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Coordinates: 41°29′12″N123°41′06″E / 41.4868°N 123.6850°E / 41.4868; 123.6850



Location of Benxi Prefecture within Liaoning (China).png
Location of Benxi City jurisdiction in Liaoning
China Liaoning relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Location of the city centre in Liaoning
Coordinates(Benxi Bureau of Civil Affairs / 本溪市民政局): 41°18′14″N123°45′54″E / 41.3039°N 123.7649°E / 41.3039; 123.7649
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Liaoning
Municipal seat Xihu District
Districts and Counties
  • Pingshan District
  • Xihu District
  • Mingshan District
  • Nanfen District
  • Benxi Manchu Autonomous County
  • Huanren Manchu Autonomous County
   CPC BenxiCommittee Secretary
  MayorTian Shuhuai (田树槐)
   Prefecture-level city 8,435 km2 (3,257 sq mi)
1,526.00 km2 (589.19 sq mi)
907.0 km2 (350.2 sq mi)
131 m (430 ft)
 (2010 census) [2]
   Prefecture-level city 1,709,538
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code(s) 24
ISO 3166 code CN-LN-05
Licence plates 辽E
Administrative division code 210500

Benxi (Chinese : 本溪 ; pinyin :Běnxī) is a prefecture-level city located in the east of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, south-southeast of the provincial capital Shenyang. Its population was 1,709,538 at the 2010 census whom 1,011,377 lived in the built-up area made of 3 urban districts (Pingshan, Xihu and Mingshan). It was founded as a metallurgical center in 1915. Benxi Iron and Steel Company (Bengang) is the largest employer in the city, and used to be the fourth-largest steel company in China. The second-largest industry in Benxi is coal mining. The city has pollution problems due to steel production and coal mining.

During the disaster of Air France flight AF447, Benxi Iron and Steel Company lost 5 employees, including the executive Chen Chiping who was the wife of Liaoning's provincial governor. [3]


As early as 400,000 years ago, there were people living in Benxi prefecture, which was indicated by Miaohou Mountain ruins with human fossils and stone tools explored in this region.

The worst coal mining disaster in the world took place on April 26, 1942 in Benxihu Colliery. A coal-dust explosion killed 1,549 miners working that day, making it the worst disaster in the history of coal mining and the second worst recorded industrial accident. The explosion sent flames bursting out of the mine shaft entrance. Miners' relatives rushed to the site but were denied entry by a cordon of Japanese guards who erected electric fences to keep them out. [4] In an attempt to curtail the fire underground, the Japanese shut off the ventilation and sealed the pit head. Witnesses say that the Japanese did not evacuate the pit fully before sealing it, trapping many Chinese workers underground to suffocate in the smoke. [5]

The city is home to a notable number of Manchu and Hui people.

Administrative divisions

Benxi contains 4 districts and 2 autonomous counties:

#Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
1 Pingshan District 平山区Píngshān Qū350,0001771,977
2 Xihu District 溪湖区Xīhú Qū220,000320688
3 Mingshan District 明山区Míngshān Qū300,000410732
4 Nanfen District 南芬区Nánfēn Qū80,000619129
5 Benxi Manchu Autonomous County 本溪满族
Běnxī Mǎnzú
6 Huanren Manchu Autonomous County 桓仁满族
Huánrén Mǎnzú

Within these there are 25 counties, 40 villages and towns, 229 communities and 289 village committees.


Benxi is located within latitude 40° 49'–41° 35' N and longitude 123° 34'–125° 46' E, and has a total area of 8,411.31 square kilometres (3,247.62 sq mi). It is bordered by Tonghua (Jilin) to the east, Dandong to the south, Liaoyang to the west, Shenyang to the northwest, and Fushun to the north. The area has many mountains as well as a high degree of forest coverage (74%). [6]


Benxi has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), characterised by hot, humid summers, due to the East Asian monsoon, and long, cold and windy, but dry winters, due to the Siberian anticyclone. The four seasons here are distinctive. Nearly half of the annual rainfall occurs in July and August alone. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −11.5 °C (11.3 °F) in January to 24.0 °C (75.2 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 7.83 °C (46.1 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 38% in July to 63% in February, the city receives 2,325 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Benxi (1981–2010 normals)
Average high °C (°F)−4.8
Daily mean °C (°F)−11.4
Average low °C (°F)−16.8
Average precipitation mm (inches)8.6
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)64585350566677787364636564
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.4186.5220.5230.2240.8213.0173.5183.0203.7200.8161.1147.52,325
Percent possible sunshine 56636058544838435559555252
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 19712000) [7] [8]


Benxi's economy grew 10% in 2012 to a regional GDP of 111.24 billion CNY. [9] Ranked eighth out of fourteen prefecture level cities in Liaoning, the city's GDP accounted for approximately 4% of provincial total. [10] Urban per-capita disposable income was 22,466 CNY, and consumption per capita 16,064 CNY. [11]

With 46 large and medium-sized enterprises in Benxi, main industrial products are raw iron (14 million tons), steel (13 million tons), finished steel (12 million tons), cement (3 million tons) and raw coal (1 million tons). In 2008, 92,615 people were employed in manufacturing, 20,368 in education, 19,228 in public administration and social organizations, 17,913 persons in the mining industry, and 12,997 in transportation and storage. According to the type of business ownership, 63,000 were employed in private companies. [12]

Uranium is mined in the region.

