Sir Bernard Burke
|Ulster King of Arms|
|Preceded by||Sir William Betham|
|Succeeded by||Arthur Vicars|
John Bernard Burke
5 January 1814
|Died||12 December 1892 78) (aged|
|Children||Sir Henry Farnham Burke|
|Known for||Genealogical publications|
Sir John Bernard Burke,(5 January 1814 –12 December 1892) was a British genealogist and Ulster King of Arms,who helped publish Burke's Peerage .
Burke,of Irish descent,was born at London and was educated in London and France. His father,John Burke (1787–1848),was also a notable genealogist who first produced,in 1826,a Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the United Kingdom. This work,generally known as Burke's Peerage ,was issued annually starting in 1847. While practising as a barrister Bernard Burke assisted his father in his genealogical work,including the two volumes entitled The Royal Families of England,Scotland,and Wales,with their Descendants &c.,which were not published until after his father's death (volume 1 in 1848,volume 2 in 1851),following which he took control of his publications. In 1853 Burke was appointed Ulster King of Arms.In 1854 he was knighted and in 1855 he became Keeper of the State Papers in Ireland. After having devoted his life to genealogical studies he died in Dublin on 12 December 1892. He was succeeded as editor of Burke's Peerage and Landed Gentry by his fourth son,Ashworth Peter Burke.
Continuing his strong family tradition of genealogy and heraldry,another of Burke's sons,Sir Henry Farnham Burke,would eventually attain the office of Garter Principal King of Arms.
In addition to editing Burke's Peerage from 1847 until his death,Sir Bernard brought out several editions of a companion volume, Burke's Landed Gentry ,which was first published between 1833 and 1838. In 1866 and 1883 he published editions of his father's Dictionary of the Peerages of England,Scotland and Ireland,extinct,dormant and in abeyance (earlier editions,1831,1840,1846);and in 1855 and 1876 editions of his Royal Families of England,Scotland and Wales (1st edition,1847–1851). Integral to the study of historians was the publication in 1878 (enlarged edition in 1883) of his Encyclopaedia of Heraldry,or General Armory of England,Scotland and Ireland was published in 1848.
Sir Bernard's own works include:
Burke's Peerage Limited is a British genealogical publisher founded in 1826,when the Irish genealogist John Burke began releasing books devoted to the ancestry and heraldry of the peerage,baronetage,knightage and landed gentry of Great Britain and Ireland. His first publication,a Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the United Kingdom,was updated sporadically until 1847,when the company began releasing new editions every year as Burke's Peerage,Baronetage and Knightage.
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Burke's Landed Gentry is a reference work listing families in Great Britain and Ireland who have owned rural estates of some size. The work has been in existence from the first half of the 19th century,and was founded by John Burke. He and successors from the Burke family,and others since,have written in it on genealogy and heraldry relating to gentry families. It has evolved alongside Burke's Peerage,Baronetage &Knightage;the two works are regarded as complementing each other. Since the early 20th century the work also includes families that historically possessed landed property.
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This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Burke, Sir John Bernard". Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 835.