Berliner Börsen-Courier

Last updated
Berliner Börsen-Courier
Modern daily paper for all areas
Berliner boersen-courier 19 07051857.png
Newspaper front page of Berliner Börsen-Courier as of 7 May 1857, weekly supplement of Berliner Börsen-Zeitung (1855–1944)
TypeDaily newspaper
Founder(s)George Davidsohn
Founded1868
Political alignmentLeft-liberal
LanguageGerman
Ceased publication1933
CityBerlin
CountryGermany
Circulation 40,000(as of 1927)

The Berliner Börsen-Courier (Berlin stock exchange courier, BBC) was a German left-liberal daily newspaper published from 1868 to 1933. It focused primarily on prices of securities traded on the stock exchanges and securities information about the mortgage market, but also featured news and reports from industry, commerce, politics and culture. It was subtitled: moderne Tageszeitung für alle Gebiete (modern daily paper for all areas).

Contents

Concept and creation

The first issue appeared as a sample issue on 12 September 1868, while regular distribution began in October 1868. [1] The daily issue appeared in the late afternoon, matching the trading hours on the stock exchange. On Sunday evening, the newspaper appeared under the name Station and was primarily a feuilleton. [2] The daily paper had one page of political news and three pages of news and reports from trade and industry. In addition, there were four supplements: the Courszettel (stock list), advertising, the Station and a weekly supplement of real estate news. [3]

A feuilleton was originally a kind of supplement attached to the political portion of French newspapers, consisting chiefly of non-political news and gossip, literature and art criticism, a chronicle of the latest fashions, and epigrams, charades and other literary trifles. The term feuilleton was invented by the editors of the French Journal des débats; Julien Louis Geoffroy and Bertin the Elder, in 1800. The feuilleton has been described as a "talk of the town", and a contemporary English-language example of the form is the "Talk of the Town" section of The New Yorker.

Beginning on 1 January 1869, the paper came with a morning and an evening edition. The evening edition consisted mainly of the stock data, while the morning edition had mainly news and reports from the fields of politics, entertainment and culture. In the following years, the evening edition also was expanded with news and reports, also reports from the local area. [3]

Founder and managing director

The founder of the paper, George Davidsohn [1] (1835–1897), was trained as a banker and was a journalist at the Berliner Börsen-Zeitung (BBZ, Berlin stock exchange newspaper). He thus managed to make the Börsen-Courier economically stable. He also raised the bar in newspaper quality when it came to the speed of publication and the level of reporting. He was connected to Berlin's artistic scene and made the paper "an influential force in Berlin culture". [1] The Börsen-Courier was "freisinnig", leftist-liberal, and stood against Anti-Semitism. [1] When the economic crisis reached the Börsen-Courier in the years 1875 to 1877, Davidsohn's brother Robert Davidsohn (1853-1937) took over the business of the newspaper and converted it into a public company in 1884.

The increased demands for timely news led to the introduction of flexible working hours and the installment of a night editor. From the 1880s, reports of foreign exchanges were published and reports were accompanied by statistics and forecasts. The paper incorporated as a supplement the Berliner Wespen, a paper Julius Stettenheim had created for humor and satire. The Börsen-Courier was the first newspaper in Berlin reporting from the Reichstag. [3] It was also the first newspaper that had a reporter for sport, from 1885, who developed a sports section. [4]

Julius Stettenheim was a German writer, author of humorous sketches, farces and musical comedies, who also wrote under the pseudonym "Wippchen".

Reichstag (German Empire) parliament of Germany from 1871 to 1918

The Reichstag was the Parliament of Germany from 1871 to 1918. Legislation was shared between the Reichstag and the Bundesrat, which was the Imperial Council of the reigning princes of the German States.

Culture, circulation, termination

Reports on culture were of prime importance in the Börsen-Courier. It was said in Germany that no theater office could do without its information. Journalists included Paul Lindau responsible for theater, Ernst von Wildenbruch for literature, Eugen Richter heading the feuilleton, Alfred Schütze and Paul Bormann for commerce, Benno Jacobsen for theater and Oskar Bie, writing on art. Joseph Roth worked for the paper from 1921. In 1922 critic Herbert Ihering made Bertolt Brecht known by a review of his first performed play Drums in the Night : "At 24 the writer Bert Brecht has changed Germany's literary complexion overnight [... he] has given our time a new tone, a new melody, a new vision. [...] It is a language you can feel on your tongue, in your gums, your ear, your spinal column." [5] On 20 April 1924, the paper published an essay by Franz Kafka, "Adalbert Stifter". [6] In the two editions of 11 January 1927, Herbert Ihering reviewed the premiere of the film Metropolis . [7]

Paul Lindau German writer

Paul Lindau was a German dramatist and novelist.

Ernst von Wildenbruch German poet

Ernst von Wildenbruch was a German poet and dramatist.

Eugen Richter German politician

Eugen Richter was a German politician and journalist in Imperial Germany. He was one of the leading advocates of liberalism in the Prussian Landtag and the German Reichstag.

In the 1920s all Berlin papers were changed to a new format, the "Berliner". Beginning on 24 August 1924, the Börsen-Courier was subtitled Moderne Tageszeitung (Modern daily paper). In 1914 it had a circulation of 11,000, in 1923 between 50,000 and 60,000. From 1925 to 1927 the circulation was about 40,000. [3]

Berliner (format) newspaper format

Berliner, or "midi", is a newspaper format with pages normally measuring about 315 by 470 millimetres. The Berliner format is slightly taller and marginally wider than the tabloid/compact format; and is both narrower and shorter than the broadsheet format.

