Hatice Beril Dedeoğlu
|Minister of European Union Affairs|
22 September 2015 –17 November 2015
|Prime Minister||Ahmet Davutoğlu|
|Preceded by||Ali Haydar Konca|
|Succeeded by||Volkan Bozkır|
|Chief Negotiator for Turkish Accession to the European Union|
22 September 2015 –17 November 2015
|Prime Minister||Ahmet Davutoğlu|
|Preceded by||Volkan Bozkır|
|Succeeded by||Volkan Bozkır|
|Born||9 December 1961|
|Died||13 March 2019 57)(aged|
|Alma mater||İstanbul University|
|This article is part of a series about the|
| Accession of Turkey |
to the European Union
Hatice Beril Dedeoğlu (9 December 1961 – 13 March 2019) was a Turkish academic who served as the Minister of European Union Affairs in the interim election government led by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu between 22 September and 17 November 2015. Having taken over from the previous interim cabinet minister Ali Haydar Konca following his resignation, Dedeoğlu served until Davutoğlu formed a new government after the November 2015 snap general election. She was, as required by the Constitution, of no political affiliation and was one of two women to serve in the interim cabinet, the other being Family and Social Policy Minister Ayşen Gürcan.
As the Minister of European Union Affairs, Dedeoğlu concurrently served as the Chief Negotiator representing Turkey during the EU accession negotiations.
Hatice Beril Dedeoğlu was born in Ankara in 1961 and graduated from Galatasaray High School in İstanbul. She later graduated from the Department of International Relations in the İstanbul University Faculty of Economics. Besides her academic career, she works as a columnist on international relations for the Star and Today's Zaman newspapers, having previously worked for the newspapers Zaman , Agos and Yeni Şafak .
Dedeoğlu began her career by working as an assistant to Professor Esat Çam and has worked in the Galatasaray University Department of International Relations since 1995. She became a docent in 1999 and a professor in 2005.In 2005, she was appointed to lead the International Relations Department of the Galatasaray University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences. She briefly gave lectures at Kadir Has University and still gives lectures at İstanbul Aydın University and the Gaziantep Hasan Kalyoncu University. She has authored several books and journal articles and has appeared on several news programs on Samanyolu Haber and TRT Haber TV channels.
On 6 February 2012, she was appointed to the Council of Higher Education (YÖK) by President Abdullah Gül for a four-year term.
In December 2012, the Justice and Development Party government of Turkey began a period of peace negotiations with the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), a separatist terrorist organisation that has fought against the Turkish Armed Forces since the 1980s. The ceasefire and the subsequent negotiations were named the solution process and was designed to end the 40-year conflict in the south-eastern region of the country.
The solution process involved the establishment of a 'wise people committee', formed of academics and experts that were due to report on the ongoing developments in the south-east to the government during the negotiations. The committee, announced on 4 April 2013, was formed of representatives from all seven regions of Turkey. Dedeoğlu was appointed as the Vice Chairman of the delegation from the Central Anatolia Region. As a member of the wise-people committee, she participated and organised several conferences and visits to areas in the Central Anatolian Region for much of the first half of 2013.
The general election held in June 2015 resulted in a hung parliament, with coalition negotiations eventually proving unsuccessful. As a result, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan called a snap election for November 2015, thereby necessitating the formation of an interim election government as required by the Turkish Constitution. The interim election government, the first in Turkish history, was formed by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, who sent out invitations to politicians from all parties to take part. Apart from Davutoğlu's Justice and Development Party (AKP), only the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) opted to take part, while the Republican People's Party (CHP) and the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) declined their invitations.
Just under a month after taking office, both the HDP ministers taking part in the government resigned, leaving the positions of European Affairs Minister and Development Minister vacant. Dedeoğlu was appointed as the Minister of European Union Affairs, succeeding HDP Member of Parliament Ali Haydar Konca. As required by the Constitution, she was independent of any political party. As the Minister of European Union Affairs, Dedeoğlu concurrently served as the Chief Negotiator representing Turkey during the EU accession negotiations.
In May 2014, an explosion in a coal mine in the district of Soma in Manisa Province killed 301 miners, becoming Turkey's worst ever mine disaster. The opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) had presented a request in Parliament just two weeks before the disaster to investigate past mining disasters and incidents in several mines including Soma, with the motion being rejected by the government. Writing as a columnist in the pro-government newspaper Star after the disaster, Dedeoğlu authored a column criticising the CHP for putting forward such a motion, claiming such motions never prevented future disasters. She was criticised by opposition commentators for her article.
