurangi Macet Jakarta
  12. "PCB Persipasi", Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas (in Indonesian), 2022-02-15, retrieved 2022-03-19
  13. Stadion Patriot Kembali Jadi Kandang Bhayangkara FC
  14. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  15. Jumlah Penduduk Hasil SP2020 (Jiwa), 2020
  16. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  17. "Climate: Bekasi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.