Bergisch Gladbach

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Bergisch Gladbach
Bergisch Gladbach Bensberg - Schloss 09 ies.jpg
Forecourt of Schloss Bensberg
Bergisch Gladbach flag.jpg
Flag
DEU Bergisch Gladbach COA.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Bergisch Gladbach within Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis district
Bergisch Gladbach in GL.svg
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bergisch Gladbach
North Rhine-Westphalia location map 01.svg
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Bergisch Gladbach
Coordinates: 51°06′N07°07′E / 51.100°N 7.117°E / 51.100; 7.117 Coordinates: 51°06′N07°07′E / 51.100°N 7.117°E / 51.100; 7.117
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Köln
District Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
Subdivisions6
Government
   Mayor Frank Stein (SPD)
Area
  Total83.12 km2 (32.09 sq mi)
Highest elevation
267 m (876 ft)
Lowest elevation
51 m (167 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31) [1]
  Total111,846
  Density1,300/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
51401-51469
Dialling codes 02202, 02204, 02207
Vehicle registration GL
Website www.bergischgladbach.de

Bergisch Gladbach (German pronunciation: [ˌbɛɐ̯gɪʃ ˈglatbax] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city in the Cologne/Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and capital of the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (district).

Contents

Geography

Bergisch Gladbach is located east of the river Rhine, approx. 10 kilometers east of Cologne.

Neighbouring municipalities

Beginning in the north clockwise the neighbouring municipalities and neighbouring towns are: Odenthal, Kürten, Overath, Rösrath, Cologne and Leverkusen.

History

Early settlements existed in the 13th century, but the town was officially founded in 1856.

Old castle and town hall of Bensberg Bensberg Rathaus2.jpg
Old castle and town hall of Bensberg

The word Bergisch in the name does not originate from its location in the county of Berg and was not added to distinguish it from Mönchengladbach as believed by many people, but from the counts who gave their name to the region. At the start of the 12th century the counts of Berg settled in the area and it later became the duchy (under Napoleon, the grand duchy) of Berg. This is where the first part of the name (Bergisch) comes from, the town being located in the former county of Berg. It is the administrative headquarters ('Kreisstadt') of the Rheinish-Bergisch district (or 'Kreis').

The second part of the name, Gladbach (cognate with English Ladbrooke) originates from Low Rhenish (Bergisches Platt) and means canalised stream, referring to the small river (the Strunde) that was artificially canalised (laid) in early medieval times. In Bergisch Platt, the regional dialect, laid is said gelaat, a word which eventually evolved to glad (in this case the 'd' is pronounced as a 't'). The second part of the word, bach is the standard German word for a small stream, referring in this case to the Strunde .

In 1975 the town incorporated neighbouring Bensberg and when it reached a population of 100,000 in 1977 it was given city status.

Largest groups of foreign residents [2]
NationalityPopulation (2014)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 2,123
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 882
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 878
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 679
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 300
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 288
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 260
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 257
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 241
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia & Herzegovina 208

Economy

Paper manufacturing, printing, glass wool manufacturing, chocolate, and high-tech industries make up a large part of Bergisch Gladbach's economy.

International relations

Bergisch Gladbach is twinned with: [3]

CountryPlaceCounty / District / Region / StateDate
Flag of France.svg France Bourgoin-Jallieu Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 1956
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Luton Bedfordshire 1956
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Velsen North Holland 1956
Flag of France.svg France Joinville-le-Pont Île-de-France 1960
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Runnymede Surrey 1965
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania Marijampolė Suvalkija 1989
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus Limassol 1991
Flag of Poland.svg Poland Pszczyna Silesian Voivodship 1993
Flag of Palestine.svg Palestine Beit Jala West Bank 2010
Flag of Israel.svg Israel Ganei Tikva Central District 2012
Flag of the United States.svg United States South Bend Indiana 2019

Born in Bergisch Gladbach

Secondary schools in Bergisch Gladbach

See also

Related Research Articles

Berg may refer to:

Mönchengladbach Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Altena Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Altena is a town in the district of Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The town's castle is the origin for the later Dukes of Berg. Altena is situated on the Lenne river valley, in the northern stretches of the Sauerland.