As of 2009, Asia's biggest iron ore mine, which is reported to possess more than 3 billion tons of proven reserves, has been found in this region. [13]


The city contains the Benxi Campus of the Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (LNUTCM). [14]

In the perspective of high school education, the Benxi Senior High School (Benxi Gaozhong) is located in the city, while the school faced severe controversy on the unreasonably-high number of Sporting Students. [15] However, the currency of the school is improving with the former-principal Pang Mingrong (庞鸣嵘) dismissed from the school, Pang was infamous and controversial for the injustice in his attitude towards students of different 'classes,' which builds on test scores, however revered by his students.[ citation needed ]

Tourist activities

Benxi is rich with tourist attractions. The eastern side of the prefecture is covered with mountains, caves and lakes with low population, making the various parks in that area popular.

The Benxi Lake, located at the urban area of Xihu district in Benxi, after which the city was named in Qing dynasty, is the tiniest lake in the world. With an area less than 15 sq. meters and a daily rate of flow at approximately 20,000 tons, the lake acts as a famous tourist attraction of the city.

The Benxi Water Cave National Park is a subterranean river, some 3,000 meters long, 2 meters deep and wide enough for 20-30 boats. It flows through this cave situated 35 km (22 mi) east of Benxi city. The cave is filled with countless stalactites and stone flowers, pillars and curtains.

Wunü Mountain National Park is an area of natural beauty. The park also contains the remains of an ancient Goguryeo capital city. As such the site has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [16]

Guanmenshan National Forest Park is an valley of outstanding natural beauty. Secluded trails run up and down the valley. The area is particularly popular in autumn when the leaves of the many maple trees that line the valley turn bright red.


Sister cities

Related Research Articles

Liaoning Province of China

Liaoning, is a coastal province in Northeast China that is the smallest, southernmost, and most populous province in the region. With its capital at Shenyang, it is located on the northern shore of the Yellow Sea, and is the northernmost coastal province of the People's Republic of China.

Anshan Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Anshan is an inland prefecture-level city in central-southeast Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, about 92 kilometres (57 mi) south of the provincial capital Shenyang. It is Liaoning's third-most populous city with a population of 3,584,000 people, and covers an area of about 9,252 km2 (3,572 sq mi) spanning 133 km (83 mi) from east to the west. The city's name came from the horse saddle-like shape of a nearby mountain south of the city, which can be seen on the left (west) about five minutes before the northbound train arrives at Anshan railway station. Anshan is home to the Anshan Iron and Steel Group, one of the largest steel producers in China. Anshan is sister city with Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Tangshan Prefecture-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Tangshan is a coastal, industrial prefecture-level city in the northeast of Hebei province. It is located in the eastern part of Hebei Province and the northeastern part of the North China Plain. It is located in the central area of the Bohai Rim and serves as the main traffic corridor to the Northeast. The city faces the Bohai Sea in the south, the Yan Mountains in the north, Qinhuangdao across the Luan River to the east, and Tianjin to the west.

Dandong Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Dandong, formerly known as Andong, is a coastal prefecture-level city in southeastern Liaoning province, in the northeastern region of People's Republic of China.

Shuangyashan Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Shuangyashan is a coal mining prefecture-level city located in the eastern part Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, bordering Russia's Khabarovsk and Primorsky krais to the east. The city's name means a pair-of-ducks mountains and refers to two peaks northeast of the city. In 2007 it had a GDP of RMB 20.6 billion with a 14.2% growth rate.

Yingkou Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Yingkou is a coastal prefecture-level city of central southern Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, on the northeastern shore of Liaodong Bay. It is the third-smallest city in Liaoning with a total area of 4,970 square kilometres (1,920 sq mi), and the ninth most populous with a population of 2,428,534, of whom 1,340,993 live in the built-up area made of three urban districts and one county-level city (Dashiqiao). It borders the sub-provincial city of Dalian to the south, the prefectural cities of Anshan to the north and east and Panjin to the northwest, and also shares maritime boundaries with Jinzhou and Huludao across the Liaodong Bay to its west.

