|Born||11 March 1841|
Milan, Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia
|Died||24 April 1914 73) (aged|
Dinan, Côtes-d’Armor, French Third Republic
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||23 June 1985, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
|Canonized||21 November 1999, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
Benedict Menni (11 March 1841 – 24 April 1914), born Angelo Ercole Menni Figini, was an Italian Roman Catholic priest. Menni was a professed member of the Hospitallers of Saint John of God and he went on to establish his own religious congregation known as the Hospitaller Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and based upon the one of which he was a member. He worked in Spain as part of his pastoral mission.
Menni worked with the old and those who were abandoned. He also worked and aided victims of polio and those with mental health problems.
He was canonized in 1999 after the recognition of two miracles attributed to his intercession. His order continues to flourish across the world in locations such as Spain and Italy.
Angelo Ercole Menni Figini was born as the fifth of fifteen children to Luigi Benni and Luisa Figini on 11 March 1841 in Milan.He was baptized hours after he was born. As a child he was noted for his strength of spirit and for his intellectual abilities.
His religious calling came when he was an adolescent and he left his position at a bank in order to pursue his vocation but his departure from the bank was his resignation due to being asked to craft false records. In 1858 the Piedmont and French troops confronted Austrian troops outside of Milan and he volunteered to work as a stretcher-bearer to assist wounded soldiers on the battlefield at Magenta. This brought him into contact with the Hospitallers of Saint John of God; he entered their novitiate in 1860 and made his vows as a member in 1864.[ citation needed ]
He engaged in both philosophical and theological studies in Lodi and later in Rome. He completed his studies and was ordained to the priesthood in 1866 and he assumed the name of "Benedict" after this. At the behest of Pope Pius IX - in 1867 - he started the restoration of the Saint John of God order in both Spain and Portugal due to political strife.
After he settled in Spain he first set up a children's hospital in Barcelona in 1867 and this marked the first of his several works of restoration and implementation. A short time later Menni attracted numerous followers to his cause and it allowed him to establish new institutions of his new order on a rapid scale - spreading not just in Spain but to Portugal and Mexico. The 1868 deposition of Queen Isabella II set off renewed persecution and Menni - chosen as the Superior of the order in 1872 - found himself besieged with constant threats. He relocated to Marseille to recover from an illness but later returned to Spain to help the victims of the Third Carlist War.
His arrival in Granada in 1878 saw him meet two women - Maria Josefa Recio and Maria Angtistias Gimenez - who set up a women's hospital in 1881. This inspired him to establish his own congregation and he established in Madrid the Hospitaller Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus on 31 May 1881. Pope Leo XIII granted the Decree of Praise in 1892 and his formal approval to the new order in 1901. The order referred to the example of John of God as it set forth on its mission to provide care to all people. But their task was not a simple one; for instance one patient killed one of the nuns in 1883. Menni established around seventeen mental hospitals in Spain.He participated in the General Chapter of the Order in Rome in 1905 and returned to Spain afterwards.
It was in 1890 that he began to reform the order in Portugal and instituted several hospitals and a home for priests in Lisbon.
He was accused of violence against a patient who suffered from dementia and faced a criminal court in Madrid. He refused legal representation but relented at the behest of the Bishop of Madrid. It also reached Rome and Menni decided to resign as Superior General on 20 June 1912.[ citation needed ]
Menni spent the remainder of his life - due to his declining health - in France from 1912 until his death on 24 April 1914. He suffered a stroke and developed dementia and moved to Dinan to spend the rest of his ailing life there knowing his end was close. His remains were taken to Spain, after his triumphant funeral, to the mother house of the order.
The canonization process commenced under Pope Paul VI in Spain on 26 February 1964. The commencement of the local process conferred upon him the posthumous title Servant of God and saw the accumulation of both documentation and testimonies; the process was granted formal ratification in order for the cause to proceed. The documentation was compiled into a large dossier to be sent to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints in Rome for further evaluation.
Pope John Paul II approved the fact that Menni had lived a life of heroic virtue and proclaimed him to be Venerable on 11 May 1982.
The miracle required for his beatification was investigated in a diocesan tribunal and was ratified on 3 December 1982 to confirm that the process was valid. All documentation was sent to Rome and John Paul II approved the miracle on 14 December 1984; he beatified Menni on 23 June 1985.
The second miracle needed for sainthood was investigated like the previous one and ratified in 1998. The pope approved the miracle on 26 March 1999 and canonized him as a saint on 21 November 1999.
Canonization of Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer discusses John Paul II's decision to canonize Josemaría Escrivá, founder of the Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei, more commonly known as Opus Dei.
Bartholomew of Braga - born Bartolomeu Fernandes and in religious Bartolomeu dos Mártires - was a Portuguese Roman Catholic and a professed member from the Order of Preachers as well as the Archbishop Emeritus of Braga. Fernandes participated in the Council of Trent and also collaborated with Saint Charles Borromeo at the council while also establishing a series of hospitals and hospices in Braga while publishing a range of works from catechism to other topics.
Gaetano Catanoso was an Italian Catholic priest and the founder of the Suore Veroniche del Santo Volto (1934). Catanoso served as a parish priest in two different parishes for his entire ecclesial life and was an ardent devotee of the Face of Jesus which he promoted to the faithful. He also founded the Poor Clerics to encourage vocations to the priesthood while forming the Confraternita del Santo Volto (1920) to spread devotion to the Face of Jesus. He dedicated his pastoral career to bringing the Gospel message to all people and hiked or rode on a mule to reach distant and surrounding mountain villages in order to evangelize to people.
