Berchtesgaden Alps

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Berchtesgaden Alps
Hochkoenig.jpg
The Hochkönig from the south
Highest point
Peak Hochkönig
Elevation 2,941 m (9,649 ft)
Coordinates 47°25′13″N13°3′45″E / 47.42028°N 13.06250°E / 47.42028; 13.06250 Coordinates: 47°25′13″N13°3′45″E / 47.42028°N 13.06250°E / 47.42028; 13.06250
Dimensions
Length45 km (28 mi)
Area1,089.0 km2 (420.5 sq mi)
Geography
Countries Germany and Austria
States Bavaria and Salzburg
Parent range Northern Limestone Alps
Northern Salzburg Alps
Geology
Age of rock Triassic
Type of rock Wetterstein limestone, Ramsau dolomite and Dachstein limestone

The Berchtesgaden Alps (German : Berchtesgadener Alpen) are a mountain range of the Northern Limestone Alps, named after the market town of Berchtesgaden located in the centre. The central part belongs to the Berchtesgadener Land district of southeastern Bavaria, Germany, while the adjacent area in the north, east and south is part of the Austrian state of Salzburg (Salzburger Land).

Contents

Geography

Mountains and lakes

Obersee (Konigssee) Obersee (Konigssee) (2008).JPG
Obersee (Königssee)

While the highest mountain of the Berchtesgaden Alps is the Hochkönig (2,941 metres (9,649 ft)) located in the Austrian part, the best known peak is the Watzmann massif, the third-highest mountain of Germany at 2,713 metres (8,901 ft). The range also comprises the Obersalzberg slope east of Berchtesgaden, known for the former Berghof residence of Adolf Hitler. The picturesque heart is formed by the glacial Königssee lake with the famous St. Bartholomew's pilgrimage church and the smaller Obersee, both part of the Berchtesgaden National Park established in 1978. The range also comprises glaciers like the Blaueis as well as the Steinernes Meer high karst plateau.

Peaks

Massifs and peaks of the Berchtesgaden Alps Berchtesgadener Alpen.png
Massifs and peaks of the Berchtesgaden Alps
View of the Watzmann and Hochkalter from the Kehlsteinhaus Blick vom Kehlsteinhaus MQ.jpg
View of the Watzmann and Hochkalter from the Kehlsteinhaus

The most important summits of the Berchtesgaden Alps are (groups in order of height):

Boundaries and neighbouring groups

Berchtesgaden Alps from 10,000 m Berchtesgaden Alps 10km.jpg
Berchtesgaden Alps from 10,000 m

The Berchtesgaden Alps border on the following other mountain groups of the Alps:

The Berchtesgaden Alps are included under this name in the generally accepted Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps (AVE) as mountain group no. 10 and counted as part of the Northern Limestone Alps .

Literature

Related Research Articles

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Kitzbühel Alps Mountain range in Austria

The Kitzbühel Alps are a mountain range of the Central Eastern Alps surrounding the town of Kitzbühel in Tyrol, Austria. Geologically they are part of the western slate zone.

Hochkönig

The Hochkönig is a mountain group containing the highest mountain in the Berchtesgaden Alps, Salzburgerland, Austria. The Berchtesgaden Alps form part of the Northern Limestone Alps.

Maria Alm Place in Salzburg, Austria

Maria Alm am Steinernen Meer is a municipality in the district of Zell am See, in the state of Salzburg in Austria.

Hochkalter

At 2,606.9 metres (8,553 ft), the Hochkalter in the Berchtesgaden Alps is the highest peak in the massif of the same name and therefore one of the highest mountains in Germany. The Hochkalter Massif is also called the Hochkalter mountains.

Leogang Mountains

The Leogang Mountains are a mountain range in Austria in the state of Salzburg and form part of the Northern Limestone Alps within the Eastern Alps. They are located between the Lofer valley, Saalfelden and Leogang and, together with the Lofer Mountains to the northwest form two mountain massifs that are separated by the saddle of the Römersattel, but which the Alpine categorisation of the Eastern Alps defines as a single sub-group. The Leogang Mountains are separated from the Kitzbühel Alps to the south and the Steinernes Meer to the east by deeply incised valleys. Typical of the Steinberge are high plateaux with steep sides and sharply undulating high cirques.

Hocheisspitze

The Hocheisspitze is a 2,523 m high mountain in the Berchtesgaden Alps, over which the border between Germany and Austria runs. It is also the highest mountain in the eponymous Hocheis Group that belongs to the Hochkalter Massif.

Großer Hundstod

The Großer Hundstod is, at 2,593 metres, one of the main peaks in the Steinernes Meer in the Berchtesgaden Alps, and lies on the border between Bavaria and the Austrian state of Salzburg.

Teufelshörner

The Teufelshörner are a pair of mountains on the German-Austrian border in the Berchtesgaden Alps. The two peaks, which form a mountain ridge, are the Großes Teufelshorn and the Kleines Teufelshorn.

Steinernes Meer

The Steinernes Meer is a high karst plateau in the Northern Limestone Alps. As one of the nine sub-ranges of the Berchtesgaden Alps the Steinernes Meer belongs partly to Bavaria and partly to Salzburg.

Berchtesgaden National Park

Berchtesgaden National Park is in the south of Germany, on its border with Austria, in the municipalities of Ramsau bei Berchtesgaden and Schönau am Königsee, Berchtesgadener Land, Free State of Bavaria. The national park was established in 1978 to protect the landscapes of the Berchtesgaden Alps. Headquartered in the town of Berchtesgaden, the park was designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1990.

Hagen Mountains

The Hagen Mountains are a subrange of the Berchtesgaden Alps. They lie mainly in the Austrian state of Salzburg, the western quarter is in the Bavarian county of Berchtesgadener Land. The steep western flanks of the Hagen lie in Bavaria and drop 1,700 metres (5,580 ft) in height to the basin of the Berchtesgadener Königssee.

Bratschenköpfe

The Bratschenköpfe, consisting of the Großer Bratschenkopf and Kleiner Bratschenkopf, are two peaks in the Hochkönig massif in the Berchtesgaden Alps. The lie in the district of St. Johann im Pongau in the Austrian state of Salzburg.

Lamkopf

The Lamkopf is a mountain, 2,846 m (AA), in the Hochkönig massif within the Berchtesgaden Alps. It lies in the Zell am See in the Austrian state of Salzburg.

Hochseiler

The Hochseiler is a mountain, 2,793 m (AA), in the Hochkönig massif within the Berchtesgaden Alps. It lies on the boundary between the districts of Zell am See and St. Johann im Pongau in the Austrian state of Salzburg.

Torsäule

The Torsäule is a very steep, about 500-metre-high limestone formation on the eastern flank of the Hochkönig massif in the Berchtesgaden Alps.

Brandhorn (Steinernes Meer)

The Brandhorn is a mountain, 2,610 m (AA), in the Berchtesgaden Alps in the Austrian state of Salzburg. It lies in the southeast of the Steinernes Meer, at the crossing to the Hochkönig. After the Selbhorn (2,655 m) and Schönfeldspitze (2,653 m) the Brandhorn is the third highest peak in the Steinernes Meer.

Mühlsturzhörner

The Mühlsturzhörner are two summits in the Reiter Alm in the Berchtesgaden Alps in the Upper Bavarian county of Berchtesgadener Land. The Großes Mühlsturzhorn is 2,234 m above sea level (NHN) and its top is around 300 metres southeast of the Stadelhorn, not far from the border between Bavaria and Salzburg in Austria. The Kleines Mühlsturzhorn is located 280 metres east-northeast and has a height of 2,141 m above NHN.

References