Benjamin (Fedchenkov)

Last updated
Metropolitan Benjamin
Metropolitan Veniamin (Fedchenkov).jpg
Born
Ivan Afanasevich Fedchenkov

September 14, 1880
Flag of the Russian Empire (black-yellow-white).svg Tambov Governorate, Russian Empire
DiedOctober 4, 1961
Occupation Bishop of Russian Orthodox Church

Metropolitan Benjamin or Veniamin (Russian : Митрополит Вениамин, born Iván Afanásevich Fédchenkov, Иван Афанасьевич Федченков; 14 September 1880 4 October 1961) was a Bishop of the Russian Church, Orthodox missionary and writer.

Contents

Family

His family consisted of two children and a wife.

Education

Benjamin Fedchenkov was born in the village of selo Vazhki (Ilyinka), Tambov Governorate.

1917–1920. White movement

Benjamin supported the White movement and closely cooperated with Wrangel's army of the Crimean peninsula. Benjamin emigrated in November 1920 together with the defeated soldiers of the Wrangel army and other fugitives.

Loyalty to Moscow Patriarchate

1933–1947 was Exarch of Moscow Patriarchate in North America.

From April 19, 1932 was Archbishop.

From July 14, 1938 was Metropolitan of the Aleutians and North America.

Return

1947–1951 was Metropolitan of Riga and Latvia.

1951–1955 was Metropolitan of Rostov and Novocherkassk (from February 8, 1954, Metropolitan of Rostov and Kamensk).

November 28, 1955 – February 20, 1958 was Metropolitan of Saratov and Balashov (from December 26, 1957, Metropolitan of Saratov and Volsk).

Late life

He died in Pskovo-Pechorsky Monastery, and is buried in the caves of the monastery.

Sources

Related Research Articles

Russian Civil War 1917–1922 multi-party conflict in the former Russian Empire

The Russian Civil War was a multi-party civil war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the two Russian revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future. The two largest combatant groups were the Red Army, fighting for the Bolshevik form of socialism led by Vladimir Lenin, and the loosely allied forces known as the White Army, which included diverse interests favouring political monarchism, capitalism and social democracy, each with democratic and anti-democratic variants. In addition, rival militant socialists, notably Makhnovia anarchists and Left SRs, as well as non-ideological Green armies, opposed the Reds, the Whites and foreign interventionists. Thirteen foreign nations intervened against the Red Army, notably the former Allied military forces from the just-concluded World War with the goal of re-establishing the Eastern Front. Three foreign nations of the Central Powers also intervened, rivaling the Allied intervention with the main goal of retaining the territory they had received in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

Rostov Town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia

Rostov is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, one of the oldest in the country and a tourist center of the Golden Ring. It is located on the shores of Lake Nero, 202 kilometers (126 mi) northeast of Moscow. Population: 31,792 (2010 Census); 34,141 (2002 Census); 35,707 (1989 Census).

Pyotr Wrangel

Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel was a Russian officer of Baltic German origin in the Imperial Russian Army. During the later stages of the Russian Civil War, he was commanding general of the anti-Bolshevik White Army in Southern Russia. After his side lost the civil war in 1920, he left Russia. He was known as one of the most prominent exiled White émigrés and military dictator of the South Russia.

Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia

The Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, also called Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia or ROCOR, or Russian Orthodox Church Abroad (ROCA), is a semi-autonomous part of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Patriarch Pimen I of Moscow Russian bishop

Patriarch Pimen, was the 14th Patriarch of Moscow and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church from 1970 to 1990.

Vitaly (Ustinov)

Metropolitan Vitaly was the fourth First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia from 1985 until his retirement in 2001; he was also the First Hierarch of the ROCOR (V) from 2001 until his death.

Konstantin Koroteyev

Konstantin Apollonovich Koroteyev was a Soviet Army colonel general and a Hero of the Soviet Union.

Veniamin is the Russian version of the name Benjamin, and may refer to:

Antony (Khrapovitsky)

Metropolitan Antony, or Anthony was a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church in the Russian Empire, the Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia, who after the defeat of Gen Pyotr Wrangel′s White Army in South Russia in November 1920 emigrated and in 1921 settled down in Sremski Karlovci, Serbia. He, along with several other Russian bishops in exile, established an independent Russian church administration that sought to embrace all Russian Orthodox diaspora, known as the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (ROCOR).

American Orthodox Catholic Church Christian denomination, founded 1927

The American Orthodox Catholic Church (AOCC), or The Holy Eastern Orthodox Catholic and Apostolic Church in North America (THEOCACNA), and sometimes simply the American Orthodox Patriarchate (AOP), is an independent Eastern Orthodox Christian church with origins from 1924–1927. The church was formally created on February 2, 1927 and chartered in the U.S. state of Massachusetts in 1928 with the assistance of Metropolitan Platon (Rozhdestvensky) of New York; the American Orthodox Catholic Church was initially led by Archbishop Aftimios Ofiesh before his disputed suspension and deposition in 1933.

Novo-Diveevo

Novo-Diveevo Convent is a female monastic community in Nanuet, Rockland County, New York in the United States, that was founded in 1949. It is under the auspices of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. It is also called the Stavropighial Convent of the Holy Dormition. Locally and officially it is simply called The Russian Orthodox Convent.

Konstantin Shayne Russian actor (1888–1974)

Konstantin Shayne was a Russian-American actor.

Diocese of Voronezh

The Voronezh Diocese (Russian: Воронежская епархия is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church with its center in the city of Voronezh. It Combines parishes and monasteries in the Voronezh region. Voronezh diocese headed by Metropolitan Sergius and Boris. The official holiday is on August 28.

Diocese of Saratov

Diocese of Saratov and Volsk is an eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church based in Saratov. The mother cathedral is the Church of the Protection of the Theotokos.

Orenburzhie is a commercial airline headquartered in Orenburg, Russia, on the ground of Orenburg Airport. It serves as regular and charter passenger airline out of Orenburg and Izhevsk Airport.

Southern Front (RSFSR)

The Southern Front was a front of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War, formed twice.

Benjamin (Likhomanov) Russian Orthodox Metropolitan of Volgograd Oblast

Metropolitan Benjamin (Likhomanov), is a Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church. He is a bishop in Volgograd Oblast and holds the title of "Bishop of Rybinsk and Danilovsky".

Ignatius (Deputatov) Russian Orthodox Metropolitan of Volgograd Oblast

Metropolitan Ignatius (Deputatov), is a Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church. He presently holds the title of "Bishop of Saratov and Volsky" as well as being the head of the Saratov Metropolitanate.