Beklemishevskaya Tower

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Beklemishevskaya Tower Kremlin Walls, Beklemishevskaya Tower of Moscow Kremlin, Moscow, Russia.jpg
Beklemishevskaya Tower

Beklemishevskaya Tower (Russian : Беклемишевская) is a tower at the Eastern edge of Moscow Kremlin Wall. It was named after a boyar Ivan Bersen-Beklemishev, whose house had been adjacent to the tower from the Kremlin side. It was earlier known as Russian : Москворецкая tower based its position on the near Moskva River. It is similar to the other two towers standing at the other corners of the Kremlin triangle, Vodovzvodnaya and Uglovaya Arsenalnaya rowers. While these towers are cylindrical, all other towers of the Kremlin’s Wall have been built on a square plan base.

Contents

Description

This is a 46.2 meter high cylindrical tower with four floors and widely spaced narrow windows. The upper floor is a defensive position with openings at the planking of the mâchicoulis for firing downwards. The tower is topped with an octagonal upper building with louvers and a weather vane.

History

It was erected in 1487-88 as part of the reinforcement of the Kremlin’s reserve lines. It was built in place of an earlier fortification following the plans of the Italian architect Marco Ruffo. While it is sometimes considered the only tower on the wall of the Kremlin that has not changed substantially over the preceding centuries, it has also been suggested that it was destroyed by the forces of Napoleon and rebuilt subsequently. Only minor repairs were carried out during the 20th century. The roof was replaced with copperplates in 1973.

Further information

Coordinates: 55°44′59″N37°37′24″E / 55.74973°N 37.62327°E / 55.74973; 37.62327

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