View of the Uruguay River from Bella Unión
|Founded by||Fructuoso Rivera|
|Time zone||UTC -3|
|Dial plan||+598 4779 (+4 digits)|
Bella Unión is a city in the north part of Artigas Department of Uruguay.
It is located at the north end of Route 3, on the banks of the Uruguay River, near the mouth of Río Cuareim. Being situated on a piece of land protruding between Argentina and Brazil, it lies across Monte Caseros, Corrientes of Argentina to the west and across Barra do Quaraí of Brazil, which is only 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the northeast, joined by a bridge over Río Cuareim.
The original settlement was founded on 13 May 1829 under the name "Santa Rosa". It was started by Fructuoso Rivera, who played a prominent role in the early history of Uruguay. On 20 April 1928, it was renamed to "Bella Unión" by the Act of Ley No. 8.207.On 15 October 1963, its status was raised to "Ciudad" (city) by the Act of Ley No. 13.180.
In 2011, Bella Unión had a population of 12,200.Together with its peripheral populated and rural areas (Coronado, Portones de Hierro y Campodónico, Las Piedras, Franquia & Cuareim) they form a population centre of around 18,000.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay[ dead link ]
The writer Jesús Moraes, (1955-), who specializes in short stories in Spanish, is from Bella Unión, and is one of the relatively few contemporary Uruguayan writers strongly identified with the Uruguayan north.
|Climate data for Bella Unión (1980–2009)|
|Average high °C (°F)||32.0|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||26.0|
|Average low °C (°F)||20.1|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||141.4|
|Average relative humidity (%)||65||69||72||76||77||79||76||71||69||68||66||64||71|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||297.6||245.8||244.9||186.0||189.1||162.0||176.7||192.2||204.0||241.8||267.0||300.7||2,707.8|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||9.6||8.7||7.9||6.2||6.1||5.4||5.7||6.2||6.8||7.8||8.9||9.7||7.4|
|Source: Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria|
Tacuarembó is the capital city of the Tacuarembó Department in north-central Uruguay.
Artigas is the capital of the Artigas Department of Uruguay. Its name comes from that of the national hero, José Gervasio Artigas, who fought for the emancipation of the River Plate, and sought to create a federative nation from these colonies. As of the census of 2011, it is the eleventh most populous city of the country.
Artigas Department is the northernmost department of Uruguay, located in its northwestern region. Its capital is the city of Artigas, which borders on the Brazilian city of Quaraí. Artigas Department has an area of 11,928 square kilometres (4,605 sq mi), making it the fifth largest in the country. The population is 73,378 inhabitants, according to the 2011 census.
Salto is the capital city of the Salto Department in northwestern Uruguay. As of the 2011 census it had a population of 104,028 and is the second most populated city in Uruguay.
Las Piedras is a city in the Canelones Department of Uruguay. As of the census of 2011, it is the fifth most populated city of the country.
Carmelo is a city located in the department of Colonia of western Uruguay, noted for its wineries.
The Uruguayan Civil War, also known in Spanish as the Guerra Grande, was a series of armed conflicts between the leaders of Uruguayan independence. While officially the war lasted from 1839 until 1851, it was a part of armed conflicts that started in 1832 and continued until the final military defeat of the Blancos faction in 1904. Out of supporters of presidents Rivera and Oribe grew the Colorado Party and the National Party, both of which received backing and support from foreign sources, including neighboring Empire of Brazil, the Argentine Confederation, Buenos Aires Province as well as European powers, primarily the British Empire and the Kingdom of France, but also a legion of Italian volunteers including Giuseppe Garibaldi. The great diversity of nationalities among the military forces supporting the Colorado Party posed a difficulty when coming to express their struggle in terms of a "national liberation", instead the Colorado Party side put forward a rhethoric on them defending "humanity" and "civilization" against "tyranny".
Brazil–Uruguay relations encompass many complex relations over the span of three centuries, beginning in 1680 with the establishment of the Colónia do Sacramento, to the present day, between the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Oriental Republic of Uruguay. Brazil and Uruguay are neighbouring countries in South America, and share close political, economic and cultural ties. The singularity of the bilateral relationship between the two countries originates from a strong historical connection – marked by important events, such as the establishment of the Colónia do Sacramento in 1680, the invasion of the Banda Oriental by Brazil in 1815 and the subsequent creation of the Província Cisplatina, and Uruguay's independence from Brazil in 1828. The bilateral relationship was further defined by the Uruguayan Civil War (1839–1851) and the Paraguayan War (1864–1870).
Baltasar Brum is a town in the Artigas Department of northern Uruguay.
Las Piedras is a suburb of Bella Unión in the Artigas Department of northern Uruguay.
Colonia Palma is a village in the Artigas Department of northern Uruguay.
Pintadito is a southern suburb of the capital city Artigas of Artigas Department in northern Uruguay.
Tomás Gomensoro is a village (pueblo) in the Artigas Department of northern Uruguay.
The Uruguayan railway network has about 2900 km (1802 mi) of lines, all of 1,435 mm gauge, diesel traction with only 11 km (7 mi) of double track. Only half of the network is currently active. All the Uruguayan lines start from Montevideo, connecting the cities of Paysandú, Salto, Rivera and Río Branco. The rest of the lines (closed) connected the capital city with Fray Bentos, Cuareim, Artigas, Km. 329, Melo, La Paloma and Colonia del Sacramento.
Coronado is a village in the Artigas Department of northern Uruguay. Its name comes from Hipólito Coronado (1840-1876). Its main activity is horticultural production.
Sequiera is a village ("pueblo") in the south of the Artigas Department in northwestern Uruguay.
Cuareim is a village in the Artigas Department of northern Uruguay.
Franquia is a populated rural area in Artigas Department of northern Uruguay.
Portones de Hierro y Campodónico is a populated rural area and suburb the city of Bella Unión in Artigas Department of northwestern Uruguay.
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