It was observed that Dedeoğlu had been appointed as a cabinet minister by the AKP despite being a writer for the newspaper Today's Zaman , widely considered to be sympathetic to the Gülen Movement founded and led by exiled cleric Fethullah Gülen. The AKP government, as well as President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, have referred to the movement as a 'parallel state' and a 'terrorist organisation', having been involved in a political conflict with Gülen Movement supporters in high bureaucratic offices whom they accused of attempting to establish 'a state within a state'. Numerous police raids have since been conducted on the Zaman newspaper and other Gülen Movement affiliated establishments, such as Bank Asya and Samanyolu TV. Dedeoğlu's appointment thus came as a surprise to the opposition media.
Beril Dedeoğlu died on 13 March 2019, following a brain hemorrhage two weeks earlier. She was 57.
Ahmet Davutoğlu is a Turkish academic, politician and former diplomat who served as the 26th Prime Minister of Turkey and Leader of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) from 2014 to 2016. He previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2009 to 2014 and chief advisor to Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan from 2003 to 2009. He was elected as an AKP Member of Parliament for Konya in the 2011 general election and was reelected as an MP in both the June and November 2015 general elections. He resigned as Prime Minister on 22 May 2016.
Süleyman Soylu is a Turkish politician. He is a deputy chairman of the Justice and Development Party who currently serves as the Minister of the Interior since 31 August 2016. He previously served as the Minister of Labour and Social Security from November 2015 to August 2016. He is a former leader of the Democrat Party (DP).
The Turkish general election of June 2015 took place on 7 June 2015 in all 85 electoral districts of Turkey to elect 550 members to the Grand National Assembly. This was the 24th general election in the history of the Turkish Republic, electing the country's 25th Parliament. The result was the first hung parliament since the 1999 general election. Unsuccessful attempts to form a coalition government resulted in a snap general election being called for November 2015.
In the run-up to the Turkish general election of June 2015, many political parties engaged in campaign efforts to increase their vote shares. The main contesting parties were the governing incumbent Justice and Development Party (AKP) led by Ahmet Davutoğlu, the Republican People's Party (CHP) led by Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) led by Devlet Bahçeli and the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) co-led by Selahattin Demirtaş and Figen Yüksekdağ. These four parties are the only parties with a realistic chance of surpassing the 10% parliamentary threshold to gain representation in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
In the run-up to, during and after the Turkish general election of June 2015, numerous accusations of electoral fraud and violence were made by opposition parties. Electoral fraud in Turkey has usually been most extensive during local elections, where individual votes have significantly larger impact in determining local administrations. Although the 2014 presidential election saw little evidence of electoral misconduct, issues regarding voter records as well as extensive media bias have been controversial issues that have remained largely unaddressed. In both the local and presidential elections in 2014, several voters reported that ballot papers had been sent to addresses that are wrong or do not exist as well as voters that have been dead for a substantial amount of time.
The following article documents the issues and developments that have formed the basis of the political campaigns and the news agenda in the run-up to the June 2015 general election and the November 2015 general election.
The Turkish general election of November 2015 was held on 1 November 2015 throughout the 85 electoral districts of Turkey to elect 550 members to the Grand National Assembly. It was the 25th general election in the History of the Republic of Turkey and elected the country's 26th Parliament. The election resulted in the Justice and Development Party (AKP) regaining a Parliamentary majority following a 'shock' victory, having lost it five months earlier in the June 2015 general election.
The 2015 interim election government of Turkey was a temporary election government formed by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu on the request of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. It is also referred to as the Second Davutoğlu Cabinet. As the 63rd government of Turkey, the cabinet presided over the November 2015 general election and dissolved after a new government is formed after the election. It is the first such government to take office in the history of the Turkish Republic.
Yıldırım Tuğrul Türkeş is a Turkish economist and politician, who served as Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey from 28 August 2015 to 19 July 2017. He first joined the interim election government formed by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu on 28 August 2015 as a Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) politician. He later defected to the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and was elected as an MP as an AKP candidate in the November 2015 general election, continuing to serve as Deputy Prime Minister in the subsequent AKP majority government. He has been a Member of Parliament for Ankara's first electoral district since the 2007 general election and is the eldest son of the MHP's founder Alparslan Türkeş. He is the former leader of the Bright Turkey Party (ATP), which he led from 1997 to 2002.