On 24 December 1932 the Berliner Börsen-Zeitung announced that it had bought out the shares of the Börsen-Courier. On 31 December 1933 the last issue was printed, #609. [8] The BBZ was merged with the Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung in 1944.

Literature

Related Research Articles

<i>Die Tageszeitung</i> German daily newspaper

Die Tageszeitung, stylized as die tageszeitung and commonly referred to as taz, is a cooperative-owned German daily newspaper administrated by its employees. Founded in 1978 in Berlin as part of an independent, progressive and politically left-leaning movement, it has focused on current politics, social issues such as inequality, ecological crises both local and international, and other topics not covered by the more traditional and conservative newspapers. It mostly supports the German Green Party, but Die Tageszeitung has also been critical of the SPD/Greens coalition government (1998–2005).

<i>Berliner Tageblatt</i>

The Berliner Tageblatt or BT was a German language newspaper published in Berlin from 1872 to 1939. Along with the Frankfurter Zeitung, it became one of the most important liberal German newspapers of its time.

Since the 18th century Berlin has been an influential musical center in Germany and Europe. First as an important trading city in the Hanseatic League, then as the capital of the electorate of Brandenburg and the Prussian Kingdom, later on as one of the biggest cities in Germany it fostered an influential music culture that remains vital until today. Berlin can be regarded as the breeding ground for the powerful choir movement that played such an important role in the broad socialization of music in Germany during the 19th century.

Hannes Stein is a German journalist and author. He worked for several major German newspapers such as the FAZ, the Berliner Zeitung and Die Welt. Other works include articles for Der Spiegel and First Things.

<i>Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden</i> periodical literature

The Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden was a German-language nationwide newspaper based in Amsterdam, which was published during almost the entire occupation of the Netherlands in World War II from June 5, 1940 to May 5, 1945, the day of the German capitulation in the "Fortress Holland". Its objective was to influence the public opinion in the Netherlands, especially the one of the Germans in this country.

Margret Antonie Boveri was one of the best-known German journalists and writers of the post-World War II period.

Wolfgang Stock German journalist, author, professor and managing partner of Convincet

Wolfgang Stock is a German journalist, author, professor and managing partner of Convincet, a business consultancy for corporate communications.

<i>Südkurier</i> periodical literature

The Südkurier is a regional daily newspaper for the regions northwest of Lake Constance, Hochrhein and Black Forest with its headquarters Konstanz. The paper appears with a circulation of around 130,000, six times per week in Berliner format. The predecessor of the Südkurier was the Konstanzer Zeitung.

Oskar Bie was a German art historian and author of Jewish origin.

<i>Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung</i> German illustrated magazine

The Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung, often abbreviated BIZ, was a weekly illustrated magazine published in Berlin from 1892 to 1945. It was the first mass-market German magazine and pioneered the format of the illustrated news magazine.

Elfriede Brüning German writer

Elfriede Brüning was a Communist German journalist and novelist. She also used the pseudonym Elke Klent.

<i>Schwabenhass</i>

Schwabenhass is a neologism referring to aversion to the approximately 300,000-strong Swabian diaspora in Berlin and elsewhere in Germany outside of Swabia. In 2013, the so-called Spätzle-streit gained nationwide attention.

<i>Die Neue Zeitung</i> newspaper

Die Neue Zeitung was a newspaper published in the American Occupation Zone of Germany after the Second World War. It was comparable to the daily newspaper Die Welt in the British Occupation Zone and was considered the most important newspaper in post-war Germany.

Franz Duncker German publisher

Franz Duncker was a German publisher, left-liberal politician and social reformer.

The Börsen-Zeitung is the main daily newspaper in Germany exclusively focused on the financial markets. The Börsen-Zeitung's headquarters is in Frankfurt, with editorial offices in Berlin, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Munich and Stuttgart, as well as Brussels, London, New York, Madrid, Milan, Paris, Shanghai, Tokyo, Washington, DC, and Zurich.

Bernhard Diebold was a Swiss theatre critic and writer.

Herbert Ihering German journalist and theatre critic

Herbert Ihering was seen by many contemporaries as one of the leading German theatre critics during and after the Weimar years.

Emil Faktor was a German language theater critic, editor and writer. Sources sometimes identify him as "Jussuf" which was the pseudonym under which his regular contributions to the Berliner Börsen-Courier (newspaper) appeared.

Sven Felix Kellerhoff is a German historian, journalist and author who specialises in the history of the Nazi era.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Hartston, Barnet Peretz (2005). Sensationalizing the Jewish Question: Anti-Semitic Trials and the Press in the Early German Empire. BRILL. p. 294. ISBN   978-90-04-14654-9 . Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  2. Witzel, Pia (2 May 2011). Das Feuilleton Alfred Polgars unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Mediendiskurses. GRIN Verlag. p. 51. ISBN   978-3-640-90391-7 . Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Lerg-Kill, Ulla C. (1972). Berliner Börsen-Courier (1868–1933)(in Deutsche Zeitungen des 17. bis 20. Jahrhunderts). München.
  4. Müller, Jochen (2004). Von Kampfmaschinen und Ballkünstlern: / Fremdwahrnehmung und Sportberichterstattung im deutsch-französischen Kontext; eine Presse- und Fernsehanalyse (in German). Röhrig Universitätsverlag. p. 3861103664. ISBN   3861103664 . Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  5. Herbert Ihering's review for Drums in the Night in the Berliner Börsen-Courier on 5 October 1922. Quoted in Willett and Manheim (1970, viii–ix).
  6. Kurt Krolop: Kafka und Prag, Goethe-Institut Praha, p. 103
  7. Herbert Ihering: Der Metropolisfilm, filmhistoriker.de
  8. Kurt Krolop: Berliner Börsen-Courier : moderne Tageszeitung für alle Gebiete, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin (in German)