Belezma National Park

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Belezma National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Entree Parc du Belezma.JPG
Location Batna Province, Algeria (Aurès)
Nearest city Batna
Coordinates 35°35′N6°02′E / 35.583°N 6.033°E / 35.583; 6.033 Coordinates: 35°35′N6°02′E / 35.583°N 6.033°E / 35.583; 6.033
Area262.5 km²
Established1984
Visitors100.000

The Belezma National Park(Arabic:الحظيرة الوطنية بلزمة) is one of the most important national parks of Algeria. It is located in Batna Province on the slopes of the Belezma Range, a subrange of the Aurès Mountains. [1]

Contents

Description

Created in 1984, it stretches over an area of 262.5 km2, the climate ranges from a cool subhumid climate to a dry semi-arid climate, it contains 447 species of flora (14% of the national total) and 309 species of fauna, of which 59 are protected species.

The main summits of the range in the park area are 2,136 m high Djebel Tichaou and the 2,178 m high Djebel Refaâ, the highest peak of the Belezma Range. [2]

The biosphere consists of rich mosaic habitats such as pastures, forests, grasslands, thickets, mountain's feet, rivers and mines. The biosphere reserve also includes several historical sites, caves and tombs, which represent traces of ancient civilizations. Balezma is the largest habitat of the Atlas cedar (Cedrus atlantica), a centuries-old magic tree, which is used in home crafts. [3]

Features

View of one of the mountains of the range in the Park area. Belezma.JPG
View of one of the mountains of the range in the Park area.
Geological map of the Belezma National Park. Carte de Geologie du Parc National de Belezma.svg
Geological map of the Belezma National Park.
Zones of the Belezma National Park. Carte de zonage du Parc national de Belezma.svg
Zones of the Belezma National Park.

See also

Related Research Articles

Geography of Algeria

Algeria comprises 2,381,741 square kilometers of land, more than four-fifths of which is desert, in northern Africa, between Morocco and Tunisia. It is the largest country in Africa. Its Arabic name, Al Jazair, derives from the name of the capital Algiers, after the small islands formerly found in its harbor. It has a long Mediterranean coastline. The northern portion, an area of mountains, valleys, and plateaus between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert, forms an integral part of the section of North Africa known as the Maghreb. This area includes Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya.

Atlas Mountains North African mountain range

The Atlas Mountains are a mountain range in the Maghreb. It separates the Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines from the Sahara Desert. It stretches around 2,500 km (1,600 mi) through Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. The range's highest peak is Toubkal, which is in southwestern Morocco, with an elevation of 4,167 metres (13,671 ft). The Atlas mountains are primarily inhabited by Berber populations. The terms for 'mountain' are adrar and adras in some Berber languages. These terms are believed to be cognates of the toponym Atlas. The mountains are also home to a number of animals and plants which are mostly found within Africa but some of which can be found in Europe. Many of these species are endangered and a few are already extinct.

Hoggar Mountains

The Hoggar Mountains are a highland region in the central Sahara, southern Algeria, along the Tropic of Cancer. The mountains cover an area of approximately 550,000 square km.

Aurès Mountains

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Saharan Atlas

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<i>Cedrus atlantica</i>

Cedrus atlantica, the Atlas cedar, is a species of tree in the pine family Pinaceae, native to the Atlas Mountains of Morocco, to the Rif, and to the Tell Atlas in Algeria. A majority of the modern sources treat it as a distinct species Cedrus atlantica, but some sources consider it a subspecies of Lebanon cedar.

Cuviers gazelle

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Jebel ech Chambi Highest mountain in Tunisia (1,544 m)

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Edough Massif Mountain range in Algeria

The Edough Massif, Edough Mountains or Djebel Edough is a mountain range of the Maghreb area in Northern Africa.

Arris, Batna Place in Batna, Algeria

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Babor Mountains

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Mount Issa

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Ouarsenis

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Amour Range

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Ksour Range

The Ksour Range or Kçour Range is a mountain range in Algeria. Stretching across the provinces of Béchar and El Bayadh, it is the westernmost range of the Saharan Atlas, with the Amour Range further east.

Belezma Range

The Belezma Range, also transliterated as Belzma, is a prolongation of the Aurès Mountains, at the confluence of the Tell Atlas and the Saharan Atlas in northeastern Algeria. It is separated from the main Aurès Range by the Batna-El Kantara basin.

Hodna Mountains Mountains in Algeria

The Hodna Mountains are a mountain massif in northeastern Algeria. It rises on the northern side of the Hodna natural region in the M'Sila Province, near the town of Maadid around 200 km southeast of Algiers. These mountains are one of the ranges of the Saharan Atlas, part of the Atlas Mountain System.

Ouled Naïl Range

The Ouled Naïl Range is a mountain range in Algeria, part of the Saharan Atlas of the greater Atlas Mountain System. The range is named after a confederation of nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes, all of which claim to hail from Arab ancestors that arrived in the mountains in the eleventh century.

Chambi National Park

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References

  1. Belezma National Park - Travel to Algeria
  2. Atlas des parcs nationaux algériens (March 2006)
  3. "Belezma | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". www.unesco.org. Retrieved 2020-09-07.

Park data on UNEP-WPMC at the Wayback Machine (archived September 29, 2007)