Müslüm Doğan is a Turkish politician of Kurdish origin who served as the Minister of Development in the interim election government formed by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu on 28 August 2015. He was elected as a Member of Parliament for İzmir's second electoral district in the June 2015 general election. He is a member of the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP). On 22 September 2015, he resigned from the interim election cabinet and was succeeded by Cüneyd Düzyol.
Ali Haydar Konca is a Turkish politician who served as the Minister of European Union Affairs and Chief Negotiator in the interim election government led by Ahmet Davutoğlu between 28 August and 22 September 2015. He served as a Member of Parliament for the electoral district of Kocaeli from June to November 2015. He is a member of the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) and is a former civil servant and Kaymakam (sub-governor).
Selami Altınok is a Turkish civil servant who served as the Minister of the Interior in the interim election government formed by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu between 28 August and 17 November 2015. He previously served as the 10th Governor of Aksaray from 2012 to 2014 and was appointed as the General Director of Security in İstanbul on 16 December 2013. He is also a former Kaymakam (sub-governor).
Cenap Aşcı is a Turkish politician and civil servant who served as the Minister of Customs and Trade in the interim election government formed by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu from 28 August to 17 November 2015. Two days before he was appointed as a Minister, he had been appointed as the Undersecretary to the Customs and Trade Ministry on 26 August 2015. He had applied to become a Justice and Development Party (AKP) parliamentary candidate in both the 2011 and June 2015 general elections, but was unsuccessful on both occasions.
Ali Rıza Alaboyun is a Turkish politician who served as the Minister of Energy and Natural Resources in the interim election government formed by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu between 28 August and 17 November 2015. He was a member of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) from the party's creation until 2015, after which he resigned in order to participate in the election government as an Independent. Before becoming a Minister, Alaboyun served as a Member of Parliament for the electoral district of Aksaray between 2002 and 2015, stepping down at the June 2015 general election due to the AKP's three-term limit on its parliamentarians.
Mustafa Cüneyd Düzyol is a Turkish academic and civil servant who served as the Minister of Development in the interim election government led by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu between 22 September and 17 November 2015. He took over from Müslüm Doğan after his resignation and served during the November 2015 general election. He was, as required by the Turkish Constitution, of no political affiliation. Before being appointed as the Minister responsible, he served as the Undersecretary to the Development Ministry from 2 December 2014 until his appointment to the cabinet on 22 September 2015.
Erdoğan Toprak is a Turkish politician and businessman from the Republican People's Party (CHP), who has served as the Member of Parliament for İstanbul's third electoral district since 2011. Having served as the MP for the same district between 1995 and 2002 as a member of the Democratic Left Party (DSP), he served as the Minister of State responsible for Youth and Sports in the coalition government of Bülent Ecevit, before losing his seat at the 2002 general election. Re-elected as an MP in the 2011 general election and again in June 2015, Toprak currently serves as the Deputy Leader of the CHP since 25 December 2010. He was offered, but declined, a ministerial position by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu during the formation of an interim election government in August 2015.
On 10 October 2015 at 10:04 local time (EEST) in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey, two bombs were detonated outside Ankara Central railway station. With a death toll of 109 civilians, the attack surpassed the 2013 Reyhanlı bombings as the deadliest terror attack in modern Turkish history. Another 500 people were injured. Censorship monitoring group Turkey Blocks identified nationwide slowing of social media services in the aftermath of the blasts, described by rights group Human Rights Watch as an "extrajudicial" measure to restrict independent media coverage of the incident.
The Republican People's Party election campaign of June 2015 was the election campaign of the Republican People's Party (CHP), the main opposition political party in Turkey. The campaign, which was mainly centred on the slogan Yaşanacak Bir Türkiye, was for the June 2015 general election. Before the election, the CHP had signed a deal with the American election strategy firm Beneson Strategy Group to assist with the campaign.
The Justice and Development Party election campaign of June 2015 was the official election campaign of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) for the June 2015 general election. This was the fourth general election contested by the AKP, which was founded in 2001 and swept to power in a landslide victory in 2002. This was the first election contested by the AKP's new leader, Ahmet Davutoğlu, who was elected leader in September 2014 after the party's former leader Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was elected as the President of Turkey in August 2014.
Mahir Ünal is a Turkish politician and academic from the Justice and Development Party (AKP) who served as the Minister of Culture and Tourism from 24 November 2015 to 24 May 2016. He has been a Member of Parliament for the electoral district of Kahramanmaraş since being elected in the 2011 general election. He was re-elected in both the June and November 2015 general elections.