Fushun Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Fushun is a prefecture level city in Liaoning province, China, about 45 km (28 mi) east of Shenyang, with a population of 2,138,090 inhabitants and a total area of 11,272 km2 (4,352 sq mi), 714 km2 (276 sq mi) of which is the city proper. Situated on the Hun River, it is one of the industrial and economic development hubs in Liaoning.

Benxihu (Honkeiko) Colliery, located in Benxi, Liaoning, China, was first mined in 1905. Originally an iron and coal mining project under joint Japanese and Chinese control, the mine came under predominately Japanese control. In the early 1930s, Japan invaded the northeast of China, and Liaoning province became part of the Japanese-controlled puppet state of Manchukuo. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese forced Chinese labourers—some of whom had been captured from local military organizations—to work the colliery under very poor conditions. Food was scarce and workers did not have sufficient clothing. Working conditions were harsh, and diseases such as typhoid and cholera flourished due to poor sanitation and water supplies. Typically miners worked 12-hour shifts or longer. The Japanese controllers were known to beat workers with pick handles, and the perimeter of the mine was fenced and guarded. Many describe the conditions as slave labour.

Tieling Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Tieling is one of 14 prefecture-level cities in Liaoning province of the People's Republic of China. Tieling is a city where coal mining is an important industry.

Tongliao Prefecture-level city in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Tongliao is a prefecture-level city in eastern Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. The area is 59,535 square kilometres (22,987 sq mi) and population is 3,139,153 ; the city proper has 898,895 inhabitants (2010). The city was the administrative centre of the defunct Jirem League.

Liaoyuan Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Liaoyuan is a prefecture-level city in Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is bounded on the west and south by Tieling of Liaoning province, west and north by Siping, and east by Tonghua and Jilin City. Liaoyuan lies some 100 km (62 mi) south of Changchun, the provincial capital. Covering an area of 5,125 km2 (1,979 sq mi), Liaoyuan is the smallest among the prefecture-level divisions of Jilin. Liaoyuan has a total population of 1,176,645 in the prefecture, while the urban area has a population of 462,233.

Jiaozuo Prefecture-level city in Henan, Peoples Republic of China

Jiaozuo is a prefecture-level city in the northwest of Henan province, China. Sitting on the northern bank of the Yellow River, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the south, Xinxiang to the east, Jiyuan to the west, Luoyang to the southwest, and the province of Shanxi to the north. Jiaozuo is one of the core cities of the Central Plains urban agglomeration and a regional central city along the Shanxi–Henan border area.

Jixi Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Jixi is a city in southeastern Heilongjiang Province, People's Republic of China. At the 2010 census, 1,862,165 people resided within its administrative area of 22,488.47 square kilometres (8,682.85 sq mi) and 757,647 in its built-up area made up of 3 out of 6 urban districts. Jixi is on the Muling River about 30 km (19 mi) from the border with Russia's Primorsky Krai and 120 km (75 mi) from Lake Xingkai. The mayor of Jixi is Zhang Changrong (张常荣) since June 2015. The area is one of the important coal mining bases in China. A crater on asteroid 253 Mathilde was named after the city.

Benxi Shuidong National Park

The Benxi Water Caves is a partially submerged cavern system containing a forest of stalactites and stalagmites, located 26 kilometres (16 mi) east of Benxi, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China. It was made a national park on January 10, 1994, and is open to the public all year round. It was designated an "AAAAA"-class tourist attraction by CNTA in 2015.

Xihu District, Benxi District in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Xihu District is a District under the administration of the city of Benxi, Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. It has a total area of 320 square kilometres (120 sq mi), and a population of approximately 230,000 people as of 2002.

Benxi Manchu Autonomous County Autonomous county in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Benxi Manchu Autonomous County is an autonomous county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Benxi, in the east of Liaoning province, China. It has a total area of 3,362 square kilometres (1,298 sq mi), and a population of approximately 300,000 people as of 2002.

Benxi Steel Group Corp., Ltd. known as Benxi Steel Group is a Chinese holding company based in Benxi, Liaoning Province, for two steel making group.

Gao Hongbin is a Chinese politician who spent his entirely career in northeast China's Liaoning province. He was investigated by the Communist Party of China's anti-graft agency in December 2018. Previously he served as head of the United Front Department of CPC Liaoning Provincial Committee.

Liu Guoqiang is a former Chinese politician who spent his entire career in his home-province Liaoning. He was investigated by China's top anti-graft agency in July 2020. He has retired for three years, prior to that, he served as vice-chairman of the Liaoning Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) from 2013 to 2017, vice-governor of Liaoning from 2001 to 2013, and mayor of Benxi from 2000 to 2001. He was a delegate to the 10th and 11th National People's Congress.


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