Jaime Hilario Barbal – born Manuel Barbal i Cosín – was a Catalan Roman Catholic and a professed religious brother from the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools. He served for almost two decades as a teacher in the schools that his order managed until being caught up in the turmoil of the Spanish Civil War that saw the forces of the Second Spanish Republic execute him.
Gaetano Errico was an Italian Roman Catholic priest from Naples and the founder of the Missionari dei Sacri Cuori di Gesù e Maria. Errico was born to devout and hardworking parents whose income was modest but sufficient for him to do his ecclesial studies in Naples. It was common for him to be seen twice a week tending to the ill despite his studies and he also helped his father on occasion at his warehouse. He became a teacher after his ordination and later a parish priest.
Luigi Guanella was an Italian Roman Catholic priest Fr. Guanella was ordained a priest on May 26, 1866 in Como, and was assigned to a small parish in Savogno. and is the founder of several religious institutes: the Daughters of Saint Mary of Providence (1890) and the Servants of Charity alongside his friends David Albertario and Giuseppe Toniolo. Guanella also founded the Pious Union of Saint Joseph (1914) with his supporter and first member Pope Pius X. These religious communities focused on the relief of the poor throughout the world. The Servants of Charity motto reads "In Omnibus Charitas" which became the cornerstone for Guanella's own life.
Saint Giovanni Battista Piamarta was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and educator. Piamarta was also the founder of the Congregation of the Holy Family of Nazareth. Piamarta established his congregation in 1900 in order to promote Christian education across the Italian peninsula. Piamarta also founded the Humble Servants of the Lord.
Venerable Francesco Antonio Marcucci was a Roman Catholic Italian bishop and a member of the Secular Franciscan Order. Marcucci was also the founder of the Pious Workers of Mary Immaculate.
Jose Gabriel del Rosario Brochero was a Catholic Argentine priest who suffered leprosy throughout his life. He is known for his extensive work with the poor and the sick. He became affectionately known as "the Gaucho priest" and the "cowboy priest".
Manuel González García was a Spanish bishop of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the Bishop of Palencia from 1935 until his death. He was also the founder of the Eucharistic Missionaries of Nazareth and also established both the Disciples of Saint John and the Children of Reparation. He was known for his strong devotion to the Eucharist and became known as the "Bishop of the Tabernacle" due to this devotion; he made it an objective of his to spread devotion to the Eucharist and encouraged frequent reception of it.
Saint María de la Purísima Salvat Romero, born María Isabel Salvat Romero, was a Spanish Roman Catholic nun and a member of the Sisters of the Company of the Cross. She assumed the name of "María de la Purísima of the Cross" after she entered that order. Romero was the successor of Saint Angela of the Cross of the latter's congregation and was known for her firmness in the progress of the order and in their role as servants of God and His people. Romero was known in her order for her strong commitment to uphold the magisterium of the Church.
Mateo Elías Nieves Castillo was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest who was also a member of the Order of Saint Augustine who assumed the name of Elias del Socorro when he became a member of the order.
Francesco Marinoni was an Italian Roman Catholic priest who was a member of the Theatines. He assumed the name Giovanni upon admittance into the order.
Genoveva Torres Morales was a Spanish Roman Catholic nun who established her own congregation known as the Daughters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and of the Holy Angels. She wanted her new congregation to focus on the care of all women. During her life and after her death, she was referred to as an "Angel of Solitude".
Alcide-Vital Lataste was a French Roman Catholic priest who was a member of the Dominican order. He established the Dominican Sisters of Bethany in 1867 in order to work with women who were abused or from prisons. Their aim was to spread the merciful love of Jesus Christ to these women. He assumed the name of "Jean-Joseph" after he entered the Dominican order.
Blessed Francesco Peleari was an Italian priest and a member of the Society of the Priests of Saint Giuseppe Benedetto Cottolengo. He was a noted preacher and was involved in the work of social services to the poor.
Giuseppe Marcinò was an Italian priest and a member of the Order of Friars Minor - or Capuchins. After he was admitted into the order he selected the new name of "Innocenzo from Caltagirone". He was well known for his frequent and often sensational predications and miracles attributed to him since 1623. Due to this he was granted the moniker of "The Miracle Worker of the Earth".
Manuel Aparici Navarro was a Spanish Roman Catholic priest. He exercised his pastoral mission in his home of Madrid and served as a member of Catholic Action. He focused on the motivation of the faithful in the participation of both the Sacraments and of church life.
Rosa Francisca Dolors Molas Vallvé was a Spanish Roman Catholic nun. Following her solemn profession as a nun she assumed the name of "Maria Rosa" and also established the religious congregation known as the Sisters of Our Lady of Consolation.
Rafaela Porras Ayllón was a Spanish Roman Catholic professed religious who established the Handmaids of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in conjunction with her sister; upon becoming a nun she assumed the religious name of "María of the Sacred Heart of Jesus". She was a nun for most of her life and devoted herself to the management of the congregation and resided in Rome until her death after her resignation as the order's superior in 1893.