Bergisches Land

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The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the Cologne Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Kreis Mettman, Oberbergischer Kreis and Rhein-Sieg, and the district-free cities Cologne, Leverkusen, Solingen and Remscheid.

Wolf Bickel is a German amateur astronomer and a prolific discoverer of asteroids, observing at his private Bergisch Gladbach Observatory, Germany. He is the most successful German discoverer of minor planets.

Ripuarian language German dialect group

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Overath Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Overath is a town in the Rheinisch-Bergischer district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Rösrath Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Rösrath is a town in the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (district) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The earliest known documents mentioning the settlement Rösrath can be found in documents dated to 1356. There have been findings of Paleolithic and Mesolithic tools in the city area Forsbach. The community was elevated to city status in 2001.

Mülheim, Cologne 9th District of Cologne in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Kürten Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Kürten is a village and a municipality in the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Line S 11 is a S-Bahn line operated by DB Regio on the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn network. It connects Düsseldorf Airport Terminal with Bergisch Gladbach, running via Düsseldorf Neuss, Dormagen and Cologne. Before 13 December 2009, the service operated from Wuppertal-Vohwinkel in peak time, sharing the Wuppertal-Düsseldorf run with the S8 trains. Normal operation, though, started at Düsseldorf-Wehrhahn. Since the introduction of the new 2010 Schedule the service starts at Düsseldorf Airport Terminal replacing the line S 7 to Düsseldorf Hbf. The former run to Wuppertal-Vohwinkel is now conducted by the S 68.

Lars Leese German footballer and manager

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Oberdollendorf Stadtteil of Königswinter in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Rüdiger Baldauf

Rüdiger Baldauf is a German jazz musician, trumpet player, composer and arranger.

South Bergish or Upper Bergish is a group of German dialects of the Bergisches Land region East of the Rhine and approximately south of the Wupper and north of the Sieg. These dialects are part of the Ripuarian group and thus are also called East Ripuarian. Ripuarian dialects are also spoken west of the Rhine up to the German border, and in some small areas next to the respective borders in Belgium and in the Netherlands. Ripuarian Bergish dialects belong to the Middle German group, and thus are varieties of High German, where they belong to the northmost ones. In the North, they border to the East Bergish and the West Bergish language groups, which are part of the Low Franconian group like Dutch.

Cologne–Lindlar railway

The Cologne–Lindlar railway is a formerly 45 km long, partly disused railway line from Mülheim via Bergisch Gladbach, Bensberg, Rösrath, Hoffnungsthal and Immekeppel to Lindlar in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Bergisch Gladbach station

Bergisch Gladbach station is a terminal station and forms the public transport hub of the city of Bergisch Gladbach, in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It has been the terminus of line S 11 of the Rhine-Sieg S-Bahn since 1 June 1975. This service now runs via Cologne, Neuss and Düsseldorf to Düsseldorf Airport Terminal station. It also includes the city’s freight yard. The section of the Sülz Valley Railway between Köln-Mülheim station and Bergisch Gladbach is electrified. The station is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 6 station.

Altenberger Dom Church in Altenberg, Germany

The Altenberger Dom is the former abbey church of Altenberg Abbey which was built from 1259 in Gothic style by Cistercians. Listed as a cultural heritage, it is located in Altenberg, now part of Odenthal in the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Until 1511, the church was the burial site of counts and dukes of Berg and the dukes of Jülich-Berg.

References

  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2019" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW . Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  2. "Staatsangehörigkeit in Bergisch Gladbach". Stadt Bergisch Gladbach. Retrieved 21 July 2015.[ permanent dead link ]
  3. "Städtepartnerschaften- und Freundschaften". bergischgladbach.de (in German). Bergisch Gladbach. Retrieved 27 November 2019.